West Chester, PA

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Population

19,698

1.36% growth

Median Age

23.8


Median Household Income

$55,313

8.77% growth

Poverty Rate

27%


Number of Employees

11,914

5.51% growth

Median Property Value

$338,800

5.68% growth

About

In 2017, West Chester, PA had a population of 19.7k people with a median age of 23.8 and a median household income of $55,313. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of West Chester, PA grew from 19,434 to 19,698, a 1.36% increase and its median household income grew from $50,853 to $55,313, a 8.77% increase.

The population of West Chester, PA is 75.6% White Alone, 10.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 9.67% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in West Chester, PA speak a non-English language, and 94.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in West Chester, PA are West Chester University of Pennsylvania (4,111 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in West Chester, PA is $338,800, and the homeownership rate is 37.6%. Most people in West Chester, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.4 minutes. The average car ownership in West Chester, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Philadelphia night time skyline as seen from Spring Garden Street above the Schuylkill Expressway.

Economy

The economy of West Chester, PA employs 11.9k people. The largest industries in West Chester, PA are Accommodation & Food Services (2,368 people), Retail Trade (1,566 people), and Educational Services (1,364 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($65,694), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($65,250), and Finance & Insurance ($54,863).

Median household income in West Chester, PA is $55,313. Males in West Chester, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,502. The income inequality in West Chester, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,313

2017 value

± $4,049

8.77%

1 Year Growth

± 11.3%

Households in West Chester, PA have a median annual income of $55,313, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,853 in 2016, which represents a 8.77% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in West Chester, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$67,039

Average Male Salary

± $1,040

$49,502

Average Female Salary

± $757

In 2017, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,450 ± $4,076

  2. White

    $51,412 ± $642

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $38,644 ± $21,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for West Chester, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.19% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 3023

  2. Census Tract 3025

  3. Census Tract 3024

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in West Chester, PA was Census Tract 3023 with a value of $59,023, followed by Census Tract 3025 and Census Tract 3024, with respective values of $50,733 and $49,423.

The following map shows all of the places in West Chester, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

27% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in West Chester, PA (4.42k out of 16.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,798 ± 577

  2. Hispanic

    500 ± 166

  3. Black

    371 ± 143

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in West Chester, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

11.9k

2017 Value

± 740

5.51%

1 Year growth

± 8.29%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in West Chester, PA grew at a rate of 5.51%, from 11.3k employees to 11.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in West Chester, PA, are Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2,338 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,517 people), and Management Occupations (1,220 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of West Chester, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of West Chester, PA, by number of employees, are Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2,338 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,517 people), and Management Occupations (1,220 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, West Chester, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (3.36 times higher than expected), Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.67 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.38 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of West Chester, PA, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($125,357), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($70,438), and Management Occupations ($64,392).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

11.9k

2017 Value

± 740

5.51%

1 Year growth

± 8.29%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in West Chester, PA grew at a rate of 5.51%, from 11.3k employees to 11.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in West Chester, PA, are Accommodation & Food Services (2,368 people), Retail Trade (1,566 people), and Educational Services (1,364 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of West Chester, PA, though some of these residents may live in West Chester, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in West Chester, PA, by number of employees, are Accommodation & Food Services (2,368 people), Retail Trade (1,566 people), and Educational Services (1,364 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, West Chester, PA has an unusually high number of Accommodation & Food Services (2.61 times higher than expected), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (2.03 times), and Educational Services (1.24 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in West Chester, PA, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($65,694), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($65,250), and Finance & Insurance ($54,863).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of West Chester, PA has health coverage, with 61.5% on employee plans, 7.82% on Medicaid, 5.79% on Medicare, 16.5% on non-group plans, and 0.929% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of West Chester, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in West Chester, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.44%

Uninsured

61.5%

Employer Coverage

7.82%

Medicaid

5.79%

Medicare

16.5%

Non-Group

0.929%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in West Chester, PA declined by 9.71% from 8.24% to 7.44%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in West Chester, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

West Chester, PA is home to a population of 19.7k people, from which 94.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.09% of West Chester, PA residents were born outside of the country (1.4k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of West Chester, PA is composed of 14.9k White Alone residents (75.6%), 1.99k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.1%), 1.91k Black or African American Alone residents (9.67%), 455 Two or More Races residents (2.31%), 414 Asian Alone residents (2.1%), 25 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.127%), 23 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.117%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in West Chester, PA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

23

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

29

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2017, the median age of all people in West Chester, PA was 23.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 23, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 29. But people in West Chester, PA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all West Chester, PA residents was 24.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.09%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.4k people

7.78%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.51k people

As of 2017, 7.09% of West Chester, PA residents (1.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in West Chester, PA was 7.78%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in West Chester, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    81,562 ± 6,989 people

  2. China

    63,036 ± 6,149 people

  3. Mexico

    54,918 ± 5,741 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 81,562 Pennsylvania residents, followed by China with 63,036 and Mexico with 54,918.

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Citizenship

94.9%

2017 Citizenship

94.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.9% of West Chester, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in West Chester, PA was 94.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in West Chester, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    14.9k ± 527

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.99k ± 545

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.91k ± 277

In 2017, there were 7.47 times more White Alone residents (14.9k people) in West Chester, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.99k Hispanic or Latino and 1.91k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in West Chester, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of West Chester, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in West Chester, PA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of West Chester, PA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    139 ± 66

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    120 ± 72

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    54 ± 45

West Chester, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.16 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in West Chester, PA awarded 4,111 degrees. The student population of West Chester, PA is skewed towards women, with 6,643 male students and 10,362 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in West Chester, PA are White (3,385 and 83.5%), followed by Black or African American (336 and 8.29%), Hispanic or Latino (155 and 3.82%), and Asian (92 and 2.27%).

The largest universities in West Chester, PA by number of degrees awarded are West Chester University of Pennsylvania (4,111 and 100%).

The most popular majors in West Chester, PA are General Psychology (280 and 6.81%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (226 and 5.5%), and General Business Administration & Management (211 and 5.13%).

The median tuition costs in West Chester, PA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,238 and $18,096 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 247 degrees awarded

  2. 226 degrees awarded

  3. 207 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in West Chester, PA was General Psychology with 247 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in West Chester, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

4,111 degrees awarded

$7,238

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the West Chester, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was West Chester University of Pennsylvania with 4,111 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,552

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,559

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,552 men were awarded degrees from institutions in West Chester, PA, which is 0.606 times less than the 2,559 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in West Chester, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,385 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    336 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    155 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in West Chester, PA were to White students. These 3,385 degrees mean that there were 10.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 336 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in West Chester, PA was $338,800 in 2017, which is 1.56 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $320,600 to $338,800, a 5.68% increase. The homeownership rate in West Chester, PA is 37.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in West Chester, PA have an average commute time of 21.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in West Chester, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,313

Median Household Income

± $4,049

6.88k

Number of Households

± 488

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.88k households in West Chester, PA grew to $55,313 from the previous year's value of $50,853.

The following chart displays the households in West Chester, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$338,800

2017 Median

± $15,903

$320,600

2016 Median

± $17,011

In 2017, the median property value in West Chester, PA grew to to $338,800 from the previous year's value of $320,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in West Chester, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In West Chester, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in West Chester, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In West Chester, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

37.6%

2017 Homeownership

38.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 37.6% of the housing units in West Chester, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 38.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in West Chester, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in West Chester, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in West Chester, PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in West Chester, PA have a shorter commute time (21.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.997% of the workforce in West Chester, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in West Chester, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    67.2%

  2. Walked

    17.5%

  3. Carpooled

    6.87%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in West Chester, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Walked and those who Carpooled.

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