Union City, NJ

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Population

69,815

1.23% growth

Median Age

36


Median Household Income

$43,424

2.22% growth

Poverty Rate

23%


Number of Employees

35,856

3.31% growth

Median Property Value

$296,200

2.63% growth

About

In 2017, Union City, NJ had a population of 69.8k people with a median age of 36 and a median household income of $43,424. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union City, NJ grew from 68,965 to 69,815, a 1.23% increase and its median household income grew from $42,483 to $43,424, a 2.22% increase.

The population of Union City, NJ is 79.6% Hispanic or Latino, 13.5% White Alone, and 3.96% Asian Alone. 87.6% of the people in Union City, NJ speak a non-English language, and 65.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union City, NJ are Total Image Beauty Academy (36 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Union City, NJ is $296,200, and the homeownership rate is 20%. Most people in Union City, NJ commute by Public Transit, and the average commute time is 32 minutes. The average car ownership in Union City, NJ is 0 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Union City, NJ employs 35.9k people. The largest industries in Union City, NJ are Retail Trade (4,278 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,732 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (3,686 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($78,194), Finance & Insurance ($67,975), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($55,000).

Median household income in Union City, NJ is $43,424. Males in Union City, NJ have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $61,412. The income inequality in Union City, NJ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,424

2017 value

± $1,814

2.22%

1 Year Growth

± 6.19%

Households in Union City, NJ have a median annual income of $43,424, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,483 in 2016, which represents a 2.22% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union City, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the New Jersey.

$84,632

Average Male Salary

± $1,612

$61,412

Average Female Salary

± $1,170

In 2017, full-time male employees in Union City, NJ made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Union City, NJ by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the New Jersey.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $79,679 ± $3,060

  2. White

    $67,619 ± $1,158

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $52,154 ± $45,004

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Union City, NJ workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.18 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Union City, NJ by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union City, NJ is from New Jersey.

0.493

2017 Wage GINI

0.491

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Jersey was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.437% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Jersey was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New Jersey in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Jersey across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 173

  2. Census Tract 167

  3. Census Tract 172

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union City, NJ was Census Tract 173 with a value of $56,023, followed by Census Tract 167 and Census Tract 172, with respective values of $55,370 and $51,984.

The following map shows all of the places in Union City, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union City, NJ (16k out of 69.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    13,569 ± 855

  2. White

    12,019 ± 788

  3. Other

    2,305 ± 381

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union City, NJ is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

35.9k

2017 Value

± 1,393

3.31%

1 Year growth

± 5.29%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union City, NJ grew at a rate of 3.31%, from 34.7k employees to 35.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union City, NJ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,322 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,108 people), and Material Moving Occupations (3,053 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union City, NJ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union City, NJ, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,322 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,108 people), and Material Moving Occupations (3,053 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Union City, NJ has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (3.25 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (1.95 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.84 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union City, NJ, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($104,464), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($78,472), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($74,271).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

35.9k

2017 Value

± 1,393

3.31%

1 Year growth

± 5.29%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union City, NJ grew at a rate of 3.31%, from 34.7k employees to 35.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union City, NJ, are Retail Trade (4,278 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,732 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (3,686 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union City, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Union City, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union City, NJ, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (4,278 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,732 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (3,686 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Union City, NJ has an unusually high number of Transportation & Warehousing (2.23 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.99 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.62 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union City, NJ, by median earnings, are Utilities ($78,194), Finance & Insurance ($67,975), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($55,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $48.1B

  2. $36.5B

  3. $35.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $48.1B, followed by Electronics with $36.5B and Motorized vehicles and $35.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Jersey products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Jersey state.

$467B

2015 Value

$734B

Projected 2045 Value

57.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Jersey trade was $467B. This is expected to increase 57.1% to $734B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Jersey trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $70.5B

  2. $48.9B

  3. $16.6B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $70.5B, followed by Pennsylvania with $48.9B and California and $16.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Jersey shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

72.3% of the population of Union City, NJ has health coverage, with 29% on employee plans, 30.6% on Medicaid, 6.15% on Medicare, 6.25% on non-group plans, and 0.279% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Union City, NJ was $8,859 in 2014. This is a 4.91% increase from the previous year ($8,444).

Primary care physicians in Union City, NJ see 1184 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (1171 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1187 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 534 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.1%). Additionally, Cumberland County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

1184 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in New Jersey see an average of 1184 patients per year. This represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (1171 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Jersey in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

$8,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,081

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,049

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,614

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Jersey (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.91%, from $8,444 to $8,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

27.7%

Uninsured

29%

Employer Coverage

30.6%

Medicaid

6.15%

Medicare

6.25%

Non-Group

0.279%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union City, NJ declined by 7.51% from 30% to 27.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union City, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.1% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey, at 12.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Union City, NJ is home to a population of 69.8k people, from which 65.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 59% of Union City, NJ residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Union City, NJ is composed of 55.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (79.6%), 9.41k White Alone residents (13.5%), 2.77k Asian Alone residents (3.96%), 1.35k Black or African American Alone residents (1.93%), 462 Two or More Races residents (0.662%), 193 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.276%), 57 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0816%), and 12 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0172%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union City, NJ are Spanish or Spanish Creole (53,191 speakers), Hindi (534 speakers), and Chinese (354 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

21

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union City, NJ was 36. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 21, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Union City, NJ are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Union City, NJ residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

59%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

58.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 59% of Union City, NJ residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union City, NJ was 58.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union City, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    251,165 ± 12,131 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    162,243 ± 9,799 people

  3. Mexico

    124,109 ± 8,589 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Union City, NJ was India, the natal country of 251,165 Union City, NJ residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 162,243 and Mexico with 124,109.

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Citizenship

65.3%

2017 Citizenship

65.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 65.3% of Union City, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union City, NJ was 65.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union City, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    55.6k ± 2.26k

  2. White Alone

    9.41k ± 788

  3. Asian Alone

    2.77k ± 532

In 2017, there were 5.9 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (55.6k people) in Union City, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.41k White Alone and 2.77k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union City, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    53,191 speakers (82.7%)

  2. Hindi

    534 speakers (0.83%)

  3. Chinese

    354 speakers (0.55%)

87.6% of Union City, NJ citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Union City, NJ was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 82.7% of the overall population of Union City, NJ are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.83% speak Hindi and 0.55% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    217 ± 91

  2. Vietnam

    117 ± 69

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    70 ± 58

Union City, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.85 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Union City, NJ awarded 36 degrees. The student population of Union City, NJ is skewed towards women, with 13 male students and 143 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union City, NJ are Hispanic or Latino (30 and 83.3%), followed by Black or African American (2 and 5.56%), White (2 and 5.56%), and Asian (1 and 2.78%).

The largest universities in Union City, NJ by number of degrees awarded are Total Image Beauty Academy (36 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Union City, NJ are General Cosmetology (36 and 100%).

The median tuition costs in Union City, NJ are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 36 degrees awarded

  2. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Union City, NJ was General Cosmetology with 36 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Union City, NJ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

36 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Union City, NJ institution with the largest number of graduating students was Total Image Beauty Academy with 36 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3

Degrees Awarded to Men

33

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union City, NJ, which is 0.0909 times less than the 33 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Union City, NJ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    30 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2 degrees awarded

  3. White

    2 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Union City, NJ were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 30 degrees mean that there were 15 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union City, NJ was $296,200 in 2017, which is 1.36 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $288,600 to $296,200, a 2.63% increase. The homeownership rate in Union City, NJ is 20%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union City, NJ have an average commute time of 32 minutes, and they commute by Public Transit. Car ownership in Union City, NJ is lower than the national average, with an average of 0 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,424

Median Household Income

± $1,814

23.5k

Number of Households

± 1,004

In 2017, the median household income of the 23.5k households in Union City, NJ grew to $43,424 from the previous year's value of $42,483.

The following chart displays the households in Union City, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$296,200

2017 Median

± $12,875

$288,600

2016 Median

± $9,028

In 2017, the median property value in Union City, NJ grew to to $296,200 from the previous year's value of $288,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union City, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union City, NJ the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union City, NJ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union City, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

20%

2017 Homeownership

19.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 20% of the housing units in Union City, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 19.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union City, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

0 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union City, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union City, NJ have 0 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

32 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union City, NJ have a longer commute time (32 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.54% of the workforce in Union City, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union City, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Public Transit

    42.9%

  2. Drove Alone

    28.7%

  3. Carpooled

    12.6%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union City, NJ was Public Transit, followed by those who Drove Alone and those who Carpooled.

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