Union County, OH

County

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2019 Population
56,707
1.89% 1-year growth
US Senator
Sherrod Brown
Democratic Party
US Senator
Rob Portman
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
38
1.04% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
5.89%
14.9% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$86,715
4.76% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$203,800
3.72% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
28,871
3.99% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Union County, OH had a population of 56.7k people with a median age of 38 and a median household income of $86,715. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Union County, OH grew from 55,654 to 56,707, a 1.89% increase and its median household income grew from $82,775 to $86,715, a 4.76% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, OH are White (Non-Hispanic) (89.5%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.56%), White (Hispanic) (1.48%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.4%). 0% of the households in Union County, OH speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 97.8% of the residents in Union County, OH are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Union County, OH was $203,800, and the homeownership rate was 78.5%. Most people in Union County, OH drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, OH was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Ohio. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Ohio, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Ohio (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Start Year
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Ohio. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Ohio.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Ohio across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Union County, OH is home to a population of 56.7k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2019, 5.3% of Union County, OH residents were born outside of the country (3k people).

In 2019, there were 22.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (50.8k people) in Union County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.27k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 1.45k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, OH
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    50.8k ± 189
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    2.27k ± 161
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    1.45k ± 99
1.73%
Hispanic Population
983 people

In 2019, there were 22.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (50.8k people) in Union County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.27k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 1.45k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.73% of the people in Union County, OH are hispanic (983 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, OH as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.3%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
3k people
4.47%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
2.49k people

As of 2019, 5.3% of Union County, OH residents (3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, OH was 4.47%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

38
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.4
40
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.6

In 2019, the median age of all people in Union County, OH was 38. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Union County, OH are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Union County, OH residents was 38.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    63,303 ± 6,160 people
  2. Mexico
    44,693 ± 5,180 people
  3. China
    34,554 ± 4,557 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 63,303 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 44,693 and China with 34,554.

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Citizenship

97.8%
2019 Citizenship
97.9%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 97.8% of Union County, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, OH was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    873 ± 135
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    674 ± 213
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    461 ± 137

Union County, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.3 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Union County, OH is $86,715. In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, OH was Census Tract 506.01 with a value of $163,935, followed by Census Tract 503.03 and Census Tract 507, with respective values of $102,819 and $98,654.

Males in Ohio have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,688. The income inequality in Ohio (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Union County, OH employs 28.9k people. The largest industries in Union County, OH are Manufacturing (5,781 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,073 people), and Retail Trade (2,648 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($115,500), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($107,639), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($83,707).

Wages

Median Household Income

$86,715
2019 value
± $3,446
4.76%
1 Year Growth
± 5.1%

Households in Union County, OH have a median annual income of $86,715, which is more than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $82,775 in 2018, which represents a 4.76% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Union County, OH compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.
$65,641
Average Male Salary in Ohio
± $1,032
$48,688
Average Female Salary in Ohio
± $771

In 2019, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Ohio
  1. Asian
    $64,199 ± $5,065
  2. White
    $50,885 ± $647
  3. American Indian
    $40,448 ± $14,829

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Ohio.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, OH is from Ohio.
0.46
2019 Wage GINI in Ohio
0.461
2018 Wage GINI in Ohio

In 2019, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.131% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 506.01
  2. Census Tract 503.03
  3. Census Tract 507

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, OH was Census Tract 506.01 with a value of $163,935, followed by Census Tract 503.03 and Census Tract 507, with respective values of $102,819 and $98,654.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

5.89% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, OH (3.14k out of 53.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,714 ± 396
  2. Black
    174 ± 164
  3. Other
    127 ± 165

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, OH is White, followed by Black and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

28.9k
2019 Value
± 1,165
3.99%
1 Year growth
± 5.54%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Union County, OH grew at a rate of 3.99%, from 27.8k employees to 28.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, OH, are Management Occupations (3,488 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,419 people), and Production Occupations (2,727 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, OH, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (3,488 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,419 people), and Production Occupations (2,727 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Architecture & Engineering Occupations (2.66 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.67 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.37 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, OH, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($116,000), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($89,053), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($86,789).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

28.9k
2019 Value
± 1,165
3.99%
1 Year growth
± 5.54%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Union County, OH grew at a rate of 3.99%, from 27.8k employees to 28.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, OH, are Manufacturing (5,781 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,073 people), and Retail Trade (2,648 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, OH, though some of these residents may live in Union County, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, OH, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (5,781 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,073 people), and Retail Trade (2,648 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, OH has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (3.24 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (2 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, OH, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($115,500), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($107,639), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($83,707).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $79.7B
  2. $71B
  3. $49.9B

In 2018, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $79.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($71B) and Machinery ($49.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio.
$678B
2018 Value in Ohio
$1.22T
Projected 2045 Value in Ohio
80.7% growth

In 2018, total outbound Ohio trade was $678B. This is expected to increase 80.7% to $1.22T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $63.5B
  2. $35.9B
  3. $32.6B

In 2018, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $63.5B, followed by Indiana with $35.9B and Pennsylvania and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, OH went to Donald J. Trump with 66% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (28.1%), followed by Other (5.89%). The most partisan county was Mercer County, OH with 80.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Sherrod Brown and Rob Portman are the senators currently representing the state of Ohio. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Ohio is currently represented by 16 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Ohio.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Union County, OH
66% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Ohio
  1. 80.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 79.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 79% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Ohio was Mercer County, OH with 80.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Ohio colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Ohio

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Sherrod Brown
Senator from Ohio1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Rob Portman
Senator from Ohio3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Sherrod Brown and Rob Portman are the senators currently representing Ohio.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Ohio over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Ohio

Ohio is currently represented by 16 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Ohio have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, OH was $203,800 in 2019, which is 0.847 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $196,500 to $203,800, a 3.72% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, OH is 78.5%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Union County, OH have an average commute time of 24.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$203,800
2019 Median
± $7,559
$196,500
2018 Median
± $5,368

In 2019, the median property value in Union County, OH grew to to $203,800 from the previous year's value of $196,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$86,715
Median Household Income
± $3,446
20.2k
Number of Households
± 888

In 2019, the median household income of the 20.2k households in Union County, OH grew to $86,715 from the previous year's value of $82,775.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

78.5%
2019 Homeownership
77.3%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 78.5% of the housing units in Union County, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 77.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, OH have a shorter commute time (24.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.75% of the workforce in Union County, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (86.7%)
  2. Carpooled (5.64%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.47%)

In 2019, 86.7% of workers in Union County, OH drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (5.64%) and those who worked at home (5.47%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, OH have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

95.7% of the population of Union County, OH has health coverage, with 67.9% on employee plans, 7.42% on Medicaid, 10.1% on Medicare, 8.7% on non-group plans, and 1.56% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Ohio was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Union County, OH see 2142 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.73% increase from the previous year (2026 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2809 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 766 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Lawrence County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.1%). Additionally, Jackson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,142 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, OH

Primary care physicians in Union County, OH see an average of 2,142 patients per year. This represents a 5.73% increase from the previous year (2,026 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, OH in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
$8,712
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Ohio
$4,371
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,007
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,038
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.31%
Uninsured
67.9%
Employer Coverage
7.42%
Medicaid
10.1%
Medicare
8.7%
Non-Group
1.56%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, OH declined by 6.13% from 4.59% to 4.31%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 19.1% prevalence
  2. 18.9% prevalence
  3. 18.7% prevalence

Lawrence County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 19.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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