Columbia County, AR

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Population

23,992

0.728% decline

Median Age

36.2


Median Household Income

$37,072

1.55% growth

Poverty Rate

25.1%


Number of Employees

9,877

2.83% decline

Median Property Value

$76,200

1.17% decline

About

In 2017, Columbia County, AR had a population of 24k people with a median age of 36.2 and a median household income of $37,072. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbia County, AR declined from 24,168 to 23,992, a -0.728% decrease and its median household income grew from $36,507 to $37,072, a 1.55% increase.

The population of Columbia County, AR is 59.4% White Alone, 34.9% Black or African American Alone, and 2.54% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Columbia County, AR speak a non-English language, and 97.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbia County, AR are Southern Arkansas University Main Campus (880 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Columbia County, AR is $76,200, and the homeownership rate is 65.7%. Most people in Columbia County, AR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia County, AR is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Columbia County, AR employs 9.88k people. The largest industries in Columbia County, AR are Manufacturing (1,943 people), Educational Services (1,506 people), and Retail Trade (1,344 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($68,125), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($53,516), and Transportation & Warehousing ($46,071).

Median household income in Columbia County, AR is $37,072. Males in Columbia County, AR have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,953. The income inequality in Columbia County, AR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.453, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,072

2017 value

± $3,441

1.55%

1 Year Growth

± 12.9%

Households in Columbia County, AR have a median annual income of $37,072, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $36,507 in 2016, which represents a 1.55% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbia County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

$53,721

Average Male Salary

± $1,816

$38,953

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2017, full-time male employees in Arkansas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Arkansas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,861 ± $11,571

  2. White

    $43,596 ± $1,206

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,912 ± $29,718

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Arkansas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Arkansas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia County, AR is from Arkansas.

0.453

2017 Wage GINI

0.453

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.453 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0272% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9503

  2. Census Tract 9501

  3. Census Tract 9504

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia County, AR was Census Tract 9503 with a value of $59,444, followed by Census Tract 9501 and Census Tract 9504, with respective values of $42,479 and $37,436.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Columbia County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia County, AR (5.55k out of 22.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    2,940 ± 367

  2. White

    2,201 ± 364

  3. Other

    313 ± 176

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia County, AR is Black, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.88k

2017 Value

± 731

-2.83%

1 Year decline

± 10.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia County, AR declined at a rate of -2.83%, from 10.2k employees to 9.88k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia County, AR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,182 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,131 people), and Production Occupations (1,081 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia County, AR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia County, AR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,182 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,131 people), and Production Occupations (1,081 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbia County, AR has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.93 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.89 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.71 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia County, AR, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($78,820), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($67,569), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations ($54,297).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.88k

2017 Value

± 731

-2.83%

1 Year decline

± 10.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia County, AR declined at a rate of -2.83%, from 10.2k employees to 9.88k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia County, AR, are Manufacturing (1,943 people), Educational Services (1,506 people), and Retail Trade (1,344 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Columbia County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia County, AR, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,943 people), Educational Services (1,506 people), and Retail Trade (1,344 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbia County, AR has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (8.6 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.94 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.74 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia County, AR, by median earnings, are Information ($68,125), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($53,516), and Transportation & Warehousing ($46,071).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.5B

  2. $17.5B

  3. $8.54B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $24.5B, followed by Meat/seafood ($17.5B) and Mixed freight ($8.54B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arkansas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arkansas state.

$150B

2015 Value

$228B

Projected 2045 Value

52.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arkansas trade was $150B. This is expected to increase 52.4% to $228B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arkansas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.4B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $7.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Mississippi with $12.4B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Missouri and $7.98B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arkansas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.2% of the population of Columbia County, AR has health coverage, with 39.3% on employee plans, 22.9% on Medicaid, 13.2% on Medicare, 13.3% on non-group plans, and 1.63% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Columbia County, AR was $7,408 in 2014. This is a 6.91% increase from the previous year ($6,929).

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, AR see 1608 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.49% increase from the previous year (1496 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2390 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 520 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, St. Francis County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,608 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, AR see an average of 1,608 patients per year. This represents a 7.49% increase from the previous year (1,496 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Columbia County, AR in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.

$7,408

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,906

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,108

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,479

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arkansas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.91%, from $6,929 to $7,408.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.75%

Uninsured

39.3%

Employer Coverage

22.9%

Medicaid

13.2%

Medicare

13.3%

Non-Group

1.63%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia County, AR declined by 15.6% from 11.6% to 9.75%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17.1% prevalence

  3. 16.6% prevalence

Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbia County, AR is home to a population of 24k people, from which 97.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.59% of Columbia County, AR residents were born outside of the country (622 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbia County, AR is composed of 14.2k White Alone residents (59.4%), 8.36k Black or African American Alone residents (34.9%), 610 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.54%), 299 Some Other Race Alone residents (1.25%), 264 Asian Alone residents (1.1%), 141 Two or More Races residents (0.588%), 74 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.308%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbia County, AR are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbia County, AR was 36.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Columbia County, AR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Columbia County, AR residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.59%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

622 people

2.64%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

639 people

As of 2017, 2.59% of Columbia County, AR residents (622 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia County, AR was 2.64%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    62,950 ± 6,094 people

  2. El Salvador

    12,524 ± 2,742 people

  3. India

    8,219 ± 2,223 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arkansas was Mexico, the natal country of 62,950 Arkansas residents, followed by El Salvador with 12,524 and India with 8,219.

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Citizenship

97.9%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.9% of Columbia County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia County, AR was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    14.2k ± 5

  2. Black or African American Alone

    8.36k ± 296

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    610 ± 260

In 2017, there were 1.7 times more White Alone residents (14.2k people) in Columbia County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.36k Black or African American Alone and 610 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbia County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Columbia County, AR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbia County, AR was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Columbia County, AR are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    591 ± 149

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    259 ± 150

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    125 ± 83

Columbia County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.28 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Columbia County, AR awarded 880 degrees. The student population of Columbia County, AR is skewed towards men, with 2,474 male students and 2,297 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbia County, AR are White (516 and 72%), followed by Black or African American (157 and 21.9%), Hispanic or Latino (18 and 2.51%), and Two or More Races (9 and 1.26%).

The largest universities in Columbia County, AR by number of degrees awarded are Southern Arkansas University Main Campus (880 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Columbia County, AR are General Computer & Information Sciences (152 and 17.3%), General Studies (116 and 13.2%), and General Business (102 and 11.6%).

The median tuition costs in Columbia County, AR are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,690 and $10,350 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 69 degrees awarded

  2. 55 degrees awarded

  3. 34 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Columbia County, AR was General Business with 69 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Columbia County, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

880 degrees awarded

$6,690

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Columbia County, AR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southern Arkansas University Main Campus with 880 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

371

Degrees Awarded to Men

509

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 371 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbia County, AR, which is 0.729 times less than the 509 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Columbia County, AR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    516 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    157 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    18 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbia County, AR were to White students. These 516 degrees mean that there were 3.29 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 157 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia County, AR was $76,200 in 2017, which is 0.35 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $77,100 to $76,200, a 1.17% decrease. The homeownership rate in Columbia County, AR is 65.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbia County, AR have an average commute time of 16.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbia County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,072

Median Household Income

± $3,441

9.34k

Number of Households

± 650

In 2017, the median household income of the 9.34k households in Columbia County, AR grew to $37,072 from the previous year's value of $36,507.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$76,200

2017 Median

± $8,785

$77,100

2016 Median

± $6,058

In 2017, the median property value in Columbia County, AR declined from to $76,200 from the previous year's value of $77,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, AR the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia County, AR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.7%

2017 Homeownership

66.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65.7% of the housing units in Columbia County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia County, AR have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

16.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia County, AR have a shorter commute time (16.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.506% of the workforce in Columbia County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.6%

  2. Carpooled

    6.79%

  3. Walked

    4.28%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbia County, AR was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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