Union County, AR

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Population

40,022

0.774% decline

Median Age

39.7


Median Household Income

$41,106

3.19% growth

Poverty Rate

20.1%


Number of Employees

15,544

3.92% decline

Median Property Value

$79,900

2.7% growth

About

In 2017, Union County, AR had a population of 40k people with a median age of 39.7 and a median household income of $41,106. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union County, AR declined from 40,334 to 40,022, a -0.774% decrease and its median household income grew from $39,836 to $41,106, a 3.19% increase.

The population of Union County, AR is 61.1% White Alone, 32.7% Black or African American Alone, and 3.79% Hispanic or Latino. 3.75% of the people in Union County, AR speak a non-English language, and 98.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union County, AR are South Arkansas Community College (773 degrees awarded in 2016) and Professional Cosmetology Education Center (26 degrees).

The median property value in Union County, AR is $79,900, and the homeownership rate is 73.5%. Most people in Union County, AR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, AR is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Union County, AR employs 15.5k people. The largest industries in Union County, AR are Manufacturing (2,385 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,213 people), and Retail Trade (2,097 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($102,303), Manufacturing ($53,125), and Transportation & Warehousing ($50,528).

Median household income in Union County, AR is $41,106. Males in Union County, AR have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,953. The income inequality in Union County, AR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.453, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,106

2017 value

± $2,148

3.19%

1 Year Growth

± 8.06%

Households in Union County, AR have a median annual income of $41,106, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,836 in 2016, which represents a 3.19% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

$53,721

Average Male Salary

± $1,816

$38,953

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2017, full-time male employees in Union County, AR made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Union County, AR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,861 ± $11,571

  2. White

    $43,596 ± $1,206

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,912 ± $29,718

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Union County, AR workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Union County, AR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, AR is from Arkansas.

0.453

2017 Wage GINI

0.453

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.453 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0272% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9508

  2. Census Tract 9505

  3. Census Tract 9504

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, AR was Census Tract 9508 with a value of $51,097, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9504, with respective values of $49,375 and $45,179.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 45 - 54

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, AR (7.94k out of 39.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    4,381 ± 472

  2. White

    3,354 ± 406

  3. Hispanic

    525 ± 201

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, AR is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

15.5k

2017 Value

± 855

-3.92%

1 Year decline

± 7.99%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, AR declined at a rate of -3.92%, from 16.2k employees to 15.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, AR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,955 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,929 people), and Production Occupations (1,326 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, AR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, AR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,955 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,929 people), and Production Occupations (1,326 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, AR has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (1.94 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.64 times), and Production Occupations (1.47 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, AR, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($82,625), Legal Occupations ($71,902), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($67,458).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

15.5k

2017 Value

± 855

-3.92%

1 Year decline

± 7.99%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, AR declined at a rate of -3.92%, from 16.2k employees to 15.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, AR, are Manufacturing (2,385 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,213 people), and Retail Trade (2,097 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Union County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, AR, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (2,385 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,213 people), and Retail Trade (2,097 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, AR has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (5.64 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.38 times), and Utilities (2.24 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, AR, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($102,303), Manufacturing ($53,125), and Transportation & Warehousing ($50,528).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.5B

  2. $17.5B

  3. $8.54B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $24.5B, followed by Meat/seafood with $17.5B and Mixed freight and $8.54B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arkansas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arkansas state.

$150B

2015 Value

$228B

Projected 2045 Value

52.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arkansas trade was $150B. This is expected to increase 52.4% to $228B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arkansas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.4B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $7.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Mississippi with $12.4B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Missouri and $7.98B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arkansas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.9% of the population of Union County, AR has health coverage, with 38.8% on employee plans, 21.3% on Medicaid, 13.3% on Medicare, 13.1% on non-group plans, and 1.44% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Union County, AR was $7,408 in 2014. This is a 6.91% increase from the previous year ($6,929).

Primary care physicians in Union County, AR see 1384 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.63% increase from the previous year (1298 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2216 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 587 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, St. Francis County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,384 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Union County, AR see an average of 1,384 patients per year. This represents a 6.63% increase from the previous year (1,298 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, AR in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.

$7,408

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,906

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,108

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,479

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arkansas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.91%, from $6,929 to $7,408.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.1%

Uninsured

38.8%

Employer Coverage

21.3%

Medicaid

13.3%

Medicare

13.1%

Non-Group

1.44%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, AR declined by 7.63% from 13.1% to 12.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17.1% prevalence

  3. 16.6% prevalence

Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Union County, AR is home to a population of 40k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.06% of Union County, AR residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Union County, AR is composed of 24.4k White Alone residents (61.1%), 13.1k Black or African American Alone residents (32.7%), 1.52k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.79%), 361 Two or More Races residents (0.902%), 329 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.822%), 217 Asian Alone residents (0.542%), 66 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.165%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union County, AR are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,173 speakers), German (65 speakers), and Chinese (40 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union County, AR was 39.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in Union County, AR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Union County, AR residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.06%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.11%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.06% of Union County, AR residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, AR was 2.11%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    62,950 ± 6,094 people

  2. El Salvador

    12,524 ± 2,742 people

  3. India

    8,219 ± 2,223 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Union County, AR was Mexico, the natal country of 62,950 Union County, AR residents, followed by El Salvador with 12,524 and India with 8,219.

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Citizenship

98.5%

2017 Citizenship

98.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.5% of Union County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, AR was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    24.4k ± 96

  2. Black or African American Alone

    13.1k ± 113

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.52k ± 176

In 2017, there were 1.87 times more White Alone residents (24.4k people) in Union County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 13.1k Black or African American Alone and 1.52k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,173 speakers (3.09%)

  2. German

    65 speakers (0.171%)

  3. Chinese

    40 speakers (0.105%)

3.75% of Union County, AR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Union County, AR was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 3.09% of the overall population of Union County, AR are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.171% speak German and 0.105% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,022 ± 185

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    288 ± 135

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    244 ± 119

Union County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.55 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Union County, AR awarded 799 degrees. The student population of Union County, AR is skewed towards women, with 485 male students and 1,076 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union County, AR are White (451 and 56.4%), followed by Black or African American (286 and 35.8%), Hispanic or Latino (54 and 6.76%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (5 and 0.626%).

The largest universities in Union County, AR by number of degrees awarded are South Arkansas Community College (773 and 96.7%) and Professional Cosmetology Education Center (26 and 3.25%).

The most popular majors in Union County, AR are Welding Technology (146 and 18.3%), General Health Services (132 and 16.5%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (57 and 7.13%).

The median tuition costs in Union County, AR are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 132 degrees awarded

  2. 57 degrees awarded

  3. 53 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Union County, AR was General Health Services with 132 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Union County, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 773 degrees awarded

  2. 26 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Union County, AR institution with the largest number of graduating students was South Arkansas Community College with 773 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

308

Degrees Awarded to Men

491

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 308 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union County, AR, which is 0.627 times less than the 491 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Union County, AR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    451 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    286 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    54 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Union County, AR were to White students. These 451 degrees mean that there were 1.58 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 286 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, AR was $79,900 in 2017, which is 0.367 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $77,800 to $79,900, a 2.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, AR is 73.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, AR have an average commute time of 18.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,106

Median Household Income

± $2,148

16.2k

Number of Households

± 836

In 2017, the median household income of the 16.2k households in Union County, AR grew to $41,106 from the previous year's value of $39,836.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$79,900

2017 Median

± $4,951

$77,800

2016 Median

± $5,689

In 2017, the median property value in Union County, AR grew to to $79,900 from the previous year's value of $77,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, AR the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, AR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.5%

2017 Homeownership

71.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.5% of the housing units in Union County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, AR have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

18.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, AR have a shorter commute time (18.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.42% of the workforce in Union County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    89.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.33%

  3. Worked At Home

    1.66%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union County, AR was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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