Trenton, NJ

Census Place

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Population
83,734
1.34% 1-year decline
US Senator
Bob Menendez
Democratic Party
US Senator
Cory Booker
Democratic Party
Median Age
33.9

Poverty Rate
28.4%

Median Household Income
$35,387
0.386% 1-year decline
Median Property Value
$95,100
0.834% 1-year decline
Number of Employees
33,189
3.33% 1-year decline

About

In 2018, Trenton, NJ had a population of 83.7k people with a median age of 33.9 and a median household income of $35,387. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Trenton, NJ declined from 84,867 to 83,734, a -1.34% decrease and its median household income declined from $35,524 to $35,387, a -0.386% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Trenton, NJ are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (48.4%), White (Hispanic) (28.2%), White (Non-Hispanic) (12.9%), Other (Hispanic) (4.97%), and Black or African American (Hispanic) (2.27%). NaNk% of the people in Trenton, NJ speak a non-English language, and 82.7% are U.S. citizens.

In 2018, the median property value in Trenton, NJ was $95,100, and the homeownership rate was 36.6%. Most people in Trenton, NJ drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Trenton, NJ was 1 car per household.

About the photo: State Capitol Rotunda, Trenton, NJ

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Jersey. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New Jersey, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Jersey (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Start Year
Y-Axis
-5.78%
Year-over-year decline
Employment change between November 2019 and November 2020

As of November 2020, there are 145M people employed in New Jersey. This represents a -5.78% decrease in employment when compared to November 2019.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Jersey.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Jersey across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

Bob Menendez and Cory Booker are the senators currently representing the state of New Jersey. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Jersey is currently represented by 12 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Jersey

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Bob Menendez
Senator from New Jersey1
Assumed office on January 17, 2006
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Jon Corzine, who had become Governor of New Jersey.
Cory Booker
Senator from New Jersey2
Assumed office on October 31, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Jeffrey Chiesa, who had been appointed to the seat following the death of Frank Lautenberg.

Bob Menendez and Cory Booker are the senators currently representing New Jersey.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Jersey over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Jersey

New Jersey is currently represented by 12 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Jersey have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Trenton, NJ is home to a population of 83.7k people, from which 82.7% are citizens. As of 2018, 23.3% of Trenton, NJ residents were born outside of the country (19.5k people).

In 2018, there were 1.72 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (40.5k people) in Trenton, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.6k White (Hispanic) and 10.8k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Trenton, NJ
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    40.5k ± 1.24k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    23.6k ± 1.49k
  3. White (Non-Hispanic)
    10.8k ± 924
36.4%
Hispanic Population
30.4k people

In 2018, there were 1.72 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (40.5k people) in Trenton, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.6k White (Hispanic) and 10.8k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

36.4% of the people in Trenton, NJ are hispanic (30.4k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Trenton, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

23.3%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
19.5k people
24.5%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
20.8k people

As of 2018, 23.3% of Trenton, NJ residents (19.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Trenton, NJ was 24.5%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Trenton, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

31
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.9
38
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1

In 2018, the median age of all people in Trenton, NJ was 33.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Trenton, NJ are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Trenton, NJ residents was 34.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    256,930 ± 12,263 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    177,723 ± 10,246 people
  3. Mexico
    114,735 ± 8,262 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Jersey was India, the natal country of 256,930 New Jersey residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 177,723 and Mexico with 114,735.

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Citizenship

82.7%
2018 Citizenship
81.5%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 82.7% of Trenton, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Trenton, NJ was 81.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Trenton, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    708 ± 182
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    435 ± 188
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    259 ± 105

Trenton, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.63 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Trenton, NJ is $35,387. In 2018, the place with the highest Median Household Income in Trenton, NJ was Census Tract 13 with a value of $75,278, followed by Census Tract 6 and Census Tract 22, with respective values of $61,341 and $48,429.

Males in New Jersey have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $65,705. The income inequality in New Jersey (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Trenton, NJ employs 33.2k people. The largest industries in Trenton, NJ are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,747 people), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (3,779 people), and Retail Trade (3,552 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($62,000), Public Administration ($54,025), and Finance & Insurance ($41,060).

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,387
2018 value
± $1,952
-0.386%
1 Year Growth
± 7.41%

Households in Trenton, NJ have a median annual income of $35,387, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $35,524 in 2017, which represents a -0.386% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Trenton, NJ compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.
$90,674
Average Male Salary in New Jersey
± $1,740
$65,705
Average Female Salary in New Jersey
± $1,243

In 2019, full-time male employees in New Jersey made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in New Jersey
  1. Asian
    $87,067 ± $3,382
  2. White
    $72,672 ± $1,251
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $57,744 ± $41,155

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Jersey workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in New Jersey.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Trenton, NJ is from New Jersey.
0.493
2019 Wage GINI in New Jersey
0.492
2018 Wage GINI in New Jersey

In 2019, the income inequality in New Jersey was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0623% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for New Jersey was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New Jersey in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Jersey across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 13
  2. Census Tract 6
  3. Census Tract 22

In 2018, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Trenton, NJ was Census Tract 13 with a value of $75,278, followed by Census Tract 6 and Census Tract 22, with respective values of $61,341 and $48,429.

The following map shows all of the places in Trenton, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

28.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Trenton, NJ (22.9k out of 80.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    10,886 ± 793
  2. White
    9,612 ± 723
  3. Hispanic
    9,422 ± 686

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Trenton, NJ is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

33.2k
2018 Value
± 1,471
-3.33%
1 Year decline
± 6.26%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Trenton, NJ declined at a rate of -3.33%, from 34.3k employees to 33.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Trenton, NJ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,158 people), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (3,876 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2,885 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Trenton, NJ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Trenton, NJ, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,158 people), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (3,876 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2,885 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Trenton, NJ has an unusually high number of residents working as Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (3 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.25 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.18 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Trenton, NJ, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($71,094), Legal Occupations ($67,011), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($63,690).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

33.2k
2018 Value
± 1,471
-3.33%
1 Year decline
± 6.26%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Trenton, NJ declined at a rate of -3.33%, from 34.3k employees to 33.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Trenton, NJ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,747 people), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (3,779 people), and Retail Trade (3,552 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Trenton, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Trenton, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Trenton, NJ, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,747 people), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (3,779 people), and Retail Trade (3,552 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Trenton, NJ has an unusually high number of Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (2.64 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.69 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.62 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Trenton, NJ, by median earnings, are Utilities ($62,000), Public Administration ($54,025), and Finance & Insurance ($41,060).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $48.1B
  2. $36.5B
  3. $35.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $48.1B, followed by Electronics ($36.5B) and Motorized vehicles ($35.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Jersey products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Jersey.
$467B
2015 Value in New Jersey
$734B
Projected 2045 Value in New Jersey
57.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Jersey trade was $467B. This is expected to increase 57.1% to $734B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Jersey trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $70.5B
  2. $48.9B
  3. $16.6B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $70.5B, followed by Pennsylvania with $48.9B and California and $16.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Jersey shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Trenton, NJ was $95,100 in 2018, which is 0.414 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $95,900 to $95,100, a 0.834% decrease. The homeownership rate in Trenton, NJ is 36.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Trenton, NJ have an average commute time of 23.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Trenton, NJ is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$95,100
2018 Median
± $3,257
$95,900
2017 Median
± $4,054

In 2018, the median property value in Trenton, NJ declined from to $95,100 from the previous year's value of $95,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Trenton, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Trenton, NJ the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$35,387
Median Household Income
± $1,952
27.4k
Number of Households
± 1,161

In 2018, the median household income of the 27.4k households in Trenton, NJ declined from $35,387 from the previous year's value of $35,524.

The following chart displays the households in Trenton, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Trenton, NJ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Trenton, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

36.6%
2018 Homeownership
37.2%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 36.6% of the housing units in Trenton, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 37.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Trenton, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Trenton, NJ have a shorter commute time (23.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 2.72% of the workforce in Trenton, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Trenton, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2018
  1. Drove Alone (60.6%)
  2. Carpooled (24.1%)
  3. Public Transit (9.08%)

In 2018, 60.6% of workers in Trenton, NJ drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (24.1%) and those who used public transit to get to work (9.08%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Trenton, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Trenton, NJ have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Health

81.8% of the population of Trenton, NJ has health coverage, with 31% on employee plans, 36.8% on Medicaid, 7.12% on Medicare, 6.42% on non-group plans, and 0.43% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New Jersey was $8,859 in 2014. This is a 4.91% increase from the previous year ($8,444).

Primary care physicians in Mercer County, NJ see 938 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.6% decrease from the previous year (963 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1271 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 343 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.1%). Additionally, Cumberland County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Mercer County, NJ.
938 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Mercer County, NJ

Primary care physicians in Mercer County, NJ see an average of 938 patients per year. This represents a 2.6% decrease from the previous year (963 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mercer County, NJ in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
$8,859
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in New Jersey
$5,081
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,049
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$12,614
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Jersey (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.91%, from $8,444 to $8,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

18.2%
Uninsured
31%
Employer Coverage
36.8%
Medicaid
7.12%
Medicare
6.42%
Non-Group
0.43%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Trenton, NJ declined by 11.8% from 20.7% to 18.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Trenton, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 12.1% prevalence
  2. 11.7% prevalence
  3. 11.7% prevalence

Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey, at 12.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey by county over multiple years.

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