Washington, DC

Census Place

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2020 Population
701,974
1.34% 1-year growth
2020 Median Age
34.1
0.294% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
15.5%
4.86% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$90,842
5.12% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$618,100
2.76% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
382,108
1.39% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Washington, DC had a population of 702k people with a median age of 34.1 and a median household income of $90,842. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Washington, DC grew from 692,683 to 701,974, a 1.34% increase and its median household income grew from $86,420 to $90,842, a 5.12% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Washington, DC are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (44.5%), White (Non-Hispanic) (36.7%), White (Hispanic) (4.35%), Other (Hispanic) (4.3%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.04%).

None of the households in Washington, DC reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

92.7% of the residents in Washington, DC are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Washington, DC are George Washington University (10,055 degrees awarded in 2020), Georgetown University (7,467 degrees), and American University (4,579 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Washington, DC was $618,100, and the homeownership rate was 42.5%. Most people in Washington, DC drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 30.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Washington, DC was 1 car per household.

About the photo: A look at the east front of the U.S. Capitol from the Senate wing.

Diversity

Washington, DC is home to a population of 702k people, from which 92.7% are citizens. As of 2020, 13.4% of Washington, DC residents were born outside of the country (94.2k people).

In 2020, there were 1.21 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (313k people) in Washington, DC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 258k White (Non-Hispanic) and 30.5k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Washington, DC
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    313k ± 1.58k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    258k ± 975
  3. White (Hispanic)
    30.5k ± 1.63k
11.1%
Hispanic Population
78k people

In 2020, there were 1.21 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (313k people) in Washington, DC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 258k White (Non-Hispanic) and 30.5k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

11.1% of the people in Washington, DC are hispanic (78k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Washington, DC as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

13.4%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
94.2k people
13.7%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
95.1k people

As of 2020, 13.4% of Washington, DC residents (94.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Washington, DC was 13.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Washington, DC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

33
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.2
41
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.6

In 2020, the median age of all people in Washington, DC was 34.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Washington, DC are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all Washington, DC residents was 34.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for District of Columbia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    13,589 ± 2,834 people
  2. Ethiopia
    5,466 ± 1,808 people
  3. China
    3,675 ± 1,484 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of District of Columbia was El Salvador, the natal country of 13,589 District of Columbia residents, followed by Ethiopia with 5,466 and China with 3,675.

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Citizenship

92.7%
2020 Citizenship
92.3%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 92.7% of Washington, DC residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Washington, DC was 92.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Washington, DC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    7,721 ± 769
  2. Vietnam
    6,741 ± 713
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    3,028 ± 422

Washington, DC has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.15 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for . Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in , as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for District of Columbia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Economy

Median household income in Washington, DC is $90,842. In 2020, the place with the highest median household income in Washington, DC was Census Tract 15 with a value of $228,750, followed by Census Tract 9.02 and Census Tract 20.02, with respective values of $219,250 and $211,875.

Males in District of Columbia have an average income that is 1.2 times higher than the average income of females, which is $89,551. The income inequality in District of Columbia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Washington, DC employs 382k people. The largest industries in Washington, DC are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (75,962 people), Public Administration (64,029 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (36,298 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($102,892), Public Administration ($101,703), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($91,579).

Wages

Median Household Income

$90,842
2020 value
± $1,580
5.12%
1 Year Growth
± 1.99%

Households in Washington, DC have a median annual income of $90,842, which is more than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $86,420 in 2019, which represents a 5.12% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Washington, DC compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for District of Columbia.
$107,330
Average Male Salary in District of Columbia
± $6,980
$89,551
Average Female Salary in District of Columbia
± $4,953

In 2020, full-time male employees in District of Columbia made 1.2 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in District of Columbia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for District of Columbia.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in District of Columbia
  1. White
    $111,428 ± $6,130
  2. Asian
    $95,455 ± $16,787
  3. Two or More Races
    $92,415 ± $22,706

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of District of Columbia workers was White. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in District of Columbia.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in District of Columbia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Washington, DC is from District of Columbia.
0.456
2020 Wage GINI in District of Columbia
0.46
2019 Wage GINI in District of Columbia

In 2020, the income inequality in District of Columbia was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.963% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for District of Columbia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in District of Columbia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in District of Columbia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 15
  2. Census Tract 9.02
  3. Census Tract 20.02

In 2020, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Washington, DC was Census Tract 15 with a value of $228,750, followed by Census Tract 9.02 and Census Tract 20.02, with respective values of $219,250 and $211,875.

The following map shows all of the places in Washington, DC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Washington, DC (103k out of 669k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    74,491 ± 2,394
  2. White
    16,313 ± 1,115
  3. Hispanic
    9,003 ± 882

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Washington, DC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

382k
2020 Value
± 5,555
1.39%
1 Year growth
± 1.86%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Washington, DC grew at a rate of 1.39%, from 377k employees to 382k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Washington, DC, are Management Occupations (62,386 people), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (45,123 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (33,558 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Washington, DC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Washington, DC, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (62,386 people), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (45,123 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (33,558 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Washington, DC has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (6.77 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (3.71 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (2.77 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Washington, DC, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($137,755), Management Occupations ($100,561), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($93,344).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

382k
2020 Value
± 5,555
1.39%
1 Year growth
± 1.86%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Washington, DC grew at a rate of 1.39%, from 377k employees to 382k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Washington, DC, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (75,962 people), Public Administration (64,029 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (36,298 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Washington, DC, though some of these residents may live in Washington, DC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Washington, DC, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (75,962 people), Public Administration (64,029 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (36,298 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Washington, DC has an unusually high number of Public Administration (3.59 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2.68 times), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.97 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Washington, DC, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance ($102,892), Public Administration ($101,703), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($91,579).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from District of Columbia to other states, or from other states to District of Columbia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $2.61B
  2. $1.61B
  3. $1.1B

In 2020, the top outbound District of Columbia product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $2.61B, followed by Electronics ($1.61B) and Basic chemicals ($1.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for District of Columbia.
$12.2B
2020 Value in District of Columbia
$24.4B
Projected 2050 Value in District of Columbia
99.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound District of Columbia trade was $12.2B. This is expected to increase 99.7% to $24.4B by 2050.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from District of Columbia to other states, or from other states to District of Columbia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $1.67B
  2. $1.46B
  3. $1.35B

In 2020, the top outbound District of Columbia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $1.67B, followed by Delaware with $1.46B and Maryland and $1.35B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that District of Columbia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Education

In 2020, universities in Washington, DC awarded 30,553 degrees. The student population of Washington, DC is skewed towards women, with 36,840 male students and 61,133 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Washington, DC are White (12,938 and 49.5%), followed by Black or African American (5,772 and 22.1%), Hispanic or Latino (2,679 and 10.2%), and Asian (2,096 and 8.02%).

The largest universities in Washington, DC by number of degrees awarded are George Washington University (10,055 and 32.9%), Georgetown University (7,467 and 24.4%), and American University (4,579 and 15%).

The most popular majors in Washington, DC are General Business Administration & Management (2,306 and 7.55%), International Relations & Affairs (2,248 and 7.36%), and Law (1,801 and 5.89%).

The median tuition costs in Washington, DC are $48,600 for private four year colleges, and $5,292 and $12,144 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 1,005 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 349 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 1,833 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in Washington, DC was International Relations & Affairs with 1,005 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in Washington, DC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 10,055 degrees awarded
  2. 7,467 degrees awarded
  3. 4,579 degrees awarded
$5,292
Median In-State Public
$48,600
Median Private

In 2020, the Washington, DC institution with the largest number of graduating students was George Washington University with 10,055 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

12,138
Degrees Awarded to Men
18,415
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 12,138 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Washington, DC, which is 0.659 times less than the 18,415 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the top 5 institutions in Washington, DC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    12,938 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    5,772 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    2,679 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Washington, DC was White students. These 12,938 degrees mean that there were 2.24 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 5,772 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Washington, DC was $618,100 in 2020, which is 2.69 times larger than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $601,500 to $618,100, a 2.76% increase. The homeownership rate in Washington, DC is 42.5%, which is lower than the national average of 64.4%. People in Washington, DC have an average commute time of 30.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Washington, DC is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$618,100
2020 Median
± $10,023
$601,500
2019 Median
± $6,902

In 2020, the median property value in Washington, DC grew to to $618,100 from the previous year's value of $601,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Washington, DC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington, DC the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$90,842
Median Household Income
± $1,580
288k
Number of Households
± 4,553

In 2020, the median household income of the 288k households in Washington, DC grew to $90,842 from the previous year's value of $86,420.

The following chart displays the households in Washington, DC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Washington, DC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington, DC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

42.5%
2020 Homeownership
41.6%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 42.5% of the housing units in Washington, DC were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 41.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Washington, DC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

30.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Washington, DC have a longer commute time (30.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.21% of the workforce in Washington, DC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Washington, DC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (32.1%)
  2. Public Transit (31.5%)
  3. Walked (12.5%)

In 2020, 32.1% of workers in Washington, DC drove alone to work, followed by those who used public transit to get to work (31.5%) and those who walked to work (12.5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Washington, DC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Washington, DC have 1 car, followed by false.

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Health

96.3% of the population of Washington, DC has health coverage, with 51.9% on employee plans, 22.6% on Medicaid, 7.26% on Medicare, 13.4% on non-group plans, and 1.23% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in District of Columbia was $11,944 in 2014. This is a 4.17% increase from the previous year ($11,466).

Primary care physicians in District of Columbia, DC see 850 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.118% decrease from the previous year (851 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 813 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 194 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, District of Columbia has the highest prevalence of diabetes (8.1%). Additionally, District of Columbia has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (24%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for District of Columbia, DC.
850 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in District of Columbia, DC

Primary care physicians in District of Columbia, DC see an average of 850 patients per year. This represents a 0.118% decrease from the previous year (851 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in District of Columbia, DC in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for District of Columbia.
$11,944
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in District of Columbia

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in District of Columbia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.17%, from $11,466 to $11,944.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.65%
Uninsured
51.9%
Employer Coverage
22.6%
Medicaid
7.26%
Medicare
13.4%
Non-Group
1.23%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Washington, DC declined by 0.921% from 3.69% to 3.65%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Washington, DC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 8.1% prevalence
  2. N/A
    N/A
  3. N/A
    N/A

District of Columbia has the highest prevalence of diabetes in District of Columbia, at 8.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in District of Columbia by county over multiple years.

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