Oakland, CA

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Population

429,114

0.92% growth

Median Age

36.8


Median Household Income

$76,469

8.35% growth

Poverty Rate

18.7%


Number of Employees

235,825

4.83% growth

Median Property Value

$717,700

4.51% growth

About

In 2018, Oakland, CA had a population of 429k people with a median age of 36.8 and a median household income of $76,469. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Oakland, CA grew from 425,204 to 429,114, a 0.92% increase and its median household income grew from $70,577 to $76,469, a 8.35% increase.

The population of Oakland, CA is 29% White Alone, 26.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 22.7% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Oakland, CA speak a non-English language, and 87.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Oakland, CA are Merritt College (962 degrees awarded in 2017), Laney College (941 degrees), and Samuel Merritt University (716 degrees).

The median property value in Oakland, CA is $717,700, and the homeownership rate is 41.3%. Most people in Oakland, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Oakland, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: The hills and downtown at sunset from the border of Sibley Volcanic and Huckleberry Preserves.

Economy

The economy of Oakland, CA employs 236k people. The largest industries in Oakland, CA are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (33,774 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (29,912 people), and Educational Services (25,283 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($101,063), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($99,349), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($90,661).

Median household income in Oakland, CA is $76,469. Males in Oakland, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,298. The income inequality in Oakland, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$76,469

2018 value

± $2,985

8.35%

1 Year Growth

± 5.7%

Households in Oakland, CA have a median annual income of $76,469, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $70,577 in 2017, which represents a 8.35% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Oakland, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

$78,575

Average Male Salary

± $755

$62,298

Average Female Salary

± $633

In 2018, full-time male employees in California made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $73,860 ± $1,174

  2. White

    $65,115 ± $611

  3. Two or More Races

    $54,912 ± $1,843

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of California workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Oakland, CA is from California.

0.499

2018 Wage GINI

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in California was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.324% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4001

  2. Census Tract 4043

  3. Census Tract 4051

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Oakland, CA was Census Tract 4001 with a value of $208,393, followed by Census Tract 4043 and Census Tract 4051, with respective values of $194,500 and $191,705.

The following map shows all of the places in Oakland, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Oakland, CA (77.3k out of 413k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    25,926 ± 1,149

  2. Hispanic

    24,976 ± 1,123

  3. White

    18,178 ± 951

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Oakland, CA is Black, followed by Hispanic and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

236k

2018 Value

± 8,005

4.83%

1 Year growth

± 4.67%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Oakland, CA grew at a rate of 4.83%, from 225k employees to 236k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Oakland, CA, are Management Occupations (31,232 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,815 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (17,801 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Oakland, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Oakland, CA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (31,232 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,815 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (17,801 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Oakland, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (2.47 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.75 times), and Legal Occupations (1.74 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Oakland, CA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($142,351), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($110,274), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($102,423).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

236k

2018 Value

± 8,005

4.83%

1 Year growth

± 4.67%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Oakland, CA grew at a rate of 4.83%, from 225k employees to 236k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Oakland, CA, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (33,774 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (29,912 people), and Educational Services (25,283 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Oakland, CA, though some of these residents may live in Oakland, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Oakland, CA, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (33,774 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (29,912 people), and Educational Services (25,283 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Oakland, CA has an unusually high number of Information (2 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.9 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Oakland, CA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($101,063), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($99,349), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($90,661).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $232B

  2. $172B

  3. $136B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $232B, followed by Mixed freight ($172B) and Gasoline ($136B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.7T

2020 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

46.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound California trade was $1.7T. This is expected to increase 46.3% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $71.8B

  2. $46.9B

  3. $34B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $71.8B, followed by Arizona with $46.9B and Washington and $34B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.4% of the population of Oakland, CA has health coverage, with 44.7% on employee plans, 25.6% on Medicaid, 8.51% on Medicare, 10.9% on non-group plans, and 0.697% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Oakland, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Oakland, CA see 953 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.82% increase from the previous year (936 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1095 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 182 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alameda County, CA.

953 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alameda County, CA see an average of 953 patients per year. This represents a 1.82% increase from the previous year (936 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alameda County, CA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.63%

Uninsured

44.7%

Employer Coverage

25.6%

Medicaid

8.51%

Medicare

10.9%

Non-Group

0.697%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Oakland, CA grew by 29.6% from 7.43% to 9.63%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Oakland, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Oakland, CA is home to a population of 429k people, from which 87.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 27.1% of Oakland, CA residents were born outside of the country (115k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Oakland, CA is composed of 124k White Alone residents (29%), 114k Hispanic or Latino residents (26.5%), 97.6k Black or African American Alone residents (22.7%), 65.2k Asian Alone residents (15.2%), 22.3k Two or More Races residents (5.19%), 2.98k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.694%), 1.53k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.356%), and 1.44k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.336%).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Oakland, CA was 36.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Oakland, CA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Oakland, CA residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

27.1%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

115k people

26.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

112k people

As of 2017, 27.1% of Oakland, CA residents (115k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Oakland, CA was 26.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Oakland, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,032,642 ± 46,722 people

  2. Philippines

    840,765 ± 22,271 people

  3. China

    696,409 ± 20,307 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 4,032,642 California residents, followed by Philippines with 840,765 and China with 696,409.

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Citizenship

87.5%

2018 Citizenship

83.9%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 87.5% of Oakland, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Oakland, CA was 83.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Oakland, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    124k ± 6.45k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    114k ± 8.49k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    97.6k ± 6.18k

In 2018, there were 1.1 times more White Alone residents (124k people) in Oakland, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 114k Hispanic or Latino and 97.6k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Oakland, CA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,084 ± 868

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,542 ± 715

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,045 ± 445

Oakland, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Oakland, CA awarded 4,001 degrees. The student population of Oakland, CA is skewed towards women, with 9,207 male students and 14,945 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Oakland, CA are Asian (968 and 25.3%), followed by White (967 and 25.3%), Hispanic or Latino (777 and 20.3%), and Black or African American (725 and 18.9%).

The largest universities in Oakland, CA by number of degrees awarded are Merritt College (962 and 24%), Laney College (941 and 23.5%), and Samuel Merritt University (716 and 17.9%).

The most popular majors in Oakland, CA are Registered Nursing (460 and 11.5%), Child Care Provider (312 and 7.8%), and General Business Administration & Management (268 and 6.7%).

The median tuition costs in Oakland, CA are $41,219 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 123 degrees awarded

  2. 80 degrees awarded

  3. 223 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Oakland, CA was General Business Administration & Management with 123 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Oakland, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 962 degrees awarded

  2. 941 degrees awarded

  3. 716 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$41,219

Median Private

In 2017, the Oakland, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Merritt College with 962 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,191

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,810

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,191 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Oakland, CA, which is 0.424 times less than the 2,810 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Oakland, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    968 degrees awarded

  2. White

    967 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    777 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Oakland, CA were to Asian students. These 968 degrees mean that there were 1 times more Asian students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 967 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Oakland, CA was $717,700 in 2018, which is 3.12 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $686,700 to $717,700, a 4.51% increase. The homeownership rate in Oakland, CA is 41.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Oakland, CA have an average commute time of 31.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Oakland, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$717,700

2018 Median

± $21,915

$686,700

2017 Median

± $20,904

In 2018, the median property value in Oakland, CA grew to to $717,700 from the previous year's value of $686,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Oakland, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oakland, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$76,469

Median Household Income

± $2,985

166k

Number of Households

± 6,150

In 2018, the median household income of the 166k households in Oakland, CA grew to $76,469 from the previous year's value of $70,577.

The following chart displays the households in Oakland, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Oakland, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oakland, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

41.3%

2018 Homeownership

39.3%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 41.3% of the housing units in Oakland, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 39.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Oakland, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

31.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Oakland, CA have a longer commute time (31.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 4.3% of the workforce in Oakland, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Oakland, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    51.5%

  2. Public Transit

    24%

  3. Carpooled

    9.2%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Oakland, CA was Drove Alone (51.5%), followed by those who Public Transit (24%) and those who Carpooled (9.2%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Oakland, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Oakland, CA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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