Union City, CA

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Population

74,354

1.16% growth

Median Age

38.2


Median Household Income

$95,625

4.36% growth

Poverty Rate

7.12%


Number of Employees

36,891

3.55% growth

Median Property Value

$620,200

10.5% growth

About

In 2017, Union City, CA had a population of 74.4k people with a median age of 38.2 and a median household income of $95,625. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union City, CA grew from 73,500 to 74,354, a 1.16% increase and its median household income grew from $91,629 to $95,625, a 4.36% increase.

The population of Union City, CA is 53% Asian Alone, 20.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 15.5% White Alone. 62.3% of the people in Union City, CA speak a non-English language, and 84.1% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Union City, CA is $620,200, and the homeownership rate is 65.7%. Most people in Union City, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 32.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Union City, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: De Young Museum of Art in Golden Gate Park

Economy

The economy of Union City, CA employs 36.9k people. The largest industries in Union City, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,818 people), Manufacturing (5,700 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (4,548 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($175,125), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($84,451), and Utilities ($81,038).

Median household income in Union City, CA is $95,625. Males in Union City, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,252. The income inequality in Union City, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.5, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$95,625

2017 value

± $2,905

4.36%

1 Year Growth

± 4.23%

Households in Union City, CA have a median annual income of $95,625, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $91,629 in 2016, which represents a 4.36% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union City, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the California.

$72,235

Average Male Salary

± $699

$57,252

Average Female Salary

± $582

In 2017, full-time male employees in Union City, CA made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Union City, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,946 ± $1,081

  2. White

    $59,925 ± $556

  3. Two or More Races

    $49,289 ± $1,826

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Union City, CA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Union City, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union City, CA is from California.

0.5

2017 Wage GINI

0.5

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.5 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.16% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4403.32

  2. Census Tract 4415.01

  3. Census Tract 4403.35

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union City, CA was Census Tract 4403.32 with a value of $159,545, followed by Census Tract 4415.01 and Census Tract 4403.35, with respective values of $130,648 and $115,962.

The following map shows all of the places in Union City, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.12% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union City, CA (5.28k out of 74.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    1,759 ± 378

  2. Asian

    1,605 ± 252

  3. White

    1,552 ± 331

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union City, CA is Hispanic, followed by Asian and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

36.9k

2017 Value

± 1,327

3.55%

1 Year growth

± 4.84%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union City, CA grew at a rate of 3.55%, from 35.6k employees to 36.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union City, CA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,798 people), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (3,326 people), and Management Occupations (3,280 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union City, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union City, CA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,798 people), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (3,326 people), and Management Occupations (3,280 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Union City, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (3.1 times higher than expected), Architecture & Engineering Occupations (2.1 times), and Production Occupations (1.39 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union City, CA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($101,507), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($94,214), and Legal Occupations ($92,159).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

36.9k

2017 Value

± 1,327

3.55%

1 Year growth

± 4.84%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union City, CA grew at a rate of 3.55%, from 35.6k employees to 36.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union City, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,818 people), Manufacturing (5,700 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (4,548 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union City, CA, though some of these residents may live in Union City, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union City, CA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,818 people), Manufacturing (5,700 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (4,548 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Union City, CA has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.76 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.53 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union City, CA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($175,125), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($84,451), and Utilities ($81,038).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight with $157B and Gasoline and $127B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95% of the population of Union City, CA has health coverage, with 58.5% on employee plans, 16% on Medicaid, 10.8% on Medicare, 9.34% on non-group plans, and 0.403% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Union City, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Union City, CA see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

1281 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.01%

Uninsured

58.5%

Employer Coverage

16%

Medicaid

10.8%

Medicare

9.34%

Non-Group

0.403%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union City, CA declined by 23.6% from 6.56% to 5.01%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union City, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Union City, CA is home to a population of 74.4k people, from which 84.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 45.4% of Union City, CA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Union City, CA is composed of 39.4k Asian Alone residents (53%), 15.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (20.9%), 11.5k White Alone residents (15.5%), 3.67k Black or African American Alone residents (4.94%), 2.74k Two or More Races residents (3.69%), 1.14k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (1.53%), 239 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.321%), and 120 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.161%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union City, CA are Tagalog (9,870 speakers), Spanish or Spanish Creole (9,651 speakers), and Chinese (6,393 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

27

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union City, CA was 38.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Union City, CA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Union City, CA residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

45.4%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

44.6%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 45.4% of Union City, CA residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union City, CA was 44.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union City, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,212,695 ± 47,591 people

  2. Philippines

    836,199 ± 22,209 people

  3. China

    612,429 ± 19,062 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Union City, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 4,212,695 Union City, CA residents, followed by Philippines with 836,199 and China with 612,429.

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Citizenship

84.1%

2017 Citizenship

84.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 84.1% of Union City, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union City, CA was 84.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union City, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Asian Alone

    39.4k ± 1.14k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    15.5k ± 1.24k

  3. White Alone

    11.5k ± 826

In 2017, there were 2.54 times more Asian Alone residents (39.4k people) in Union City, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.5k Hispanic or Latino and 11.5k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union City, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Tagalog

    9,870 speakers (14.6%)

  2. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    9,651 speakers (14.3%)

  3. Chinese

    6,393 speakers (9.46%)

62.3% of Union City, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Union City, CA was Tagalog. 14.6% of the overall population of Union City, CA are native Tagalog speakers. 14.3% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole and 9.46% speak Tagalog, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    910 ± 145

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    257 ± 96

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    222 ± 85

Union City, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.54 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union City, CA was $620,200 in 2017, which is 2.85 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $561,200 to $620,200, a 10.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Union City, CA is 65.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union City, CA have an average commute time of 32.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union City, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$95,625

Median Household Income

± $2,905

21.1k

Number of Households

± 887

In 2017, the median household income of the 21.1k households in Union City, CA grew to $95,625 from the previous year's value of $91,629.

The following chart displays the households in Union City, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Housing

Property Value

$620,200

2017 Median

± $12,207

$561,200

2016 Median

± $12,542

In 2017, the median property value in Union City, CA grew to to $620,200 from the previous year's value of $561,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union City, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union City, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union City, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union City, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

65.7%

2017 Homeownership

65.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65.7% of the housing units in Union City, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union City, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union City, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union City, CA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

32.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union City, CA have a longer commute time (32.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.61% of the workforce in Union City, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union City, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    72.1%

  2. Carpooled

    11.5%

  3. Public Transit

    8.87%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union City, CA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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