Oakland, CA

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Population

425,204

1.24% growth

Median Age

36.7


Median Household Income

$70,577

3.7% growth

Poverty Rate

18.7%


Number of Employees

224,968

0.889% growth

Median Property Value

$686,700

5.69% growth

About

In 2017, Oakland, CA had a population of 425k people with a median age of 36.7 and a median household income of $70,577. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Oakland, CA grew from 419,987 to 425,204, a 1.24% increase and its median household income grew from $68,060 to $70,577, a 3.7% increase.

The population of Oakland, CA is 28.4% Hispanic or Latino, 27% White Alone, and 22.9% Black or African American Alone. 40.3% of the people in Oakland, CA speak a non-English language, and 83.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Oakland, CA are Merritt College (916 degrees awarded in 2016), Laney College (858 degrees), and Samuel Merritt University (662 degrees).

The median property value in Oakland, CA is $686,700, and the homeownership rate is 39.3%. Most people in Oakland, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Oakland, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: The hills and downtown at sunset from the border of Sibley Volcanic and Huckleberry Preserves.

Economy

The economy of Oakland, CA employs 225k people. The largest industries in Oakland, CA are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (30,044 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (28,346 people), and Educational Services (23,997 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($93,590), Finance & Insurance ($91,148), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($85,703).

Median household income in Oakland, CA is $70,577. Males in Oakland, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,658. The income inequality in Oakland, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.497, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$70,577

2017 value

± $3,381

3.7%

1 Year Growth

± 7.13%

Households in Oakland, CA have a median annual income of $70,577, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $68,060 in 2016, which represents a 3.7% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Oakland, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the California.

$75,050

Average Male Salary

± $702

$59,658

Average Female Salary

± $597

In 2017, full-time male employees in Oakland, CA made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oakland, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $69,782 ± $1,103

  2. White

    $63,110 ± $578

  3. Two or More Races

    $51,776 ± $1,728

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oakland, CA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.11 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oakland, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Oakland, CA is from California.

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

0.503

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.497 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.1% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4051

  2. Census Tract 4043

  3. Census Tract 4045.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Oakland, CA was Census Tract 4051 with a value of $188,769, followed by Census Tract 4043 and Census Tract 4045.01, with respective values of $178,385 and $176,058.

The following map shows all of the places in Oakland, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Oakland, CA (77.3k out of 413k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    25,926 ± 1,149

  2. Hispanic

    24,976 ± 1,123

  3. White

    18,178 ± 951

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Oakland, CA is Black, followed by Hispanic and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

225k

2017 Value

± 8,006

0.889%

1 Year growth

± 4.81%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Oakland, CA grew at a rate of 0.889%, from 223k employees to 225k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Oakland, CA, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (15,537 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (8,233 people), and Cooks & Food Preparation Workers (7,979 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Oakland, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Oakland, CA, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (15,537 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (8,233 people), and Cooks & Food Preparation Workers (7,979 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Oakland, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Special Education Te (7.18 times higher than expected), Preschool & Kinder (5.65 times), and Architects, Surveyors, & Cartographers (3.68 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Oakland, CA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($114,177), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($108,885), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($94,678).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

225k

2017 Value

± 8,006

0.889%

1 Year growth

± 4.81%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Oakland, CA grew at a rate of 0.889%, from 223k employees to 225k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Oakland, CA, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (30,044 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (28,346 people), and Educational Services (23,997 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Oakland, CA, though some of these residents may live in Oakland, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Oakland, CA, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (30,044 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (28,346 people), and Educational Services (23,997 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Oakland, CA has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.79 times higher than expected), Information (1.54 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Oakland, CA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($93,590), Finance & Insurance ($91,148), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($85,703).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight with $157B and Gasoline and $127B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.4% of the population of Oakland, CA has health coverage, with 44.7% on employee plans, 25.6% on Medicaid, 8.51% on Medicare, 10.9% on non-group plans, and 0.697% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Oakland, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Oakland, CA see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

1281 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.63%

Uninsured

44.7%

Employer Coverage

25.6%

Medicaid

8.51%

Medicare

10.9%

Non-Group

0.697%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Oakland, CA grew by 29.6% from 7.43% to 9.63%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Oakland, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Oakland, CA is home to a population of 425k people, from which 83.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 27.1% of Oakland, CA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Oakland, CA is composed of 121k Hispanic or Latino residents (28.4%), 115k White Alone residents (27%), 97.5k Black or African American Alone residents (22.9%), 65.7k Asian Alone residents (15.4%), 20.6k Two or More Races residents (4.85%), 2.56k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.603%), 1.83k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.429%), and 1.32k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.309%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Oakland, CA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (87,798 speakers), Chinese (27,199 speakers), and Vietnamese (9,365 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Oakland, CA was 36.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Oakland, CA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Oakland, CA residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

27.1%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

26.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 27.1% of Oakland, CA residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Oakland, CA was 26.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Oakland, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,079,391 ± 46,960 people

  2. Philippines

    859,594 ± 22,514 people

  3. China

    683,330 ± 20,119 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oakland, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 4,079,391 Oakland, CA residents, followed by Philippines with 859,594 and China with 683,330.

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Citizenship

83.9%

2017 Citizenship

84.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 83.9% of Oakland, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Oakland, CA was 84.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Oakland, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    121k ± 9.81k

  2. White Alone

    115k ± 5.52k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    97.5k ± 5.85k

In 2017, there were 1.05 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (121k people) in Oakland, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 115k White Alone and 97.5k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Oakland, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    87,798 speakers (22.3%)

  2. Chinese

    27,199 speakers (6.91%)

  3. Vietnamese

    9,365 speakers (2.38%)

40.3% of Oakland, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Oakland, CA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 22.3% of the overall population of Oakland, CA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 6.91% speak Chinese and 2.38% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,055 ± 1,010

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,820 ± 700

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,621 ± 560

Oakland, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.78 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Oakland, CA awarded 4,028 degrees. The student population of Oakland, CA is skewed towards women, with 9,476 male students and 15,064 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Oakland, CA are White (1,003 and 26.2%), followed by Asian (883 and 23.1%), Hispanic or Latino (800 and 20.9%), and Black or African American (705 and 18.5%).

The largest universities in Oakland, CA by number of degrees awarded are Merritt College (916 and 22.7%), Laney College (858 and 21.3%), and Samuel Merritt University (662 and 16.4%).

The most popular majors in Oakland, CA are Registered Nursing (473 and 11.7%), Child Care Provider (272 and 6.75%), and General Business Administration & Management (265 and 6.58%).

The median tuition costs in Oakland, CA are $36,574 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 90 degrees awarded

  2. 86 degrees awarded

  3. 223 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Oakland, CA was General Business Administration & Management with 90 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Oakland, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 916 degrees awarded

  2. 858 degrees awarded

  3. 662 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$36,574

Median Private

In 2016, the Oakland, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Merritt College with 916 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,198

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,830

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,198 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Oakland, CA, which is 0.423 times less than the 2,830 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Oakland, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,003 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    883 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    800 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Oakland, CA were to White students. These 1,003 degrees mean that there were 1.14 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 883 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Oakland, CA was $686,700 in 2017, which is 3.16 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $649,700 to $686,700, a 5.69% increase. The homeownership rate in Oakland, CA is 39.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Oakland, CA have an average commute time of 31.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Oakland, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$70,577

Median Household Income

± $3,381

159k

Number of Households

± 5,951

In 2017, the median household income of the 159k households in Oakland, CA grew to $70,577 from the previous year's value of $68,060.

The following chart displays the households in Oakland, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Housing

Property Value

$686,700

2017 Median

± $20,904

$649,700

2016 Median

± $19,009

In 2017, the median property value in Oakland, CA grew to to $686,700 from the previous year's value of $649,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Oakland, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oakland, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Oakland, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oakland, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

39.3%

2017 Homeownership

38.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 39.3% of the housing units in Oakland, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 38.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Oakland, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Oakland, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Oakland, CA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

31.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Oakland, CA have a longer commute time (31.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 4.67% of the workforce in Oakland, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Oakland, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    50.2%

  2. Public Transit

    22.7%

  3. Carpooled

    11.2%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Oakland, CA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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