Portland, ME

Census Place

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2022 Population
68,280
0.319% 1-year growth
US Senator
Susan Collins
Republican Party
US Senator
Angus King
Independent Party
2022 Median Age
37.6
1.9% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
11.8%
7.14% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$71,498
8.15% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$411,600
20.5% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
39,502
0.211% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Portland, ME had a population of 68.3k people with a median age of 37.6 and a median household income of $71,498. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Portland, ME grew from 68,063 to 68,280, a 0.319% increase and its median household income grew from $66,109 to $71,498, a 8.15% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Portland, ME are White (Non-Hispanic) (81.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (8.56%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.5%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.37%), and Other (Hispanic) (0.825%).

None of the households in Portland, ME reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

93.9% of the residents in Portland, ME are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Portland, ME are University of Southern Maine (1,918 degrees awarded in 2022), Maine College of Art & Design (145 degrees), and Empire Beauty School-Maine (75 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Portland, ME was $411,600, and the homeownership rate was 45.6%.

Most people in Portland, ME drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Portland, ME was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Above Commercial Street at night

Population & Diversity

Portland, ME is home to a population of 68.3k people, from which 93.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 10.8% of Portland, ME residents were born outside of the country (7.34k people).

In 2022, there were 9.55 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (55.8k people) in Portland, ME than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.84k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.39k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

93.9%
2022 Citizenship
94%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 93.9% of Portland, ME residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Portland, ME was 94%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Portland, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Portland, ME
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    55.8k ± 936
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    5.84k ± 702
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    2.39k ± 412
2.31%
Hispanic Population
1.58k people

In 2022, there were 9.55 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (55.8k people) in Portland, ME than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.84k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.39k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.31% of the people in Portland, ME are hispanic (1.58k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Portland, ME as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Maine.
Most Common Origin
  1. Canada
    9,723 ± 2,412 people
  2. China
    2,585 ± 1,247 people
  3. Germany
    2,409 ± 1,204 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maine was Canada, the natal country of 9,723 Maine residents, followed by China with 2,585 and Germany with 2,409.

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Foreign-Born Population

10.8%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
7.34k people
11.2%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
7.6k people

As of 2022, 10.8% of Portland, ME residents (7.34k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Portland, ME was 11.2%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Portland, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    963 ± 266
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    438 ± 155
  3. Korea
    302 ± 180

Portland, ME has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.2 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Portland, ME employs 39.5k people. The largest industries in Portland, ME are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,542 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (4,761 people), and Educational Services (4,491 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($130,607), Finance & Insurance ($66,373), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($63,995).

Males in Maine have an average income that is 1.23 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,509. The income inequality in Maine (measured using the Gini index) is 0.437, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

39.5k
2022 Value
± 1,523
0.211%
1 Year growth
± 5.31%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Portland, ME grew at a rate of 0.211%, from 39.4k employees to 39.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Portland, ME, are Management Occupations (5,142 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,853 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,406 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Portland, ME.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maine (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

39.5k
2022 Value
± 1,523
0.211%
1 Year growth
± 5.31%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Portland, ME grew at a rate of 0.211%, from 39.4k employees to 39.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Portland, ME, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,542 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (4,761 people), and Educational Services (4,491 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Portland, ME, though some of these residents may live in Portland, ME and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$50,290
Median earning men ± $2,846
$45,525
Median earning women ± $1,121

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($69,387), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($64,128), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($59,319).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($83,942), Public Administration ($69,306), and Construction ($68,440).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.
Y-Axis
1.54%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 627k people employed in Maine. This represents a 1.54% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Maine.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Maine went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 52.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (43.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.71%).

Susan Collins and Angus King are the senators currently representing the state of Maine. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Maine is currently represented by 2 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Maine

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.
Susan Collins
Senator from Maine2
Assumed office on January 3, 1997
Angus King
Senator from Maine1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Angus King of Maine and Bernie Sanders of Vermont join meetings of the Senate Democratic Caucus.

Susan Collins and Angus King are the senators currently representing Maine.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Maine over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Maine

Maine is currently represented by 2 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Maine have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Portland, ME awarded 2,150 degrees. The student population of Portland, ME in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,933 male students and 5,333 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Portland, ME are White (1,726 and 81.4%), followed by Black or African American (115 and 5.42%), Unknown (90 and 4.24%), and Hispanic or Latino (71 and 3.35%).

The largest universities in Portland, ME by number of degrees awarded are University of Southern Maine (1,918 and 89.2%), Maine College of Art & Design (145 and 6.74%), and Empire Beauty School-Maine (75 and 3.49%).

The most popular majors in Portland, ME are Registered Nursing (158 and 7.35%), Educational Psychology (96 and 4.47%), and General Business Administration & Management (88 and 4.09%).

The median tuition costs in Portland, ME are $39,100 for private four year colleges, and $8,064 and $22,680 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Portland, ME, the percentage of applicants admitted was 84.2%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 16.3%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 8,266 (35.5% men and 64.5% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 8,266 students enrolled in Portland, ME, 35.5% men and 64.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 6,470 records, of which 65.7% were women and 34.3% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 74 degrees awarded
  2. 158 degrees awarded
  3. 83 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Portland, ME was Other Social Sciences with 74 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Portland, ME according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,918 degrees awarded
  2. 145 degrees awarded
  3. 75 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Southern Maine with 1,918 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 696 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Portland, ME, which is 0.479 times less than the 1,454 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,726 degrees mean that there were 15 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 115 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($39,100) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,036) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,250) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.
Measure

In 2022, 0.538% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.438% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (355k), Some college (229k), and Bachelors Degree (225k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Portland, ME was $411,600 in 2022, which is 1.46 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $341,700 to $411,600, a 20.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Portland, ME is 45.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Portland, ME have an average commute time of 19.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Portland, ME is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Portland, ME is $71,498. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Portland, ME was Census Tract 21.01 with a value of $105,489, followed by Census Tract 20.02 and Census Tract 17, with respective values of $97,500 and $91,310.

Property

$411,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$15,163
$14,722
Median Property Taxes
±$798

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Portland, ME the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Portland, ME compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

45.6%
Homeownership
2022
61.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 45.6% of the housing units in Portland, ME were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 46.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Portland, ME compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 21.01
  2. Census Tract 20.02
  3. Census Tract 17

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Portland, ME was Census Tract 21.01 with a value of $105,489, followed by Census Tract 20.02 and Census Tract 17, with respective values of $97,500 and $91,310.

The following map shows all of the places in Portland, ME colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$71,498
Median Household Income
± $3,836
32.3k
Number of Households
± 1,329

In 2022, the median household income of the 32.3k households in Portland, ME grew to $71,498 from the previous year's value of $66,109.

The following chart displays the households in Portland, ME distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Portland, ME is from Maine.
0.437
2022 Wage GINI in Maine
0.436
2021 Wage GINI in Maine

In 2022, the income inequality in Maine was 0.437 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.204% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Maine was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maine in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maine across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (57.9%)
  2. Worked At Home (18.5%)
  3. Walked (12.1%)

In 2022, 57.9% of workers in Portland, ME drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (18.5%) and those who walked to work (12.1%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

19.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Portland, ME have a shorter commute time (19.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.79% of the workforce in Portland, ME have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Portland, ME compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Portland, ME distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Portland, ME have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

11.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Portland, ME (7.86k out of 66.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Portland, ME is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

93.9% of the population of Portland, ME has health coverage, with 53.1% on employee plans, 13.8% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 0.818% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, ME see 595 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.335% decrease from the previous year (597 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 959 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 132 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Cumberland County, ME.
595 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Cumberland County, ME

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, ME see an average of 595 patients per year. This represents a 0.335% decrease from the previous year (597 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cumberland County, ME in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 15.9% under 18 years, 29.8% between 18 and 34 years, 38.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.7% were men and 52.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.11%
Uninsured
53.1%
Employer Coverage
13.8%
Medicaid
12%
Medicare
14.1%
Non-Group
0.818%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Portland, ME declined by 12.4% from 6.98% to 6.11%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Portland, ME changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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