Union County, SD

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Population

14,929

0.586% growth

Median Age

41.1


Median Household Income

$65,434

2.42% growth

Poverty Rate

7.34%


Number of Employees

7,933

2.64% growth

Median Property Value

$161,300

3.07% growth

About

In 2017, Union County, SD had a population of 14.9k people with a median age of 41.1 and a median household income of $65,434. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union County, SD grew from 14,842 to 14,929, a 0.586% increase and its median household income grew from $63,890 to $65,434, a 2.42% increase.

The population of Union County, SD is 92.8% White Alone, 2.95% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.87% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Union County, SD speak a non-English language, and 98.7% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Union County, SD is $161,300, and the homeownership rate is 73.2%. Most people in Union County, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, SD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: An old school no longer in operation, at the junction of SD Highways 26 & 45, north of Miller, SD

Economy

The economy of Union County, SD employs 7.93k people. The largest industries in Union County, SD are Manufacturing (1,341 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,105 people), and Retail Trade (780 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,917), Utilities ($74,464), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,870).

Median household income in Union County, SD is $65,434. Males in Union County, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Union County, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$65,434

2017 value

± $3,315

2.42%

1 Year Growth

± 7.96%

Households in Union County, SD have a median annual income of $65,434, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $63,890 in 2016, which represents a 2.42% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 203

  2. Census Tract 201

  3. Census Tract 202

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, SD was Census Tract 203 with a value of $74,260, followed by Census Tract 201 and Census Tract 202, with respective values of $59,205 and $54,375.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.34% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, SD (1.08k out of 14.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    922 ± 158

  2. Hispanic

    142 ± 134

  3. Other

    108 ± 124

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, SD is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.93k

2017 Value

± 473

2.64%

1 Year growth

± 8.29%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, SD grew at a rate of 2.64%, from 7.73k employees to 7.93k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, SD, are Management Occupations (1,154 people), Sales & Related Occupations (906 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (862 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, SD, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (1,154 people), Sales & Related Occupations (906 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (862 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.7 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.46 times), and Management Occupations (1.43 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, SD, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($90,000), Management Occupations ($72,958), and Legal Occupations ($72,500).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.93k

2017 Value

± 473

2.64%

1 Year growth

± 8.29%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, SD grew at a rate of 2.64%, from 7.73k employees to 7.93k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, SD, are Manufacturing (1,341 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,105 people), and Retail Trade (780 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, SD, though some of these residents may live in Union County, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, SD, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,341 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,105 people), and Retail Trade (780 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, SD has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.28 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.18 times), and Manufacturing (1.67 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, SD, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,917), Utilities ($74,464), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,870).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.7B

  2. $4.44B

  3. $4.29B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.7B, followed by Other ag prods. ($4.44B) and Live animals/fish ($4.29B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$60.8B

2015 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

51.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Dakota trade was $60.8B. This is expected to increase 51.7% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $7.37B

  2. $2.21B

  3. $1.95B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.37B, followed by Iowa with $2.21B and Nebraska and $1.95B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.7% of the population of Union County, SD has health coverage, with 59.6% on employee plans, 6.49% on Medicaid, 12.3% on Medicare, 12.4% on non-group plans, and 2.03% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Union County, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Union County, SD see 1147 patients per year on average, which represents a 16% decrease from the previous year (1366 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1493 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2987 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,147 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Union County, SD see an average of 1,147 patients per year. This represents a 16% decrease from the previous year (1,366 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, SD in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.28%

Uninsured

59.6%

Employer Coverage

6.49%

Medicaid

12.3%

Medicare

12.4%

Non-Group

2.03%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, SD grew by 14.3% from 6.37% to 7.28%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Union County, SD is home to a population of 14.9k people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.14% of Union County, SD residents were born outside of the country (319 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Union County, SD is composed of 13.9k White Alone residents (92.8%), 441 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.95%), 279 Two or More Races residents (1.87%), 154 Asian Alone residents (1.03%), 105 Black or African American Alone residents (0.703%), 97 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.65%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union County, SD are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 10.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union County, SD was 41.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Union County, SD are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Union County, SD residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.14%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

319 people

2.61%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

387 people

As of 2017, 2.14% of Union County, SD residents (319 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, SD was 2.61%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

98.7%

2017 Citizenship

98.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.7% of Union County, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, SD was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    13.9k ± 15

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    441 ± 188

  3. Two or More Races

    279 ± 122

In 2017, there were 31.4 times more White Alone residents (13.9k people) in Union County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 441 Hispanic or Latino and 279 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union County, SD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Union County, SD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Union County, SD was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Union County, SD are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    387 ± 81

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    195 ± 70

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    117 ± 51

Union County, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.98 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, SD was $161,300 in 2017, which is 0.741 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $156,500 to $161,300, a 3.07% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, SD is 73.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, SD have an average commute time of 18.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$65,434

Median Household Income

± $3,315

6.29k

Number of Households

± 404

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.29k households in Union County, SD grew to $65,434 from the previous year's value of $63,890.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$161,300

2017 Median

± $7,891

$156,500

2016 Median

± $7,260

In 2017, the median property value in Union County, SD grew to to $161,300 from the previous year's value of $156,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

73.2%

2017 Homeownership

74.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.2% of the housing units in Union County, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 74.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, SD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

18.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, SD have a shorter commute time (18.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.32% of the workforce in Union County, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.77%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.77%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union County, SD was Drove Alone (84.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.77%) and those who Worked At Home (4.77%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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