Melbourne, FL

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Population

79,640

0.924% growth

Median Age

45.5


Median Household Income

$43,159

4.6% growth

Poverty Rate

16.7%


Number of Employees

34,941

0.953% growth

Median Property Value

$138,800

10.7% growth

About

In 2017, Melbourne, FL had a population of 79.6k people with a median age of 45.5 and a median household income of $43,159. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Melbourne, FL grew from 78,911 to 79,640, a 0.924% increase and its median household income grew from $41,262 to $43,159, a 4.6% increase.

The population of Melbourne, FL is 72.9% White Alone, 10.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 9.92% Black or African American Alone. 12% of the people in Melbourne, FL speak a non-English language, and 95.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Melbourne, FL are Florida Institute of Technology (1,828 degrees awarded in 2016), Florida Institute of Technology-Online (822 degrees), and Everest University-Melbourne (133 degrees).

The median property value in Melbourne, FL is $138,800, and the homeownership rate is 58.2%. Most people in Melbourne, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Melbourne, FL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Viera Wetlands in Viera, Florida

Economy

The economy of Melbourne, FL employs 34.9k people. The largest industries in Melbourne, FL are Retail Trade (4,768 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,730 people), and Manufacturing (3,733 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($67,353), Manufacturing ($47,279), and Transportation & Warehousing ($45,422).

Median household income in Melbourne, FL is $43,159. Males in Melbourne, FL have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,078. The income inequality in Melbourne, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,159

2017 value

± $2,163

4.6%

1 Year Growth

± 6.18%

Households in Melbourne, FL have a median annual income of $43,159, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,262 in 2016, which represents a 4.6% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Melbourne, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

$58,931

Average Male Salary

± $842

$44,078

Average Female Salary

± $574

In 2017, full-time male employees in Melbourne, FL made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Melbourne, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $54,227 ± $3,227

  2. Alaska Native

    $50,175 ± $47,169

  3. White

    $47,927 ± $556

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Melbourne, FL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Melbourne, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Melbourne, FL is from Florida.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Florida was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.259% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 694

  2. Census Tract 641.02

  3. Census Tract 641.28

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Melbourne, FL was Census Tract 694 with a value of $97,887, followed by Census Tract 641.02 and Census Tract 641.28, with respective values of $82,321 and $75,519.

The following map shows all of the places in Melbourne, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Melbourne, FL (12.9k out of 77.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,390 ± 776

  2. Black

    2,436 ± 476

  3. Hispanic

    1,095 ± 304

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Melbourne, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

34.9k

2017 Value

± 1,422

0.953%

1 Year growth

± 5.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Melbourne, FL grew at a rate of 0.953%, from 34.6k employees to 34.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Melbourne, FL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,260 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,078 people), and Management Occupations (3,322 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Melbourne, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Melbourne, FL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,260 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,078 people), and Management Occupations (3,322 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Melbourne, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Architecture & Engineering Occupations (2.08 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.49 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Melbourne, FL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($86,197), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($79,565), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,236).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

34.9k

2017 Value

± 1,422

0.953%

1 Year growth

± 5.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Melbourne, FL grew at a rate of 0.953%, from 34.6k employees to 34.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Melbourne, FL, are Retail Trade (4,768 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,730 people), and Manufacturing (3,733 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Melbourne, FL, though some of these residents may live in Melbourne, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Melbourne, FL, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (4,768 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,730 people), and Manufacturing (3,733 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Melbourne, FL has an unusually high number of Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.35 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.27 times), and Retail Trade (1.2 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Melbourne, FL, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($67,353), Manufacturing ($47,279), and Transportation & Warehousing ($45,422).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $57.1B

  2. $44.9B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $57.1B, followed by Pharmaceuticals with $44.9B and Gasoline and $41.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$457B

2015 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

56.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound Florida trade was $457B. This is expected to increase 56.2% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $17.7B

  2. $15.1B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $17.7B, followed by Texas with $15.1B and California and $10.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.3% of the population of Melbourne, FL has health coverage, with 37.7% on employee plans, 13.5% on Medicaid, 14.7% on Medicare, 16.6% on non-group plans, and 3.77% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Melbourne, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Melbourne, FL see 1376 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1379 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1735 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 703 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

1,376 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Florida see an average of 1,376 patients per year. This represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1,379 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Florida in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.7%

Uninsured

37.7%

Employer Coverage

13.5%

Medicaid

14.7%

Medicare

16.6%

Non-Group

3.77%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Melbourne, FL declined by 11% from 15.4% to 13.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Melbourne, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Melbourne, FL is home to a population of 79.6k people, from which 95.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.2% of Melbourne, FL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Melbourne, FL is composed of 58k White Alone residents (72.9%), 8.06k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.1%), 7.9k Black or African American Alone residents (9.92%), 2.66k Asian Alone residents (3.34%), 2.5k Two or More Races residents (3.14%), 302 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.379%), 184 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.231%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Melbourne, FL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (5,192 speakers), Chinese (483 speakers), and Vietnamese (390 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.4

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Melbourne, FL was 45.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Melbourne, FL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Melbourne, FL residents was 46.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

10.6%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 10.2% of Melbourne, FL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Melbourne, FL was 10.6%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Melbourne, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    951,787 ± 23,383 people

  2. Haiti

    321,904 ± 13,819 people

  3. Mexico

    272,262 ± 12,724 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Melbourne, FL was Cuba, the natal country of 951,787 Melbourne, FL residents, followed by Haiti with 321,904 and Mexico with 272,262.

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Citizenship

95.1%

2017 Citizenship

94.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.1% of Melbourne, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Melbourne, FL was 94.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Melbourne, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    58k ± 1.4k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    8.06k ± 1.01k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    7.9k ± 984

In 2017, there were 7.2 times more White Alone residents (58k people) in Melbourne, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.06k Hispanic or Latino and 7.9k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Melbourne, FL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    5,192 speakers (7.02%)

  2. Chinese

    483 speakers (0.653%)

  3. Vietnamese

    390 speakers (0.528%)

12% of Melbourne, FL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Melbourne, FL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 7.02% of the overall population of Melbourne, FL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.653% speak Chinese and 0.528% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,843 ± 373

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,266 ± 250

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,250 ± 280

Melbourne, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.25 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Melbourne, FL awarded 2,867 degrees. The student population of Melbourne, FL is skewed towards men, with 5,598 male students and 3,859 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Melbourne, FL are White (1,274 and 57.2%), followed by Black or African American (391 and 17.6%), Hispanic or Latino (210 and 9.43%), and Unknown (199 and 8.94%).

The largest universities in Melbourne, FL by number of degrees awarded are Florida Institute of Technology (1,828 and 63.8%), Florida Institute of Technology-Online (822 and 28.7%), and Everest University-Melbourne (133 and 4.64%).

The most popular majors in Melbourne, FL are General Business Administration & Management (290 and 10.1%), Information Science (180 and 6.28%), and General Management Information Systems (168 and 5.86%).

The median tuition costs in Melbourne, FL are $12,729 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in Melbourne, FL was General Business Administration & Management with 193 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in Melbourne, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,828 degrees awarded

  2. 822 degrees awarded

  3. 133 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$12,729

Median Private

In 2016, the Melbourne, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Florida Institute of Technology with 1,828 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,604

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,263

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,604 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Melbourne, FL, which is 1.27 times more than the 1,263 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Melbourne, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,274 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    391 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    210 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Melbourne, FL were to White students. These 1,274 degrees mean that there were 3.26 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 391 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Melbourne, FL was $138,800 in 2017, which is 0.638 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $125,400 to $138,800, a 10.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Melbourne, FL is 58.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Melbourne, FL have an average commute time of 20.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Melbourne, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,159

Median Household Income

± $2,163

33.7k

Number of Households

± 1,308

In 2017, the median household income of the 33.7k households in Melbourne, FL grew to $43,159 from the previous year's value of $41,262.

The following chart displays the households in Melbourne, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$138,800

2017 Median

± $4,932

$125,400

2016 Median

± $4,722

In 2017, the median property value in Melbourne, FL grew to to $138,800 from the previous year's value of $125,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Melbourne, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Melbourne, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Melbourne, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Melbourne, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

58.2%

2017 Homeownership

58%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 58.2% of the housing units in Melbourne, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 58%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Melbourne, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Melbourne, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Melbourne, FL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Melbourne, FL have a shorter commute time (20.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.05% of the workforce in Melbourne, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Melbourne, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.41%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.4%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Melbourne, FL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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