Mercer County, IL

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Population

15,794

1.11% decline

Median Age

44.8


Median Household Income

$55,649

0.181% decline

Poverty Rate

11.4%


Number of Employees

7,327

2.32% decline

Median Property Value

$105,100

6.27% growth

About

In 2017, Mercer County, IL had a population of 15.8k people with a median age of 44.8 and a median household income of $55,649. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Mercer County, IL declined from 15,971 to 15,794, a -1.11% decrease and its median household income declined from $55,750 to $55,649, a -0.181% decrease.

The population of Mercer County, IL is 95.8% White Alone, 2.24% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.04% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Mercer County, IL speak a non-English language, and 99.6% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Mercer County, IL is $105,100, and the homeownership rate is 77.4%. Most people in Mercer County, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Mercer County, IL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Mercer County, IL employs 7.33k people. The largest industries in Mercer County, IL are Manufacturing (1,207 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (873 people), and Retail Trade (716 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($54,844), Construction ($50,688), and Information ($50,250).

Median household income in Mercer County, IL is $55,649. Males in Mercer County, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Mercer County, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,649

2017 value

± $2,472

-0.181%

1 Year Growth

± 5.93%

Households in Mercer County, IL have a median annual income of $55,649, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,750 in 2016, which represents a -0.181% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Mercer County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Mercer County, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 401

  2. Census Tract 404

  3. Census Tract 403

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mercer County, IL was Census Tract 401 with a value of $67,417, followed by Census Tract 404 and Census Tract 403, with respective values of $60,000 and $46,733.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Mercer County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mercer County, IL (1.77k out of 15.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,678 ± 211

  2. Two Or More

    63 ± 79

  3. Hispanic

    58 ± 83

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mercer County, IL is White, followed by Two Or More and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.33k

2017 Value

± 382

-2.32%

1 Year decline

± 7.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mercer County, IL declined at a rate of -2.32%, from 7.5k employees to 7.33k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mercer County, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,076 people), Management Occupations (821 people), and Production Occupations (790 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mercer County, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Mercer County, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,076 people), Management Occupations (821 people), and Production Occupations (790 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mercer County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.61 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.86 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.6 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Mercer County, IL, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($62,054), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($58,906), and Legal Occupations ($53,516).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.33k

2017 Value

± 382

-2.32%

1 Year decline

± 7.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mercer County, IL declined at a rate of -2.32%, from 7.5k employees to 7.33k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mercer County, IL, are Manufacturing (1,207 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (873 people), and Retail Trade (716 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mercer County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Mercer County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Mercer County, IL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,207 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (873 people), and Retail Trade (716 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mercer County, IL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.7 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.7 times), and Manufacturing (1.63 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Mercer County, IL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($54,844), Construction ($50,688), and Information ($50,250).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline ($75B) and Pharmaceuticals ($66.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.7% of the population of Mercer County, IL has health coverage, with 55.3% on employee plans, 11.5% on Medicaid, 14.9% on Medicare, 13.3% on non-group plans, and 1.72% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Mercer County, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Mercer County, IL see 5286 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.546% decrease from the previous year (5315 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 5243 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 15730 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

5,286 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Mercer County, IL see an average of 5,286 patients per year. This represents a 0.546% decrease from the previous year (5,315 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mercer County, IL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.33%

Uninsured

55.3%

Employer Coverage

11.5%

Medicaid

14.9%

Medicare

13.3%

Non-Group

1.72%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mercer County, IL declined by 15.8% from 3.96% to 3.33%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mercer County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Mercer County, IL is home to a population of 15.8k people, from which 99.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.39% of Mercer County, IL residents were born outside of the country (219 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Mercer County, IL is composed of 15.1k White Alone residents (95.8%), 354 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.24%), 165 Two or More Races residents (1.04%), 88 Black or African American Alone residents (0.557%), 43 Asian Alone residents (0.272%), 10 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0633%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Mercer County, IL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

53

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 11.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Mercer County, IL was 44.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 53. But people in Mercer County, IL are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Mercer County, IL residents was 45.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.39%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

219 people

1.25%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

200 people

As of 2017, 1.39% of Mercer County, IL residents (219 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mercer County, IL was 1.25%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mercer County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

99.6%

2017 Citizenship

99.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.6% of Mercer County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Mercer County, IL was 99.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mercer County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    15.1k ± 3

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    354 ± 133

  3. Two or More Races

    165 ± 26.2

In 2017, there were 42.8 times more White Alone residents (15.1k people) in Mercer County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 354 Hispanic or Latino and 165 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Mercer County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Mercer County, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Mercer County, IL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Mercer County, IL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    488 ± 89

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    144 ± 56

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    138 ± 55

Mercer County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Mercer County, IL was $105,100 in 2017, which is 0.483 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $98,900 to $105,100, a 6.27% increase. The homeownership rate in Mercer County, IL is 77.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Mercer County, IL have an average commute time of 25.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Mercer County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,649

Median Household Income

± $2,472

6.62k

Number of Households

± 372

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.62k households in Mercer County, IL declined from $55,649 from the previous year's value of $55,750.

The following chart displays the households in Mercer County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$105,100

2017 Median

± $6,898

$98,900

2016 Median

± $4,122

In 2017, the median property value in Mercer County, IL grew to to $105,100 from the previous year's value of $98,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Mercer County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mercer County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Mercer County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mercer County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

77.4%

2017 Homeownership

77.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 77.4% of the housing units in Mercer County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 77.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Mercer County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mercer County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mercer County, IL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

25.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mercer County, IL have a longer commute time (25.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.12% of the workforce in Mercer County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mercer County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    90.1%

  2. Worked At Home

    4.22%

  3. Carpooled

    4.08%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Mercer County, IL was Drove Alone (90.1%), followed by those who Worked At Home (4.22%) and those who Carpooled (4.08%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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