Salem County, NJ

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Population

63,776

1.13% decline

Median Age

41.9


Median Household Income

$63,934

4.23% growth

Poverty Rate

14.2%


Number of Employees

29,365

0.845% growth

Median Property Value

$185,800

0.215% decline

About

In 2017, Salem County, NJ had a population of 63.8k people with a median age of 41.9 and a median household income of $63,934. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Salem County, NJ declined from 64,504 to 63,776, a -1.13% decrease and its median household income grew from $61,341 to $63,934, a 4.23% increase.

The population of Salem County, NJ is 75.1% White Alone, 13.1% Black or African American Alone, and 8.27% Hispanic or Latino. 8.43% of the people in Salem County, NJ speak a non-English language, and 97.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Salem County, NJ are Salem Community College (250 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Salem County, NJ is $185,800, and the homeownership rate is 71.4%. Most people in Salem County, NJ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25 minutes. The average car ownership in Salem County, NJ is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Philadelphia night time skyline as seen from Spring Garden Street above the Schuylkill Expressway.

Economy

The economy of Salem County, NJ employs 29.4k people. The largest industries in Salem County, NJ are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,204 people), Manufacturing (3,329 people), and Educational Services (3,036 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($85,511), Finance & Insurance ($67,768), and Public Administration ($60,032).

Median household income in Salem County, NJ is $63,934. Males in Salem County, NJ have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $61,412. The income inequality in Salem County, NJ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$63,934

2017 value

± $3,042

4.23%

1 Year Growth

± 5.97%

Households in Salem County, NJ have a median annual income of $63,934, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $61,341 in 2016, which represents a 4.23% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Salem County, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the New Jersey.

$84,632

Average Male Salary

± $1,612

$61,412

Average Female Salary

± $1,170

In 2017, full-time male employees in Salem County, NJ made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Salem County, NJ by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the New Jersey.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $79,679 ± $3,060

  2. White

    $67,619 ± $1,158

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $52,154 ± $45,004

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Salem County, NJ workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.18 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Salem County, NJ by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Salem County, NJ is from New Jersey.

0.493

2017 Wage GINI

0.491

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Jersey was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.437% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Jersey was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New Jersey in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Jersey across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 209

  2. Census Tract 207

  3. Census Tract 208

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Salem County, NJ was Census Tract 209 with a value of $90,042, followed by Census Tract 207 and Census Tract 208, with respective values of $86,523 and $82,738.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Salem County, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Salem County, NJ (8.86k out of 62.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,378 ± 445

  2. Black

    2,440 ± 295

  3. Hispanic

    1,598 ± 256

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Salem County, NJ is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

29.4k

2017 Value

± 993

0.845%

1 Year growth

± 4.65%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Salem County, NJ grew at a rate of 0.845%, from 29.1k employees to 29.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Salem County, NJ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,987 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,552 people), and Production Occupations (2,389 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Salem County, NJ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Salem County, NJ, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,987 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,552 people), and Production Occupations (2,389 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Salem County, NJ has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.19 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.68 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Salem County, NJ, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($85,357), Management Occupations ($78,972), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($78,024).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

29.4k

2017 Value

± 993

0.845%

1 Year growth

± 4.65%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Salem County, NJ grew at a rate of 0.845%, from 29.1k employees to 29.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Salem County, NJ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,204 people), Manufacturing (3,329 people), and Educational Services (3,036 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Salem County, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Salem County, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Salem County, NJ, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,204 people), Manufacturing (3,329 people), and Educational Services (3,036 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Salem County, NJ has an unusually high number of Utilities (5.58 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.93 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.55 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Salem County, NJ, by median earnings, are Utilities ($85,511), Finance & Insurance ($67,768), and Public Administration ($60,032).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $48.1B

  2. $36.5B

  3. $35.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $48.1B, followed by Electronics with $36.5B and Motorized vehicles and $35.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Jersey products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Jersey state.

$467B

2015 Value

$734B

Projected 2045 Value

57.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Jersey trade was $467B. This is expected to increase 57.1% to $734B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Jersey trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $70.5B

  2. $48.9B

  3. $16.6B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $70.5B, followed by Pennsylvania with $48.9B and California and $16.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Jersey shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.7% of the population of Salem County, NJ has health coverage, with 50.7% on employee plans, 17.3% on Medicaid, 13.1% on Medicare, 11.2% on non-group plans, and 0.514% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Salem County, NJ was $8,859 in 2014. This is a 4.91% increase from the previous year ($8,444).

Primary care physicians in Salem County, NJ see 2674 patients per year on average, which represents a 11.6% increase from the previous year (2397 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3172 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1007 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.1%). Additionally, Cumberland County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2674 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Salem County, NJ see an average of 2674 patients per year. This represents a 11.6% increase from the previous year (2397 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Salem County, NJ in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

$8,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,081

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,049

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,614

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Jersey (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.91%, from $8,444 to $8,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.29%

Uninsured

50.7%

Employer Coverage

17.3%

Medicaid

13.1%

Medicare

11.2%

Non-Group

0.514%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Salem County, NJ declined by 17.9% from 8.88% to 7.29%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Salem County, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.1% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey, at 12.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Salem County, NJ is home to a population of 63.8k people, from which 97.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.92% of Salem County, NJ residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Salem County, NJ is composed of 47.9k White Alone residents (75.1%), 8.36k Black or African American Alone residents (13.1%), 5.28k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.27%), 1.41k Two or More Races residents (2.2%), 588 Asian Alone residents (0.922%), 173 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.271%), 101 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.158%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Salem County, NJ are Spanish or Spanish Creole (3,609 speakers), Italian (215 speakers), and German (164 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Salem County, NJ was 41.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Salem County, NJ are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Salem County, NJ residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.92%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.72%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 4.92% of Salem County, NJ residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Salem County, NJ was 4.72%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Salem County, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    251,165 ± 12,131 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    162,243 ± 9,799 people

  3. Mexico

    124,109 ± 8,589 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Salem County, NJ was India, the natal country of 251,165 Salem County, NJ residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 162,243 and Mexico with 124,109.

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Citizenship

97.2%

2017 Citizenship

97.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.2% of Salem County, NJ residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Salem County, NJ was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Salem County, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    47.9k ± 70

  2. Black or African American Alone

    8.36k ± 243

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    5.28k ± 474

In 2017, there were 5.73 times more White Alone residents (47.9k people) in Salem County, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.36k Black or African American Alone and 5.28k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Salem County, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    3,609 speakers (5.88%)

  2. Italian

    215 speakers (0.35%)

  3. German

    164 speakers (0.267%)

8.43% of Salem County, NJ citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Salem County, NJ was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 5.88% of the overall population of Salem County, NJ are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.35% speak Italian and 0.267% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,656 ± 203

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    553 ± 113

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    473 ± 148

Salem County, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.99 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Salem County, NJ awarded 250 degrees. The student population of Salem County, NJ is skewed towards women, with 379 male students and 614 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Salem County, NJ are White (157 and 64.3%), followed by Black or African American (32 and 13.1%), Unknown (29 and 11.9%), and Hispanic or Latino (21 and 8.61%).

The largest universities in Salem County, NJ by number of degrees awarded are Salem Community College (250 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Salem County, NJ are Other Precision Production (30 and 12%), Other Allied Health Diagnostic, Intervention, & Treatment Professions (28 and 11.2%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (26 and 10.4%).

The median tuition costs in Salem County, NJ are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Salem County, NJ was Other Precision Production with 30 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Salem County, NJ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

250 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Salem County, NJ institution with the largest number of graduating students was Salem Community College with 250 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

114

Degrees Awarded to Men

136

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 114 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Salem County, NJ, which is 0.838 times less than the 136 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Salem County, NJ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    157 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    32 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    29 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Salem County, NJ were to White students. These 157 degrees mean that there were 4.91 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 32 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Salem County, NJ was $185,800 in 2017, which is 0.854 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $186,200 to $185,800, a 0.215% decrease. The homeownership rate in Salem County, NJ is 71.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Salem County, NJ have an average commute time of 25 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Salem County, NJ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$63,934

Median Household Income

± $3,042

24k

Number of Households

± 841

In 2017, the median household income of the 24k households in Salem County, NJ grew to $63,934 from the previous year's value of $61,341.

The following chart displays the households in Salem County, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$185,800

2017 Median

± $4,247

$186,200

2016 Median

± $4,068

In 2017, the median property value in Salem County, NJ declined from to $185,800 from the previous year's value of $186,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Salem County, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem County, NJ the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Salem County, NJ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem County, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

71.4%

2017 Homeownership

71.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 71.4% of the housing units in Salem County, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Salem County, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Salem County, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Salem County, NJ have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

25 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Salem County, NJ have a shorter commute time (25 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.94% of the workforce in Salem County, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Salem County, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.8%

  2. Carpooled

    8.92%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.52%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Salem County, NJ was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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