Salem, OR

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Population

163,654

1.04% growth

Poverty Rate

16.2%


Median Age

35.2


Median Household Income

$51,666

5.17% growth

Number of Employees

73,871

2.98% growth

Median Property Value

$201,900

6.88% growth

About

In 2017, Salem, OR had a population of 164k people with a median age of 35.2 and a median household income of $51,666. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Salem, OR grew from 161,975 to 163,654, a 1.04% increase and its median household income grew from $49,126 to $51,666, a 5.17% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Salem, OR are White (Non-Hispanic) (67.6%), White (Hispanic) (13.4%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (5.05%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (3.71%), and Two or More Races (Hispanic) (3.31%). N/A% of the people in Salem, OR speak a non-English language, and 92.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Salem, OR are Willamette University (732 degrees awarded in 2017), Corban University (267 degrees), and College of Hair Design Careers (35 degrees).

The median property value in Salem, OR is $201,900, and the homeownership rate is 53%. Most people in Salem, OR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Salem, OR is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Oregon State Capitol building

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Oregon. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Oregon, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Oregon (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Oregon. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Oregon across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Salem, OR employs 73.9k people. The largest industries in Salem, OR are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,142 people), Retail Trade (8,687 people), and Public Administration (7,294 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($75,057), Utilities ($70,208), and Public Administration ($50,778).

Median household income in Salem, OR is $51,666. Males in Salem, OR have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,053. The income inequality in Salem, OR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,666

2017 value

± $1,177

5.17%

1 Year Growth

± 4.01%

Households in Salem, OR have a median annual income of $51,666, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,126 in 2016, which represents a 5.17% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Salem, OR compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

$61,970

Average Male Salary

± $1,681

$48,053

Average Female Salary

± $1,355

In 2017, full-time male employees in Oregon made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,926 ± $5,268

  2. White

    $47,707 ± $1,033

  3. Alaska Native

    $40,267 ± $28,756

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oregon workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Salem, OR is from Oregon.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Oregon was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.411% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Oregon was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oregon in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oregon across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 24

  2. Census Tract 22.02

  3. Census Tract 53

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Salem, OR was Census Tract 24 with a value of $97,379, followed by Census Tract 22.02 and Census Tract 53, with respective values of $76,997 and $76,321.

The following map shows all of the places in Salem, OR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Salem, OR (25.2k out of 156k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,622 ± 1,050

  2. Hispanic

    8,732 ± 824

  3. Two Or More

    2,877 ± 504

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Salem, OR is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

73.9k

2017 Value

± 1,997

2.98%

1 Year growth

± 3.71%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Salem, OR grew at a rate of 2.98%, from 71.7k employees to 73.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Salem, OR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,924 people), Sales & Related Occupations (6,616 people), and Management Occupations (6,203 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Salem, OR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Salem, OR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,924 people), Sales & Related Occupations (6,616 people), and Management Occupations (6,203 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Salem, OR has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (4.89 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.5 times), and Legal Occupations (1.47 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Salem, OR, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($66,939), Legal Occupations ($61,500), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($60,771).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

73.9k

2017 Value

± 1,997

2.98%

1 Year growth

± 3.71%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Salem, OR grew at a rate of 2.98%, from 71.7k employees to 73.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Salem, OR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,142 people), Retail Trade (8,687 people), and Public Administration (7,294 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Salem, OR, though some of these residents may live in Salem, OR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Salem, OR, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,142 people), Retail Trade (8,687 people), and Public Administration (7,294 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Salem, OR has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.46 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.11 times), and Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Salem, OR, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($75,057), Utilities ($70,208), and Public Administration ($50,778).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $20.9B

  2. $15.1B

  3. $13.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $20.9B, followed by Electronics ($15.1B) and Motorized vehicles ($13.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oregon products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Oregon state.

$146B

2020 Value

$201B

Projected 2045 Value

37.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Oregon trade was $146B. This is expected to increase 37.6% to $201B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oregon trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.1B

  2. $19.5B

  3. $3.12B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $28.1B, followed by California with $19.5B and Minnesota and $3.12B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oregon shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.5% of the population of Salem, OR has health coverage, with 44.6% on employee plans, 22.1% on Medicaid, 9.93% on Medicare, 12.8% on non-group plans, and 1.11% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Salem, OR was $8,044 in 2014. This is a 7.73% increase from the previous year ($7,467).

Primary care physicians in Salem, OR see 1419 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.03% increase from the previous year (1364 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1255 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 336 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.2%). Additionally, Linn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Marion County, OR.

1,419 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Marion County, OR see an average of 1,419 patients per year. This represents a 4.03% increase from the previous year (1,364 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Marion County, OR in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

$8,044

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,232

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,185

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,942

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oregon (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 7.73%, from $7,467 to $8,044.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.49%

Uninsured

44.6%

Employer Coverage

22.1%

Medicaid

9.93%

Medicare

12.8%

Non-Group

1.11%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Salem, OR declined by 19% from 11.7% to 9.49%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Salem, OR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.2% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 13.3% prevalence

Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oregon, at 14.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oregon by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Salem, OR is home to a population of 164k people, from which 92.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.5% of Salem, OR residents were born outside of the country (18.8k people).

In 2017, there were 5.04 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (111k people) in Salem, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 21.9k White (Hispanic) and 8.26k Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Salem, OR was 35.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Salem, OR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Salem, OR residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

18.8k people

11.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

18.4k people

As of 2017, 11.5% of Salem, OR residents (18.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Salem, OR was 11.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Salem, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    146,430 ± 9,222 people

  2. Vietnam

    21,288 ± 3,573 people

  3. China

    20,489 ± 3,505 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oregon was Mexico, the natal country of 146,430 Oregon residents, followed by Vietnam with 21,288 and China with 20,489.

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Citizenship

92.3%

2017 Citizenship

92.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.3% of Salem, OR residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Salem, OR was 92.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Salem, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Salem, OR

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    111k ± 1.7k

  2. White (Hispanic)

    21.9k ± 2k

  3. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    8.26k ± 1.22k

In 2017, there were 5.04 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (111k people) in Salem, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 21.9k White (Hispanic) and 8.26k Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Salem, OR as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,502 ± 359

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,757 ± 289

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,243 ± 271

Salem, OR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.99 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Salem, OR awarded 1,061 degrees. The student population of Salem, OR is skewed towards women, with 1,591 male students and 2,220 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Salem, OR are White (719 and 71.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (106 and 10.6%), Two or More Races (72 and 7.18%), and Asian (52 and 5.18%).

The largest universities in Salem, OR by number of degrees awarded are Willamette University (732 and 69%), Corban University (267 and 25.2%), and College of Hair Design Careers (35 and 3.3%).

The most popular majors in Salem, OR are General Business Administration & Management (192 and 18.1%), Law (100 and 9.43%), and General Psychology (76 and 7.16%).

The median tuition costs in Salem, OR are $39,410 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 76 degrees awarded

  2. 51 degrees awarded

  3. 44 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Salem, OR was General Psychology with 76 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Salem, OR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 732 degrees awarded

  2. 267 degrees awarded

  3. 35 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$39,410

Median Private

In 2017, the Salem, OR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Willamette University with 732 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

438

Degrees Awarded to Men

623

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 438 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Salem, OR, which is 0.703 times less than the 623 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Salem, OR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    719 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    106 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    72 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Salem, OR were to White students. These 719 degrees mean that there were 6.78 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 106 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Salem, OR was $201,900 in 2017, which is 0.879 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $188,900 to $201,900, a 6.88% increase. The homeownership rate in Salem, OR is 53%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Salem, OR have an average commute time of 20.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Salem, OR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$201,900

2017 Median

± $3,961

$188,900

2016 Median

± $3,508

In 2017, the median property value in Salem, OR grew to to $201,900 from the previous year's value of $188,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Salem, OR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem, OR the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,666

Median Household Income

± $1,177

58.6k

Number of Households

± 1,719

In 2017, the median household income of the 58.6k households in Salem, OR grew to $51,666 from the previous year's value of $49,126.

The following chart displays the households in Salem, OR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Salem, OR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem, OR the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

53%

2017 Homeownership

52.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 53% of the housing units in Salem, OR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 52.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Salem, OR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Salem, OR have a shorter commute time (20.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.71% of the workforce in Salem, OR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Salem, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.7%

  2. Carpooled

    13.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.8%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Salem, OR was Drove Alone (73.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (13.2%) and those who Worked At Home (4.8%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Salem, OR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Salem, OR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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