Spencer, IA

Census Place

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2022 Population
11,351
0.522% 1-year growth
US Senator
Chuck Grassley
Republican Party
US Senator
Joni Ernst
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
41.4
1.47% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
13.6%
6.11% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$57,175
26.2% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$156,000
12.1% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Spencer, IA had a population of 11.4k people with a median age of 41.4 and a median household income of $57,175. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Spencer, IA grew from 11,292 to 11,351, a 0.522% increase and its median household income grew from $45,313 to $57,175, a 26.2% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Spencer, IA are White (Non-Hispanic) (91.1%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.63%), White (Hispanic) (2.58%), Two+ (Hispanic) (1.57%), and Other (Hispanic) (0.617%).

None of the households in Spencer, IA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.3% of the residents in Spencer, IA are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Spencer, IA was $156,000, and the homeownership rate was 68.8%.

Most people in Spencer, IA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 15.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Spencer, IA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Spencer, IA is home to a population of 11.4k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.08% of Spencer, IA residents were born outside of the country (123 people).

In 2022, there were 34.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (10.3k people) in Spencer, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 298 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 293 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99.3%
2022 Citizenship
99.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99.3% of Spencer, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Spencer, IA was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Spencer, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Spencer, IA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    10.3k ± 130
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    298 ± 119
  3. White (Hispanic)
    293 ± 97
4.77%
Hispanic Population
541 people

In 2022, there were 34.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (10.3k people) in Spencer, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 298 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 293 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.77% of the people in Spencer, IA are hispanic (541 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Spencer, IA as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.08%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
123 people
1.45%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
164 people

As of 2022, 1.08% of Spencer, IA residents (123 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Spencer, IA was 1.45%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Spencer, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    247 ± 105
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    89 ± 80
  3. Korea
    81 ± 68

Spencer, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.78 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Spencer, IA employs 5.76k people. The largest industries in Spencer, IA are Health Care & Social Assistance (843 people), Retail Trade (823 people), and Manufacturing (668 people), and the highest paying industries are Wholesale Trade ($74,688), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($68,750), and Utilities ($63,281).

Occupations

5.76k
2022 Value
± 593
5.28%
1 Year growth
± 13.7%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Spencer, IA grew at a rate of 5.28%, from 5.47k employees to 5.76k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Spencer, IA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (777 people), Sales & Related Occupations (761 people), and Management Occupations (596 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Spencer, IA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Iowa (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

5.76k
2022 Value
± 593
5.28%
1 Year growth
± 13.7%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Spencer, IA grew at a rate of 5.28%, from 5.47k employees to 5.76k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Spencer, IA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (843 people), Retail Trade (823 people), and Manufacturing (668 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Spencer, IA, though some of these residents may live in Spencer, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$48,907
Median earning men ± $4,675
$33,705
Median earning women ± $2,657

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($76,050), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($66,613), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($59,559).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($57,250), Public Administration ($48,563), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($40,208).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Y-Axis
1.48%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.57M people employed in Iowa. This represents a 1.48% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.9%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Iowa.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Iowa went to Donald J. Trump with 52.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (44.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.16%).

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing the state of Iowa. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Iowa

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Chuck Grassley
Senator from Iowa3
Assumed office on January 3, 1981
Joni Ernst
Senator from Iowa2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing Iowa.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Iowa over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Iowa

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Iowa have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Measure

In 2022, 0.66% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.685% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (751k), Some college (564k), and Bachelors Degree (469k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Spencer, IA was $156,000 in 2022, which is 0.553 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $139,100 to $156,000, a 12.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Spencer, IA is 68.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Spencer, IA have an average commute time of 15.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Spencer, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Property

$156,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$13,971
$3,553
Median Property Taxes
±$412

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Spencer, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Spencer, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

68.8%
Homeownership
2022
62.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 68.8% of the housing units in Spencer, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Spencer, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Census Tract 802
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

The following map shows all of the places in Spencer, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$57,175
Median Household Income
± $7,966
5.16k
Number of Households
± 534

In 2022, the median household income of the 5.16k households in Spencer, IA grew to $57,175 from the previous year's value of $45,313.

The following chart displays the households in Spencer, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Spencer, IA is from Iowa.
0.442
2022 Wage GINI in Iowa
0.439
2021 Wage GINI in Iowa

In 2022, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.442 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.723% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (80.3%)
  2. Carpooled (8.01%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.63%)

In 2022, 80.3% of workers in Spencer, IA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.01%) and those who worked at home (6.63%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

15.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Spencer, IA have a shorter commute time (15.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.12% of the workforce in Spencer, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Spencer, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Spencer, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Spencer, IA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

13.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Spencer, IA (1.5k out of 11k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Spencer, IA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

95.4% of the population of Spencer, IA has health coverage, with 46.9% on employee plans, 22.3% on Medicaid, 16.8% on Medicare, 8.81% on non-group plans, and 0.674% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Clay County, IA see 1144 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.694% decrease from the previous year (1152 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 940 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 254 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Clay County, IA.
1,144 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Clay County, IA

Primary care physicians in Clay County, IA see an average of 1,144 patients per year. This represents a 0.694% decrease from the previous year (1,152 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Clay County, IA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.4% under 18 years, 17.4% between 18 and 34 years, 37.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 20.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.8% were men and 53.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.59%
Uninsured
46.9%
Employer Coverage
22.3%
Medicaid
16.8%
Medicare
8.81%
Non-Group
0.674%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Spencer, IA declined by 10.6% from 5.14% to 4.59%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Spencer, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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