Hidalgo County, TX

County

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2019 Population
868,707
0.32% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
29.6
0.339% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
29.7%
4.89% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$41,800
6.73% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$93,400
6.74% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
341,483
0.996% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Hidalgo County, TX had a population of 869k people with a median age of 29.6 and a median household income of $41,800. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Hidalgo County, TX grew from 865,939 to 868,707, a 0.32% increase and its median household income grew from $39,165 to $41,800, a 6.73% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Hidalgo County, TX are White (Hispanic) (79.4%), Other (Hispanic) (11%), White (Non-Hispanic) (5.57%), Two+ (Hispanic) (1.87%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.931%). 0% of the households in Hidalgo County, TX speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

81.7% of the residents in Hidalgo County, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hidalgo County, TX are South Texas College (6,531 degrees awarded in 2019), The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (5,860 degrees), and Southern Careers Institute-Pharr (479 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Hidalgo County, TX was $93,400, and the homeownership rate was 68.2%. Most people in Hidalgo County, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Hidalgo County, TX was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: McAllen Public Library

Diversity

Hidalgo County, TX is home to a population of 869k people, from which 81.7% are citizens. As of 2019, 102% of Hidalgo County, TX residents were born outside of the country (888k people).

In 2019, there were 7.24 times more White (Hispanic) residents (690k people) in Hidalgo County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 95.3k Other (Hispanic) and 48.4k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Hidalgo County, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    690k ± 12.5k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    95.3k ± 11k
  3. White (Non-Hispanic)
    48.4k ± 2.9k
92.5%
Hispanic Population
803k people

In 2019, there were 7.24 times more White (Hispanic) residents (690k people) in Hidalgo County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 95.3k Other (Hispanic) and 48.4k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

92.5% of the people in Hidalgo County, TX are hispanic (803k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Hidalgo County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

102%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
888k people
26.6%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
231k people

As of 2019, 102% of Hidalgo County, TX residents (888k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hidalgo County, TX was 26.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hidalgo County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

22
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
47
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1

In 2019, the median age of all people in Hidalgo County, TX was 29.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 22, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Hidalgo County, TX are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Hidalgo County, TX residents was 30.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,429,667 ± 36,631 people
  2. India
    295,205 ± 13,271 people
  3. El Salvador
    240,462 ± 11,989 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,429,667 Texas residents, followed by India with 295,205 and El Salvador with 240,462.

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Citizenship

81.7%
2019 Citizenship
79.5%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 81.7% of Hidalgo County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Hidalgo County, TX was 79.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hidalgo County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    6,139 ± 1,393
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    4,361 ± 1,247
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,493 ± 497

Hidalgo County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.41 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Texas. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Hidalgo County, TX is $41,800. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Hidalgo County, TX was Census Tract 239.02 with a value of $80,943, followed by Census Tract 235.09 and Census Tract 204.02, with respective values of $79,534 and $75,428.

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,216. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.477, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Hidalgo County, TX employs 341k people. The largest industries in Hidalgo County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (51,973 people), Retail Trade (46,009 people), and Educational Services (42,133 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($62,384), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,713), and Manufacturing ($44,658).

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,800
2019 value
± $1,745
6.73%
1 Year Growth
± 6.72%

Households in Hidalgo County, TX have a median annual income of $41,800, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,165 in 2018, which represents a 6.73% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Hidalgo County, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
$68,763
Average Male Salary in Texas
± $711
$50,216
Average Female Salary in Texas
± $564

In 2019, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Texas
  1. Alaska Native
    $71,002 ± $51,672
  2. Asian
    $70,200 ± $2,161
  3. White
    $55,818 ± $520

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Alaska Native. These workers were paid 1.01 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Texas.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hidalgo County, TX is from Texas.
0.477
2019 Wage GINI in Texas
0.479
2018 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2019, the income inequality in Texas was 0.477 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.511% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 239.02
  2. Census Tract 235.09
  3. Census Tract 204.02

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hidalgo County, TX was Census Tract 239.02 with a value of $80,943, followed by Census Tract 235.09 and Census Tract 204.02, with respective values of $79,534 and $75,428.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hidalgo County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

29.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hidalgo County, TX (251k out of 845k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    244,354 ± 4,170
  2. White
    211,355 ± 3,873
  3. Other
    32,558 ± 1,672

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hidalgo County, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

341k
2019 Value
± 12,745
0.996%
1 Year growth
± 5.08%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Hidalgo County, TX grew at a rate of 0.996%, from 338k employees to 341k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hidalgo County, TX, are Sales & Related Occupations (44,763 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (36,013 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (28,092 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hidalgo County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hidalgo County, TX, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (44,763 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (36,013 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (28,092 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hidalgo County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.44 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (2.02 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.62 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hidalgo County, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,031), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($65,290), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($61,583).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

341k
2019 Value
± 12,745
0.996%
1 Year growth
± 5.08%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Hidalgo County, TX grew at a rate of 0.996%, from 338k employees to 341k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hidalgo County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (51,973 people), Retail Trade (46,009 people), and Educational Services (42,133 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hidalgo County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Hidalgo County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hidalgo County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (51,973 people), Retail Trade (46,009 people), and Educational Services (42,133 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hidalgo County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.37 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.36 times), and Educational Services (1.32 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hidalgo County, TX, by median earnings, are Utilities ($62,384), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,713), and Manufacturing ($44,658).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $358B
  2. $332B
  3. $284B

In 2018, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $358B, followed by Crude petroleum ($332B) and Gasoline ($284B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.8T
2018 Value in Texas
$5.07T
Projected 2045 Value in Texas
81.2% growth

In 2018, total outbound Texas trade was $2.8T. This is expected to increase 81.2% to $5.07T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $97.6B
  2. $67.7B
  3. $60.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.6B, followed by Michigan with $67.7B and California and $60.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Hidalgo County, TX went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 68.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (28%), followed by Other (3.45%). The most partisan county was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Texas.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Hidalgo County, TX
68.5% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Texas
  1. 94.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 93.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 92% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Texas was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Texas colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Hidalgo County, TX awarded 15,045 degrees. The student population of Hidalgo County, TX is skewed towards women, with 27,229 male students and 38,256 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hidalgo County, TX are Hispanic or Latino (13,041 and 90.9%), followed by White (505 and 3.52%), Unknown (503 and 3.51%), and Asian (132 and 0.92%).

The largest universities in Hidalgo County, TX by number of degrees awarded are South Texas College (6,531 and 43.4%), The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (5,860 and 38.9%), and Southern Careers Institute-Pharr (479 and 3.18%).

The most popular majors in Hidalgo County, TX are General Studies (1,234 and 8.2%), General Biological Sciences (749 and 4.98%), and Medical Assistant (680 and 4.52%).

The median tuition cost in Hidalgo County, TX for a public four year colleges is $4,637 for in-state students and $11,396 for out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 464 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 462 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 507 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hidalgo County, TX was General Business Administration & Management with 464 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hidalgo County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 6,531 degrees awarded
  2. 5,860 degrees awarded
  3. 479 degrees awarded
$4,637
Median In-State Public

In 2019, the Hidalgo County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was South Texas College with 6,531 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,769
Degrees Awarded to Men
9,276
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 5,769 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hidalgo County, TX, which is 0.622 times less than the 9,276 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Hidalgo County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Hispanic or Latino
    13,041 degrees awarded
  2. White
    505 degrees awarded
  3. Unknown
    503 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Hidalgo County, TX was Hispanic or Latino students. These 13,041 degrees mean that there were 25.8 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 505 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hidalgo County, TX was $93,400 in 2019, which is 0.388 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $87,500 to $93,400, a 6.74% increase. The homeownership rate in Hidalgo County, TX is 68.2%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Hidalgo County, TX have an average commute time of 22.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Hidalgo County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$93,400
2019 Median
± $3,571
$87,500
2018 Median
± $3,388

In 2019, the median property value in Hidalgo County, TX grew to to $93,400 from the previous year's value of $87,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hidalgo County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hidalgo County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$41,800
Median Household Income
± $1,745
248k
Number of Households
± 9,904

In 2019, the median household income of the 248k households in Hidalgo County, TX grew to $41,800 from the previous year's value of $39,165.

The following chart displays the households in Hidalgo County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hidalgo County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hidalgo County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

68.2%
2019 Homeownership
68.6%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 68.2% of the housing units in Hidalgo County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hidalgo County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hidalgo County, TX have a shorter commute time (22.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26 minutes). Additionally, 2.9% of the workforce in Hidalgo County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hidalgo County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (78.4%)
  2. Carpooled (8.81%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.2%)

In 2019, 78.4% of workers in Hidalgo County, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.81%) and those who worked at home (6.2%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hidalgo County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hidalgo County, TX have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

67.8% of the population of Hidalgo County, TX has health coverage, with 26.3% on employee plans, 26.7% on Medicaid, 6.47% on Medicare, 7.54% on non-group plans, and 0.76% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Hidalgo County, TX see 2170 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.43% decrease from the previous year (2224 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3650 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1562 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (23.2%). Additionally, Burleson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,170 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Hidalgo County, TX

Primary care physicians in Hidalgo County, TX see an average of 2,170 patients per year. This represents a 2.43% decrease from the previous year (2,224 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hidalgo County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
$6,998
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Texas
$4,696
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,273
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,895
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

32.2%
Uninsured
26.3%
Employer Coverage
26.7%
Medicaid
6.47%
Medicare
7.54%
Non-Group
0.76%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hidalgo County, TX grew by 5.38% from 30.6% to 32.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hidalgo County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 23.2% prevalence
  2. 22.7% prevalence
  3. 22.5% prevalence

Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 23.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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