Orleans Parish, LA

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Population

391,006

0.581% decline

Poverty Rate

25.4%


Median Age

37.3


Median Household Income

$38,423

3.85% growth

Number of Employees

176,055

1.85% decline

Median Property Value

$242,900

6.63% growth

About

In 2018, Orleans Parish, LA had a population of 391k people with a median age of 37.3 and a median household income of $38,423. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Orleans Parish, LA declined from 393,292 to 391,006, a -0.581% decrease and its median household income grew from $36,999 to $38,423, a 3.85% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Orleans Parish, LA are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (58.8%), White (Non-Hispanic) (30.5%), White (Hispanic) (3.56%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.78%), and Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (1.59%). N/A% of the people in Orleans Parish, LA speak a non-English language, and 97.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Orleans Parish, LA are Tulane University of Louisiana (4,416 degrees awarded in 2017), Delgado Community College (3,756 degrees), and University of New Orleans (1,725 degrees).

The median property value in Orleans Parish, LA is $242,900, and the homeownership rate is 48.3%. Most people in Orleans Parish, LA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Orleans Parish, LA is 1 car per household.

About the photo: French Quarter

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Louisiana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Louisiana, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Louisiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Louisiana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Louisiana across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Orleans Parish, LA employs 176k people. The largest industries in Orleans Parish, LA are Accommodation & Food Services (26,081 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (23,290 people), and Educational Services (20,928 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($84,107), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,299), and Finance & Insurance ($60,595).

Median household income in Orleans Parish, LA is $38,423. Males in Orleans Parish, LA have an average income that is 1.56 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,815. The income inequality in Orleans Parish, LA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$38,423

2018 value

± $2,033

3.85%

1 Year Growth

± 7.22%

Households in Orleans Parish, LA have a median annual income of $38,423, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $36,999 in 2017, which represents a 3.85% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Orleans Parish, LA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Louisiana.

$65,054

Average Male Salary

± $1,713

$41,815

Average Female Salary

± $1,033

In 2018, full-time male employees in Louisiana made 1.56 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Louisiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Louisiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $54,325 ± $1,279

  2. Two or More Races

    $46,528 ± $8,199

  3. Asian

    $42,224 ± $6,418

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Louisiana workers was White. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Louisiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Orleans Parish, LA is from Louisiana.

0.466

2018 Wage GINI

0.468

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Louisiana was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.46% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Louisiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Louisiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Louisiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 6.12

  2. Census Tract 116

  3. Census Tract 76.04

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Orleans Parish, LA was Census Tract 6.12 with a value of $175,000, followed by Census Tract 116 and Census Tract 76.04, with respective values of $164,688 and $163,800.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Orleans Parish, LA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Orleans Parish, LA (95.3k out of 376k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    74,967 ± 1,677

  2. White

    15,559 ± 685

  3. Hispanic

    4,684 ± 442

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Orleans Parish, LA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

176k

2018 Value

± 6,289

-1.85%

1 Year decline

± 5.15%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Orleans Parish, LA declined at a rate of -1.85%, from 179k employees to 176k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Orleans Parish, LA, are Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (20,493 people), Management Occupations (17,796 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,938 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Orleans Parish, LA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Orleans Parish, LA, by number of employees, are Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (20,493 people), Management Occupations (17,796 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,938 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Orleans Parish, LA has an unusually high number of residents working as Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2.02 times higher than expected), Legal Occupations (1.9 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.74 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Orleans Parish, LA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($77,461), Legal Occupations ($72,438), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($64,391).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

176k

2018 Value

± 6,289

-1.85%

1 Year decline

± 5.15%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Orleans Parish, LA declined at a rate of -1.85%, from 179k employees to 176k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Orleans Parish, LA, are Accommodation & Food Services (26,081 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (23,290 people), and Educational Services (20,928 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Orleans Parish, LA, though some of these residents may live in Orleans Parish, LA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Orleans Parish, LA, by number of employees, are Accommodation & Food Services (26,081 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (23,290 people), and Educational Services (20,928 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Orleans Parish, LA has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (2.05 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.96 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.61 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Orleans Parish, LA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($84,107), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,299), and Finance & Insurance ($60,595).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $79.9B

  2. $78.1B

  3. $43.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Louisiana product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $79.9B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($78.1B) and Basic chemicals ($43.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Louisiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Louisiana state.

$395B

2020 Value

$476B

Projected 2045 Value

20.5% growth

In 2020, total outbound Louisiana trade was $395B. This is expected to increase 20.5% to $476B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Louisiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $41.9B

  2. $38.6B

  3. $13.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Louisiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $41.9B, followed by Mississippi with $38.6B and Florida and $13.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Louisiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.1% of the population of Orleans Parish, LA has health coverage, with 37.2% on employee plans, 30.6% on Medicaid, 10% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 1.52% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Orleans Parish, LA was $7,815 in 2014. This is a 4.38% increase from the previous year ($7,487).

Primary care physicians in Orleans Parish, LA see 1107 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.79% decrease from the previous year (1175 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1466 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 239 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tensas Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, Assumption Parish has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,107 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Orleans Parish, LA see an average of 1,107 patients per year. This represents a 5.79% decrease from the previous year (1,175 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Orleans Parish, LA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.

$7,815

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,420

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,281

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,811

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Louisiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.38%, from $7,487 to $7,815.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.92%

Uninsured

37.2%

Employer Coverage

30.6%

Medicaid

10%

Medicare

11.7%

Non-Group

1.52%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Orleans Parish, LA declined by 6.76% from 9.57% to 8.92%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Orleans Parish, LA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 15.6% prevalence

Tensas Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Orleans Parish, LA is home to a population of 391k people, from which 97.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.79% of Orleans Parish, LA residents were born outside of the country (22.8k people).

In 2018, there were 1.93 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (230k people) in Orleans Parish, LA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 119k White (Non-Hispanic) and 13.9k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.5

In 2018, the median age of all people in Orleans Parish, LA was 37.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Orleans Parish, LA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Orleans Parish, LA residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.79%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

22.8k people

5.76%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

22.6k people

As of 2017, 5.79% of Orleans Parish, LA residents (22.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Orleans Parish, LA was 5.76%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Orleans Parish, LA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Louisiana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    30,501 ± 4,274 people

  2. Honduras

    28,358 ± 4,122 people

  3. Vietnam

    18,763 ± 3,356 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Louisiana was Mexico, the natal country of 30,501 Louisiana residents, followed by Honduras with 28,358 and Vietnam with 18,763.

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Citizenship

97.2%

2018 Citizenship

97.1%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.2% of Orleans Parish, LA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Orleans Parish, LA was 97.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Orleans Parish, LA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Orleans Parish, LA

  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    230k ± 1.51k

  2. White (Non-Hispanic)

    119k ± 422

  3. White (Hispanic)

    13.9k ± 1.71k

In 2018, there were 1.93 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (230k people) in Orleans Parish, LA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 119k White (Non-Hispanic) and 13.9k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Orleans Parish, LA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,227 ± 886

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,109 ± 948

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,972 ± 770

Orleans Parish, LA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.68 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Orleans Parish, LA awarded 14,145 degrees. The student population of Orleans Parish, LA is skewed towards women, with 18,147 male students and 31,567 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Orleans Parish, LA are White (6,976 and 52.8%), followed by Black or African American (3,373 and 25.6%), Hispanic or Latino (1,011 and 7.66%), and Unknown (782 and 5.92%).

The largest universities in Orleans Parish, LA by number of degrees awarded are Tulane University of Louisiana (4,416 and 31.2%), Delgado Community College (3,756 and 26.6%), and University of New Orleans (1,725 and 12.2%).

The most popular majors in Orleans Parish, LA are General Studies (969 and 6.85%), General Business Administration & Management (622 and 4.4%), and Registered Nursing (516 and 3.65%).

The median tuition costs in Orleans Parish, LA are $18,896 for private four year colleges, and $6,090 and $10,926 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 384 degrees awarded

  2. 330 degrees awarded

  3. 434 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Orleans Parish, LA was General Business Administration & Management with 384 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Orleans Parish, LA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,416 degrees awarded

  2. 3,756 degrees awarded

  3. 1,725 degrees awarded

$6,090

Median In-State Public

$18,896

Median Private

In 2017, the Orleans Parish, LA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Tulane University of Louisiana with 4,416 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,597

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,548

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 5,597 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Orleans Parish, LA, which is 0.655 times less than the 8,548 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Orleans Parish, LA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    6,976 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,373 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1,011 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Orleans Parish, LA were to White students. These 6,976 degrees mean that there were 2.07 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,373 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Orleans Parish, LA was $242,900 in 2018, which is 1.06 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $227,800 to $242,900, a 6.63% increase. The homeownership rate in Orleans Parish, LA is 48.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Orleans Parish, LA have an average commute time of 23.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Orleans Parish, LA is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$242,900

2018 Median

± $8,652

$227,800

2017 Median

± $10,285

In 2018, the median property value in Orleans Parish, LA grew to to $242,900 from the previous year's value of $227,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Orleans Parish, LA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orleans Parish, LA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$38,423

Median Household Income

± $2,033

155k

Number of Households

± 5,216

In 2018, the median household income of the 155k households in Orleans Parish, LA grew to $38,423 from the previous year's value of $36,999.

The following chart displays the households in Orleans Parish, LA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Orleans Parish, LA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orleans Parish, LA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

48.3%

2018 Homeownership

47.2%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 48.3% of the housing units in Orleans Parish, LA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 47.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Orleans Parish, LA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Orleans Parish, LA have a shorter commute time (23.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.27% of the workforce in Orleans Parish, LA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Orleans Parish, LA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    68%

  2. Carpooled

    8.17%

  3. Public Transit

    6.86%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Orleans Parish, LA was Drove Alone (68%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.17%) and those who Public Transit (6.86%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Orleans Parish, LA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Orleans Parish, LA have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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