San Juan, PR

Census Place

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Population
309,990
3.61% 1-year decline
Median Age
44.1

Poverty Rate
41.9%

Median Household Income
$22,729
5.55% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$152,400
4.17% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
118,303
1.33% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, San Juan, PR had a population of 310k people with a median age of 44.1 and a median household income of $22,729. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of San Juan, PR declined from 321,613 to 309,990, a -3.61% decrease and its median household income grew from $21,533 to $22,729, a 5.55% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in San Juan, PR are White (Hispanic) (62.5%), Other (Hispanic) (17.1%), Black or African American (Hispanic) (13.5%), Two+ (Hispanic) (4.69%), and White (Non-Hispanic) (1.07%). 0% of the households in San Juan, PR speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and N/A% of the residents in San Juan, PR are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in San Juan, PR are University of Puerto Rico-Rio Piedras (2,654 degrees awarded in 2019), Universidad Ana G. Mendez-Cupey Campus (2,467 degrees), and Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Metro (1,424 degrees).

In 2018, the median property value in San Juan, PR was $152,400, and the homeownership rate was 53.5%. Most people in San Juan, PR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26.6 minutes. The average car ownership in San Juan, PR was 2 cars per household.

Civics

are the senators currently representing the state of . In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

is currently represented by 0 member in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for .
Senator from N/AN/A
  1. N/AN/A
    N/A
  2. N/AN/A
    N/A

are the senators currently representing .

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from

is currently represented by 0 member in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the member for have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

San Juan, PR is home to a population of 310k people, from which N/A% are citizens. As of N/A, N/A% of San Juan, PR residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

In 2018, there were 3.66 times more White (Hispanic) residents (194k people) in San Juan, PR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 52.9k Other (Hispanic) and 41.9k Black or African American (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in San Juan, PR
  1. White (Hispanic)
    194k ± 7.15k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    52.9k ± 6.1k
  3. Black or African American (Hispanic)
    41.9k ± 4.86k
98.2%
Hispanic Population
304k people

In 2018, there were 3.66 times more White (Hispanic) residents (194k people) in San Juan, PR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 52.9k Other (Hispanic) and 41.9k Black or African American (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

98.2% of the people in San Juan, PR are hispanic (304k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in San Juan, PR as a share of the total population.

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Age by Nativity

42
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.8
51
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.4

In 2018, the median age of all people in San Juan, PR was 44.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 51. But people in San Juan, PR are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all San Juan, PR residents was 43.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Puerto Rico.
Most Common Origin
  1. Dominican Republic
    51,729 ± 5,539 people
  2. Cuba
    9,424 ± 2,380 people
  3. Colombia
    5,020 ± 1,738 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Puerto Rico was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 51,729 Puerto Rico residents, followed by Cuba with 9,424 and Colombia with 5,020.

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Citizenship

N/A%
N/A Citizenship

As of N/A, N/A% of San Juan, PR residents were US citizens, which is approximately the same as the national average of 93.2%. In N/A, the percentage of US citizens in San Juan, PR was N/A%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been N/A.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in San Juan, PR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. false
    0 ± 0
  2. false
    0 ± 0
  3. false
    0 ± 0

San Juan, PR has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in San Juan, PR is $22,729. In 2018, the place with the highest Median Household Income in San Juan, PR was Census Tract 100.02 with a value of $100,275, followed by Census Tract 9 and Census Tract 99.03, with respective values of $62,101 and $61,411.

Males in Puerto Rico have an average income that is 1.13 times higher than the average income of females, which is $30,511. The income inequality in Puerto Rico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of San Juan, PR employs 118k people. The largest industries in San Juan, PR are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,954 people), Educational Services (13,490 people), and Retail Trade (12,327 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($42,028), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($37,088), and Wholesale Trade ($36,888).

Wages

Median Household Income

$22,729
2018 value
± $1,494
5.55%
1 Year Growth
± 9.36%

Households in San Juan, PR have a median annual income of $22,729, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $21,533 in 2017, which represents a 5.55% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in San Juan, PR compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Puerto Rico.
$34,540
Average Male Salary in Puerto Rico
± $1,650
$30,511
Average Female Salary in Puerto Rico
± $1,376

In 2019, full-time male employees in Puerto Rico made 1.13 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Puerto Rico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Puerto Rico.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Puerto Rico
  1. Asian
    $49,403 ± $36,490
  2. American Indian
    $40,161 ± $31,668
  3. White
    $28,996 ± $1,173

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Puerto Rico workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Puerto Rico.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Puerto Rico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for San Juan, PR is from Puerto Rico.
0.466
2019 Wage GINI in Puerto Rico
0.442
2018 Wage GINI in Puerto Rico

In 2019, the income inequality in Puerto Rico was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 5.5% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Puerto Rico was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Puerto Rico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Puerto Rico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 100.02
  2. Census Tract 9
  3. Census Tract 99.03

In 2018, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in San Juan, PR was Census Tract 100.02 with a value of $100,275, followed by Census Tract 9 and Census Tract 99.03, with respective values of $62,101 and $61,411.

The following map shows all of the places in San Juan, PR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

41.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in San Juan, PR (137k out of 327k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    135,112 ± 2,105
  2. White
    85,345 ± 1,928
  3. Other
    25,100 ± 1,117

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in San Juan, PR is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

118k
2018 Value
± 5,529
1.33%
1 Year growth
± 7.02%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in San Juan, PR grew at a rate of 1.33%, from 117k employees to 118k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in San Juan, PR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,674 people), Sales & Related Occupations (10,771 people), and Management Occupations (10,204 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of San Juan, PR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of San Juan, PR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,674 people), Sales & Related Occupations (10,771 people), and Management Occupations (10,204 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, San Juan, PR has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (3.21 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.94 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.7 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of San Juan, PR, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($70,555), Management Occupations ($46,796), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($45,406).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

118k
2018 Value
± 5,529
1.33%
1 Year growth
± 7.02%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in San Juan, PR grew at a rate of 1.33%, from 117k employees to 118k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in San Juan, PR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,954 people), Educational Services (13,490 people), and Retail Trade (12,327 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of San Juan, PR, though some of these residents may live in San Juan, PR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in San Juan, PR, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,954 people), Educational Services (13,490 people), and Retail Trade (12,327 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, San Juan, PR has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.93 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.58 times), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in San Juan, PR, by median earnings, are Utilities ($42,028), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($37,088), and Wholesale Trade ($36,888).

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Education

In 2019, universities in San Juan, PR awarded 12,993 degrees. The student population of San Juan, PR is skewed towards women, with 22,624 male students and 34,008 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in San Juan, PR are Hispanic or Latino (12,440 and 95.8%), followed by Unknown (455 and 3.5%), White (37 and 0.285%), and Black or African American (29 and 0.223%).

The largest universities in San Juan, PR by number of degrees awarded are University of Puerto Rico-Rio Piedras (2,654 and 20.4%), Universidad Ana G. Mendez-Cupey Campus (2,467 and 19%), and Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Metro (1,424 and 11%).

The most popular majors in San Juan, PR are Registered Nursing (1,420 and 10.9%), Nursing School (499 and 3.84%), and Accounting (454 and 3.49%).

The median tuition costs in San Juan, PR are $5,775 for private four year colleges, and $2,860 and $5,020 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 1,106 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 355 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 338 degree-majorss awarded

In 2018, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in San Juan, PR was Registered Nursing with 1,106 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in San Juan, PR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,654 degrees awarded
  2. 2,467 degrees awarded
  3. 1,424 degrees awarded
$2,860
Median In-State Public
$5,775
Median Private

In 2019, the San Juan, PR institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Puerto Rico-Rio Piedras with 2,654 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,921
Degrees Awarded to Men
8,072
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 4,921 men were awarded degrees from institutions in San Juan, PR, which is 0.61 times less than the 8,072 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in San Juan, PR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Hispanic or Latino
    12,440 degrees awarded
  2. Unknown
    455 degrees awarded
  3. White
    37 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in San Juan, PR was Hispanic or Latino students. These 12,440 degrees mean that there were 27.3 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 455 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in San Juan, PR was $152,400 in 2018, which is 0.663 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $146,300 to $152,400, a 4.17% increase. The homeownership rate in San Juan, PR is 53.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in San Juan, PR have an average commute time of 26.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in San Juan, PR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$152,400
2018 Median
± $4,248
$146,300
2017 Median
± $3,986

In 2018, the median property value in San Juan, PR grew to to $152,400 from the previous year's value of $146,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in San Juan, PR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In San Juan, PR the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$22,729
Median Household Income
± $1,494
143k
Number of Households
± 5,907

In 2018, the median household income of the 143k households in San Juan, PR grew to $22,729 from the previous year's value of $21,533.

The following chart displays the households in San Juan, PR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

None
Average Range

This chart shows the households in San Juan, PR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In San Juan, PR the largest share of households pay taxes in the None range.

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Rent vs Own

53.5%
2018 Homeownership
54.2%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 53.5% of the housing units in San Juan, PR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 54.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in San Juan, PR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

26.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in San Juan, PR have a longer commute time (26.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.78% of the workforce in San Juan, PR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in San Juan, PR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2018
  1. Drove Alone (73.9%)
  2. Public Transit (7.94%)
  3. Carpooled (7.2%)

In 2018, 73.9% of workers in San Juan, PR drove alone to work, followed by those who used public transit to get to work (7.94%) and those who carpooled to work (7.2%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in San Juan, PR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in San Juan, PR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

90.6% of the population of San Juan, PR has health coverage, with 23.1% on employee plans, 27.2% on Medicaid, 21.1% on Medicare, 18.2% on non-group plans, and 0.983% on military or VA plans.

Comparing across all counties in the state, undefined, undefined, and undefined have the highest prevalence of diabetes (N/A). Additionally, undefined, undefined, and undefined have the highest prevalence of adult obesity (N/A)

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Coverage

9.37%
Uninsured
23.1%
Employer Coverage
27.2%
Medicaid
21.1%
Medicare
18.2%
Non-Group
0.983%
Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in San Juan, PR grew by 2.54% from 9.14% to 9.37%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in San Juan, PR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. N/A
    N/A
  2. N/A
    N/A
  3. N/A
    N/A

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The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in false by county over multiple years.

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