Rochester, NY

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Population

209,463

0.394% decline

Median Age

31.7


Median Household Income

$32,347

2.09% growth

Poverty Rate

33.1%


Number of Employees

90,549

1.62% growth

Median Property Value

$79,400

2.06% growth

About

In 2017, Rochester, NY had a population of 209k people with a median age of 31.7 and a median household income of $32,347. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Rochester, NY declined from 210,291 to 209,463, a -0.394% decrease and its median household income grew from $31,684 to $32,347, a 2.09% increase.

The population of Rochester, NY is 38.5% Black or African American Alone, 36.8% White Alone, and 17.8% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Rochester, NY speak a non-English language, and 94.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Rochester, NY are University of Rochester (3,577 degrees awarded in 2016), Sharp Edgez Barber Institute (81 degrees), and Onondaga School of Therapeutic Massage-Rochester (43 degrees).

The median property value in Rochester, NY is $79,400, and the homeownership rate is 36.5%. Most people in Rochester, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Rochester, NY is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Downtown Rochester from the Broad Street Bridge, looking north.

Economy

The economy of Rochester, NY employs 90.5k people. The largest industries in Rochester, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (20,296 people), Educational Services (10,759 people), and Retail Trade (10,722 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($50,762), Public Administration ($45,922), and Finance & Insurance ($43,552).

Median household income in Rochester, NY is $32,347. Males in Rochester, NY have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,246. The income inequality in Rochester, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$32,347

2017 value

± $736

2.09%

1 Year Growth

± 2.96%

Households in Rochester, NY have a median annual income of $32,347, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $31,684 in 2016, which represents a 2.09% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Rochester, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New York.

$76,804

Average Male Salary

± $1,164

$59,246

Average Female Salary

± $829

In 2017, full-time male employees in New York made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $65,105 ± $849

  2. Asian

    $62,456 ± $2,350

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,207 ± $3,026

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Rochester, NY is from New York.

0.499

2017 Wage GINI

0.497

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New York was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.362% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 78.02

  2. Census Tract 35

  3. Census Tract 61

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Rochester, NY was Census Tract 78.02 with a value of $83,816, followed by Census Tract 35 and Census Tract 61, with respective values of $63,036 and $62,213.

The following map shows all of the places in Rochester, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

33.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Rochester, NY (66.5k out of 201k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    33,063 ± 1,124

  2. White

    23,130 ± 1,070

  3. Hispanic

    15,495 ± 751

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Rochester, NY is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

90.5k

2017 Value

± 1,983

1.62%

1 Year growth

± 3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Rochester, NY grew at a rate of 1.62%, from 89.1k employees to 90.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Rochester, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,005 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,894 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (6,773 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Rochester, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Rochester, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,005 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,894 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (6,773 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Rochester, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (2.12 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.67 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Rochester, NY, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($74,093), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,674), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($56,295).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

90.5k

2017 Value

± 1,983

1.62%

1 Year growth

± 3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Rochester, NY grew at a rate of 1.62%, from 89.1k employees to 90.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Rochester, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (20,296 people), Educational Services (10,759 people), and Retail Trade (10,722 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Rochester, NY, though some of these residents may live in Rochester, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Rochester, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (20,296 people), Educational Services (10,759 people), and Retail Trade (10,722 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Rochester, NY has an unusually high number of Health Care & Social Assistance (1.62 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.34 times), and Educational Services (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Rochester, NY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($50,762), Public Administration ($45,922), and Finance & Insurance ($43,552).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics ($47.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($45.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of Rochester, NY has health coverage, with 34.4% on employee plans, 37.1% on Medicaid, 7.5% on Medicare, 12.9% on non-group plans, and 0.646% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Rochester, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Rochester, NY see 1202 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1199 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1240 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 393 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

1,202 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,202 patients per year. This represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1,199 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.44%

Uninsured

34.4%

Employer Coverage

37.1%

Medicaid

7.5%

Medicare

12.9%

Non-Group

0.646%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Rochester, NY declined by 12.1% from 8.47% to 7.44%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Rochester, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Rochester, NY is home to a population of 209k people, from which 94.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.71% of Rochester, NY residents were born outside of the country (18.2k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Rochester, NY is composed of 80.7k Black or African American Alone residents (38.5%), 77.1k White Alone residents (36.8%), 37.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (17.8%), 6.74k Asian Alone residents (3.22%), 6.7k Two or More Races residents (3.2%), 526 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.251%), 454 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.217%), and 38 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0181%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Rochester, NY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Rochester, NY was 31.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Rochester, NY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Rochester, NY residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.71%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

18.2k people

8.73%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

18.4k people

As of 2017, 8.71% of Rochester, NY residents (18.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Rochester, NY was 8.73%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Rochester, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New York.

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    505,406 ± 17,230 people

  2. China

    402,542 ± 15,418 people

  3. Jamaica

    239,917 ± 11,952 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,406 New York residents, followed by China with 402,542 and Jamaica with 239,917.

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Citizenship

94.9%

2017 Citizenship

95%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.9% of Rochester, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Rochester, NY was 95%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Rochester, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    80.7k ± 1.43k

  2. White Alone

    77.1k ± 1.59k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    37.2k ± 1.79k

In 2017, there were 1.05 times more Black or African American Alone residents (80.7k people) in Rochester, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 77.1k White Alone and 37.2k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Rochester, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Rochester, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Rochester, NY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Rochester, NY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,121 ± 266

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    953 ± 208

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    880 ± 180

Rochester, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.23 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Rochester, NY awarded 3,722 degrees. The student population of Rochester, NY is skewed towards women, with 5,652 male students and 5,793 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Rochester, NY are White (1,801 and 64.4%), followed by Asian (280 and 10%), Unknown (243 and 8.69%), and Black or African American (203 and 7.26%).

The largest universities in Rochester, NY by number of degrees awarded are University of Rochester (3,577 and 96.1%), Sharp Edgez Barber Institute (81 and 2.18%), and Onondaga School of Therapeutic Massage-Rochester (43 and 1.16%).

The most popular majors in Rochester, NY are General Business Administration & Management (350 and 9.4%), General Biological Sciences (222 and 5.96%), and Registered Nursing (214 and 5.75%).

The median tuition costs in Rochester, NY are $27,280 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 214 degrees awarded

  2. 203 degrees awarded

  3. 152 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Rochester, NY was Registered Nursing with 214 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Rochester, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,577 degrees awarded

  2. 81 degrees awarded

  3. 43 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$27,280

Median Private

In 2016, the Rochester, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Rochester with 3,577 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,804

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,918

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,804 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Rochester, NY, which is 0.941 times less than the 1,918 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Rochester, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,801 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    280 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    243 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Rochester, NY were to White students. These 1,801 degrees mean that there were 6.43 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 280 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Rochester, NY was $79,400 in 2017, which is 0.365 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $77,800 to $79,400, a 2.06% increase. The homeownership rate in Rochester, NY is 36.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Rochester, NY have an average commute time of 19.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Rochester, NY is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$32,347

Median Household Income

± $736

86.2k

Number of Households

± 1,813

In 2017, the median household income of the 86.2k households in Rochester, NY grew to $32,347 from the previous year's value of $31,684.

The following chart displays the households in Rochester, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$79,400

2017 Median

± $1,324

$77,800

2016 Median

± $1,448

In 2017, the median property value in Rochester, NY grew to to $79,400 from the previous year's value of $77,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Rochester, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Rochester, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Rochester, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Rochester, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

36.5%

2017 Homeownership

36.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 36.5% of the housing units in Rochester, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 36.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Rochester, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Rochester, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Rochester, NY have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

19.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Rochester, NY have a shorter commute time (19.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.74% of the workforce in Rochester, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Rochester, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    69%

  2. Carpooled

    10.2%

  3. Public Transit

    9.18%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Rochester, NY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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