Shelby County, IL

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Population

21,906

0.477% decline

Median Age

44.6


Median Household Income

$49,807

2.54% growth

Poverty Rate

12.1%


Number of Employees

10,352

0.505% growth

Median Property Value

$86,800

0.696% growth

About

In 2017, Shelby County, IL had a population of 21.9k people with a median age of 44.6 and a median household income of $49,807. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Shelby County, IL declined from 22,011 to 21,906, a -0.477% decrease and its median household income grew from $48,572 to $49,807, a 2.54% increase.

The population of Shelby County, IL is 97.4% White Alone, 1% Hispanic or Latino, and 0.666% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Shelby County, IL speak a non-English language, and 99.8% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Shelby County, IL is $86,800, and the homeownership rate is 80.7%. Most people in Shelby County, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Shelby County, IL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Shelby County, IL employs 10.4k people. The largest industries in Shelby County, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,892 people), Manufacturing (1,820 people), and Retail Trade (1,066 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($61,830), Public Administration ($47,708), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,795).

Median household income in Shelby County, IL is $49,807. Males in Shelby County, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Shelby County, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,807

2017 value

± $2,404

2.54%

1 Year Growth

± 6.64%

Households in Shelby County, IL have a median annual income of $49,807, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $48,572 in 2016, which represents a 2.54% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Shelby County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Shelby County, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9591

  2. Census Tract 9594

  3. Census Tract 9595

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Shelby County, IL was Census Tract 9591 with a value of $61,417, followed by Census Tract 9594 and Census Tract 9595, with respective values of $55,185 and $53,657.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Shelby County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Shelby County, IL (2.63k out of 21.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,605 ± 315

  2. Hispanic

    65 ± 93

  3. Two Or More

    23 ± 87

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Shelby County, IL is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

10.4k

2017 Value

± 555

0.505%

1 Year growth

± 7.58%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Shelby County, IL grew at a rate of 0.505%, from 10.3k employees to 10.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Shelby County, IL, are Production Occupations (1,215 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,159 people), and Management Occupations (914 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Shelby County, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Shelby County, IL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (1,215 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,159 people), and Management Occupations (914 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Shelby County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (2.23 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.02 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.91 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Shelby County, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($100,556), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($72,773), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($50,625).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

10.4k

2017 Value

± 555

0.505%

1 Year growth

± 7.58%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Shelby County, IL grew at a rate of 0.505%, from 10.3k employees to 10.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Shelby County, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,892 people), Manufacturing (1,820 people), and Retail Trade (1,066 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Shelby County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Shelby County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Shelby County, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,892 people), Manufacturing (1,820 people), and Retail Trade (1,066 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Shelby County, IL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.3 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.03 times), and Manufacturing (1.74 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Shelby County, IL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($61,830), Public Administration ($47,708), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,795).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline ($75B) and Pharmaceuticals ($66.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.3% of the population of Shelby County, IL has health coverage, with 48.1% on employee plans, 16% on Medicaid, 16.5% on Medicare, 12.9% on non-group plans, and 0.87% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Shelby County, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Shelby County, IL see 3629 patients per year on average, which represents a 15.2% increase from the previous year (3150 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3620 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 3620 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,629 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Shelby County, IL see an average of 3,629 patients per year. This represents a 15.2% increase from the previous year (3,150 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Shelby County, IL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.66%

Uninsured

48.1%

Employer Coverage

16%

Medicaid

16.5%

Medicare

12.9%

Non-Group

0.87%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Shelby County, IL declined by 14.9% from 6.65% to 5.66%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Shelby County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Shelby County, IL is home to a population of 21.9k people, from which 99.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.361% of Shelby County, IL residents were born outside of the country (79 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Shelby County, IL is composed of 21.3k White Alone residents (97.4%), 220 Hispanic or Latino residents (1%), 146 Black or African American Alone residents (0.666%), 81 Two or More Races residents (0.37%), 81 Asian Alone residents (0.37%), 43 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.196%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Shelby County, IL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

55

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Shelby County, IL was 44.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 55. But people in Shelby County, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Shelby County, IL residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.361%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

79 people

0.418%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

92 people

As of 2017, 0.361% of Shelby County, IL residents (79 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Shelby County, IL was 0.418%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Shelby County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

99.8%

2017 Citizenship

99.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.8% of Shelby County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Shelby County, IL was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Shelby County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    21.3k ± 20

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    220 ± 53.4

  3. Black or African American Alone

    146 ± 31

In 2017, there were 97 times more White Alone residents (21.3k people) in Shelby County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 220 Hispanic or Latino and 146 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Shelby County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Shelby County, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Shelby County, IL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Shelby County, IL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    649 ± 136

  2. Korea

    226 ± 78

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    190 ± 60

Shelby County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.87 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Shelby County, IL was $86,800 in 2017, which is 0.399 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $86,200 to $86,800, a 0.696% increase. The homeownership rate in Shelby County, IL is 80.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Shelby County, IL have an average commute time of 22.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Shelby County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,807

Median Household Income

± $2,404

9.18k

Number of Households

± 494

In 2017, the median household income of the 9.18k households in Shelby County, IL grew to $49,807 from the previous year's value of $48,572.

The following chart displays the households in Shelby County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$86,800

2017 Median

± $2,644

$86,200

2016 Median

± $3,031

In 2017, the median property value in Shelby County, IL grew to to $86,800 from the previous year's value of $86,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Shelby County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Shelby County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Shelby County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Shelby County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

80.7%

2017 Homeownership

80.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 80.7% of the housing units in Shelby County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 80.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Shelby County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Shelby County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Shelby County, IL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Shelby County, IL have a shorter commute time (22.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.64% of the workforce in Shelby County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Shelby County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87.5%

  2. Carpooled

    5.96%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.77%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Shelby County, IL was Drove Alone (87.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (5.96%) and those who Worked At Home (4.77%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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