Ontonagon County, MI

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Population

6,072

1.51% decline

Median Age

57.1


Median Household Income

$36,073

2.95% growth

Poverty Rate

15.5%


Number of Employees

2,021

3.16% growth

Median Property Value

$69,500

0% growth

About

In 2017, Ontonagon County, MI had a population of 6.07k people with a median age of 57.1 and a median household income of $36,073. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ontonagon County, MI declined from 6,165 to 6,072, a -1.51% decrease and its median household income grew from $35,038 to $36,073, a 2.95% increase.

The population of Ontonagon County, MI is 95.2% White Alone, 1.83% Two or More Races, and 1.35% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Ontonagon County, MI speak a non-English language, and 99.6% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Ontonagon County, MI is $69,500, and the homeownership rate is 88.2%. Most people in Ontonagon County, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Ontonagon County, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: A crescent moon rises during a beautiful Lake Superior Sunset.

Economy

The economy of Ontonagon County, MI employs 2.02k people. The largest industries in Ontonagon County, MI are Health Care & Social Assistance (343 people), Retail Trade (204 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (178 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($103,750), Utilities ($52,813), and Public Administration ($41,917).

Median household income in Ontonagon County, MI is $36,073. Males in Ontonagon County, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Ontonagon County, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$36,073

2017 value

± $2,473

2.95%

1 Year Growth

± 8.78%

Households in Ontonagon County, MI have a median annual income of $36,073, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $35,038 in 2016, which represents a 2.95% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ontonagon County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ontonagon County, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9703

  2. Census Tract 9701

  3. Census Tract 9702

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ontonagon County, MI was Census Tract 9703 with a value of $36,528, followed by Census Tract 9701 and Census Tract 9702, with respective values of $36,250 and $35,841.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Ontonagon County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ontonagon County, MI (930 out of 6.01k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Females 75+.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    883 ± 94

  2. Two Or More

    20 ± 69

  3. Hispanic

    12 ± 68

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ontonagon County, MI is White, followed by Two Or More and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.02k

2017 Value

± 146

3.16%

1 Year growth

± 9.73%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ontonagon County, MI grew at a rate of 3.16%, from 1.96k employees to 2.02k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ontonagon County, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (230 people), Sales & Related Occupations (175 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (155 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ontonagon County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ontonagon County, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (230 people), Sales & Related Occupations (175 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (155 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ontonagon County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.52 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.28 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (2.03 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ontonagon County, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($60,179), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations ($52,778), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($50,833).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.02k

2017 Value

± 146

3.16%

1 Year growth

± 9.73%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ontonagon County, MI grew at a rate of 3.16%, from 1.96k employees to 2.02k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ontonagon County, MI, are Health Care & Social Assistance (343 people), Retail Trade (204 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (178 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ontonagon County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Ontonagon County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ontonagon County, MI, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (343 people), Retail Trade (204 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (178 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ontonagon County, MI has an unusually high number of Utilities (5.4 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.14 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (2.34 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ontonagon County, MI, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($103,750), Utilities ($52,813), and Public Administration ($41,917).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.8% of the population of Ontonagon County, MI has health coverage, with 28.3% on employee plans, 12.3% on Medicaid, 24.5% on Medicare, 17.3% on non-group plans, and 4.33% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Ontonagon County, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Ontonagon County, MI see 6007 patients per year on average, which represents a 94.7% increase from the previous year (3086 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1970 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 5911 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

6,007 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ontonagon County, MI see an average of 6,007 patients per year. This represents a 94.7% increase from the previous year (3,086 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ontonagon County, MI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.2%

Uninsured

28.3%

Employer Coverage

12.3%

Medicaid

24.5%

Medicare

17.3%

Non-Group

4.33%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ontonagon County, MI grew by 3.38% from 12.7% to 13.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ontonagon County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ontonagon County, MI is home to a population of 6.07k people, from which 99.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.84% of Ontonagon County, MI residents were born outside of the country (51 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Ontonagon County, MI is composed of 5.78k White Alone residents (95.2%), 111 Two or More Races residents (1.83%), 82 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.35%), 63 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.04%), 19 Black or African American Alone residents (0.313%), 8 Asian Alone residents (0.132%), 4 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0659%), and 4 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0659%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ontonagon County, MI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

57

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

66

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ontonagon County, MI was 57.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 57, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 66. But people in Ontonagon County, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Ontonagon County, MI residents was 57.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.84%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

51 people

1.77%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

109 people

As of 2017, 0.84% of Ontonagon County, MI residents (51 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ontonagon County, MI was 1.77%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ontonagon County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Michigan residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

99.6%

2017 Citizenship

99.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.6% of Ontonagon County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Ontonagon County, MI was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ontonagon County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    5.78k ± 6

  2. Two or More Races

    111 ± 32.2

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    82 ± 39.2

In 2017, there were 52.1 times more White Alone residents (5.78k people) in Ontonagon County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 111 Two or More Races and 82 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ontonagon County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Ontonagon County, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Ontonagon County, MI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Ontonagon County, MI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    378 ± 47

  2. Korea

    116 ± 27

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    61 ± 26

Ontonagon County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.26 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ontonagon County, MI was $69,500 in 2017, which is 0.319 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $69,500 to $69,500, a 0% change. The homeownership rate in Ontonagon County, MI is 88.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ontonagon County, MI have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ontonagon County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$36,073

Median Household Income

± $2,473

2.95k

Number of Households

± 172

In 2017, the median household income of the 2.95k households in Ontonagon County, MI grew to $36,073 from the previous year's value of $35,038.

The following chart displays the households in Ontonagon County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $25k - $30k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$69,500

2017 Median

± $2,968

$69,500

2016 Median

± $3,817

In 2017, the median property value in Ontonagon County, MI stayed at to $69,500 from the previous year's value of $69,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ontonagon County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ontonagon County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ontonagon County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ontonagon County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

88.2%

2017 Homeownership

87.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 88.2% of the housing units in Ontonagon County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 87.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ontonagon County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ontonagon County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ontonagon County, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ontonagon County, MI have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.39% of the workforce in Ontonagon County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ontonagon County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.8%

  2. Carpooled

    6.78%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.94%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ontonagon County, MI was Drove Alone (80.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.78%) and those who Worked At Home (5.94%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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