Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2019 Population
132,626
0.585% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
39
0.51% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
18.2%
1.24% 1-year increase
2019 Median Household Income
$46,837
2% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$146,600
1.88% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
61,781
0.537% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA had a population of 133k people with a median age of 39 and a median household income of $46,837. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA declined from 133,407 to 132,626, a −0.585% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,917 to $46,837, a 2% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (65.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (22.5%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.44%), White (Hispanic) (3.41%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.64%). 7.61% of the households in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

96.1% of the residents in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA are Virginia Western Community College (1,210 degrees awarded in 2019), Roanoke College (474 degrees), and Radford University-Carilion (417 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was $146,600, and the homeownership rate was 54%. Most people in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was 2 cars per household.

Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA borders Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Outside Roanoke & Salem Cities) PUMA, VA.

Diversity

Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA is home to a population of 133k people, from which 96.1% are citizens. As of 2019, 5.85% of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA residents were born outside of the country (7.76k people).

In 2019, there were 2.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (86.7k people) in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.56k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA are Spanish (4,646 speakers), Haitian (526 speakers), and Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages (524 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    86.7k ± 434
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    29.9k ± 942
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    4.56k ± 1.01k
5.5%
Hispanic Population
7.3k people

In 2019, there were 2.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (86.7k people) in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.56k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.5% of the people in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA are hispanic (7.3k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    4,646 speakers (3.74%)
  2. Haitian
    526 speakers (0.423%)
  3. Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages
    524 speakers (0.421%)

7.61% of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was Spanish. 3.74% of the overall population of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA are native Spanish speakers. 0.423% speak Haitian and 0.421% speak Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.85%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
7.76k people
6.42%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
8.57k people

As of 2019, 5.85% of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA residents (7.76k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was 6.42%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.4
38
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.6

In 2019, the median age of all people in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was 39. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Honduras
    1,067 ± 799 people
  2. Philippines
    756 ± 673 people
  3. Mexico
    608 ± 604 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was Honduras, the natal country of 1,067 Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA residents, followed by Philippines with 756 and Mexico with 608.

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Citizenship

96.1%
2019 Citizenship
95.3%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 96.1% of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was 95.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,246 ± 337
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,688 ± 321
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,234 ± 260

Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.92 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Virginia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Virginia. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Virginia.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA is $46,837. In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was Ashburn (Southwest/Belmont Ridge) & Dulles Airport PUMA, VA with a value of $169,224, followed by McLean & Idylwood PUMA, VA and Leesburg Town PUMA, VA, with respective values of $161,264 and $156,461.

Males in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA have an average income that is 1.21 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,820. The income inequality in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.445, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA employs 61.8k people. The largest industries in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA are Restaurants & Food Services (5,062 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,452 people), and Construction (3,115 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($203,381), Periodical, book, & directory publishers ($151,569), and Structural metals, & boiler, tank, & shipping container manufacturing ($111,304).

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,837
2019 value
± $1,219
2%
1 Year Growth
± 3.68%

Households in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA have a median annual income of $46,837, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,917 in 2018, which represents a 2% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$53,183
Average Male Salary in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA
± $8,889
$43,820
Average Female Salary in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA
± $6,836

In 2019, full-time male employees in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA made 1.21 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA
  1. Asian
    $49,961 ± $18,459
  2. White
    $46,193 ± $6,498
  3. Two or More Races
    $37,456 ± $16,898

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.445
2019 Wage GINI in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA
0.442
2018 Wage GINI in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA

In 2019, the income inequality in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was 0.445 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.752% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was Ashburn (Southwest/Belmont Ridge) & Dulles Airport PUMA, VA with a value of $169,224, followed by McLean & Idylwood PUMA, VA and Leesburg Town PUMA, VA, with respective values of $161,264 and $156,461.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA (23.3k out of 128k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    11,141 ± 769
  2. Black
    10,035 ± 827
  3. Two Or More
    1,549 ± 466

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

61.8k
2019 Value
0.537%
1 Year growth
± 0.537%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA grew at a rate of 0.537%, from 61.5k employees to 61.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA, are Cashiers (1,928 people), Waiters & waitresses (1,461 people), and Registered nurses (1,390 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA, by number of employees, are Cashiers (1,928 people), Waiters & waitresses (1,461 people), and Registered nurses (1,390 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Credit authorizers, checkers, & clerks (7.74 times higher than expected), Printing press operators (4.49 times), and Helpers, construction trades (4.37 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA, by average salary, are Personal financial advisors ($288,180), Chief executives & legislators ($179,499), and Physicians ($164,795).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

61.8k
2019 Value
0.537%
1 Year growth
± 0.537%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA grew at a rate of 0.537%, from 61.5k employees to 61.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA, are Restaurants & Food Services (5,062 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,452 people), and Construction (3,115 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA, though some of these residents may live in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (5,062 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,452 people), and Construction (3,115 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA has an unusually high number of Railroad rolling stock manufacturing (12.2 times higher than expected), Tire manufacturing (4.59 times), and Used merchandise stores (4.24 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($203,381), Periodical, book, & directory publishers ($151,569), and Structural metals, & boiler, tank, & shipping container manufacturing ($111,304).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $35.1B
  2. $31.5B
  3. $30.5B

In 2018, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $35.1B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($31.5B) and Electronics ($30.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia.
$307B
2018 Value in Virginia
$648B
Projected 2045 Value in Virginia
111% growth

In 2018, total outbound Virginia trade was $307B. This is expected to increase 111% to $648B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $21.8B
  2. $20B
  3. $11.7B

In 2018, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $21.8B, followed by North Carolina with $20B and Pennsylvania and $11.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Virginia went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 49.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (44.4%), followed by Gary Johnson (2.97%). The most partisan county was Petersburg city, VA with 87.2% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Virginia.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Virginia
49.8% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Virginia
  1. 87.2% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 82% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 81.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Virginia was Petersburg city, VA with 87.2% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Virginia colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA awarded 2,552 degrees. The student population of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA is skewed towards women, with 3,690 male students and 5,526 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA are White (1,900 and 75.4%), followed by Black or African American (265 and 10.5%), Two or More Races (111 and 4.4%), and Unknown (106 and 4.2%).

The largest universities in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA by number of degrees awarded are Virginia Western Community College (1,210 and 47.4%), Roanoke College (474 and 18.6%), and Radford University-Carilion (417 and 16.3%).

The most popular majors in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA are General Business Administration & Management (222 and 8.7%), Registered Nursing (176 and 6.9%), and Medical Assistant (161 and 6.31%).

The median tuition costs in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA are $43,818 for private four year colleges, and $7,922 and $19,557 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 102 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 92 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 109 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was General Studies with 102 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,210 degrees awarded
  2. 474 degrees awarded
  3. 417 degrees awarded
$7,922
Median In-State Public
$43,818
Median Private

In 2019, the Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Virginia Western Community College with 1,210 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

870
Degrees Awarded to Men
1,682
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 870 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA, which is 0.517 times less than the 1,682 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    1,900 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    265 degrees awarded
  3. Two or More Races
    111 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was White students. These 1,900 degrees mean that there were 7.17 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 265 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA was $146,600 in 2019, which is 0.61 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $143,900 to $146,600, a 1.88% increase. The homeownership rate in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA is 54%, which is lower than the national average of 64.1%. People in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA have an average commute time of 21.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$146,600
2019 Median
± $2,920
$143,900
2018 Median
± $2,538

In 2019, the median property value in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA grew to to $146,600 from the previous year's value of $143,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$46,837
Median Household Income
± $1,219
55.3k
Number of Households
± 1,701

In 2019, the median household income of the 55.3k households in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA grew to $46,837 from the previous year's value of $45,917.

The following chart displays the households in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

54%
2019 Homeownership
54.5%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 54% of the housing units in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 54.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA have a shorter commute time (21.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.29% of the workforce in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (80.3%)
  2. Carpooled (7.13%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.72%)

In 2019, 80.3% of workers in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.13%) and those who worked at home (4.72%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

90.3% of the population of Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA has health coverage, with 46.6% on employee plans, 17.9% on Medicaid, 13.9% on Medicare, 9.73% on non-group plans, and 2.22% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Virginia was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Virginia see 1325 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.455% increase from the previous year (1319 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1409 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 531 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Nottoway County and Bristol city have the highest prevalence of diabetes (22.5%). Additionally, King and Queen County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (48.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
1,325 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Virginia

Primary care physicians in Virginia see an average of 1,325 patients per year. This represents a 0.455% increase from the previous year (1,319 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
$7,556
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Virginia
$4,218
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,361
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,677
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.7%
Uninsured
46.6%
Employer Coverage
17.9%
Medicaid
13.9%
Medicare
9.73%
Non-Group
2.22%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA declined by 13% from 11.2% to 9.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission (Roanoke, Salem Cities & Vinton Town) PUMA, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 22.5% prevalence
  2. 22.5% prevalence
  3. 20.3% prevalence

Nottoway County and Bristol city have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 22.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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