Cortland County, NY

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Population

48,334

0.778% decline

Median Age

36.2


Median Household Income

$52,451

3.03% growth

Poverty Rate

14.7%


Number of Employees

24,251

0.431% decline

Median Property Value

$113,900

2.24% growth

About

In 2017, Cortland County, NY had a population of 48.3k people with a median age of 36.2 and a median household income of $52,451. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cortland County, NY declined from 48,713 to 48,334, a -0.778% decrease and its median household income grew from $50,910 to $52,451, a 3.03% increase.

The population of Cortland County, NY is 92.7% White Alone, 2.62% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.86% Two or More Races. 3.7% of the people in Cortland County, NY speak a non-English language, and 99.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cortland County, NY are SUNY Cortland (1,854 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Cortland County, NY is $113,900, and the homeownership rate is 64.7%. Most people in Cortland County, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Cortland County, NY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Cortland County, NY employs 24.3k people. The largest industries in Cortland County, NY are Educational Services (4,076 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,855 people), and Manufacturing (2,850 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($56,875), Utilities ($54,607), and Public Administration ($53,487).

Median household income in Cortland County, NY is $52,451. Males in Cortland County, NY have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,246. The income inequality in Cortland County, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,451

2017 value

± $2,006

3.03%

1 Year Growth

± 5.01%

Households in Cortland County, NY have a median annual income of $52,451, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,910 in 2016, which represents a 3.03% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cortland County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

$76,804

Average Male Salary

± $1,164

$59,246

Average Female Salary

± $829

In 2017, full-time male employees in Cortland County, NY made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Cortland County, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $65,105 ± $849

  2. Asian

    $62,456 ± $2,350

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,207 ± $3,026

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Cortland County, NY workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Cortland County, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cortland County, NY is from New York.

0.499

2017 Wage GINI

0.497

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New York was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.362% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9702

  2. Census Tract 9710

  3. Census Tract 9712

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cortland County, NY was Census Tract 9702 with a value of $66,364, followed by Census Tract 9710 and Census Tract 9712, with respective values of $62,500 and $56,331.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cortland County, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cortland County, NY (6.57k out of 44.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    6,085 ± 472

  2. Two Or More

    322 ± 170

  3. Hispanic

    281 ± 176

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cortland County, NY is White, followed by Two Or More and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

24.3k

2017 Value

± 921

-0.431%

1 Year decline

± 5.39%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cortland County, NY declined at a rate of -0.431%, from 24.4k employees to 24.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cortland County, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,296 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,285 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2,109 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cortland County, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cortland County, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,296 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,285 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2,109 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cortland County, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.48 times higher than expected), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.44 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.42 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cortland County, NY, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($70,192), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($63,462), and Legal Occupations ($62,206).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

24.3k

2017 Value

± 921

-0.431%

1 Year decline

± 5.39%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cortland County, NY declined at a rate of -0.431%, from 24.4k employees to 24.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cortland County, NY, are Educational Services (4,076 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,855 people), and Manufacturing (2,850 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cortland County, NY, though some of these residents may live in Cortland County, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cortland County, NY, by number of employees, are Educational Services (4,076 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,855 people), and Manufacturing (2,850 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cortland County, NY has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.08 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.81 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.23 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cortland County, NY, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($56,875), Utilities ($54,607), and Public Administration ($53,487).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics with $47.2B and Misc. mfg. prods. and $45.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.2% of the population of Cortland County, NY has health coverage, with 57.6% on employee plans, 15% on Medicaid, 11.3% on Medicare, 10.2% on non-group plans, and 1.09% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cortland County, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Cortland County, NY see 2021 patients per year on average, which represents a 11.3% increase from the previous year (1816 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2828 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 329 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,021 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cortland County, NY see an average of 2,021 patients per year. This represents a 11.3% increase from the previous year (1,816 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cortland County, NY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.75%

Uninsured

57.6%

Employer Coverage

15%

Medicaid

11.3%

Medicare

10.2%

Non-Group

1.09%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cortland County, NY declined by 18.9% from 5.86% to 4.75%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cortland County, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cortland County, NY is home to a population of 48.3k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.99% of Cortland County, NY residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Cortland County, NY is composed of 44.8k White Alone residents (92.7%), 1.27k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.62%), 898 Two or More Races residents (1.86%), 800 Black or African American Alone residents (1.66%), 356 Asian Alone residents (0.737%), 111 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.23%), 83 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.172%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cortland County, NY are Spanish or Spanish Creole (629 speakers), Italian (254 speakers), and Chinese (234 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

49

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 7.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cortland County, NY was 36.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 49. But people in Cortland County, NY are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Cortland County, NY residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.99%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.15%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.99% of Cortland County, NY residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cortland County, NY was 2.15%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cortland County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    505,406 ± 17,230 people

  2. China

    402,542 ± 15,418 people

  3. Jamaica

    239,917 ± 11,952 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Cortland County, NY was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,406 Cortland County, NY residents, followed by China with 402,542 and Jamaica with 239,917.

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Citizenship

99.3%

2017 Citizenship

99.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.3% of Cortland County, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cortland County, NY was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cortland County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    44.8k ± 107

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.27k ± 203

  3. Two or More Races

    898 ± 242

In 2017, there were 35.4 times more White Alone residents (44.8k people) in Cortland County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.27k Hispanic or Latino and 898 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cortland County, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    629 speakers (1.35%)

  2. Italian

    254 speakers (0.544%)

  3. Chinese

    234 speakers (0.502%)

3.7% of Cortland County, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Cortland County, NY was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.35% of the overall population of Cortland County, NY are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.544% speak Italian and 0.502% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,037 ± 158

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    373 ± 92

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    371 ± 106

Cortland County, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.78 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cortland County, NY awarded 1,854 degrees. The student population of Cortland County, NY is skewed towards women, with 3,009 male students and 3,891 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cortland County, NY are White (1,479 and 80.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (153 and 8.29%), Unknown (101 and 5.47%), and Black or African American (67 and 3.63%).

The largest universities in Cortland County, NY by number of degrees awarded are SUNY Cortland (1,854 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Cortland County, NY are Sport & Fitness Management (169 and 9.12%), Elementary Education & Teaching (142 and 7.66%), and Kinesiology & Exercise Science (142 and 7.66%).

The median tuition costs in Cortland County, NY are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,470 and $16,320 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 126 degrees awarded

  2. 138 degrees awarded

  3. 130 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cortland County, NY was Elementary Education & Teaching with 126 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cortland County, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,854 degrees awarded

$6,470

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Cortland County, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was SUNY Cortland with 1,854 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

799

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,055

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 799 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cortland County, NY, which is 0.757 times less than the 1,055 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cortland County, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,479 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    153 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    101 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cortland County, NY were to White students. These 1,479 degrees mean that there were 9.67 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 153 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cortland County, NY was $113,900 in 2017, which is 0.523 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $111,400 to $113,900, a 2.24% increase. The homeownership rate in Cortland County, NY is 64.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cortland County, NY have an average commute time of 19.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cortland County, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,451

Median Household Income

± $2,006

17.9k

Number of Households

± 724

In 2017, the median household income of the 17.9k households in Cortland County, NY grew to $52,451 from the previous year's value of $50,910.

The following chart displays the households in Cortland County, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$113,900

2017 Median

± $3,286

$111,400

2016 Median

± $3,681

In 2017, the median property value in Cortland County, NY grew to to $113,900 from the previous year's value of $111,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cortland County, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cortland County, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cortland County, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cortland County, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64.7%

2017 Homeownership

65.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.7% of the housing units in Cortland County, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 65.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cortland County, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cortland County, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cortland County, NY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

19.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cortland County, NY have a shorter commute time (19.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.34% of the workforce in Cortland County, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cortland County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77%

  2. Carpooled

    10.6%

  3. Walked

    6.19%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cortland County, NY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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