Zavala County, TX

County

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2020 Population
11,930
0.905% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
32.8
0.304% 1-year decrease
2020 Poverty Rate
35.2%
4.14% 1-year increase
2020 Median Household Income
$40,090
16.3% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$59,400
18.8% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
4,905
14.5% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Zavala County, TX had a population of 11.9k people with a median age of 32.8 and a median household income of $40,090. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Zavala County, TX declined from 12,039 to 11,930, a −0.905% decrease and its median household income grew from $34,459 to $40,090, a 16.3% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Zavala County, TX are White (Hispanic) (79.3%), Two+ (Hispanic) (11.4%), White (Non-Hispanic) (5.25%), Other (Hispanic) (2.88%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.671%).

None of the households in Zavala County, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.8% of the residents in Zavala County, TX are U.S. citizens.

In 2020, the median property value in Zavala County, TX was $59,400, and the homeownership rate was 73.8%. Most people in Zavala County, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 14 minutes. The average car ownership in Zavala County, TX was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Zavala County, TX is home to a population of 11.9k people, from which 96.8% are citizens. As of 2020, 5.59% of Zavala County, TX residents were born outside of the country (667 people).

In 2020, there were 6.93 times more White (Hispanic) residents (9.46k people) in Zavala County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.37k Two+ (Hispanic) and 626 White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Zavala County, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    9.46k ± 637
  2. Two+ (Hispanic)
    1.37k ± 640
  3. White (Non-Hispanic)
    626 ± 144
93.9%
Hispanic Population
11.2k people

In 2020, there were 6.93 times more White (Hispanic) residents (9.46k people) in Zavala County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.37k Two+ (Hispanic) and 626 White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

93.9% of the people in Zavala County, TX are hispanic (11.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Zavala County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.59%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
667 people
7.11%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
856 people

As of 2020, 5.59% of Zavala County, TX residents (667 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Zavala County, TX was 7.11%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Zavala County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

30
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
55
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 9.5

In 2020, the median age of all people in Zavala County, TX was 32.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 55. But people in Zavala County, TX are getting getting younger. In 2019, the average age of all Zavala County, TX residents was 33.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,484,512 ± 36,982 people
  2. India
    279,123 ± 12,908 people
  3. El Salvador
    219,615 ± 11,461 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,484,512 Texas residents, followed by India with 279,123 and El Salvador with 219,615.

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Citizenship

96.8%
2020 Citizenship
95.3%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 96.8% of Zavala County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Zavala County, TX was 95.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Zavala County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    180 ± 98
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    159 ± 216
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    65 ± 85

Zavala County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.13 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Texas. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Zavala County, TX is $40,090. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Zavala County, TX was Census Tract 9503.01 with a value of $43,750, followed by Census Tract 9503.02 and Census Tract 9502, with respective values of $40,563 and $27,500.

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,589. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Zavala County, TX employs 4.91k people. The largest industries in Zavala County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,239 people), Retail Trade (753 people), and Educational Services (626 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($100,253), Construction ($70,544), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,170).

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,090
2020 value
± $7,405
16.3%
1 Year Growth
± 17.8%

Households in Zavala County, TX have a median annual income of $40,090, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $34,459 in 2019, which represents a 16.3% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Zavala County, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
$70,236
Average Male Salary in Texas
± $745
$50,589
Average Female Salary in Texas
± $558

In 2020, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.39 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Texas
  1. Asian
    $71,020 ± $2,237
  2. White
    $57,454 ± $557
  3. American Indian
    $48,111 ± $6,839

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.24 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Texas.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Zavala County, TX is from Texas.
0.478
2020 Wage GINI in Texas
0.48
2019 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2020, the income inequality in Texas was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.474% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9503.01
  2. Census Tract 9503.02
  3. Census Tract 9502

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Zavala County, TX was Census Tract 9503.01 with a value of $43,750, followed by Census Tract 9503.02 and Census Tract 9502, with respective values of $40,563 and $27,500.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Zavala County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Males 6 - 11
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

35.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Zavala County, TX (4.15k out of 11.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 12 - 14 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    3,808 ± 586
  2. White
    3,728 ± 562
  3. Two Or More
    281 ± 243

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Zavala County, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.91k
2020 Value
± 847
14.5%
1 Year growth
± 20.2%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Zavala County, TX grew at a rate of 14.5%, from 4.29k employees to 4.91k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Zavala County, TX, are Healthcare Support Occupations (669 people), Sales & Related Occupations (544 people), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (430 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Zavala County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Zavala County, TX, by number of employees, are Healthcare Support Occupations (669 people), Sales & Related Occupations (544 people), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (430 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Zavala County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (5.02 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (4.17 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.86 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Zavala County, TX, by median earnings, are Construction & Extraction Occupations ($71,709), Management Occupations ($46,261), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($45,534).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.91k
2020 Value
± 847
14.5%
1 Year growth
± 20.2%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Zavala County, TX grew at a rate of 14.5%, from 4.29k employees to 4.91k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Zavala County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,239 people), Retail Trade (753 people), and Educational Services (626 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Zavala County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Zavala County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Zavala County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,239 people), Retail Trade (753 people), and Educational Services (626 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Zavala County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (10.3 times higher than expected), Utilities (4.13 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.32 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Zavala County, TX, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($100,253), Construction ($70,544), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,170).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $292B
  2. $210B
  3. $178B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Electronics with $292B, followed by Gasoline ($210B) and Fuel oils ($178B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.36T
2020 Value in Texas
$4.5T
Projected 2050 Value in Texas
90.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.36T. This is expected to increase 90.9% to $4.5T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $78.1B
  2. $76.4B
  3. $74.9B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $78.1B, followed by California with $76.4B and Michigan and $74.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Zavala County, TX went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 65.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.297%). The most partisan county was Roberts County, TX with 96.2% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Texas.
Joseph R Biden Jr.
Popular Vote for Zavala County, TX
65.4% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Texas
  1. 96.2% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 95.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 95% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Texas was Roberts County, TX with 96.2% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Texas colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Zavala County, TX was $59,400 in 2020, which is 0.258 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $50,000 to $59,400, a 18.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Zavala County, TX is 73.8%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Zavala County, TX have an average commute time of 14 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Zavala County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$59,400
2020 Median
± $10,254
$50,000
2019 Median
± $18,234

In 2020, the median property value in Zavala County, TX grew to to $59,400 from the previous year's value of $50,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Zavala County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Zavala County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $35k - $40k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$40,090
Median Household Income
± $7,405
3.67k
Number of Households
± 631

In 2020, the median household income of the 3.67k households in Zavala County, TX grew to $40,090 from the previous year's value of $34,459.

The following chart displays the households in Zavala County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Zavala County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Zavala County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.8%
2020 Homeownership
72%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 73.8% of the housing units in Zavala County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Zavala County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

14 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Zavala County, TX have a shorter commute time (14 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 0.846% of the workforce in Zavala County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Zavala County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (87.4%)
  2. Bicycle (3.32%)
  3. Walked (3.07%)

In 2020, 87.4% of workers in Zavala County, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who used a bicycle to get to work (3.32%) and those who walked to work (3.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Zavala County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Zavala County, TX have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

83.8% of the population of Zavala County, TX has health coverage, with 23.2% on employee plans, 39.1% on Medicaid, 8.98% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.14% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Zavala County, TX see 11983 patients per year on average, which represents a 101% increase from the previous year (5974 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3947 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1973 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (23.2%). Additionally, Burleson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

11,983 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Zavala County, TX

Primary care physicians in Zavala County, TX see an average of 11,983 patients per year. This represents a 101% increase from the previous year (5,974 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Zavala County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
$6,998
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Texas
$4,696
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,273
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,895
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

16.2%
Uninsured
23.2%
Employer Coverage
39.1%
Medicaid
8.98%
Medicare
11.3%
Non-Group
1.14%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Zavala County, TX grew by 0.786% from 16% to 16.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Zavala County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 23.2% prevalence
  2. 22.7% prevalence
  3. 22.5% prevalence

Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 23.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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