Zavala County, TX

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Population

12,152

0.372% growth

Median Age

30.8


Median Household Income

$25,988

2.44% decline

Poverty Rate

36.2%


Number of Employees

4,397

3.65% growth

Median Property Value

$39,900

0.251% growth

About

In 2017, Zavala County, TX had a population of 12.2k people with a median age of 30.8 and a median household income of $25,988. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Zavala County, TX grew from 12,107 to 12,152, a 0.372% increase and its median household income declined from $26,639 to $25,988, a -2.44% decrease.

The population of Zavala County, TX is 93.6% Hispanic or Latino, 5.43% White Alone, and 0.502% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Zavala County, TX speak a non-English language, and 96.2% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Zavala County, TX is $39,900, and the homeownership rate is 69.3%. Most people in Zavala County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 13 minutes. The average car ownership in Zavala County, TX is 3 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Zavala County, TX employs 4.4k people. The largest industries in Zavala County, TX are Educational Services (796 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (781 people), and Retail Trade (482 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($50,438), Manufacturing ($39,167), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($31,382).

Median household income in Zavala County, TX is $25,988. Males in Zavala County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Zavala County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$25,988

2017 value

± $5,009

-2.44%

1 Year Growth

± 32.8%

Households in Zavala County, TX have a median annual income of $25,988, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $26,639 in 2016, which represents a -2.44% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Zavala County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Zavala County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9503.02

  2. Census Tract 9502

  3. Census Tract 9503.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Zavala County, TX was Census Tract 9503.02 with a value of $33,819, followed by Census Tract 9502 and Census Tract 9503.01, with respective values of $29,779 and $19,323.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Zavala County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females < 5

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

36.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Zavala County, TX (4.32k out of 11.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females < 5, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    4,043 ± 468

  2. Hispanic

    4,032 ± 459

  3. Other

    202 ± 134

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Zavala County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.4k

2017 Value

± 644

3.65%

1 Year growth

± 18.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Zavala County, TX grew at a rate of 3.65%, from 4.24k employees to 4.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Zavala County, TX, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (760 people), Sales & Related Occupations (429 people), and Healthcare Support Occupations (363 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Zavala County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Zavala County, TX, by number of employees, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (760 people), Sales & Related Occupations (429 people), and Healthcare Support Occupations (363 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Zavala County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (6.57 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (3.45 times), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2.86 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Zavala County, TX, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($71,042), Production Occupations ($52,188), and Management Occupations ($38,365).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.4k

2017 Value

± 644

3.65%

1 Year growth

± 18.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Zavala County, TX grew at a rate of 3.65%, from 4.24k employees to 4.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Zavala County, TX, are Educational Services (796 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (781 people), and Retail Trade (482 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Zavala County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Zavala County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Zavala County, TX, by number of employees, are Educational Services (796 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (781 people), and Retail Trade (482 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Zavala County, TX has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.04 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.25 times), and Educational Services (1.95 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Zavala County, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($50,438), Manufacturing ($39,167), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($31,382).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

79.6% of the population of Zavala County, TX has health coverage, with 22.7% on employee plans, 41.2% on Medicaid, 7.66% on Medicare, 6.92% on non-group plans, and 1.14% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Zavala County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Zavala County, TX see 4078 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.269% decrease from the previous year (4089 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4008 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 4008 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

4,078 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Zavala County, TX see an average of 4,078 patients per year. This represents a 0.269% decrease from the previous year (4,089 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Zavala County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

20.4%

Uninsured

22.7%

Employer Coverage

41.2%

Medicaid

7.66%

Medicare

6.92%

Non-Group

1.14%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Zavala County, TX declined by 5.91% from 21.7% to 20.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Zavala County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Zavala County, TX is home to a population of 12.2k people, from which 96.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.32% of Zavala County, TX residents were born outside of the country (889 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Zavala County, TX is composed of 11.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (93.6%), 660 White Alone residents (5.43%), 61 Black or African American Alone residents (0.502%), 42 Two or More Races residents (0.346%), 11 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0905%), 4 Asian Alone residents (0.0329%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Zavala County, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.7

57

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 8.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Zavala County, TX was 30.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 57. But people in Zavala County, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Zavala County, TX residents was 30.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.32%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

889 people

9.19%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.11k people

As of 2017, 7.32% of Zavala County, TX residents (889 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Zavala County, TX was 9.19%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Zavala County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

96.2%

2017 Citizenship

95.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.2% of Zavala County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Zavala County, TX was 95.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Zavala County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    11.4k ± 558

  2. White Alone

    660 ± 70

  3. Black or African American Alone

    61 ± 41

In 2017, there were 17.2 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (11.4k people) in Zavala County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 660 White Alone and 61 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Zavala County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Zavala County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Zavala County, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Zavala County, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    73 ± 60

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    41 ± 59

  3. Korea

    40 ± 43

Zavala County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.78 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Zavala County, TX was $39,900 in 2017, which is 0.183 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $39,800 to $39,900, a 0.251% increase. The homeownership rate in Zavala County, TX is 69.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Zavala County, TX have an average commute time of 13 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Zavala County, TX is higher than the national average, with an average of 3 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$25,988

Median Household Income

± $5,009

3.54k

Number of Households

± 432

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.54k households in Zavala County, TX declined from $25,988 from the previous year's value of $26,639.

The following chart displays the households in Zavala County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$39,900

2017 Median

± $7,735

$39,800

2016 Median

± $6,216

In 2017, the median property value in Zavala County, TX grew to to $39,900 from the previous year's value of $39,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Zavala County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Zavala County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $25k - $30k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Zavala County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Zavala County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.3%

2017 Homeownership

68.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.3% of the housing units in Zavala County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Zavala County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

3 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Zavala County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Zavala County, TX have 3 cars, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

13 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Zavala County, TX have a shorter commute time (13 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.145% of the workforce in Zavala County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Zavala County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.5%

  2. Carpooled

    7.44%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.43%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Zavala County, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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