Willacy County, TX

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Population

21,839

0.478% decline

Median Age

33.4


Median Household Income

$29,104

0.996% growth

Poverty Rate

35.6%


Number of Employees

6,415

6.51% growth

Median Property Value

$49,100

0.607% decline

About

In 2017, Willacy County, TX had a population of 21.8k people with a median age of 33.4 and a median household income of $29,104. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Willacy County, TX declined from 21,944 to 21,839, a -0.478% decrease and its median household income grew from $28,817 to $29,104, a 0.996% increase.

The population of Willacy County, TX is 88% Hispanic or Latino, 11.1% White Alone, and 0.65% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Willacy County, TX speak a non-English language, and 89% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Willacy County, TX is $49,100, and the homeownership rate is 77.8%. Most people in Willacy County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Willacy County, TX is 2 cars per household.

Willacy County, TX borders Hidalgo County, TX, Cameron County, TX, and Kenedy County, TX.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Willacy County, TX employs 6.42k people. The largest industries in Willacy County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (975 people), Educational Services (929 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (673 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($56,771), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,139), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($53,088).

Median household income in Willacy County, TX is $29,104. Males in Willacy County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Willacy County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$29,104

2017 value

± $2,657

0.996%

1 Year Growth

± 12.2%

Households in Willacy County, TX have a median annual income of $29,104, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $28,817 in 2016, which represents a 0.996% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Willacy County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Willacy County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9507

  2. Census Tract 9505

  3. Census Tract 9504

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Willacy County, TX was Census Tract 9507 with a value of $40,347, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9504, with respective values of $32,031 and $28,487.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Willacy County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

35.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Willacy County, TX (7.16k out of 20.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    6,883 ± 519

  2. Hispanic

    6,586 ± 485

  3. Other

    222 ± 105

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Willacy County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.42k

2017 Value

± 604

6.51%

1 Year growth

± 12.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Willacy County, TX grew at a rate of 6.51%, from 6.02k employees to 6.42k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Willacy County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (788 people), Sales & Related Occupations (661 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (494 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Willacy County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Willacy County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (788 people), Sales & Related Occupations (661 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (494 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Willacy County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (10.9 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.68 times), and Transportation Occupations (2.04 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Willacy County, TX, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($61,857), Management Occupations ($49,559), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($48,088).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.42k

2017 Value

± 604

6.51%

1 Year growth

± 12.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Willacy County, TX grew at a rate of 6.51%, from 6.02k employees to 6.42k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Willacy County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (975 people), Educational Services (929 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (673 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Willacy County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Willacy County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Willacy County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (975 people), Educational Services (929 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (673 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Willacy County, TX has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (8.87 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (5.16 times), and Educational Services (1.56 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Willacy County, TX, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($56,771), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,139), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($53,088).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

70.2% of the population of Willacy County, TX has health coverage, with 22.5% on employee plans, 31.7% on Medicaid, 8.99% on Medicare, 6.35% on non-group plans, and 0.685% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Willacy County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Willacy County, TX see 2738 patients per year on average, which represents a 12.5% decrease from the previous year (3129 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 21810 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 4362 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,738 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Willacy County, TX see an average of 2,738 patients per year. This represents a 12.5% decrease from the previous year (3,129 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Willacy County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

29.8%

Uninsured

22.5%

Employer Coverage

31.7%

Medicaid

8.99%

Medicare

6.35%

Non-Group

0.685%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Willacy County, TX grew by 0.0144% from 29.8% to 29.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Willacy County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Willacy County, TX is home to a population of 21.8k people, from which 89% are citizens. As of 2017, 17.6% of Willacy County, TX residents were born outside of the country (3.85k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Willacy County, TX is composed of 19.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (88%), 2.42k White Alone residents (11.1%), 142 Black or African American Alone residents (0.65%), 47 Two or More Races residents (0.215%), 22 Asian Alone residents (0.101%), 3 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0137%), 2 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.00916%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Willacy County, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Willacy County, TX was 33.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Willacy County, TX are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Willacy County, TX residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

17.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.85k people

17.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

3.76k people

As of 2017, 17.6% of Willacy County, TX residents (3.85k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Willacy County, TX was 17.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Willacy County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

89%

2017 Citizenship

87.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 89% of Willacy County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Willacy County, TX was 87.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Willacy County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    19.2k ± 399

  2. White Alone

    2.42k ± 99

  3. Black or African American Alone

    142 ± 87

In 2017, there were 7.95 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (19.2k people) in Willacy County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.42k White Alone and 142 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Willacy County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Willacy County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Willacy County, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Willacy County, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    260 ± 85

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    204 ± 184

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    110 ± 80

Willacy County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.27 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Willacy County, TX was $49,100 in 2017, which is 0.226 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $49,400 to $49,100, a 0.607% decrease. The homeownership rate in Willacy County, TX is 77.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Willacy County, TX have an average commute time of 22.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Willacy County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$29,104

Median Household Income

± $2,657

5.74k

Number of Households

± 451

In 2017, the median household income of the 5.74k households in Willacy County, TX grew to $29,104 from the previous year's value of $28,817.

The following chart displays the households in Willacy County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$49,100

2017 Median

± $5,883

$49,400

2016 Median

± $4,248

In 2017, the median property value in Willacy County, TX declined from to $49,100 from the previous year's value of $49,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Willacy County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Willacy County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $40k - $50k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Willacy County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Willacy County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

77.8%

2017 Homeownership

78.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 77.8% of the housing units in Willacy County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 78.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Willacy County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Willacy County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Willacy County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Willacy County, TX have a shorter commute time (22.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.03% of the workforce in Willacy County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Willacy County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.5%

  2. Carpooled

    5.27%

  3. Walked

    4.92%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Willacy County, TX was Drove Alone (86.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (5.27%) and those who Walked (4.92%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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