Wilson County, NC

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Population

81,379

0.292% decline

Median Age

40.4


Median Household Income

$42,095

4.56% growth

Poverty Rate

20.6%


Number of Employees

35,115

0.406% growth

Median Property Value

$119,200

1.79% growth

About

In 2017, Wilson County, NC had a population of 81.4k people with a median age of 40.4 and a median household income of $42,095. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Wilson County, NC declined from 81,617 to 81,379, a -0.292% decrease and its median household income grew from $40,260 to $42,095, a 4.56% increase.

The population of Wilson County, NC is 47.3% White Alone, 39.5% Black or African American Alone, and 10.1% Hispanic or Latino. 10.7% of the people in Wilson County, NC speak a non-English language, and 95.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Wilson County, NC are Wilson Community College (346 degrees awarded in 2016), Barton College (254 degrees), and Mitchells Hairstyling Academy-Wilson (12 degrees).

The median property value in Wilson County, NC is $119,200, and the homeownership rate is 60.5%. Most people in Wilson County, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Wilson County, NC is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Wilson County, NC employs 35.1k people. The largest industries in Wilson County, NC are Manufacturing (6,508 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,387 people), and Retail Trade (3,922 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($59,321), Finance & Insurance ($47,415), and Information ($45,391).

Median household income in Wilson County, NC is $42,095. Males in Wilson County, NC have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,729. The income inequality in Wilson County, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,095

2017 value

± $1,540

4.56%

1 Year Growth

± 4.46%

Households in Wilson County, NC have a median annual income of $42,095, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,260 in 2016, which represents a 4.56% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Wilson County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$59,982

Average Male Salary

± $1,136

$44,729

Average Female Salary

± $812

In 2017, full-time male employees in Wilson County, NC made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Wilson County, NC by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,267 ± $4,472

  2. White

    $49,962 ± $811

  3. Two or More Races

    $36,539 ± $3,942

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Wilson County, NC workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Wilson County, NC by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Wilson County, NC is from North Carolina.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.39% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 5.01

  2. Census Tract 14

  3. Census Tract 15

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Wilson County, NC was Census Tract 5.01 with a value of $73,238, followed by Census Tract 14 and Census Tract 15, with respective values of $55,419 and $51,509.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Wilson County, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Wilson County, NC (16.5k out of 79.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    9,138 ± 616

  2. White

    4,122 ± 459

  3. Hispanic

    3,305 ± 365

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Wilson County, NC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

35.1k

2017 Value

± 1,331

0.406%

1 Year growth

± 5.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Wilson County, NC grew at a rate of 0.406%, from 35k employees to 35.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Wilson County, NC, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,340 people), Production Occupations (3,979 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (3,194 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Wilson County, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Wilson County, NC, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,340 people), Production Occupations (3,979 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (3,194 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Wilson County, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.95 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.84 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.52 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Wilson County, NC, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($80,000), Management Occupations ($60,147), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($60,024).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

35.1k

2017 Value

± 1,331

0.406%

1 Year growth

± 5.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Wilson County, NC grew at a rate of 0.406%, from 35k employees to 35.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Wilson County, NC, are Manufacturing (6,508 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,387 people), and Retail Trade (3,922 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Wilson County, NC, though some of these residents may live in Wilson County, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Wilson County, NC, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (6,508 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,387 people), and Retail Trade (3,922 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Wilson County, NC has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.83 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.62 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.19 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Wilson County, NC, by median earnings, are Utilities ($59,321), Finance & Insurance ($47,415), and Information ($45,391).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $50.4B

  2. $35.3B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $50.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals with $35.3B and Machinery and $34.5B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$407B

2015 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Carolina trade was $407B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.6B

  2. $25.4B

  3. $25.2B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $25.6B, followed by Georgia with $25.4B and Virginia and $25.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.2% of the population of Wilson County, NC has health coverage, with 40% on employee plans, 21.1% on Medicaid, 12.1% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.84% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Wilson County, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Wilson County, NC see 2208 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.07% decrease from the previous year (2326 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2722 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 801 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,208 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Wilson County, NC see an average of 2,208 patients per year. This represents a 5.07% decrease from the previous year (2,326 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Wilson County, NC in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.8%

Uninsured

40%

Employer Coverage

21.1%

Medicaid

12.1%

Medicare

11.3%

Non-Group

1.84%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Wilson County, NC declined by 8.47% from 15.1% to 13.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Wilson County, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Wilson County, NC is home to a population of 81.4k people, from which 95.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.68% of Wilson County, NC residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Wilson County, NC is composed of 38.5k White Alone residents (47.3%), 32.2k Black or African American Alone residents (39.5%), 8.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.1%), 1.08k Two or More Races residents (1.33%), 633 Asian Alone residents (0.778%), 503 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.618%), 295 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.363%), and 1 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00123%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Wilson County, NC are Spanish or Spanish Creole (6,602 speakers), Arabic (296 speakers), and Tagalog (224 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Wilson County, NC was 40.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Wilson County, NC are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Wilson County, NC residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.68%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.76%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 6.68% of Wilson County, NC residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Wilson County, NC was 6.76%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Wilson County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    242,756 ± 11,950 people

  2. India

    60,392 ± 6,015 people

  3. Honduras

    34,513 ± 4,553 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Wilson County, NC was Mexico, the natal country of 242,756 Wilson County, NC residents, followed by India with 60,392 and Honduras with 34,513.

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Citizenship

95.5%

2017 Citizenship

95.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.5% of Wilson County, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Wilson County, NC was 95.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Wilson County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    38.5k ± 422

  2. Black or African American Alone

    32.2k ± 251

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    8.2k ± 928

In 2017, there were 1.2 times more White Alone residents (38.5k people) in Wilson County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 32.2k Black or African American Alone and 8.2k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Wilson County, NC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    6,602 speakers (8.64%)

  2. Arabic

    296 speakers (0.387%)

  3. Tagalog

    224 speakers (0.293%)

10.7% of Wilson County, NC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Wilson County, NC was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 8.64% of the overall population of Wilson County, NC are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.387% speak Arabic and 0.293% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,018 ± 268

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,070 ± 293

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    726 ± 207

Wilson County, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.89 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Wilson County, NC awarded 612 degrees. The student population of Wilson County, NC is skewed towards women, with 938 male students and 1,972 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Wilson County, NC are White (346 and 57.4%), followed by Black or African American (157 and 26%), Hispanic or Latino (58 and 9.62%), and Unknown (25 and 4.15%).

The largest universities in Wilson County, NC by number of degrees awarded are Wilson Community College (346 and 56.5%), Barton College (254 and 41.5%), and Mitchells Hairstyling Academy-Wilson (12 and 1.96%).

The most popular majors in Wilson County, NC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (100 and 16.3%), Registered Nursing (65 and 10.6%), and General Business Administration & Management (47 and 7.68%).

The median tuition costs in Wilson County, NC are $26,670 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 90 degrees awarded

  2. 26 degrees awarded

  3. 17 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Wilson County, NC was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 90 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Wilson County, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 346 degrees awarded

  2. 254 degrees awarded

  3. 12 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$26,670

Median Private

In 2016, the Wilson County, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Wilson Community College with 346 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

189

Degrees Awarded to Men

423

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 189 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Wilson County, NC, which is 0.447 times less than the 423 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Wilson County, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    346 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    157 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    58 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Wilson County, NC were to White students. These 346 degrees mean that there were 2.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 157 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Wilson County, NC was $119,200 in 2017, which is 0.548 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $117,100 to $119,200, a 1.79% increase. The homeownership rate in Wilson County, NC is 60.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Wilson County, NC have an average commute time of 20.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Wilson County, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,095

Median Household Income

± $1,540

32.1k

Number of Households

± 1,214

In 2017, the median household income of the 32.1k households in Wilson County, NC grew to $42,095 from the previous year's value of $40,260.

The following chart displays the households in Wilson County, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$119,200

2017 Median

± $4,311

$117,100

2016 Median

± $4,159

In 2017, the median property value in Wilson County, NC grew to to $119,200 from the previous year's value of $117,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Wilson County, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wilson County, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Wilson County, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wilson County, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

60.5%

2017 Homeownership

59.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 60.5% of the housing units in Wilson County, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 59.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Wilson County, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Wilson County, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Wilson County, NC have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Wilson County, NC have a shorter commute time (20.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.65% of the workforce in Wilson County, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Wilson County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.8%

  2. Carpooled

    8.8%

  3. Other

    4.01%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Wilson County, NC was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Other.

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