Union County, SD

County

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2020 Population
15,659
1.89% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Thune
Republican Party
US Senator
Mike Rounds
Republican Party
US Representative
Dusty Johnson
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
40.2
0.5% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
8.26%
3.55% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$74,006
5.16% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$206,300
15.1% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
8,197
3% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Union County, SD had a population of 15.7k people with a median age of 40.2 and a median household income of $74,006. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Union County, SD grew from 15,368 to 15,659, a 1.89% increase and its median household income grew from $70,378 to $74,006, a 5.16% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, SD are White (Non-Hispanic) (90.6%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.72%), White (Hispanic) (2.38%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.58%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.792%).

None of the households in Union County, SD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98% of the residents in Union County, SD are U.S. citizens.

In 2020, the median property value in Union County, SD was $206,300, and the homeownership rate was 68.1%. Most people in Union County, SD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, SD was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Union County, SD is home to a population of 15.7k people, from which 98% are citizens. As of 2020, 2.85% of Union County, SD residents were born outside of the country (446 people).

In 2020, there were 33.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.2k people) in Union County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 426 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 372 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, SD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    14.2k ± 162
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    426 ± 193
  3. White (Hispanic)
    372 ± 91
3.48%
Hispanic Population
545 people

In 2020, there were 33.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.2k people) in Union County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 426 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 372 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.48% of the people in Union County, SD are hispanic (545 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, SD as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.85%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
446 people
3.3%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
507 people

As of 2020, 2.85% of Union County, SD residents (446 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, SD was 3.3%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

41
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.8
37
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 9.7

In 2020, the median age of all people in Union County, SD was 40.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Union County, SD are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all Union County, SD residents was 40.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    3,374 ± 1,423 people
  2. Guatemala
    2,573 ± 1,244 people
  3. Ethiopia
    2,306 ± 1,177 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,374 South Dakota residents, followed by Guatemala with 2,573 and Ethiopia with 2,306.

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Citizenship

98%
2020 Citizenship
97.6%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 98% of Union County, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, SD was 97.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    479 ± 108
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    187 ± 74
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    180 ± 136

Union County, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.56 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for South Dakota. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in South Dakota, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in South Dakota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in South Dakota. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in South Dakota.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of South Dakota across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Males in South Dakota have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,104. The income inequality in South Dakota (measured using the Gini index) is 0.43, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Union County, SD employs 8.2k people. The largest industries in Union County, SD are Manufacturing (1,408 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,050 people), and Construction (762 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($86,134), Utilities ($79,856), and Wholesale Trade ($61,250).

Wages

Median Household Income

$74,006
2020 value
± $7,099
5.16%
1 Year Growth
± 11.1%

Households in Union County, SD have a median annual income of $74,006, which is more than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $70,378 in 2019, which represents a 5.16% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Union County, SD compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.
$57,995
Average Male Salary in South Dakota
± $3,076
$45,104
Average Female Salary in South Dakota
± $2,724

In 2020, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in South Dakota
  1. Asian
    $47,345 ± $22,429
  2. White
    $46,511 ± $1,967
  3. Other
    $34,772 ± $8,729

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.02 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in South Dakota.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, SD is from South Dakota.
0.43
2020 Wage GINI in South Dakota
0.432
2019 Wage GINI in South Dakota

In 2020, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.43 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.307% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 202
  2. Census Tract 201

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.26% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, SD (1.28k out of 15.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 65 - 74.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    1,258 ± 216
  2. Hispanic
    44 ± 92
  3. Two Or More
    18 ± 78

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, SD is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

8.2k
2020 Value
± 572
3%
1 Year growth
± 9.22%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Union County, SD grew at a rate of 3%, from 7.96k employees to 8.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, SD, are Management Occupations (1,196 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,075 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (761 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, SD, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (1,196 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,075 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (761 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.06 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.55 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.53 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, SD, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($82,368), Management Occupations ($81,210), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($78,139).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

8.2k
2020 Value
± 572
3%
1 Year growth
± 9.22%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Union County, SD grew at a rate of 3%, from 7.96k employees to 8.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, SD, are Manufacturing (1,408 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,050 people), and Construction (762 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, SD, though some of these residents may live in Union County, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, SD, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,408 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,050 people), and Construction (762 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, SD has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.22 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.76 times), and Manufacturing (1.71 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, SD, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($86,134), Utilities ($79,856), and Wholesale Trade ($61,250).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $6.57B
  2. $5.64B
  3. $4.81B

In 2020, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $6.57B, followed by Other ag prods. ($5.64B) and Live animals/fish ($4.81B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota.
$54.6B
2020 Value in South Dakota
$98.2B
Projected 2050 Value in South Dakota
79.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound South Dakota trade was $54.6B. This is expected to increase 79.8% to $98.2B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $7.03B
  2. $3.12B
  3. $2.19B

In 2020, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.03B, followed by Iowa with $3.12B and North Dakota and $2.19B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, SD went to Donald J. Trump with 67.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (30.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (2.1%). The most partisan county was Harding County, SD with 92% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Thune and Mike Rounds are the senators currently representing the state of South Dakota. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Union County, SD is currently represented by Dusty Johnson in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of South Dakota.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Union County, SD
67.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in South Dakota
  1. 92% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 90.2% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 88.4% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in South Dakota was Harding County, SD with 92% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in South Dakota colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from South Dakota

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
John Thune
Senator from South Dakota3
Assumed office on January 3, 2005
Mike Rounds
Senator from South Dakota2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Thune and Mike Rounds are the senators currently representing South Dakota.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in South Dakota over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Union County, SD

Dusty Johnson
South Dakota at-large Representative
Republican Party

Union County, SD is currently represented by Dusty Johnson (Republican Party).

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the member for Union County, SD have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, SD was $206,300 in 2020, which is 0.898 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $179,300 to $206,300, a 15.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, SD is 68.1%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Union County, SD have an average commute time of 19 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$206,300
2020 Median
± $18,857
$179,300
2019 Median
± $16,838

In 2020, the median property value in Union County, SD grew to to $206,300 from the previous year's value of $179,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$74,006
Median Household Income
± $7,099
6.86k
Number of Households
± 514

In 2020, the median household income of the 6.86k households in Union County, SD grew to $74,006 from the previous year's value of $70,378.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

68.1%
2020 Homeownership
69.2%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 68.1% of the housing units in Union County, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 69.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, SD have a shorter commute time (19 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 0.638% of the workforce in Union County, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (85.6%)
  2. Carpooled (6.42%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.87%)

In 2020, 85.6% of workers in Union County, SD drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.42%) and those who worked at home (5.87%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, SD have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

93.8% of the population of Union County, SD has health coverage, with 59.5% on employee plans, 8.63% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 1.9% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in South Dakota was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Union County, SD see 1562 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.93% increase from the previous year (1503 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1062 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2276 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aurora County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.3%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (52.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,562 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, SD

Primary care physicians in Union County, SD see an average of 1,562 patients per year. This represents a 3.93% increase from the previous year (1,503 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, SD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
$8,933
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in South Dakota
$4,335
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,056
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,315
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.19%
Uninsured
59.5%
Employer Coverage
8.63%
Medicaid
12%
Medicare
11.7%
Non-Group
1.9%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, SD grew by 14.6% from 5.4% to 6.19%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 21.3% prevalence
  2. 19.9% prevalence
  3. 19% prevalence

Aurora County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 21.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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