Hidalgo County, TX

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Population

860,661

1.27% growth

Median Age

29.2


Median Household Income

$37,106

2.57% growth

Poverty Rate

31.8%


Number of Employees

334,478

5.99% growth

Median Property Value

$86,100

1.06% growth

About

In 2017, Hidalgo County, TX had a population of 861k people with a median age of 29.2 and a median household income of $37,106. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hidalgo County, TX grew from 849,843 to 860,661, a 1.27% increase and its median household income grew from $36,176 to $37,106, a 2.57% increase.

The population of Hidalgo County, TX is 92.2% Hispanic or Latino, 6.2% White Alone, and 1.01% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Hidalgo County, TX speak a non-English language, and 81% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hidalgo County, TX are South Texas College (5,819 degrees awarded in 2016), The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (5,674 degrees), and Brightwood College-McAllen (380 degrees).

The median property value in Hidalgo County, TX is $86,100, and the homeownership rate is 66.4%. Most people in Hidalgo County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Hidalgo County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: McAllen Public Library

Economy

The economy of Hidalgo County, TX employs 334k people. The largest industries in Hidalgo County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (51,571 people), Retail Trade (47,544 people), and Educational Services (42,553 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,673), Public Administration ($41,906), and Manufacturing ($37,301).

Median household income in Hidalgo County, TX is $37,106. Males in Hidalgo County, TX have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,183. The income inequality in Hidalgo County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,106

2017 value

± $1,502

2.57%

1 Year Growth

± 6.26%

Households in Hidalgo County, TX have a median annual income of $37,106, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $36,176 in 2016, which represents a 2.57% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hidalgo County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$65,834

Average Male Salary

± $720

$47,183

Average Female Salary

± $513

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,972 ± $2,204

  2. White

    $53,020 ± $510

  3. Two or More Races

    $45,863 ± $2,727

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hidalgo County, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.678% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 239.02

  2. Census Tract 204.02

  3. Census Tract 235.09

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hidalgo County, TX was Census Tract 239.02 with a value of $78,531, followed by Census Tract 204.02 and Census Tract 235.09, with respective values of $77,048 and $74,097.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hidalgo County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

31.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hidalgo County, TX (264k out of 829k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    256,638 ± 4,001

  2. White

    233,093 ± 3,917

  3. Other

    25,203 ± 1,463

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hidalgo County, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

334k

2017 Value

± 11,967

5.99%

1 Year growth

± 4.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hidalgo County, TX grew at a rate of 5.99%, from 316k employees to 334k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hidalgo County, TX, are Sales & Related Occupations (45,459 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (39,261 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (27,234 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hidalgo County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hidalgo County, TX, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (45,459 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (39,261 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (27,234 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hidalgo County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.39 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.98 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.76 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hidalgo County, TX, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($66,725), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($63,419), and Legal Occupations ($57,583).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

334k

2017 Value

± 11,967

5.99%

1 Year growth

± 4.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hidalgo County, TX grew at a rate of 5.99%, from 316k employees to 334k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hidalgo County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (51,571 people), Retail Trade (47,544 people), and Educational Services (42,553 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hidalgo County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Hidalgo County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hidalgo County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (51,571 people), Retail Trade (47,544 people), and Educational Services (42,553 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hidalgo County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.16 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.89 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.53 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hidalgo County, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,673), Public Administration ($41,906), and Manufacturing ($37,301).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

70% of the population of Hidalgo County, TX has health coverage, with 26% on employee plans, 28.2% on Medicaid, 5.72% on Medicare, 9.38% on non-group plans, and 0.81% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Hidalgo County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Hidalgo County, TX see 2228 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.6% increase from the previous year (2193 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3916 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1967 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,228 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hidalgo County, TX see an average of 2,228 patients per year. This represents a 1.6% increase from the previous year (2,193 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hidalgo County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

30%

Uninsured

26%

Employer Coverage

28.2%

Medicaid

5.72%

Medicare

9.38%

Non-Group

0.81%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hidalgo County, TX grew by 5.97% from 28.3% to 30%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hidalgo County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hidalgo County, TX is home to a population of 861k people, from which 81% are citizens. As of 2017, 26.6% of Hidalgo County, TX residents were born outside of the country (229k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hidalgo County, TX is composed of 794k Hispanic or Latino residents (92.2%), 53.3k White Alone residents (6.2%), 8.72k Asian Alone residents (1.01%), 3.9k Black or African American Alone residents (0.453%), 649 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0754%), 361 Two or More Races residents (0.0419%), 200 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0232%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hidalgo County, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

22

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hidalgo County, TX was 29.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 22, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Hidalgo County, TX are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Hidalgo County, TX residents was 29.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

26.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

229k people

27.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

231k people

As of 2017, 26.6% of Hidalgo County, TX residents (229k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hidalgo County, TX was 27.2%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hidalgo County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,536,761 ± 37,310 people

  2. India

    269,624 ± 12,687 people

  3. El Salvador

    222,793 ± 11,543 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,536,761 Texas residents, followed by India with 269,624 and El Salvador with 222,793.

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Citizenship

81%

2017 Citizenship

80.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 81% of Hidalgo County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hidalgo County, TX was 80.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hidalgo County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    794k ± 17.3k

  2. White Alone

    53.3k ± 225

  3. Asian Alone

    8.72k ± 288

In 2017, there were 14.9 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (794k people) in Hidalgo County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 53.3k White Alone and 8.72k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hidalgo County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Hidalgo County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Hidalgo County, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Hidalgo County, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,608 ± 1,131

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,314 ± 1,176

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,107 ± 975

Hidalgo County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.99 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hidalgo County, TX awarded 13,759 degrees. The student population of Hidalgo County, TX is skewed towards women, with 27,923 male students and 36,796 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hidalgo County, TX are Hispanic or Latino (12,496 and 92.7%), followed by White (436 and 3.24%), Unknown (268 and 1.99%), and Asian (149 and 1.11%).

The largest universities in Hidalgo County, TX by number of degrees awarded are South Texas College (5,819 and 42.3%), The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (5,674 and 41.2%), and Brightwood College-McAllen (380 and 2.76%).

The most popular majors in Hidalgo County, TX are General Studies (984 and 7.15%), General Computer & Information Sciences (915 and 6.65%), and Medical Assistant (644 and 4.68%).

The median tuition costs in Hidalgo County, TX are $1,602 for private four year colleges, and $4,150 and $9,381 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 407 degrees awarded

  2. 350 degrees awarded

  3. 349 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hidalgo County, TX was General Biological Sciences with 407 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hidalgo County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,819 degrees awarded

  2. 5,674 degrees awarded

  3. 380 degrees awarded

$4,150

Median In-State Public

$1,602

Median Private

In 2016, the Hidalgo County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was South Texas College with 5,819 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,048

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,711

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,048 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hidalgo County, TX, which is 0.579 times less than the 8,711 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Hidalgo County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    12,496 degrees awarded

  2. White

    436 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    268 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hidalgo County, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 12,496 degrees mean that there were 28.7 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 436 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hidalgo County, TX was $86,100 in 2017, which is 0.396 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $85,200 to $86,100, a 1.06% increase. The homeownership rate in Hidalgo County, TX is 66.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hidalgo County, TX have an average commute time of 20.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hidalgo County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,106

Median Household Income

± $1,502

240k

Number of Households

± 9,066

In 2017, the median household income of the 240k households in Hidalgo County, TX grew to $37,106 from the previous year's value of $36,176.

The following chart displays the households in Hidalgo County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$86,100

2017 Median

± $2,795

$85,200

2016 Median

± $2,550

In 2017, the median property value in Hidalgo County, TX grew to to $86,100 from the previous year's value of $85,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hidalgo County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hidalgo County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hidalgo County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hidalgo County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

66.4%

2017 Homeownership

66.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.4% of the housing units in Hidalgo County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hidalgo County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hidalgo County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hidalgo County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hidalgo County, TX have a shorter commute time (20.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.04% of the workforce in Hidalgo County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hidalgo County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.9%

  2. Carpooled

    7.94%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.79%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hidalgo County, TX was Drove Alone (80.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.94%) and those who Worked At Home (5.79%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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