Waiters & waitresses

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Total Workforce

2.23M

Average Age

29.9

Estimated Job Growth

7.02%

10-year projection

Average Salary

$17,455

Average Male Salary

$20,729

Average Female Salary

$16,012

Employment

Information on the businesses and industries that employ Waiters & waitresses and on wages and locations for those in the field. Restaurants & Food Services is the industry that employs the most Waiters & waitresses, both by share and by number, though the highest paid industry for Waiters & waitresses, by average wage, is Travel arrangements & reservation services. Waiters & waitresses are paid most in Malden & Medford Cities PUMA, MA but are relatively concentrated in Doña Ana County (Outer) PUMA, NM.

Wages

Yearly Wage

$17,455

AVERAGE SALARY

± $302

In 2017, Waiters & waitresses earned an average of $17,455, $34,610 less than than the average national salary of $52,065.

Library technicians make somewhat more than Waiters & waitresses while Miscellaneous entertainment attendants & related workers make somewhat less. This chart shows the various occupations closest to Waiters & waitresses as measured by average annual salary in the US.

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Wage Distribution

0.404

WAGE GINI

In 2017, Waiters & waitresses had a wage GINI coefficient of 0.404, which is lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly for Waiters & waitresses (shown in red) than for the overall labor force (shown in gray).

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Wage by Location

This map shows the Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States shaded by average annual wage for Waiters & waitresses.

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Spatial Concentration

This map displays which Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States have a relatively high population of Waiters & waitresses.

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Industries

Most Common

The most common industries employing Waiters & waitresses, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services, Traveler accommodation, and Amusement & Recreation.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries for Waiters & waitresses, by average wage, are Travel arrangements & reservation services, Traveler accommodation, and Miscellaneous general merchandise stores.

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Industries by Share

2.23M

2017 Workforce

± 36,405

-0.824%

1 YEAR GROWTH

± 2.32%

The number of people employed as Waiters & waitresses has been declining at a rate of -0.824%, from 2,250,998 people in 2016 to 2,232,456 people in 2017.

This graphic shows the share of Waiters & waitresses employed by various industries. Restaurants & Food Services employs the largest share of Waiters & waitresses at  92%, followed by Traveler accommodation with 2.53% and Amusement & Recreation with 2.03%.

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Diversity

Demographic information on Waiters & waitresses in the US. The average age of male Waiters & waitresses in the workforce is 29.2 and of female Waiters & waitresses is 30.2, and the most common race/ethnicity for Waiters & waitresses is White.

Gender Composition

683k

MALE WORKFORCE

± 20,241

1.55M

FEMALE WORKFORCE

± 30,402

69.4% of Waiters & waitresses are Female, making them the more common gender in the occupation. This chart shows the gender breakdown of Waiters & waitresses.

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Race & Ethnicity

Most Common Race or Ethnicity of Waiters & waitresses

  1. White

  2. Black

  3. Other

72.7% of Waiters & waitresses are White, making that the most common race or ethnicity in the occupation. Representing 8.99% of Waiters & waitresses, Black is the second most common race or ethnicity in this occupation. This chart shows the racial and ethnic breakdown of Waiters & waitresses.

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Age by Gender

29.2

AVERAGE MALE AGE

± 0.347

30.2

AVERAGE FEMALE AGE

± 0.252

The median age of Waiters & waitresses is 29.9, and Male employees are generally 1.02 years younger than than their Female counterparts.

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Education

Data on higher education choices for Waiters & waitresses from The Department of Education and Census Bureau. The most common major for Waiters & waitresses is Business but a relatively high number of Waiters & waitresses hold a major in Personal & Culinary Services.

Majors

ACS PUMS data only shows the major for bachelor's degrees. However, we can filter the data based on highest degree obtained.

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Skills

Data on the critical and distinctive skills necessary for Waiters & waitresses from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Waiters & waitresses need many skills, but most especially Service Orientation, Active Listening, and Social Perceptiveness. The revealed comparative advantage (RCA) shows that Waiters & waitresses need more than the average amount of Service Orientation, Social Perceptiveness, and Coordination.

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Growth Projections

Projections on wages and job growth for Waiters & waitresses from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The ten-year national workforce is projected to grow 7.4%, but Waiters & waitresses are expected to see a growth of 7.02% over the same period. This occupation is expected to grow slower than the national average.

Job Growth

7.02%

ESTIMATED GROWTH

7.4%

NATIONAL AVERAGE

This line chart shows the 10-year projected employment growth (from 2016 to 2026) for Waiters & waitresses. This profession is expected to grow lower than 7.4%, the average rate of national job growth.

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