Trenton, NJ

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Population

84,867

0.364% growth

Median Age

34


Median Household Income

$35,524

3.23% growth

Poverty Rate

27.3%


Number of Employees

34,331

3.06% growth

Median Property Value

$95,900

4.1% decline

About

In 2017, Trenton, NJ had a population of 84.9k people with a median age of 34 and a median household income of $35,524. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Trenton, NJ grew from 84,559 to 84,867, a 0.364% increase and its median household income grew from $34,412 to $35,524, a 3.23% increase.

The population of Trenton, NJ is 48.6% Black or African American Alone, 36% Hispanic or Latino, and 13.1% White Alone. N/A% of the people in Trenton, NJ speak a non-English language, and 81.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Trenton, NJ are Thomas Edison State University (3,113 degrees awarded in 2016), Saint Francis Medical Center School of Nursing (29 degrees), and St Francis Medical Center-School of Radiologic Technology (7 degrees).

The median property value in Trenton, NJ is $95,900, and the homeownership rate is 37.2%. Most people in Trenton, NJ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Trenton, NJ is 1 car per household.

About the photo: State Capitol Rotunda, Trenton, NJ

Economy

The economy of Trenton, NJ employs 34.3k people. The largest industries in Trenton, NJ are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,053 people), Retail Trade (3,869 people), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (3,840 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($59,919), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,930), and Public Administration ($51,892).

Median household income in Trenton, NJ is $35,524. Males in Trenton, NJ have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $61,412. The income inequality in Trenton, NJ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,524

2017 value

± $1,742

3.23%

1 Year Growth

± 6.98%

Households in Trenton, NJ have a median annual income of $35,524, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $34,412 in 2016, which represents a 3.23% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Trenton, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.

$84,632

Average Male Salary

± $1,612

$61,412

Average Female Salary

± $1,170

In 2017, full-time male employees in New Jersey made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $79,679 ± $3,060

  2. White

    $67,619 ± $1,158

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $52,154 ± $45,004

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Jersey workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.18 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Trenton, NJ is from New Jersey.

0.493

2017 Wage GINI

0.491

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Jersey was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.437% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Jersey was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New Jersey in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Jersey across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 13

  2. Census Tract 12

  3. Census Tract 6

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Trenton, NJ was Census Tract 13 with a value of $61,060, followed by Census Tract 12 and Census Tract 6, with respective values of $60,118 and $51,133.

The following map shows all of the places in Trenton, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

27.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Trenton, NJ (22.2k out of 81.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    10,727 ± 768

  2. Hispanic

    8,933 ± 677

  3. White

    8,846 ± 713

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Trenton, NJ is Black, followed by Hispanic and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

34.3k

2017 Value

± 1,415

3.06%

1 Year growth

± 5.71%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Trenton, NJ grew at a rate of 3.06%, from 33.3k employees to 34.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Trenton, NJ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,988 people), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (4,084 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (3,126 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Trenton, NJ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Trenton, NJ, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,988 people), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (4,084 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (3,126 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Trenton, NJ has an unusually high number of residents working as Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (3.03 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.24 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.09 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Trenton, NJ, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($75,625), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($63,750), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($62,395).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

34.3k

2017 Value

± 1,415

3.06%

1 Year growth

± 5.71%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Trenton, NJ grew at a rate of 3.06%, from 33.3k employees to 34.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Trenton, NJ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,053 people), Retail Trade (3,869 people), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (3,840 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Trenton, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Trenton, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Trenton, NJ, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,053 people), Retail Trade (3,869 people), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (3,840 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Trenton, NJ has an unusually high number of Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (2.58 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.66 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.54 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Trenton, NJ, by median earnings, are Utilities ($59,919), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,930), and Public Administration ($51,892).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $48.1B

  2. $36.5B

  3. $35.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $48.1B, followed by Electronics ($36.5B) and Motorized vehicles ($35.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Jersey products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Jersey state.

$467B

2015 Value

$734B

Projected 2045 Value

57.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Jersey trade was $467B. This is expected to increase 57.1% to $734B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Jersey trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $70.5B

  2. $48.9B

  3. $16.6B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $70.5B, followed by Pennsylvania with $48.9B and California and $16.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Jersey shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

79.3% of the population of Trenton, NJ has health coverage, with 31.3% on employee plans, 34.6% on Medicaid, 6.84% on Medicare, 6.17% on non-group plans, and 0.432% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Trenton, NJ was $8,859 in 2014. This is a 4.91% increase from the previous year ($8,444).

Primary care physicians in Trenton, NJ see 1184 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (1171 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1187 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 534 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.1%). Additionally, Cumberland County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

1,184 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New Jersey see an average of 1,184 patients per year. This represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (1,171 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Jersey in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

$8,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,081

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,049

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,614

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Jersey (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.91%, from $8,444 to $8,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

20.7%

Uninsured

31.3%

Employer Coverage

34.6%

Medicaid

6.84%

Medicare

6.17%

Non-Group

0.432%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Trenton, NJ declined by 2.22% from 21.1% to 20.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Trenton, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.1% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey, at 12.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Trenton, NJ is home to a population of 84.9k people, from which 81.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 24.5% of Trenton, NJ residents were born outside of the country (20.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Trenton, NJ is composed of 41.2k Black or African American Alone residents (48.6%), 30.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (36%), 11.1k White Alone residents (13.1%), 1.16k Asian Alone residents (1.37%), 672 Two or More Races residents (0.792%), 203 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.239%), 18 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0212%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Trenton, NJ are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.2

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Trenton, NJ was 34. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Trenton, NJ are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Trenton, NJ residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

24.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20.8k people

24.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

20.9k people

As of 2017, 24.5% of Trenton, NJ residents (20.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Trenton, NJ was 24.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Trenton, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    251,165 ± 12,131 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    162,243 ± 9,799 people

  3. Mexico

    124,109 ± 8,589 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Jersey was India, the natal country of 251,165 New Jersey residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 162,243 and Mexico with 124,109.

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Citizenship

81.5%

2017 Citizenship

81.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 81.5% of Trenton, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Trenton, NJ was 81.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Trenton, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    41.2k ± 1.18k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    30.5k ± 1.66k

  3. White Alone

    11.1k ± 991

In 2017, there were 1.35 times more Black or African American Alone residents (41.2k people) in Trenton, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 30.5k Hispanic or Latino and 11.1k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Trenton, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Trenton, NJ citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Trenton, NJ was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Trenton, NJ are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    759 ± 154

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    450 ± 179

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    345 ± 124

Trenton, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.69 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Trenton, NJ awarded 3,149 degrees. The student population of Trenton, NJ is skewed towards men, with 6,776 male students and 5,796 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Trenton, NJ are White (1,736 and 56%), followed by Unknown (460 and 14.8%), Black or African American (398 and 12.8%), and Hispanic or Latino (274 and 8.84%).

The largest universities in Trenton, NJ by number of degrees awarded are Thomas Edison State University (3,113 and 98.9%), Saint Francis Medical Center School of Nursing (29 and 0.921%), and St Francis Medical Center-School of Radiologic Technology (7 and 0.222%).

The most popular majors in Trenton, NJ are Registered Nursing (511 and 16.2%), Other Multidisciplinary Studies (482 and 15.3%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (382 and 12.1%).

The median tuition costs in Trenton, NJ are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,350 and $9,352 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 482 degrees awarded

  2. 400 degrees awarded

  3. 316 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Trenton, NJ was Registered Nursing with 482 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Trenton, NJ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,113 degrees awarded

  2. 29 degrees awarded

  3. 7 degrees awarded

$6,350

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Trenton, NJ institution with the largest number of graduating students was Thomas Edison State University with 3,113 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,641

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,508

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,641 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Trenton, NJ, which is 1.09 times more than the 1,508 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Trenton, NJ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,736 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    460 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    398 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Trenton, NJ were to White students. These 1,736 degrees mean that there were 3.77 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 460 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Trenton, NJ was $95,900 in 2017, which is 0.441 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $100,000 to $95,900, a 4.1% decrease. The homeownership rate in Trenton, NJ is 37.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Trenton, NJ have an average commute time of 24.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Trenton, NJ is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$35,524

Median Household Income

± $1,742

27.1k

Number of Households

± 1,056

In 2017, the median household income of the 27.1k households in Trenton, NJ grew to $35,524 from the previous year's value of $34,412.

The following chart displays the households in Trenton, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$95,900

2017 Median

± $4,054

$100,000

2016 Median

± $4,989

In 2017, the median property value in Trenton, NJ declined from to $95,900 from the previous year's value of $100,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Trenton, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Trenton, NJ the largest share of households have a property value in the $80k - $90k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Trenton, NJ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Trenton, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

37.2%

2017 Homeownership

36.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 37.2% of the housing units in Trenton, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 36.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Trenton, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Trenton, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Trenton, NJ have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

24.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Trenton, NJ have a shorter commute time (24.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.01% of the workforce in Trenton, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Trenton, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    59.1%

  2. Carpooled

    23.8%

  3. Public Transit

    10.4%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Trenton, NJ was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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