Ontonagon County, MI

County

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2019 Population
5,877
1.52% 1-year decline
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
58.6
0.861% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
13.7%
10.6% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$41,546
6.79% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$70,000
2.49% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
2,033
1.6% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Ontonagon County, MI had a population of 5.88k people with a median age of 58.6 and a median household income of $41,546. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Ontonagon County, MI declined from 5,968 to 5,877, a −1.52% decrease and its median household income grew from $38,906 to $41,546, a 6.79% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Ontonagon County, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (94.9%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.74%), White (Hispanic) (1.05%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (0.766%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.493%). 0% of the households in Ontonagon County, MI speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

99.4% of the residents in Ontonagon County, MI are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Ontonagon County, MI was $70,000, and the homeownership rate was 88.2%. Most people in Ontonagon County, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Ontonagon County, MI was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: A crescent moon rises during a beautiful Lake Superior Sunset.

Diversity

Ontonagon County, MI is home to a population of 5.88k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2019, 2.11% of Ontonagon County, MI residents were born outside of the country (124 people).

In 2019, there were 54.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (5.58k people) in Ontonagon County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 102 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 62 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Ontonagon County, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    5.58k ± 4
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    102 ± 35.3
  3. White (Hispanic)
    62 ± 16
1.51%
Hispanic Population
89 people

In 2019, there were 54.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (5.58k people) in Ontonagon County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 102 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 62 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.51% of the people in Ontonagon County, MI are hispanic (89 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Ontonagon County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.11%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
124 people
1.49%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
89 people

As of 2019, 2.11% of Ontonagon County, MI residents (124 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ontonagon County, MI was 1.49%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ontonagon County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

58
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.4
67
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 4.3

In 2019, the median age of all people in Ontonagon County, MI was 58.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 58, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 67. But people in Ontonagon County, MI are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Ontonagon County, MI residents was 58.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    80,443 ± 6,935 people
  2. India
    73,340 ± 6,624 people
  3. Iraq
    55,052 ± 5,745 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 80,443 Michigan residents, followed by India with 73,340 and Iraq with 55,052.

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Citizenship

99.4%
2019 Citizenship
99.5%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 99.4% of Ontonagon County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Ontonagon County, MI was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ontonagon County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    374 ± 52
  2. Korea
    73 ± 27
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    63 ± 22

Ontonagon County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 5.12 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Michigan. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Michigan, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Michigan across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Ontonagon County, MI is $41,546. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Ontonagon County, MI was Census Tract 9702 with a value of $42,344, followed by Census Tract 9703 and Census Tract 9701, with respective values of $42,344 and $38,750.

Males in Michigan have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,622. The income inequality in Michigan (measured using the Gini index) is 0.475, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Ontonagon County, MI employs 2.03k people. The largest industries in Ontonagon County, MI are Health Care & Social Assistance (349 people), Retail Trade (231 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (204 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($82,083), Utilities ($58,500), and Public Administration ($45,000).

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,546
2019 value
± $2,306
6.79%
1 Year Growth
± 7.26%

Households in Ontonagon County, MI have a median annual income of $41,546, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,906 in 2018, which represents a 6.79% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Ontonagon County, MI compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
$67,777
Average Male Salary in Michigan
± $1,173
$49,622
Average Female Salary in Michigan
± $892

In 2019, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Michigan
  1. Asian
    $66,769 ± $4,515
  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $58,569 ± $71,898
  3. White
    $51,731 ± $750

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Michigan.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ontonagon County, MI is from Michigan.
0.475
2019 Wage GINI in Michigan
0.476
2018 Wage GINI in Michigan

In 2019, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.475 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.169% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9702
  2. Census Tract 9703
  3. Census Tract 9701

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ontonagon County, MI was Census Tract 9702 with a value of $42,344, followed by Census Tract 9703 and Census Tract 9701, with respective values of $42,344 and $38,750.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Ontonagon County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 55 - 64
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ontonagon County, MI (793 out of 5.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 55 - 64, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    734 ± 90
  2. Two Or More
    19 ± 73
  3. Black
    18 ± 74

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ontonagon County, MI is White, followed by Two Or More and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.03k
2019 Value
± 139
−1.6%
1 Year decline
± 9.86%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Ontonagon County, MI declined at a rate of −1.6%, from 2.07k employees to 2.03k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ontonagon County, MI, are Sales & Related Occupations (238 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (193 people), and Management Occupations (173 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ontonagon County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ontonagon County, MI, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (238 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (193 people), and Management Occupations (173 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ontonagon County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (4.08 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.4 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.59 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ontonagon County, MI, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($73,333), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($57,679), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($56,250).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.03k
2019 Value
± 139
−1.6%
1 Year decline
± 9.86%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Ontonagon County, MI declined at a rate of −1.6%, from 2.07k employees to 2.03k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ontonagon County, MI, are Health Care & Social Assistance (349 people), Retail Trade (231 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (204 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ontonagon County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Ontonagon County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ontonagon County, MI, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (349 people), Retail Trade (231 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (204 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ontonagon County, MI has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.75 times higher than expected), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (2.27 times), and Utilities (1.96 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ontonagon County, MI, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($82,083), Utilities ($58,500), and Public Administration ($45,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $213B
  2. $50.8B
  3. $37.9B

In 2018, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $213B, followed by Machinery ($50.8B) and Mixed freight ($37.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan.
$636B
2018 Value in Michigan
$1.17T
Projected 2045 Value in Michigan
83.6% growth

In 2018, total outbound Michigan trade was $636B. This is expected to increase 83.6% to $1.17T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $44B
  2. $33.2B
  3. $30.5B

In 2018, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $44B, followed by Indiana with $33.2B and Texas and $30.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Ontonagon County, MI went to Donald J. Trump with 60.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (34.3%), followed by Other (5.37%). The most partisan county was Missaukee County, MI with 73.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Michigan.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Ontonagon County, MI
60.3% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Michigan
  1. 73.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 70.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 69.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Michigan was Missaukee County, MI with 73.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Michigan colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ontonagon County, MI was $70,000 in 2019, which is 0.291 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $68,300 to $70,000, a 2.49% increase. The homeownership rate in Ontonagon County, MI is 88.2%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Ontonagon County, MI have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Ontonagon County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$70,000
2019 Median
± $3,811
$68,300
2018 Median
± $3,317

In 2019, the median property value in Ontonagon County, MI grew to to $70,000 from the previous year's value of $68,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ontonagon County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ontonagon County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $40k - $50k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$41,546
Median Household Income
± $2,306
2.79k
Number of Households
± 164

In 2019, the median household income of the 2.79k households in Ontonagon County, MI grew to $41,546 from the previous year's value of $38,906.

The following chart displays the households in Ontonagon County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ontonagon County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ontonagon County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

88.2%
2019 Homeownership
88.1%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 88.2% of the housing units in Ontonagon County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 88.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ontonagon County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ontonagon County, MI have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.9% of the workforce in Ontonagon County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ontonagon County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (81%)
  2. Worked At Home (7.28%)
  3. Carpooled (6.04%)

In 2019, 81% of workers in Ontonagon County, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (7.28%) and those who carpooled to work (6.04%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ontonagon County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ontonagon County, MI have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

92.9% of the population of Ontonagon County, MI has health coverage, with 29.9% on employee plans, 15.9% on Medicaid, 26.1% on Medicare, 17% on non-group plans, and 3.81% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Michigan was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Ontonagon County, MI see 5795 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.46% decrease from the previous year (5881 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1907 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 5720 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Montmorency County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.6%). Additionally, Gratiot County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

5,795 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Ontonagon County, MI

Primary care physicians in Ontonagon County, MI see an average of 5,795 patients per year. This represents a 1.46% decrease from the previous year (5,881 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ontonagon County, MI in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
$8,055
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Michigan
$3,950
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,915
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,318
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.15%
Uninsured
29.9%
Employer Coverage
15.9%
Medicaid
26.1%
Medicare
17%
Non-Group
3.81%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ontonagon County, MI declined by 19% from 8.82% to 7.15%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ontonagon County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 18.6% prevalence
  2. 18.3% prevalence
  3. 17.1% prevalence

Montmorency County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 18.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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