Palo Alto County, IA

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Population

9,110

0.492% decline

Median Age

42.3


Median Household Income

$50,470

2.77% growth

Poverty Rate

7.06%


Number of Employees

4,819

2.55% growth

Median Property Value

$98,100

13.3% growth

About

In 2017, Palo Alto County, IA had a population of 9.11k people with a median age of 42.3 and a median household income of $50,470. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Palo Alto County, IA declined from 9,155 to 9,110, a -0.492% decrease and its median household income grew from $49,109 to $50,470, a 2.77% increase.

The population of Palo Alto County, IA is 94.3% White Alone, 2.38% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.9% Black or African American Alone. 3.18% of the people in Palo Alto County, IA speak a non-English language, and 97.2% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Palo Alto County, IA is $98,100, and the homeownership rate is 75%. Most people in Palo Alto County, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 14.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Palo Alto County, IA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Palo Alto County, IA employs 4.82k people. The largest industries in Palo Alto County, IA are Manufacturing (644 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (641 people), and Retail Trade (546 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($63,125), Transportation & Warehousing ($51,375), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,917).

Median household income in Palo Alto County, IA is $50,470. Males in Palo Alto County, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Palo Alto County, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,470

2017 value

± $2,584

2.77%

1 Year Growth

± 7.74%

Households in Palo Alto County, IA have a median annual income of $50,470, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,109 in 2016, which represents a 2.77% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Palo Alto County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Iowa.

$58,922

Average Male Salary

± $1,635

$44,006

Average Female Salary

± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Palo Alto County, IA made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Palo Alto County, IA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $50,374 ± $7,648

  2. White

    $44,731 ± $967

  3. Black

    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Palo Alto County, IA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Palo Alto County, IA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Palo Alto County, IA is from Iowa.

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9601

  2. Census Tract 9602

  3. Census Tract 9604

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Palo Alto County, IA was Census Tract 9601 with a value of $59,063, followed by Census Tract 9602 and Census Tract 9604, with respective values of $46,458 and $45,850.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Palo Alto County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.06% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Palo Alto County, IA (618 out of 8.75k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    588 ± 96

  2. Two Or More

    19 ± 67

  3. Black

    10 ± 67

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Palo Alto County, IA is White, followed by Two Or More and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.82k

2017 Value

± 295

2.55%

1 Year growth

± 8.57%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Palo Alto County, IA grew at a rate of 2.55%, from 4.7k employees to 4.82k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Palo Alto County, IA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (628 people), Management Occupations (621 people), and Production Occupations (406 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Palo Alto County, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Palo Alto County, IA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (628 people), Management Occupations (621 people), and Production Occupations (406 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Palo Alto County, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.43 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.04 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Palo Alto County, IA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($68,750), Management Occupations ($50,710), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($50,625).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.82k

2017 Value

± 295

2.55%

1 Year growth

± 8.57%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Palo Alto County, IA grew at a rate of 2.55%, from 4.7k employees to 4.82k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Palo Alto County, IA, are Manufacturing (644 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (641 people), and Retail Trade (546 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Palo Alto County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Palo Alto County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Palo Alto County, IA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (644 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (641 people), and Retail Trade (546 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Palo Alto County, IA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (7.91 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.67 times), and Utilities (1.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Palo Alto County, IA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($63,125), Transportation & Warehousing ($51,375), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,917).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $18.8B

  3. $18.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery with $18.8B and Other ag prods. and $18.2B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$245B

2015 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

47.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Iowa trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 47.9% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.2B

  2. $16.1B

  3. $11.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $26.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.1B and Nebraska and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.8% of the population of Palo Alto County, IA has health coverage, with 47.8% on employee plans, 10.9% on Medicaid, 15% on Medicare, 18.6% on non-group plans, and 2.44% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Palo Alto County, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Palo Alto County, IA see 1827 patients per year on average, which represents a 20.5% increase from the previous year (1516 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4524 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1508 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1827 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Palo Alto County, IA see an average of 1827 patients per year. This represents a 20.5% increase from the previous year (1516 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Palo Alto County, IA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.23%

Uninsured

47.8%

Employer Coverage

10.9%

Medicaid

15%

Medicare

18.6%

Non-Group

2.44%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Palo Alto County, IA grew by 5.78% from 4.95% to 5.23%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Palo Alto County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Palo Alto County, IA is home to a population of 9.11k people, from which 97.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.06% of Palo Alto County, IA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Palo Alto County, IA is composed of 8.6k White Alone residents (94.3%), 217 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.38%), 173 Black or African American Alone residents (1.9%), 65 Two or More Races residents (0.714%), 46 Asian Alone residents (0.505%), 14 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.154%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Palo Alto County, IA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (164 speakers), French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (38 speakers), and German (27 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.1

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Palo Alto County, IA was 42.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Palo Alto County, IA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Palo Alto County, IA residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.06%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.25%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.06% of Palo Alto County, IA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Palo Alto County, IA was 2.25%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Palo Alto County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,844 ± 4,988 people

  2. China

    10,526 ± 2,515 people

  3. India

    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Palo Alto County, IA was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Palo Alto County, IA residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

97.2%

2017 Citizenship

98%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.2% of Palo Alto County, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Palo Alto County, IA was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Palo Alto County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    8.6k ± 13

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    217 ± 52.8

  3. Black or African American Alone

    173 ± 50

In 2017, there were 39.6 times more White Alone residents (8.6k people) in Palo Alto County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 217 Hispanic or Latino and 173 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Palo Alto County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    164 speakers (1.9%)

  2. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    38 speakers (0.439%)

  3. German

    27 speakers (0.312%)

3.18% of Palo Alto County, IA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Palo Alto County, IA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.9% of the overall population of Palo Alto County, IA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.439% speak French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) and 0.312% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    245 ± 56

  2. Korea

    115 ± 40

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    85 ± 41

Palo Alto County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.13 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Palo Alto County, IA was $98,100 in 2017, which is 0.451 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $86,600 to $98,100, a 13.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Palo Alto County, IA is 75%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Palo Alto County, IA have an average commute time of 14.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Palo Alto County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,470

Median Household Income

± $2,584

3.82k

Number of Households

± 254

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.82k households in Palo Alto County, IA grew to $50,470 from the previous year's value of $49,109.

The following chart displays the households in Palo Alto County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$98,100

2017 Median

± $8,387

$86,600

2016 Median

± $3,701

In 2017, the median property value in Palo Alto County, IA grew to to $98,100 from the previous year's value of $86,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Palo Alto County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Palo Alto County, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Palo Alto County, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Palo Alto County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

75%

2017 Homeownership

74.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 75% of the housing units in Palo Alto County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Palo Alto County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Palo Alto County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Palo Alto County, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

14.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Palo Alto County, IA have a shorter commute time (14.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.434% of the workforce in Palo Alto County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Palo Alto County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.6%

  2. Carpooled

    12.7%

  3. Walked

    4.27%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Palo Alto County, IA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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