Union County, OR

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Population

25,810

0.202% growth

Median Age

39.8


Median Household Income

$46,228

1.46% growth

Poverty Rate

17.4%


Number of Employees

11,256

1.02% growth

Median Property Value

$172,100

0.938% growth

About

In 2017, Union County, OR had a population of 25.8k people with a median age of 39.8 and a median household income of $46,228. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union County, OR grew from 25,758 to 25,810, a 0.202% increase and its median household income grew from $45,564 to $46,228, a 1.46% increase.

The population of Union County, OR is 89.3% White Alone, 4.58% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.31% Two or More Races. 5.26% of the people in Union County, OR speak a non-English language, and 97.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union County, OR are Eastern Oregon University (906 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Union County, OR is $172,100, and the homeownership rate is 63.3%. Most people in Union County, OR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, OR is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Union County, OR employs 11.3k people. The largest industries in Union County, OR are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,942 people), Retail Trade (1,252 people), and Manufacturing (1,167 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($63,700), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($59,417), and Utilities ($46,920).

Median household income in Union County, OR is $46,228. Males in Union County, OR have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,053. The income inequality in Union County, OR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,228

2017 value

± $1,934

1.46%

1 Year Growth

± 6.96%

Households in Union County, OR have a median annual income of $46,228, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,564 in 2016, which represents a 1.46% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union County, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Oregon.

$61,970

Average Male Salary

± $1,681

$48,053

Average Female Salary

± $1,355

In 2017, full-time male employees in Union County, OR made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Union County, OR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Oregon.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,926 ± $5,268

  2. White

    $47,707 ± $1,033

  3. Alaska Native

    $40,267 ± $28,756

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Union County, OR workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Union County, OR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, OR is from Oregon.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Oregon was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.411% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Oregon was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oregon in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oregon across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9706

  2. Census Tract 9703

  3. Census Tract 9705

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, OR was Census Tract 9706 with a value of $55,517, followed by Census Tract 9703 and Census Tract 9705, with respective values of $53,867 and $46,912.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, OR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, OR (4.37k out of 25k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,936 ± 364

  2. Hispanic

    330 ± 126

  3. Two Or More

    183 ± 105

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, OR is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

11.3k

2017 Value

± 591

1.02%

1 Year growth

± 7.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, OR grew at a rate of 1.02%, from 11.1k employees to 11.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, OR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,706 people), Sales & Related Occupations (990 people), and Management Occupations (923 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, OR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, OR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,706 people), Sales & Related Occupations (990 people), and Management Occupations (923 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, OR has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (5.49 times higher than expected), Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.78 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.7 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, OR, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($73,261), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($64,750), and Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($64,153).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

11.3k

2017 Value

± 591

1.02%

1 Year growth

± 7.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, OR grew at a rate of 1.02%, from 11.1k employees to 11.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, OR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,942 people), Retail Trade (1,252 people), and Manufacturing (1,167 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, OR, though some of these residents may live in Union County, OR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, OR, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,942 people), Retail Trade (1,252 people), and Manufacturing (1,167 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, OR has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.5 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.45 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, OR, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($63,700), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($59,417), and Utilities ($46,920).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $18.5B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $12.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $18.5B, followed by Electronics with $13.1B and Motorized vehicles and $12.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oregon products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Oregon state.

$134B

2015 Value

$201B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Oregon trade was $134B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $201B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oregon trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.5B

  2. $17.6B

  3. $2.94B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $26.5B, followed by California with $17.6B and Minnesota and $2.94B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oregon shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.6% of the population of Union County, OR has health coverage, with 41.1% on employee plans, 19.8% on Medicaid, 12.8% on Medicare, 14.8% on non-group plans, and 2.05% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Union County, OR was $8,044 in 2014. This is a 7.73% increase from the previous year ($7,467).

Primary care physicians in Union County, OR see 1290 patients per year on average, which represents a 20.6% increase from the previous year (1070 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1535 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 373 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.2%). Additionally, Linn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1290 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Union County, OR see an average of 1290 patients per year. This represents a 20.6% increase from the previous year (1070 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, OR in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

$8,044

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,232

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,185

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,942

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oregon (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 7.73%, from $7,467 to $8,044.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.36%

Uninsured

41.1%

Employer Coverage

19.8%

Medicaid

12.8%

Medicare

14.8%

Non-Group

2.05%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, OR declined by 14.3% from 10.9% to 9.36%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, OR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.2% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 13.3% prevalence

Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oregon, at 14.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oregon by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Union County, OR is home to a population of 25.8k people, from which 97.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.91% of Union County, OR residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Union County, OR is composed of 23.1k White Alone residents (89.3%), 1.18k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.58%), 596 Two or More Races residents (2.31%), 311 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (1.2%), 246 Asian Alone residents (0.953%), 210 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.814%), 198 Black or African American Alone residents (0.767%), and 9 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0349%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union County, OR are Spanish or Spanish Creole (744 speakers), Other Pacific Island Languages (202 speakers), and Chinese (65 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union County, OR was 39.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Union County, OR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Union County, OR residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.91%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.59%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.91% of Union County, OR residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, OR was 3.59%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    146,430 ± 9,222 people

  2. Vietnam

    21,288 ± 3,573 people

  3. China

    20,489 ± 3,505 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Union County, OR was Mexico, the natal country of 146,430 Union County, OR residents, followed by Vietnam with 21,288 and China with 20,489.

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Citizenship

97.3%

2017 Citizenship

97.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.3% of Union County, OR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, OR was 97.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    23.1k ± 5

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.18k ± 174

  3. Two or More Races

    596 ± 116

In 2017, there were 19.5 times more White Alone residents (23.1k people) in Union County, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.18k Hispanic or Latino and 596 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union County, OR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    744 speakers (3.07%)

  2. Other Pacific Island Languages

    202 speakers (0.834%)

  3. Chinese

    65 speakers (0.268%)

5.26% of Union County, OR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Union County, OR was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 3.07% of the overall population of Union County, OR are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.834% speak Other Pacific Island Languages and 0.268% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    861 ± 121

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    310 ± 98

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    212 ± 78

Union County, OR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.78 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Union County, OR awarded 906 degrees. The student population of Union County, OR is skewed towards women, with 1,224 male students and 1,952 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union County, OR are White (696 and 77.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (69 and 7.65%), Unknown (53 and 5.88%), and Asian (24 and 2.66%).

The largest universities in Union County, OR by number of degrees awarded are Eastern Oregon University (906 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Union County, OR are Other Business Administration, Management, & Operations (244 and 26.9%), Teacher Education & Professional Development (145 and 16%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (120 and 13.2%).

The median tuition costs in Union County, OR are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,073 and $15,822 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 63 degrees awarded

  2. 236 degrees awarded

  3. 120 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Union County, OR was Other Education with 63 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Union County, OR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

906 degrees awarded

$6,073

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Union County, OR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Eastern Oregon University with 906 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

335

Degrees Awarded to Men

571

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 335 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union County, OR, which is 0.587 times less than the 571 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Union County, OR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    696 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    69 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    53 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Union County, OR were to White students. These 696 degrees mean that there were 10.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 69 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, OR was $172,100 in 2017, which is 0.791 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $170,500 to $172,100, a 0.938% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, OR is 63.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, OR have an average commute time of 17.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, OR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,228

Median Household Income

± $1,934

10.3k

Number of Households

± 510

In 2017, the median household income of the 10.3k households in Union County, OR grew to $46,228 from the previous year's value of $45,564.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, OR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$172,100

2017 Median

± $6,855

$170,500

2016 Median

± $7,024

In 2017, the median property value in Union County, OR grew to to $172,100 from the previous year's value of $170,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, OR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, OR the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, OR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, OR the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.3%

2017 Homeownership

63.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.3% of the housing units in Union County, OR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, OR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, OR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, OR have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

17.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, OR have a shorter commute time (17.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.57% of the workforce in Union County, OR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76%

  2. Carpooled

    9.29%

  3. Walked

    7.07%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union County, OR was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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