Des Moines County, IA

County

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2021 Population
39,069
0.403% 1-year decline
US Senator
Chuck Grassley
Republican Party
US Senator
Joni Ernst
Republican Party
N/A Median Age
381.2
N/A 1-year N/A
2021 Poverty Rate
14%
5.98% 1-year decrease
2021 Median Household Income
$54,318
4.89% 1-year growth
2021 Median Property Value
$119,800
7.35% 1-year growth
2021 Employed Population
18,827
0.0904% 1-year growth

About

In 2021, Des Moines County, IA had a population of 39.1k people with a median age of 381 and a median household income of $54,318. Between 2020 and 2021 the population of Des Moines County, IA declined from 39,227 to 39,069, a −0.403% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,784 to $54,318, a 4.89% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Des Moines County, IA are White (Non-Hispanic) (86%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (5.94%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.21%), White (Hispanic) (2.92%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.09%).

None of the households in Des Moines County, IA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.7% of the residents in Des Moines County, IA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Des Moines County, IA are Southeastern Community College (694 degrees awarded in 2021).

In 2021, the median property value in Des Moines County, IA was $119,800, and the homeownership rate was 69.7%.

Most people in Des Moines County, IA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 16.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Des Moines County, IA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: View of downtown Burlington, IA

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Des Moines County, IA is home to a population of 39.1k people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2021, 1.97% of Des Moines County, IA residents were born outside of the country (770 people).

In 2021, there were 14.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (33.6k people) in Des Moines County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.32k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.25k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.7%
2021 Citizenship
98.7%
2020 Citizenship

As of 2021, 98.7% of Des Moines County, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2020, the percentage of US citizens in Des Moines County, IA was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Des Moines County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Des Moines County, IA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    33.6k ± 124
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    2.32k ± 296
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    1.25k ± 322
3.52%
Hispanic Population
1.38k people

In 2021, there were 14.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (33.6k people) in Des Moines County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.32k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.25k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.52% of the people in Des Moines County, IA are hispanic (1.38k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Des Moines County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    41,634 ± 4,977 people
  2. India
    10,950 ± 2,565 people
  3. Vietnam
    8,674 ± 2,283 people

In 2021, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,634 Iowa residents, followed by India with 10,950 and Vietnam with 8,674.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.97%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
770 people
1.92%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
754 people

As of 2021, 1.97% of Des Moines County, IA residents (770 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2020, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Des Moines County, IA was 1.92%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Des Moines County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,384 ± 195
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    424 ± 143
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    283 ± 93

Des Moines County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.26 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Des Moines County, IA employs 18.8k people. The largest industries in Des Moines County, IA are Manufacturing (4,236 people), Retail Trade (2,753 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (2,701 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($89,306), Public Administration ($61,728), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($60,650).

Males in Iowa have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,335. The income inequality in Iowa (measured using the Gini index) is 0.439, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

18.8k
2021 Value
± 916
0.0904%
1 Year growth
± 6.72%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Des Moines County, IA grew at a rate of 0.0904%, from 18.8k employees to 18.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Des Moines County, IA, are Production Occupations (2,356 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,225 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,972 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Des Moines County, IA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Iowa (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

18.8k
2021 Value
± 916
0.0904%
1 Year growth
± 6.72%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Des Moines County, IA grew at a rate of 0.0904%, from 18.8k employees to 18.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Des Moines County, IA, are Manufacturing (4,236 people), Retail Trade (2,753 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (2,701 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Des Moines County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Des Moines County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$44,757
Median earning men ± $3,159
$30,150
Median earning women ± $1,699

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2021 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($68,571), Public Administration ($64,538), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($58,929).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2021 are Public Administration ($46,319), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,083), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($38,975).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.
Y-Axis
2.75%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 155M people employed in Iowa. This represents a 2.75% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Iowa.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 462
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 271
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 259
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $868k
    Manufacturing
  2. $346k
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. $108k
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $20.6B
  2. $19.9B
  3. $19.1B

In 2020, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Meat/seafood with $20.6B, followed by Mixed freight ($19.9B) and Machinery ($19.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa.
$252B
2020 Value in Iowa
$518B
Projected 2050 Value in Iowa
105% growth

In 2020, total outbound Iowa trade was $252B. This is expected to increase 105% to $518B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $21.2B
  2. $16.2B
  3. $10.8B

In 2020, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $21.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.2B and Texas and $10.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Des Moines County, IA went to Donald J. Trump with 53.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (44.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.38%).

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing the state of Iowa. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Iowa

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Chuck Grassley
Senator from Iowa3
Assumed office on January 3, 1981
Joni Ernst
Senator from Iowa2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing Iowa.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Iowa over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Iowa

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Iowa have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2021, universities in Des Moines County, IA awarded 694 degrees. The student population of Des Moines County, IA in 2021 is skewed towards women, with 926 male students and 1,395 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Des Moines County, IA are Unknown (323 and 47.6%), followed by White (255 and 37.6%), Black or African American (30 and 4.42%), and Hispanic or Latino (30 and 4.42%).

The largest universities in Des Moines County, IA by number of degrees awarded are Southeastern Community College (694 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Des Moines County, IA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (248 and 35.7%), Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (91 and 13.1%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (67 and 9.65%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2021 there were 2,321 students enrolled in Des Moines County, IA, 39.9% men and 60.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Unknown with 1,371 records, of which 60.2% were women and 39.8% men.

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Concentrations

In 2021, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Des Moines County, IA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 248 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Des Moines County, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
694 degrees awarded

In 2021, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southeastern Community College with 694 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2021, 260 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Des Moines County, IA, which is 0.599 times less than the 434 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2021 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Unknown students. These 323 degrees mean that there were 1.27 times more degrees awarded to Unknown students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 255 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($5,880) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2021.

Public, 2-year ($210) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2021.

Public, 2-year ($1,294) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Measure

In 2021, 0.63% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.621% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2021 were High School or Equivalent (742k), Some college (567k), and Bachelors Degree (459k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Des Moines County, IA was $119,800 in 2021, which is 0.489 times smaller than the national average of $244,900. Between 2020 and 2021 the median property value increased from $111,600 to $119,800, a 7.35% increase. The homeownership rate in Des Moines County, IA is 69.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.6%.

People in Des Moines County, IA have an average commute time of 16.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Des Moines County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Des Moines County, IA is $54,318. In 2021, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Des Moines County, IA was Census Tract 12 with a value of $77,863, followed by Census Tract 7 and Census Tract 11, with respective values of $72,708 and $71,000.

In 2022, 12% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Des Moines County, IA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 2.08%.

Property

$119,800
Median Property Value 2021
±$7,743
$11,883
Median Property Taxes
±$667

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Des Moines County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Des Moines County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

69.7%
Homeownership
2021
58.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2021

In 2021, 69.7% of the housing units in Des Moines County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Des Moines County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 12
  2. Census Tract 7
  3. Census Tract 11

In 2021, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Des Moines County, IA was Census Tract 12 with a value of $77,863, followed by Census Tract 7 and Census Tract 11, with respective values of $72,708 and $71,000.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Des Moines County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$54,318
Median Household Income
± $2,361
17k
Number of Households
± 840

In 2021, the median household income of the 17k households in Des Moines County, IA grew to $54,318 from the previous year's value of $51,784.

The following chart displays the households in Des Moines County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Des Moines County, IA is from Iowa.
0.439
2021 Wage GINI in Iowa
0.438
2020 Wage GINI in Iowa

In 2021, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.439 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.221% growth from 2020 to 2021, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2021
  1. Drove Alone (82.7%)
  2. Carpooled (8.61%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.61%)

In 2021, 82.7% of workers in Des Moines County, IA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.61%) and those who worked at home (3.61%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

16.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Des Moines County, IA have a shorter commute time (16.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.8 minutes). Additionally, 1.18% of the workforce in Des Moines County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Des Moines County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Des Moines County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Des Moines County, IA have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 12% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Des Moines County, IA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 2.08%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

14% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Des Moines County, IA (5.34k out of 38.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.6%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females < 5 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Des Moines County, IA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 18.6% of the children was living in poverty in Des Moines County, IA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 8.9%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 518 in Des Moines County, IA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 43.3 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

96% of the population of Des Moines County, IA has health coverage, with 46.6% on employee plans, 20.6% on Medicaid, 15.1% on Medicare, 12.5% on non-group plans, and 1.26% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Des Moines County, IA see 1559 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.59% increase from the previous year (1505 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1382 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 440 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.4% were men and 51.6% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,559 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Des Moines County, IA

Primary care physicians in Des Moines County, IA see an average of 1,559 patients per year. This represents a 3.59% increase from the previous year (1,505 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Des Moines County, IA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2021, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.1% under 18 years, 17.4% between 18 and 34 years, 38.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 20.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.4% were men and 51.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.96%
Uninsured
46.6%
Employer Coverage
20.6%
Medicaid
15.1%
Medicare
12.5%
Non-Group
1.26%
Military or VA

Between 2020 and 2021, the percent of uninsured citizens in Des Moines County, IA declined by 3.96% from 4.12% to 3.96%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Des Moines County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 42.6 in Des Moines County, IA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Des Moines County, IA.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 36.9% in Des Moines County, IA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Des Moines County, IA.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 5.06% in Des Moines County, IA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Des Moines County, IA.

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