Selma, AL

Census Place

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2020 Population
17,762
2.81% 1-year decline
US Senator
Richard Shelby
Republican Party
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
36.8
2.39% 1-year decrease
2020 Poverty Rate
36.2%
3.8% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$26,581
1.66% 1-year decline
2020 Median Property Value
$90,500
3.67% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
5,907
0.455% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Selma, AL had a population of 17.8k people with a median age of 36.8 and a median household income of $26,581. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Selma, AL declined from 18,276 to 17,762, a −2.81% decrease and its median household income declined from $27,030 to $26,581, a −1.66% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Selma, AL are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (83.3%), White (Non-Hispanic) (14.4%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.41%), White (Hispanic) (0.225%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (0.22%).

None of the households in Selma, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.5% of the residents in Selma, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Selma, AL are George C Wallace State Community College-Selma (391 degrees awarded in 2020).

In 2020, the median property value in Selma, AL was $90,500, and the homeownership rate was 41.9%. Most people in Selma, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Selma, AL was 1 car per household.

Diversity

Selma, AL is home to a population of 17.8k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 1.88% of Selma, AL residents were born outside of the country (334 people).

In 2020, there were 5.77 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.8k people) in Selma, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.56k White (Non-Hispanic) and 250 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Selma, AL
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    14.8k ± 344
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    2.56k ± 333
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    250 ± 3
0.445%
Hispanic Population
79 people

In 2020, there were 5.77 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.8k people) in Selma, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.56k White (Non-Hispanic) and 250 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

0.445% of the people in Selma, AL are hispanic (79 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Selma, AL as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.88%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
334 people
2.04%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
372 people

As of 2020, 1.88% of Selma, AL residents (334 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Selma, AL was 2.04%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Selma, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

37
Median Native-Born Age
± 1.2
41
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 5.2

In 2020, the median age of all people in Selma, AL was 36.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Selma, AL are getting getting younger. In 2019, the average age of all Selma, AL residents was 38.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    47,080 ± 5,301 people
  2. Guatemala
    12,910 ± 2,786 people
  3. India
    10,249 ± 2,483 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 47,080 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 12,910 and India with 10,249.

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Citizenship

98.5%
2020 Citizenship
98.4%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 98.5% of Selma, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Selma, AL was 98.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Selma, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    349 ± 135
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    181 ± 111
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    101 ± 61

Selma, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.93 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Selma, AL is $26,581. In 2020, the place with the highest median household income in Selma, AL was Census Tract 9562.01 with a value of $63,250, followed by Census Tract 9567.01 and Census Tract 9567.02, with respective values of $46,563 and $43,657.

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,111. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Selma, AL employs 5.91k people. The largest industries in Selma, AL are Manufacturing (1,374 people), Educational Services (724 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (678 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($47,591), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($46,316), and Utilities ($43,542).

Wages

Median Household Income

$26,581
2020 value
± $3,788
−1.66%
1 Year Growth
± 18.7%

Households in Selma, AL have a median annual income of $26,581, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $27,030 in 2019, which represents a −1.66% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Selma, AL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
$63,401
Average Male Salary in Alabama
± $1,583
$44,111
Average Female Salary in Alabama
± $1,091

In 2020, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Alabama
  1. Asian
    $63,120 ± $11,157
  2. White
    $52,572 ± $1,171
  3. American Indian
    $40,602 ± $8,445

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Alabama.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Selma, AL is from Alabama.
0.458
2020 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.459
2019 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2020, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.32% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9562.01
  2. Census Tract 9567.01
  3. Census Tract 9567.02

In 2020, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Selma, AL was Census Tract 9562.01 with a value of $63,250, followed by Census Tract 9567.01 and Census Tract 9567.02, with respective values of $46,563 and $43,657.

The following map shows all of the places in Selma, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 55 - 64
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

36.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Selma, AL (6.25k out of 17.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females < 5 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    5,941 ± 585
  2. White
    270 ± 116
  3. Native American
    39 ± 98

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Selma, AL is Black, followed by White and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

5.91k
2020 Value
± 620
−0.455%
1 Year decline
± 14%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Selma, AL declined at a rate of −0.455%, from 5.93k employees to 5.91k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Selma, AL, are Production Occupations (1,128 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (779 people), and Management Occupations (561 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Selma, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Selma, AL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (1,128 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (779 people), and Management Occupations (561 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Selma, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (3.42 times higher than expected), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1.35 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Selma, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($83,333), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($57,375), and Transportation Occupations ($55,870).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

5.91k
2020 Value
± 620
−0.455%
1 Year decline
± 14%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Selma, AL declined at a rate of −0.455%, from 5.93k employees to 5.91k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Selma, AL, are Manufacturing (1,374 people), Educational Services (724 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (678 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Selma, AL, though some of these residents may live in Selma, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Selma, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,374 people), Educational Services (724 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (678 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Selma, AL has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.32 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.84 times), and Educational Services (1.32 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Selma, AL, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($47,591), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($46,316), and Utilities ($43,542).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $52.4B
  2. $22.9B
  3. $20.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $52.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($22.9B) and Base metals ($20.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama.
$282B
2020 Value in Alabama
$539B
Projected 2050 Value in Alabama
91.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 91.3% to $539B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $31.7B
  2. $21.3B
  3. $14.3B

In 2020, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $31.7B, followed by Florida with $21.3B and Tennessee and $14.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%). The most partisan county was Winston County, AL with 90.3% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Alabama.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Alabama
62% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Alabama
  1. 90.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 89.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 89.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Alabama was Winston County, AL with 90.3% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Alabama colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Richard Shelby
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 1987
Until 1994, Richard Shelby won election to the Senate as a member of the Democratic Party.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2020, universities in Selma, AL awarded 391 degrees. The student population of Selma, AL is skewed towards women, with 458 male students and 858 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Selma, AL are Black or African American (334 and 85.6%), followed by White (40 and 10.3%), Asian (6 and 1.54%), and Two or More Races (5 and 1.28%).

The largest universities in Selma, AL by number of degrees awarded are George C Wallace State Community College-Selma (391 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Selma, AL are General Studies (126 and 32.2%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (61 and 15.6%), and Registered Nursing (57 and 14.6%).

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 126 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 61 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 57 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Selma, AL was General Studies with 126 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Selma, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
391 degrees awarded

In 2020, the Selma, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was George C Wallace State Community College-Selma with 391 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

134
Degrees Awarded to Men
257
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 134 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Selma, AL, which is 0.521 times less than the 257 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the institutions in Selma, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Black or African American
    334 degrees awarded
  2. White
    40 degrees awarded
  3. Asian
    6 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Selma, AL was Black or African American students. These 334 degrees mean that there were 8.35 times more degrees awarded to Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 40 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Selma, AL was $90,500 in 2020, which is 0.394 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $87,300 to $90,500, a 3.67% increase. The homeownership rate in Selma, AL is 41.9%, which is lower than the national average of 64.4%. People in Selma, AL have an average commute time of 22.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Selma, AL is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$90,500
2020 Median
± $5,996
$87,300
2019 Median
± $5,087

In 2020, the median property value in Selma, AL grew to to $90,500 from the previous year's value of $87,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Selma, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Selma, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$26,581
Median Household Income
± $3,788
7.57k
Number of Households
± 696

In 2020, the median household income of the 7.57k households in Selma, AL declined from $26,581 from the previous year's value of $27,030.

The following chart displays the households in Selma, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Selma, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Selma, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

41.9%
2020 Homeownership
45.2%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 41.9% of the housing units in Selma, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 45.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Selma, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Selma, AL have a shorter commute time (22.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 0.263% of the workforce in Selma, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Selma, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (87%)
  2. Carpooled (6.97%)
  3. Walked (2.46%)

In 2020, 87% of workers in Selma, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.97%) and those who walked to work (2.46%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Selma, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Selma, AL have 1 car, followed by false.

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Health

88.6% of the population of Selma, AL has health coverage, with 26.6% on employee plans, 34% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 12.1% on non-group plans, and 3.24% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Alabama was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Dallas County, AL see 1321 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.29% decrease from the previous year (1352 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3100 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1617 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bullock County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (29.5%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (50.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Dallas County, AL.
1,321 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Dallas County, AL

Primary care physicians in Dallas County, AL see an average of 1,321 patients per year. This represents a 2.29% decrease from the previous year (1,352 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Dallas County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
$7,281
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Alabama
$3,641
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,042
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,267
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.4%
Uninsured
26.6%
Employer Coverage
34%
Medicaid
12.7%
Medicare
12.1%
Non-Group
3.24%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Selma, AL grew by 4.51% from 10.9% to 11.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Selma, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 29.5% prevalence
  2. 25.6% prevalence
  3. 24.8% prevalence

Bullock County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 29.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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