Mobile, AL

Census Place

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2022 Population
186,316
0.602% 1-year decline
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
US Senator
Katie Britt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
37.6
0.529% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
20.7%
3.56% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$48,524
8.36% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$158,400
14.5% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
81,489
0.219% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Mobile, AL had a population of 186k people with a median age of 37.6 and a median household income of $48,524. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Mobile, AL declined from 187,445 to 186,316, a −0.602% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,780 to $48,524, a 8.36% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Mobile, AL are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (52.9%), White (Non-Hispanic) (39.7%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.18%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.85%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.25%).

None of the households in Mobile, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.3% of the residents in Mobile, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Mobile, AL are University of South Alabama (3,705 degrees awarded in 2022), Bishop State Community College (651 degrees), and Spring Hill College (305 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Mobile, AL was $158,400, and the homeownership rate was 50.6%.

Most people in Mobile, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Mobile, AL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Mobile, Alabama as seen from the deck of the U.S.S. Alabama

Population & Diversity

Mobile, AL is home to a population of 186k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2022, 3.48% of Mobile, AL residents were born outside of the country (6.48k people).

In 2022, there were 1.33 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (98.6k people) in Mobile, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 73.9k White (Non-Hispanic) and 4.06k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.3%
2022 Citizenship
98.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.3% of Mobile, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Mobile, AL was 98.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mobile, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Mobile, AL
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    98.6k ± 1.76k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    73.9k ± 1.82k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    4.06k ± 772
2.83%
Hispanic Population
5.27k people

In 2022, there were 1.33 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (98.6k people) in Mobile, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 73.9k White (Non-Hispanic) and 4.06k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.83% of the people in Mobile, AL are hispanic (5.27k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Mobile, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    45,935 ± 5,238 people
  2. Guatemala
    15,043 ± 3,007 people
  3. India
    10,012 ± 2,454 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 45,935 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 15,043 and India with 10,012.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.48%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
6.48k people
3.4%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
6.37k people

As of 2022, 3.48% of Mobile, AL residents (6.48k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mobile, AL was 3.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mobile, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,552 ± 363
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,024 ± 406
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,890 ± 296

Mobile, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.75 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Mobile, AL employs 81.5k people. The largest industries in Mobile, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,061 people), Retail Trade (10,166 people), and Manufacturing (8,142 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($125,294), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($102,609), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($59,244).

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,264. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

81.5k
2022 Value
± 2,436
−0.219%
1 Year decline
± 4.11%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Mobile, AL declined at a rate of −0.219%, from 81.7k employees to 81.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mobile, AL, are Sales & Related Occupations (8,919 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,351 people), and Management Occupations (7,516 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mobile, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

81.5k
2022 Value
± 2,436
−0.219%
1 Year decline
± 4.11%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Mobile, AL declined at a rate of −0.219%, from 81.7k employees to 81.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mobile, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,061 people), Retail Trade (10,166 people), and Manufacturing (8,142 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mobile, AL, though some of these residents may live in Mobile, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$44,963
Median earning men ± $2,458
$30,083
Median earning women ± $1,271

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($105,446), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($61,432), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($58,668).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($55,095), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($46,921), and Public Administration ($46,121).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
2.1%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.13M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 2.1% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%).

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
Katie Britt
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Mobile, AL awarded 5,075 degrees. The student population of Mobile, AL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 5,883 male students and 12,144 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Mobile, AL are White (2,960 and 59.2%), followed by Black or African American (1,398 and 28%), Hispanic or Latino (166 and 3.32%), and Asian (149 and 2.98%).

The largest universities in Mobile, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of South Alabama (3,705 and 73%), Bishop State Community College (651 and 12.8%), and Spring Hill College (305 and 6.01%).

The most popular majors in Mobile, AL are Registered Nursing (1,330 and 26.2%), Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (214 and 4.22%), and General Business Administration & Management (173 and 3.41%).

The median tuition costs in Mobile, AL are $21,732 for private four year colleges, and $8,616 and $17,232 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Mobile, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 66.4%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 19%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 18,027 (32.6% men and 67.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 18,027 students enrolled in Mobile, AL, 32.6% men and 67.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 10,040 records, of which 66% were women and 34% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 359 degrees awarded
  2. 118 degrees awarded
  3. 111 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Mobile, AL was Registered Nursing with 359 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Mobile, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 3,705 degrees awarded
  2. 651 degrees awarded
  3. 305 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of South Alabama with 3,705 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,574 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Mobile, AL, which is 0.45 times less than the 3,501 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 2,960 degrees mean that there were 2.12 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,398 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($21,732) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,170) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($2,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Measure

In 2022, 0.905% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.822% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.23M), Some college (913k), and Secondary Education (625k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Mobile, AL was $158,400 in 2022, which is 0.562 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $138,400 to $158,400, a 14.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Mobile, AL is 50.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Mobile, AL have an average commute time of 22.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Mobile, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Mobile, AL is $48,524. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Mobile, AL was Census Tract 35.02 with a value of $139,137, followed by Census Tract 25.01 and Census Tract 20, with respective values of $115,925 and $112,125.

Property

$158,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,686
$39,424
Median Property Taxes
±$1,383

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mobile, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Mobile, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

50.6%
Homeownership
2022
70.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 50.6% of the housing units in Mobile, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 51%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Mobile, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 35.02
  2. Census Tract 25.01
  3. Census Tract 20

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mobile, AL was Census Tract 35.02 with a value of $139,137, followed by Census Tract 25.01 and Census Tract 20, with respective values of $115,925 and $112,125.

The following map shows all of the places in Mobile, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$48,524
Median Household Income
± $1,887
77.8k
Number of Households
± 2,225

In 2022, the median household income of the 77.8k households in Mobile, AL grew to $48,524 from the previous year's value of $44,780.

The following chart displays the households in Mobile, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Mobile, AL is from Alabama.
0.458
2022 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.458
2021 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2022, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0777% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (82.7%)
  2. Carpooled (7.73%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.6%)

In 2022, 82.7% of workers in Mobile, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.73%) and those who worked at home (6.6%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mobile, AL have a shorter commute time (22.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.5% of the workforce in Mobile, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mobile, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mobile, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mobile, AL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

20.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mobile, AL (37.4k out of 181k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mobile, AL is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

89% of the population of Mobile, AL has health coverage, with 41.8% on employee plans, 20.9% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.69% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Mobile County, AL see 1455 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.64% decrease from the previous year (1510 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1956 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 936 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Mobile County, AL.
1,455 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Mobile County, AL

Primary care physicians in Mobile County, AL see an average of 1,455 patients per year. This represents a 3.64% decrease from the previous year (1,510 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mobile County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.2% under 18 years, 23.8% between 18 and 34 years, 36.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 45.6% were men and 54.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11%
Uninsured
41.8%
Employer Coverage
20.9%
Medicaid
12.4%
Medicare
12.3%
Non-Group
1.69%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mobile, AL declined by 0.72% from 11% to 11%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mobile, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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