Miami, FL

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Population

470,911

1.63% growth

Median Age

40.5


Median Household Income

$41,818

3.7% growth

Poverty Rate

25.8%


Number of Employees

235,956

5.03% growth

Median Property Value

$350,400

8.79% growth

About

In 2018, Miami, FL had a population of 471k people with a median age of 40.5 and a median household income of $41,818. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Miami, FL grew from 463,354 to 470,911, a 1.63% increase and its median household income grew from $40,327 to $41,818, a 3.7% increase.

The population of Miami, FL is 74.1% Hispanic or Latino, 13% Black or African American Alone, and 11% White Alone. N/A% of the people in Miami, FL speak a non-English language, and 71.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Miami, FL are Miami Dade College (11,801 degrees awarded in 2017), South Florida Institute of Technology (725 degrees), and AI Miami International University of Art and Design (564 degrees).

The median property value in Miami, FL is $350,400, and the homeownership rate is 30.6%. Most people in Miami, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 28.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Miami, FL is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Miami, FL employs 236k people. The largest industries in Miami, FL are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,314 people), Accommodation & Food Services (24,525 people), and Construction (24,120 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($71,619), Utilities ($65,590), and Information ($61,019).

Median household income in Miami, FL is $41,818. Males in Miami, FL have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,612. The income inequality in Miami, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.474, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,818

2018 value

± $2,841

3.7%

1 Year Growth

± 9.13%

Households in Miami, FL have a median annual income of $41,818, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,327 in 2017, which represents a 3.7% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Miami, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

$62,257

Average Male Salary

± $878

$46,612

Average Female Salary

± $604

In 2018, full-time male employees in Florida made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,219 ± $3,256

  2. White

    $51,352 ± $590

  3. American Indian

    $40,596 ± $5,196

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Florida workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Miami, FL is from Florida.

0.474

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Florida was 0.474 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.214% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 68.02

  2. Census Tract 67.09

  3. Census Tract 68.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Miami, FL was Census Tract 68.02 with a value of $117,091, followed by Census Tract 67.09 and Census Tract 68.01, with respective values of $106,141 and $103,505.

The following map shows all of the places in Miami, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Miami, FL (112k out of 435k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 75+.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    79,092 ± 2,366

  2. White

    75,807 ± 2,387

  3. Black

    30,013 ± 1,457

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Miami, FL is Hispanic, followed by White and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

236k

2018 Value

± 10,144

5.03%

1 Year growth

± 5.69%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Miami, FL grew at a rate of 5.03%, from 225k employees to 236k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Miami, FL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (26,771 people), Management Occupations (24,949 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (23,589 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Miami, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Miami, FL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (26,771 people), Management Occupations (24,949 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (23,589 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Miami, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (2.23 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (2.13 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.76 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Miami, FL, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($112,738), Legal Occupations ($79,670), and Management Occupations ($70,087).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

236k

2018 Value

± 10,144

5.03%

1 Year growth

± 5.69%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Miami, FL grew at a rate of 5.03%, from 225k employees to 236k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Miami, FL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,314 people), Accommodation & Food Services (24,525 people), and Construction (24,120 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Miami, FL, though some of these residents may live in Miami, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Miami, FL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,314 people), Accommodation & Food Services (24,525 people), and Construction (24,120 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Miami, FL has an unusually high number of Transportation & Warehousing (1.68 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.64 times), and Construction (1.54 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Miami, FL, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance ($71,619), Utilities ($65,590), and Information ($61,019).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $63.5B

  2. $51.6B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $63.5B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($51.6B) and Electronics ($41.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$497B

2020 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

43.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Florida trade was $497B. This is expected to increase 43.6% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $19.5B

  2. $16.6B

  3. $11.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $19.5B, followed by Texas with $16.6B and California and $11.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

80.9% of the population of Miami, FL has health coverage, with 28.9% on employee plans, 26.6% on Medicaid, 7.56% on Medicare, 17.4% on non-group plans, and 0.385% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Miami, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Miami, FL see 1246 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.972% increase from the previous year (1234 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1576 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 701 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Miami-Dade County, FL.

1,246 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Miami-Dade County, FL see an average of 1,246 patients per year. This represents a 0.972% increase from the previous year (1,234 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Miami-Dade County, FL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

19.1%

Uninsured

28.9%

Employer Coverage

26.6%

Medicaid

7.56%

Medicare

17.4%

Non-Group

0.385%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Miami, FL grew by 1.91% from 18.8% to 19.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Miami, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Miami, FL is home to a population of 471k people, from which 71.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 55.4% of Miami, FL residents were born outside of the country (257k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Miami, FL is composed of 349k Hispanic or Latino residents (74.1%), 61k Black or African American Alone residents (13%), 51.9k White Alone residents (11%), 5.75k Asian Alone residents (1.22%), 2.82k Two or More Races residents (0.598%), 358 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.076%), 103 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0219%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

27

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.4

50

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2018, the median age of all people in Miami, FL was 40.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 50. But people in Miami, FL are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Miami, FL residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

55.4%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

257k people

55%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

249k people

As of 2017, 55.4% of Miami, FL residents (257k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Miami, FL was 55%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Miami, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    1,028,508 ± 24,290 people

  2. Haiti

    339,246 ± 14,186 people

  3. Colombia

    285,400 ± 13,028 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 1,028,508 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 339,246 and Colombia with 285,400.

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Citizenship

71.8%

2018 Citizenship

70.1%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 71.8% of Miami, FL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Miami, FL was 70.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Miami, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    349k ± 12k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    61k ± 7.59k

  3. White Alone

    51.9k ± 3.89k

In 2018, there were 5.72 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (349k people) in Miami, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 61k Black or African American Alone and 51.9k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Miami, FL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Miami, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Miami, FL awarded 14,656 degrees. The student population of Miami, FL is skewed towards women, with 26,525 male students and 34,933 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Miami, FL are Hispanic or Latino (9,936 and 73.1%), followed by Black or African American (2,096 and 15.4%), White (925 and 6.81%), and Unknown (398 and 2.93%).

The largest universities in Miami, FL by number of degrees awarded are Miami Dade College (11,801 and 80.5%), South Florida Institute of Technology (725 and 4.95%), and AI Miami International University of Art and Design (564 and 3.85%).

The most popular majors in Miami, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (8,089 and 55.2%), Registered Nursing (1,080 and 7.37%), and Other Business Administration, Management, & Operations (380 and 2.59%).

The median tuition costs in Miami, FL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $1,987 and $7,947 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 8,089 degrees awarded

  2. 769 degrees awarded

  3. 102 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Miami, FL was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 8,089 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Miami, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 11,801 degrees awarded

  2. 725 degrees awarded

  3. 564 degrees awarded

$1,987

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Miami, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Miami Dade College with 11,801 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,039

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,617

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 6,039 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Miami, FL, which is 0.701 times less than the 8,617 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Miami, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    9,936 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,096 degrees awarded

  3. White

    925 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Miami, FL were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 9,936 degrees mean that there were 4.74 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,096 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Miami, FL was $350,400 in 2018, which is 1.53 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $322,100 to $350,400, a 8.79% increase. The homeownership rate in Miami, FL is 30.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Miami, FL have an average commute time of 28.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Miami, FL is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$350,400

2018 Median

± $14,157

$322,100

2017 Median

± $16,129

In 2018, the median property value in Miami, FL grew to to $350,400 from the previous year's value of $322,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Miami, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Miami, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,818

Median Household Income

± $2,841

183k

Number of Households

± 8,166

In 2018, the median household income of the 183k households in Miami, FL grew to $41,818 from the previous year's value of $40,327.

The following chart displays the households in Miami, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Miami, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Miami, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

30.6%

2018 Homeownership

28.9%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 30.6% of the housing units in Miami, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 28.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Miami, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

28.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Miami, FL have a longer commute time (28.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.18% of the workforce in Miami, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Miami, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    67.2%

  2. Public Transit

    8.91%

  3. Carpooled

    7.71%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Miami, FL was Drove Alone (67.2%), followed by those who Public Transit (8.91%) and those who Carpooled (7.71%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Miami, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Miami, FL have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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