Tama County, IA

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Population

17,236

1.07% decline

Median Age

43.2


Median Household Income

$56,110

4.23% growth

Poverty Rate

11.8%


Number of Employees

8,479

2.58% growth

Median Property Value

$105,300

1.94% growth

About

In 2017, Tama County, IA had a population of 17.2k people with a median age of 43.2 and a median household income of $56,110. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Tama County, IA declined from 17,423 to 17,236, a -1.07% decrease and its median household income grew from $53,833 to $56,110, a 4.23% increase.

The population of Tama County, IA is 82.2% White Alone, 8.68% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.91% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. 9.97% of the people in Tama County, IA speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Tama County, IA is $105,300, and the homeownership rate is 77.4%. Most people in Tama County, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Tama County, IA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Tama County, IA employs 8.48k people. The largest industries in Tama County, IA are Manufacturing (1,525 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,095 people), and Retail Trade (989 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($54,821), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($50,313), and Public Administration ($49,569).

Median household income in Tama County, IA is $56,110. Males in Tama County, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Tama County, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,110

2017 value

± $2,522

4.23%

1 Year Growth

± 5.43%

Households in Tama County, IA have a median annual income of $56,110, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,833 in 2016, which represents a 4.23% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Tama County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

$58,922

Average Male Salary

± $1,635

$44,006

Average Female Salary

± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Tama County, IA made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tama County, IA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $50,374 ± $7,648

  2. White

    $44,731 ± $967

  3. Black

    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tama County, IA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tama County, IA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Tama County, IA is from Iowa.

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 2901

  2. Census Tract 2903

  3. Census Tract 2902

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Tama County, IA was Census Tract 2901 with a value of $61,847, followed by Census Tract 2903 and Census Tract 2902, with respective values of $60,071 and $56,724.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Tama County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Tama County, IA (1.97k out of 16.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,605 ± 188

  2. Hispanic

    417 ± 114

  3. Native American

    209 ± 57

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Tama County, IA is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

8.48k

2017 Value

± 384

2.58%

1 Year growth

± 6.35%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Tama County, IA grew at a rate of 2.58%, from 8.27k employees to 8.48k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Tama County, IA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,043 people), Production Occupations (953 people), and Management Occupations (820 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Tama County, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Tama County, IA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,043 people), Production Occupations (953 people), and Management Occupations (820 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Tama County, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.44 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.94 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.71 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Tama County, IA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,083), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($63,229), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($53,750).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

8.48k

2017 Value

± 384

2.58%

1 Year growth

± 6.35%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Tama County, IA grew at a rate of 2.58%, from 8.27k employees to 8.48k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Tama County, IA, are Manufacturing (1,525 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,095 people), and Retail Trade (989 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Tama County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Tama County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Tama County, IA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,525 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,095 people), and Retail Trade (989 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Tama County, IA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (6.13 times higher than expected), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (2.71 times), and Manufacturing (1.78 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Tama County, IA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($54,821), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($50,313), and Public Administration ($49,569).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $18.8B

  3. $18.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery with $18.8B and Other ag prods. and $18.2B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$245B

2015 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

47.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Iowa trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 47.9% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.2B

  2. $16.1B

  3. $11.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $26.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.1B and Nebraska and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.7% of the population of Tama County, IA has health coverage, with 50.5% on employee plans, 14.8% on Medicaid, 13.2% on Medicare, 14.3% on non-group plans, and 0.884% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Tama County, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Tama County, IA see 4334 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.665% decrease from the previous year (4363 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3464 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2474 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

4,334 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Tama County, IA see an average of 4,334 patients per year. This represents a 0.665% decrease from the previous year (4,363 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tama County, IA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.33%

Uninsured

50.5%

Employer Coverage

14.8%

Medicaid

13.2%

Medicare

14.3%

Non-Group

0.884%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Tama County, IA declined by 16.7% from 7.6% to 6.33%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Tama County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Tama County, IA is home to a population of 17.2k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.74% of Tama County, IA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Tama County, IA is composed of 14.2k White Alone residents (82.2%), 1.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.68%), 1.19k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (6.91%), 205 Two or More Races residents (1.19%), 105 Black or African American Alone residents (0.609%), 62 Asian Alone residents (0.36%), 3 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0174%), and 2 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0116%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Tama County, IA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (961 speakers), Other Native North American Languages (570 speakers), and Other Slavic Languages (29 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Tama County, IA was 43.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Tama County, IA are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Tama County, IA residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.74%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.74% of Tama County, IA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Tama County, IA was 3.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Tama County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,844 ± 4,988 people

  2. China

    10,526 ± 2,515 people

  3. India

    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tama County, IA was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Tama County, IA residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

97.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.5% of Tama County, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Tama County, IA was 97.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Tama County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    14.2k ± 4

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.5k ± 207

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    1.19k ± 52

In 2017, there were 9.47 times more White Alone residents (14.2k people) in Tama County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.5k Hispanic or Latino and 1.19k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Tama County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    961 speakers (5.84%)

  2. Other Native North American Languages

    570 speakers (3.47%)

  3. Other Slavic Languages

    29 speakers (0.176%)

9.97% of Tama County, IA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Tama County, IA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 5.84% of the overall population of Tama County, IA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 3.47% speak Other Native North American Languages and 0.176% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    496 ± 72

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    125 ± 52

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    95 ± 34

Tama County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.97 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Tama County, IA was $105,300 in 2017, which is 0.484 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $103,300 to $105,300, a 1.94% increase. The homeownership rate in Tama County, IA is 77.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Tama County, IA have an average commute time of 21.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Tama County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,110

Median Household Income

± $2,522

6.68k

Number of Households

± 302

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.68k households in Tama County, IA grew to $56,110 from the previous year's value of $53,833.

The following chart displays the households in Tama County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$105,300

2017 Median

± $3,713

$103,300

2016 Median

± $3,310

In 2017, the median property value in Tama County, IA grew to to $105,300 from the previous year's value of $103,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Tama County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tama County, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Tama County, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tama County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

77.4%

2017 Homeownership

76.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 77.4% of the housing units in Tama County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 76.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Tama County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Tama County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Tama County, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Tama County, IA have a shorter commute time (21.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.56% of the workforce in Tama County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Tama County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.8%

  2. Carpooled

    12.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.87%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Tama County, IA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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