Tompkins County, NY

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Population

104,415

0.141% growth

Median Age

30.4


Median Household Income

$56,200

3.82% growth

Poverty Rate

20.4%


Number of Employees

50,390

1.63% growth

Median Property Value

$190,100

4.11% growth

About

In 2017, Tompkins County, NY had a population of 104k people with a median age of 30.4 and a median household income of $56,200. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Tompkins County, NY grew from 104,268 to 104,415, a 0.141% increase and its median household income grew from $54,133 to $56,200, a 3.82% increase.

The population of Tompkins County, NY is 77.3% White Alone, 10.3% Asian Alone, and 4.81% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Tompkins County, NY speak a non-English language, and 91.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Tompkins County, NY are Cornell University (7,380 degrees awarded in 2016), Ithaca College (1,716 degrees), and Tompkins Cortland Community College (705 degrees).

The median property value in Tompkins County, NY is $190,100, and the homeownership rate is 55.5%. Most people in Tompkins County, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Tompkins County, NY is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Taughannock Falls

Economy

The economy of Tompkins County, NY employs 50.4k people. The largest industries in Tompkins County, NY are Educational Services (17,245 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,200 people), and Retail Trade (4,829 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($79,531), Public Administration ($55,545), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,141).

Median household income in Tompkins County, NY is $56,200. Males in Tompkins County, NY have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,246. The income inequality in Tompkins County, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,200

2017 value

± $1,682

3.82%

1 Year Growth

± 4.43%

Households in Tompkins County, NY have a median annual income of $56,200, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $54,133 in 2016, which represents a 3.82% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Tompkins County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

$76,804

Average Male Salary

± $1,164

$59,246

Average Female Salary

± $829

In 2017, full-time male employees in New York made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $65,105 ± $849

  2. Asian

    $62,456 ± $2,350

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,207 ± $3,026

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Tompkins County, NY is from New York.

0.499

2017 Wage GINI

0.497

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New York was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.362% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 15

  2. Census Tract 19

  3. Census Tract 6

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Tompkins County, NY was Census Tract 15 with a value of $80,223, followed by Census Tract 19 and Census Tract 6, with respective values of $69,248 and $66,136.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Tompkins County, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Tompkins County, NY (18.4k out of 90.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    11,584 ± 828

  2. Asian

    4,364 ± 429

  3. Hispanic

    1,388 ± 285

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Tompkins County, NY is White, followed by Asian and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

50.4k

2017 Value

± 1,468

1.63%

1 Year growth

± 4.15%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Tompkins County, NY grew at a rate of 1.63%, from 49.6k employees to 50.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Tompkins County, NY, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (8,390 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,548 people), and Management Occupations (5,272 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Tompkins County, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Tompkins County, NY, by number of employees, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (8,390 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,548 people), and Management Occupations (5,272 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Tompkins County, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (5.03 times higher than expected), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2.75 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Tompkins County, NY, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($75,563), Management Occupations ($55,451), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($54,199).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

50.4k

2017 Value

± 1,468

1.63%

1 Year growth

± 4.15%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Tompkins County, NY grew at a rate of 1.63%, from 49.6k employees to 50.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Tompkins County, NY, are Educational Services (17,245 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,200 people), and Retail Trade (4,829 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Tompkins County, NY, though some of these residents may live in Tompkins County, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Tompkins County, NY, by number of employees, are Educational Services (17,245 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,200 people), and Retail Trade (4,829 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Tompkins County, NY has an unusually high number of Educational Services (3.69 times higher than expected), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.33 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.23 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Tompkins County, NY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($79,531), Public Administration ($55,545), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,141).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics ($47.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($45.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95% of the population of Tompkins County, NY has health coverage, with 53.4% on employee plans, 11.9% on Medicaid, 9.4% on Medicare, 19.7% on non-group plans, and 0.641% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Tompkins County, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Tompkins County, NY see 1082 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.91% decrease from the previous year (1150 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1808 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 313 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,082 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Tompkins County, NY see an average of 1,082 patients per year. This represents a 5.91% decrease from the previous year (1,150 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tompkins County, NY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.98%

Uninsured

53.4%

Employer Coverage

11.9%

Medicaid

9.4%

Medicare

19.7%

Non-Group

0.641%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Tompkins County, NY declined by 5.55% from 5.27% to 4.98%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Tompkins County, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Tompkins County, NY is home to a population of 104k people, from which 91.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 13.2% of Tompkins County, NY residents were born outside of the country (13.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Tompkins County, NY is composed of 80.7k White Alone residents (77.3%), 10.7k Asian Alone residents (10.3%), 5.03k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.81%), 3.73k Black or African American Alone residents (3.57%), 3.64k Two or More Races residents (3.49%), 306 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.293%), 197 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.189%), and 30 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0287%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Tompkins County, NY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

30

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Tompkins County, NY was 30.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 30. But people in Tompkins County, NY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Tompkins County, NY residents was 30.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

13.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

13.8k people

12.8%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

13.3k people

As of 2017, 13.2% of Tompkins County, NY residents (13.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Tompkins County, NY was 12.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Tompkins County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    505,406 ± 17,230 people

  2. China

    402,542 ± 15,418 people

  3. Jamaica

    239,917 ± 11,952 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,406 New York residents, followed by China with 402,542 and Jamaica with 239,917.

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Citizenship

91.3%

2017 Citizenship

91.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 91.3% of Tompkins County, NY residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Tompkins County, NY was 91.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Tompkins County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    80.7k ± 166

  2. Asian Alone

    10.7k ± 396

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    5.03k ± 462

In 2017, there were 7.52 times more White Alone residents (80.7k people) in Tompkins County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.7k Asian Alone and 5.03k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Tompkins County, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Tompkins County, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Tompkins County, NY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Tompkins County, NY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,367 ± 208

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    733 ± 208

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    425 ± 129

Tompkins County, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.86 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Tompkins County, NY awarded 9,903 degrees. The student population of Tompkins County, NY is skewed towards women, with 15,312 male students and 16,618 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Tompkins County, NY are White (4,584 and 57.8%), followed by Asian (1,103 and 13.9%), Unknown (740 and 9.33%), and Hispanic or Latino (731 and 9.21%).

The largest universities in Tompkins County, NY by number of degrees awarded are Cornell University (7,380 and 74.5%), Ithaca College (1,716 and 17.3%), and Tompkins Cortland Community College (705 and 7.12%).

The most popular majors in Tompkins County, NY are General Business Administration & Management (820 and 8.28%), Computer Science (502 and 5.07%), and Labor & Industrial Relations (360 and 3.64%).

The median tuition costs in Tompkins County, NY are $46,244 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 350 degrees awarded

  2. 283 degrees awarded

  3. 283 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Tompkins County, NY was General Biological Sciences with 350 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Tompkins County, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,380 degrees awarded

  2. 1,716 degrees awarded

  3. 705 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$46,244

Median Private

In 2016, the Tompkins County, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Cornell University with 7,380 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,924

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,979

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 4,924 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Tompkins County, NY, which is 0.989 times less than the 4,979 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Tompkins County, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,584 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    1,103 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    740 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Tompkins County, NY were to White students. These 4,584 degrees mean that there were 4.16 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 1,103 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Tompkins County, NY was $190,100 in 2017, which is 0.874 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $182,600 to $190,100, a 4.11% increase. The homeownership rate in Tompkins County, NY is 55.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Tompkins County, NY have an average commute time of 17.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Tompkins County, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,200

Median Household Income

± $1,682

39k

Number of Households

± 1,274

In 2017, the median household income of the 39k households in Tompkins County, NY grew to $56,200 from the previous year's value of $54,133.

The following chart displays the households in Tompkins County, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$190,100

2017 Median

± $5,183

$182,600

2016 Median

± $4,194

In 2017, the median property value in Tompkins County, NY grew to to $190,100 from the previous year's value of $182,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Tompkins County, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tompkins County, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Tompkins County, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tompkins County, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

55.5%

2017 Homeownership

55.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 55.5% of the housing units in Tompkins County, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 55.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Tompkins County, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Tompkins County, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Tompkins County, NY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

17.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Tompkins County, NY have a shorter commute time (17.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.926% of the workforce in Tompkins County, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Tompkins County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    61.3%

  2. Walked

    14.2%

  3. Carpooled

    9.42%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Tompkins County, NY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Walked and those who Carpooled.

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