McLennan County, TX

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Population

245,720

0.956% growth

Median Age

33.2


Median Household Income

$46,262

4.56% growth

Poverty Rate

19.3%


Number of Employees

112,592

2.44% growth

Median Property Value

$125,200

5.92% growth

About

In 2017, McLennan County, TX had a population of 246k people with a median age of 33.2 and a median household income of $46,262. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of McLennan County, TX grew from 243,394 to 245,720, a 0.956% increase and its median household income grew from $44,246 to $46,262, a 4.56% increase.

The population of McLennan County, TX is 56.7% White Alone, 25.6% Hispanic or Latino, and 14.2% Black or African American Alone. 19.1% of the people in McLennan County, TX speak a non-English language, and 93.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in McLennan County, TX are Baylor University (4,398 degrees awarded in 2016), Texas State Technical College (2,943 degrees), and McLennan Community College (1,632 degrees).

The median property value in McLennan County, TX is $125,200, and the homeownership rate is 58%. Most people in McLennan County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.7 minutes. The average car ownership in McLennan County, TX is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of McLennan County, TX employs 113k people. The largest industries in McLennan County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (15,244 people), Educational Services (14,427 people), and Retail Trade (14,211 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($84,875), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($52,596), and Utilities ($51,099).

Median household income in McLennan County, TX is $46,262. Males in McLennan County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in McLennan County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,262

2017 value

± $1,239

4.56%

1 Year Growth

± 4.03%

Households in McLennan County, TX have a median annual income of $46,262, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,246 in 2016, which represents a 4.56% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in McLennan County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in McLennan County, TX made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in McLennan County, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of McLennan County, TX workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in McLennan County, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for McLennan County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 37.03

  2. Census Tract 40

  3. Census Tract 37.06

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in McLennan County, TX was Census Tract 37.03 with a value of $81,988, followed by Census Tract 40 and Census Tract 37.06, with respective values of $80,772 and $79,107.

The following map shows all of the tracts in McLennan County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in McLennan County, TX (45.7k out of 236k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    29,805 ± 1,306

  2. Hispanic

    16,268 ± 931

  3. Black

    10,577 ± 776

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in McLennan County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

113k

2017 Value

± 2,481

2.44%

1 Year growth

± 2.97%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in McLennan County, TX grew at a rate of 2.44%, from 110k employees to 113k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in McLennan County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (16,073 people), Sales & Related Occupations (11,884 people), and Management Occupations (9,086 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of McLennan County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of McLennan County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (16,073 people), Sales & Related Occupations (11,884 people), and Management Occupations (9,086 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, McLennan County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.53 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.41 times), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.32 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of McLennan County, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($66,489), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($64,336), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($61,075).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

113k

2017 Value

± 2,481

2.44%

1 Year growth

± 2.97%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in McLennan County, TX grew at a rate of 2.44%, from 110k employees to 113k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in McLennan County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (15,244 people), Educational Services (14,427 people), and Retail Trade (14,211 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of McLennan County, TX, though some of these residents may live in McLennan County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in McLennan County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (15,244 people), Educational Services (14,427 people), and Retail Trade (14,211 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, McLennan County, TX has an unusually high number of Utilities (1.44 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.38 times), and Construction (1.16 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in McLennan County, TX, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($84,875), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($52,596), and Utilities ($51,099).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline with $216B and Mixed freight and $159B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.3% of the population of McLennan County, TX has health coverage, with 47% on employee plans, 15% on Medicaid, 9.62% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 2.17% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of McLennan County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in McLennan County, TX see 1428 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.66% decrease from the previous year (1467 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1922 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 727 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1428 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in McLennan County, TX see an average of 1428 patients per year. This represents a 2.66% decrease from the previous year (1467 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in McLennan County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.7%

Uninsured

47%

Employer Coverage

15%

Medicaid

9.62%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

2.17%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in McLennan County, TX declined by 5.16% from 16.5% to 15.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in McLennan County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

McLennan County, TX is home to a population of 246k people, from which 93.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.85% of McLennan County, TX residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of McLennan County, TX is composed of 139k White Alone residents (56.7%), 63k Hispanic or Latino residents (25.6%), 34.9k Black or African American Alone residents (14.2%), 3.92k Two or More Races residents (1.6%), 3.71k Asian Alone residents (1.51%), 465 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.189%), 269 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.109%), and 32 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.013%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in McLennan County, TX are Spanish or Spanish Creole (37,101 speakers), Chinese (694 speakers), and Vietnamese (548 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in McLennan County, TX was 33.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in McLennan County, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all McLennan County, TX residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.85%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

8.47%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 8.85% of McLennan County, TX residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in McLennan County, TX was 8.47%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in McLennan County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of McLennan County, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 McLennan County, TX residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

93.8%

2017 Citizenship

94.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.8% of McLennan County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in McLennan County, TX was 94.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in McLennan County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    139k ± 168

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    63k ± 1.85k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    34.9k ± 516

In 2017, there were 2.21 times more White Alone residents (139k people) in McLennan County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 63k Hispanic or Latino and 34.9k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in McLennan County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    37,101 speakers (16.5%)

  2. Chinese

    694 speakers (0.31%)

  3. Vietnamese

    548 speakers (0.244%)

19.1% of McLennan County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in McLennan County, TX was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 16.5% of the overall population of McLennan County, TX are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.31% speak Chinese and 0.244% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,011 ± 395

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,660 ± 404

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,499 ± 371

McLennan County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.88 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in McLennan County, TX awarded 8,973 degrees. The student population of McLennan County, TX is skewed towards women, with 18,898 male students and 20,109 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in McLennan County, TX are White (5,064 and 57.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,361 and 26.9%), Black or African American (602 and 6.86%), and Two or More Races (290 and 3.3%).

The largest universities in McLennan County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Baylor University (4,398 and 49%), Texas State Technical College (2,943 and 32.8%), and McLennan Community College (1,632 and 18.2%).

The most popular majors in McLennan County, TX are Liberal Arts & Sciences (912 and 10.2%), Registered Nursing (394 and 4.39%), and General Business Administration & Management (305 and 3.4%).

The median tuition costs in McLennan County, TX are $37,996 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 161 degrees awarded

  2. 221 degrees awarded

  3. 195 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in McLennan County, TX was General Finance with 161 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in McLennan County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,398 degrees awarded

  2. 2,943 degrees awarded

  3. 1,632 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$37,996

Median Private

In 2016, the McLennan County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Baylor University with 4,398 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,351

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,622

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 4,351 men were awarded degrees from institutions in McLennan County, TX, which is 0.941 times less than the 4,622 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in McLennan County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,064 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2,361 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    602 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in McLennan County, TX were to White students. These 5,064 degrees mean that there were 2.14 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,361 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in McLennan County, TX was $125,200 in 2017, which is 0.575 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $118,200 to $125,200, a 5.92% increase. The homeownership rate in McLennan County, TX is 58%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in McLennan County, TX have an average commute time of 18.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in McLennan County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,262

Median Household Income

± $1,239

88.2k

Number of Households

± 1,971

In 2017, the median household income of the 88.2k households in McLennan County, TX grew to $46,262 from the previous year's value of $44,246.

The following chart displays the households in McLennan County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$125,200

2017 Median

± $2,656

$118,200

2016 Median

± $2,747

In 2017, the median property value in McLennan County, TX grew to to $125,200 from the previous year's value of $118,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in McLennan County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In McLennan County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in McLennan County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In McLennan County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

58%

2017 Homeownership

58.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 58% of the housing units in McLennan County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 58.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in McLennan County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in McLennan County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in McLennan County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

18.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in McLennan County, TX have a shorter commute time (18.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.86% of the workforce in McLennan County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in McLennan County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.4%

  2. Carpooled

    10.7%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.61%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in McLennan County, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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