Orleans Parish, LA

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Population

393,292

0.459% growth

Median Age

36.7


Median Household Income

$36,999

4.35% decline

Poverty Rate

25.4%


Number of Employees

179,377

1.41% decline

Median Property Value

$227,800

3.69% growth

About

In 2017, Orleans Parish, LA had a population of 393k people with a median age of 36.7 and a median household income of $36,999. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Orleans Parish, LA grew from 391,495 to 393,292, a 0.459% increase and its median household income declined from $38,681 to $36,999, a -4.35% decrease.

The population of Orleans Parish, LA is 58.5% Black or African American Alone, 30.6% White Alone, and 5.68% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Orleans Parish, LA speak a non-English language, and 97.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Orleans Parish, LA are Tulane University of Louisiana (4,548 degrees awarded in 2016), Delgado Community College (3,600 degrees), and University of New Orleans (1,834 degrees).

The median property value in Orleans Parish, LA is $227,800, and the homeownership rate is 47.2%. Most people in Orleans Parish, LA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Orleans Parish, LA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: French Quarter

Economy

The economy of Orleans Parish, LA employs 179k people. The largest industries in Orleans Parish, LA are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,416 people), Accommodation & Food Services (23,886 people), and Educational Services (21,975 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($86,274), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($85,295), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,120).

Median household income in Orleans Parish, LA is $36,999. Males in Orleans Parish, LA have an average income that is 1.5 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,387. The income inequality in Orleans Parish, LA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.468, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$36,999

2017 value

± $1,963

-4.35%

1 Year Growth

± 8.26%

Households in Orleans Parish, LA have a median annual income of $36,999, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,681 in 2016, which represents a -4.35% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Orleans Parish, LA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Louisiana.

$62,283

Average Male Salary

± $1,582

$41,387

Average Female Salary

± $1,067

In 2017, full-time male employees in Louisiana made 1.5 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Louisiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Louisiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,521 ± $10,475

  2. White

    $52,016 ± $1,199

  3. American Indian

    $46,307 ± $10,681

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Louisiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.18 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Louisiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Orleans Parish, LA is from Louisiana.

0.468

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Louisiana was 0.468 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.668% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Louisiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Louisiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Louisiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 6.12

  2. Census Tract 76.04

  3. Census Tract 116

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Orleans Parish, LA was Census Tract 6.12 with a value of $161,250, followed by Census Tract 76.04 and Census Tract 116, with respective values of $155,714 and $151,696.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Orleans Parish, LA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Orleans Parish, LA (95.3k out of 376k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    74,967 ± 1,677

  2. White

    15,559 ± 685

  3. Hispanic

    4,684 ± 442

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Orleans Parish, LA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

179k

2017 Value

± 6,411

-1.41%

1 Year decline

± 4.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Orleans Parish, LA declined at a rate of -1.41%, from 182k employees to 179k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Orleans Parish, LA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (21,157 people), Management Occupations (18,128 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (18,017 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Orleans Parish, LA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Orleans Parish, LA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (21,157 people), Management Occupations (18,128 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (18,017 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Orleans Parish, LA has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (2.67 times higher than expected), Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.98 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.62 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Orleans Parish, LA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($87,897), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($83,846), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($76,188).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

179k

2017 Value

± 6,411

-1.41%

1 Year decline

± 4.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Orleans Parish, LA declined at a rate of -1.41%, from 182k employees to 179k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Orleans Parish, LA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,416 people), Accommodation & Food Services (23,886 people), and Educational Services (21,975 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Orleans Parish, LA, though some of these residents may live in Orleans Parish, LA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Orleans Parish, LA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,416 people), Accommodation & Food Services (23,886 people), and Educational Services (21,975 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Orleans Parish, LA has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.81 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.74 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.54 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Orleans Parish, LA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($86,274), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($85,295), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,120).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $81.6B

  2. $69.1B

  3. $38B

In 2015, the top outbound Louisiana product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $81.6B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($69.1B) and Basic chemicals ($38B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Louisiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Louisiana state.

$365B

2015 Value

$476B

Projected 2045 Value

30.3% growth

In 2015, total outbound Louisiana trade was $365B. This is expected to increase 30.3% to $476B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Louisiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $38.9B

  2. $36B

  3. $14.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Louisiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $38.9B, followed by Mississippi with $36B and Florida and $14.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Louisiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.1% of the population of Orleans Parish, LA has health coverage, with 37.2% on employee plans, 30.6% on Medicaid, 10% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 1.52% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Orleans Parish, LA was $7,815 in 2014. This is a 4.38% increase from the previous year ($7,487).

Primary care physicians in Orleans Parish, LA see 1107 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.79% decrease from the previous year (1175 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1466 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 239 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tensas Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, Assumption Parish has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,107 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Orleans Parish, LA see an average of 1,107 patients per year. This represents a 5.79% decrease from the previous year (1,175 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Orleans Parish, LA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.

$7,815

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,420

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,281

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,811

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Louisiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.38%, from $7,487 to $7,815.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.92%

Uninsured

37.2%

Employer Coverage

30.6%

Medicaid

10%

Medicare

11.7%

Non-Group

1.52%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Orleans Parish, LA declined by 6.76% from 9.57% to 8.92%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Orleans Parish, LA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 15.6% prevalence

Tensas Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Orleans Parish, LA is home to a population of 393k people, from which 97.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.79% of Orleans Parish, LA residents were born outside of the country (22.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Orleans Parish, LA is composed of 230k Black or African American Alone residents (58.5%), 121k White Alone residents (30.6%), 22.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.68%), 11.4k Asian Alone residents (2.91%), 6.93k Two or More Races residents (1.76%), 1.55k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.394%), 549 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.14%), and 28 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00712%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Orleans Parish, LA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Orleans Parish, LA was 36.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Orleans Parish, LA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Orleans Parish, LA residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.79%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

22.8k people

5.76%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

22.6k people

As of 2017, 5.79% of Orleans Parish, LA residents (22.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Orleans Parish, LA was 5.76%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Orleans Parish, LA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Louisiana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    30,006 ± 4,239 people

  2. Honduras

    29,778 ± 4,223 people

  3. Vietnam

    15,817 ± 3,082 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Louisiana was Mexico, the natal country of 30,006 Louisiana residents, followed by Honduras with 29,778 and Vietnam with 15,817.

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Citizenship

97.1%

2017 Citizenship

96.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.1% of Orleans Parish, LA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Orleans Parish, LA was 96.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Orleans Parish, LA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    230k ± 1.66k

  2. White Alone

    121k ± 283

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    22.3k ± 2.54k

In 2017, there were 1.91 times more Black or African American Alone residents (230k people) in Orleans Parish, LA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 121k White Alone and 22.3k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Orleans Parish, LA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Orleans Parish, LA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Orleans Parish, LA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Orleans Parish, LA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,855 ± 888

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,872 ± 731

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,849 ± 597

Orleans Parish, LA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.69 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Orleans Parish, LA awarded 15,030 degrees. The student population of Orleans Parish, LA is skewed towards women, with 20,975 male students and 32,631 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Orleans Parish, LA are White (6,937 and 49.5%), followed by Black or African American (3,560 and 25.4%), Unknown (1,466 and 10.5%), and Hispanic or Latino (1,072 and 7.64%).

The largest universities in Orleans Parish, LA by number of degrees awarded are Tulane University of Louisiana (4,548 and 30.3%), Delgado Community College (3,600 and 24%), and University of New Orleans (1,834 and 12.2%).

The most popular majors in Orleans Parish, LA are General Studies (1,067 and 7.1%), Registered Nursing (645 and 4.29%), and General Business Administration & Management (640 and 4.26%).

The median tuition costs in Orleans Parish, LA are $20,594 for private four year colleges, and $7,020 and $15,495 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 377 degrees awarded

  2. 367 degrees awarded

  3. 378 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Orleans Parish, LA was General Psychology with 377 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Orleans Parish, LA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,548 degrees awarded

  2. 3,600 degrees awarded

  3. 1,834 degrees awarded

$7,020

Median In-State Public

$20,594

Median Private

In 2016, the Orleans Parish, LA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Tulane University of Louisiana with 4,548 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,858

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,172

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,858 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Orleans Parish, LA, which is 0.639 times less than the 9,172 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Orleans Parish, LA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    6,937 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,560 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    1,466 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Orleans Parish, LA were to White students. These 6,937 degrees mean that there were 1.95 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,560 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Orleans Parish, LA was $227,800 in 2017, which is 1.05 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $219,700 to $227,800, a 3.69% increase. The homeownership rate in Orleans Parish, LA is 47.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Orleans Parish, LA have an average commute time of 21.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Orleans Parish, LA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$36,999

Median Household Income

± $1,963

155k

Number of Households

± 5,104

In 2017, the median household income of the 155k households in Orleans Parish, LA declined from $36,999 from the previous year's value of $38,681.

The following chart displays the households in Orleans Parish, LA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$227,800

2017 Median

± $10,285

$219,700

2016 Median

± $8,942

In 2017, the median property value in Orleans Parish, LA grew to to $227,800 from the previous year's value of $219,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Orleans Parish, LA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orleans Parish, LA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Orleans Parish, LA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orleans Parish, LA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

47.2%

2017 Homeownership

46.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 47.2% of the housing units in Orleans Parish, LA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 46.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Orleans Parish, LA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Orleans Parish, LA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Orleans Parish, LA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Orleans Parish, LA have a shorter commute time (21.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.54% of the workforce in Orleans Parish, LA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Orleans Parish, LA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    66.9%

  2. Carpooled

    9.31%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.32%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Orleans Parish, LA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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