Willacy County, TX

County

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2019 Population
21,588
0.763% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
33
1.79% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
27%
18.2% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$35,521
18.6% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$55,300
2.64% 1-year decline
2019 Employed Population
7,639
9.52% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Willacy County, TX had a population of 21.6k people with a median age of 33 and a median household income of $35,521. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Willacy County, TX declined from 21,754 to 21,588, a −0.763% decrease and its median household income grew from $29,944 to $35,521, a 18.6% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Willacy County, TX are White (Hispanic) (85.9%), White (Non-Hispanic) (11.2%), Other (Hispanic) (1.26%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Hispanic) (0.667%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.551%). 0% of the households in Willacy County, TX speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 91.3% of the residents in Willacy County, TX are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Willacy County, TX was $55,300, and the homeownership rate was 70.5%. Most people in Willacy County, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Willacy County, TX was 2 cars per household.

Willacy County, TX borders Cameron County, TX, Hidalgo County, TX, and Kenedy County, TX.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Start Year
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Texas. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Willacy County, TX is home to a population of 21.6k people, from which 91.3% are citizens. As of 2019, 58.7% of Willacy County, TX residents were born outside of the country (12.7k people).

In 2019, there were 7.64 times more White (Hispanic) residents (18.5k people) in Willacy County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.43k White (Non-Hispanic) and 271 Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Willacy County, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    18.5k ± 205
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    2.43k ± 72
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    271 ± 138
88.2%
Hispanic Population
19k people

In 2019, there were 7.64 times more White (Hispanic) residents (18.5k people) in Willacy County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.43k White (Non-Hispanic) and 271 Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

88.2% of the people in Willacy County, TX are hispanic (19k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Willacy County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

58.7%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
12.7k people
16.9%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
3.67k people

As of 2019, 58.7% of Willacy County, TX residents (12.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Willacy County, TX was 16.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Willacy County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

29
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.9
50
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 2.7

In 2019, the median age of all people in Willacy County, TX was 33. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 50. But people in Willacy County, TX are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Willacy County, TX residents was 34.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,517,866 ± 37,182 people
  2. India
    267,786 ± 12,644 people
  3. El Salvador
    216,011 ± 11,367 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,517,866 Texas residents, followed by India with 267,786 and El Salvador with 216,011.

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Citizenship

91.3%
2019 Citizenship
90%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 91.3% of Willacy County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Willacy County, TX was 90%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Willacy County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    200 ± 73
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    65 ± 47
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    65 ± 46

Willacy County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.08 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Willacy County, TX is $35,521. In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Willacy County, TX was Census Tract 9506 with a value of $42,321, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9504, with respective values of $37,625 and $35,536.

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,245. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Willacy County, TX employs 7.64k people. The largest industries in Willacy County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,376 people), Educational Services (919 people), and Retail Trade (803 people), and the highest paying industries are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($42,981), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($41,875), and Finance & Insurance ($41,563).

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,521
2019 value
± $4,216
18.6%
1 Year Growth
± 18.9%

Households in Willacy County, TX have a median annual income of $35,521, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $29,944 in 2018, which represents a 18.6% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Willacy County, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
$68,707
Average Male Salary in Texas
± $741
$49,245
Average Female Salary in Texas
± $549

In 2019, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Texas
  1. Asian
    $69,055 ± $2,236
  2. White
    $55,439 ± $530
  3. American Indian
    $49,081 ± $7,151

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Texas.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Willacy County, TX is from Texas.
0.48
2019 Wage GINI in Texas
0.482
2018 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2019, the income inequality in Texas was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.281% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9506
  2. Census Tract 9505
  3. Census Tract 9504

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Willacy County, TX was Census Tract 9506 with a value of $42,321, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9504, with respective values of $37,625 and $35,536.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Willacy County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 6 - 11
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

27% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Willacy County, TX (5.47k out of 20.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    5,393 ± 507
  2. Hispanic
    5,028 ± 477
  3. Other
    56 ± 107

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Willacy County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.64k
2019 Value
± 699
9.52%
1 Year growth
± 11.8%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Willacy County, TX grew at a rate of 9.52%, from 6.98k employees to 7.64k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Willacy County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (841 people), Sales & Related Occupations (837 people), and Healthcare Support Occupations (784 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Willacy County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Willacy County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (841 people), Sales & Related Occupations (837 people), and Healthcare Support Occupations (784 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Willacy County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (9.5 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.76 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (3.13 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Willacy County, TX, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($64,028), Management Occupations ($63,088), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($53,860).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.64k
2019 Value
± 699
9.52%
1 Year growth
± 11.8%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Willacy County, TX grew at a rate of 9.52%, from 6.98k employees to 7.64k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Willacy County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,376 people), Educational Services (919 people), and Retail Trade (803 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Willacy County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Willacy County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Willacy County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,376 people), Educational Services (919 people), and Retail Trade (803 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Willacy County, TX has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (8.34 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.54 times), and Information (1.74 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Willacy County, TX, by median earnings, are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($42,981), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($41,875), and Finance & Insurance ($41,563).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $358B
  2. $332B
  3. $284B

In 2018, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $358B, followed by Crude petroleum ($332B) and Gasoline ($284B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.8T
2018 Value in Texas
$5.07T
Projected 2045 Value in Texas
81.2% growth

In 2018, total outbound Texas trade was $2.8T. This is expected to increase 81.2% to $5.07T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $97.6B
  2. $67.7B
  3. $60.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.6B, followed by Michigan with $67.7B and California and $60.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Willacy County, TX went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 67.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (30.4%), followed by Other (2.47%). The most partisan county was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Texas.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Willacy County, TX
67.2% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Texas
  1. 94.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 93.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 92% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Texas was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Texas colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Willacy County, TX was $55,300 in 2019, which is 0.23 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $56,800 to $55,300, a 2.64% decrease. The homeownership rate in Willacy County, TX is 70.5%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Willacy County, TX have an average commute time of 20.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Willacy County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$55,300
2019 Median
± $6,185
$56,800
2018 Median
± $6,230

In 2019, the median property value in Willacy County, TX declined from to $55,300 from the previous year's value of $56,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Willacy County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Willacy County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $40k - $50k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$35,521
Median Household Income
± $4,216
5.78k
Number of Households
± 488

In 2019, the median household income of the 5.78k households in Willacy County, TX grew to $35,521 from the previous year's value of $29,944.

The following chart displays the households in Willacy County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Willacy County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Willacy County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.5%
2019 Homeownership
74.8%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 70.5% of the housing units in Willacy County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 74.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Willacy County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Willacy County, TX have a shorter commute time (20.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.04% of the workforce in Willacy County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Willacy County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (83.3%)
  2. Carpooled (8.61%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.07%)

In 2019, 83.3% of workers in Willacy County, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.61%) and those who worked at home (4.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Willacy County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Willacy County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

72.4% of the population of Willacy County, TX has health coverage, with 24.8% on employee plans, 30.7% on Medicaid, 8.15% on Medicare, 8.11% on non-group plans, and 0.679% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Willacy County, TX see 3074 patients per year on average, which represents a 13.9% increase from the previous year (2698 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 21358 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 3560 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (23.2%). Additionally, Burleson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,074 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Willacy County, TX

Primary care physicians in Willacy County, TX see an average of 3,074 patients per year. This represents a 13.9% increase from the previous year (2,698 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Willacy County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
$6,998
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Texas
$4,696
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,273
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,895
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

27.6%
Uninsured
24.8%
Employer Coverage
30.7%
Medicaid
8.15%
Medicare
8.11%
Non-Group
0.679%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Willacy County, TX declined by 2.01% from 28.1% to 27.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Willacy County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 23.2% prevalence
  2. 22.7% prevalence
  3. 22.5% prevalence

Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 23.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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