Hill County, TX

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Population

35,098

0.564% growth

Median Age

42.5


Median Household Income

$45,970

5.82% growth

Poverty Rate

17.5%


Number of Employees

14,579

1.47% growth

Median Property Value

$93,700

5.16% growth

About

In 2017, Hill County, TX had a population of 35.1k people with a median age of 42.5 and a median household income of $45,970. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hill County, TX grew from 34,901 to 35,098, a 0.564% increase and its median household income grew from $43,441 to $45,970, a 5.82% increase.

The population of Hill County, TX is 71.3% White Alone, 20% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.3% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Hill County, TX speak a non-English language, and 94.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hill County, TX are Hill College (801 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Hill County, TX is $93,700, and the homeownership rate is 73.8%. Most people in Hill County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Hill County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Hill County, TX employs 14.6k people. The largest industries in Hill County, TX are Retail Trade (1,834 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,824 people), and Manufacturing (1,586 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,750), Transportation & Warehousing ($50,000), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,500).

Median household income in Hill County, TX is $45,970. Males in Hill County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Hill County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,970

2017 value

± $2,801

5.82%

1 Year Growth

± 7.46%

Households in Hill County, TX have a median annual income of $45,970, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,441 in 2016, which represents a 5.82% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hill County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hill County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9611

  2. Census Tract 9601

  3. Census Tract 9602

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hill County, TX was Census Tract 9611 with a value of $54,567, followed by Census Tract 9601 and Census Tract 9602, with respective values of $47,557 and $46,883.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hill County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hill County, TX (5.97k out of 34k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,052 ± 379

  2. Hispanic

    1,702 ± 219

  3. Black

    695 ± 171

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hill County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

14.6k

2017 Value

± 648

1.47%

1 Year growth

± 6.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hill County, TX grew at a rate of 1.47%, from 14.4k employees to 14.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hill County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,914 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,400 people), and Management Occupations (1,348 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hill County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hill County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,914 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,400 people), and Management Occupations (1,348 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hill County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.21 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.68 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.64 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hill County, TX, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($82,125), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($61,250), and Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($49,856).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

14.6k

2017 Value

± 648

1.47%

1 Year growth

± 6.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hill County, TX grew at a rate of 1.47%, from 14.4k employees to 14.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hill County, TX, are Retail Trade (1,834 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,824 people), and Manufacturing (1,586 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hill County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Hill County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hill County, TX, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (1,834 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,824 people), and Manufacturing (1,586 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hill County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.25 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.26 times), and Utilities (2.34 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hill County, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,750), Transportation & Warehousing ($50,000), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,500).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

82.4% of the population of Hill County, TX has health coverage, with 36.7% on employee plans, 16.1% on Medicaid, 15.4% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 2.23% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Hill County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Hill County, TX see 2681 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.71% increase from the previous year (2489 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3189 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2192 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,681 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hill County, TX see an average of 2,681 patients per year. This represents a 7.71% increase from the previous year (2,489 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hill County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

17.6%

Uninsured

36.7%

Employer Coverage

16.1%

Medicaid

15.4%

Medicare

11.9%

Non-Group

2.23%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hill County, TX declined by 10.4% from 19.7% to 17.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hill County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hill County, TX is home to a population of 35.1k people, from which 94.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.62% of Hill County, TX residents were born outside of the country (2.68k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hill County, TX is composed of 25k White Alone residents (71.3%), 7.02k Hispanic or Latino residents (20%), 2.21k Black or African American Alone residents (6.3%), 571 Two or More Races residents (1.63%), 102 Asian Alone residents (0.291%), 85 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.242%), 70 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.199%), and 5 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0142%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hill County, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hill County, TX was 42.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Hill County, TX are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Hill County, TX residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.62%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.68k people

7.42%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.59k people

As of 2017, 7.62% of Hill County, TX residents (2.68k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hill County, TX was 7.42%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hill County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

94.9%

2017 Citizenship

94.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.9% of Hill County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hill County, TX was 94.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hill County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    25k ± 20

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    7.02k ± 501

  3. Black or African American Alone

    2.21k ± 163

In 2017, there were 3.57 times more White Alone residents (25k people) in Hill County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.02k Hispanic or Latino and 2.21k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hill County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Hill County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Hill County, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Hill County, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,061 ± 146

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    367 ± 109

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    276 ± 88

Hill County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.89 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hill County, TX awarded 801 degrees. The student population of Hill County, TX is skewed towards women, with 1,645 male students and 2,430 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hill County, TX are White (530 and 66.9%), followed by Two or More Races (124 and 15.7%), Hispanic or Latino (84 and 10.6%), and Black or African American (39 and 4.92%).

The largest universities in Hill County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Hill College (801 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Hill County, TX are General Studies (316 and 39.5%), Welding Technology (125 and 15.6%), and General Administrative Assistant & Secretarial Science (52 and 6.49%).

The median tuition costs in Hill County, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 316 degrees awarded

  2. 38 degrees awarded

  3. 15 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Hill County, TX was General Studies with 316 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Hill County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

801 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Hill County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Hill College with 801 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

363

Degrees Awarded to Men

438

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 363 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hill County, TX, which is 0.829 times less than the 438 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Hill County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    530 degrees awarded

  2. Two or More Races

    124 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    84 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hill County, TX were to White students. These 530 degrees mean that there were 4.27 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Two or More Races, with 124 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hill County, TX was $93,700 in 2017, which is 0.431 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $89,100 to $93,700, a 5.16% increase. The homeownership rate in Hill County, TX is 73.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hill County, TX have an average commute time of 27.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hill County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,970

Median Household Income

± $2,801

12.7k

Number of Households

± 570

In 2017, the median household income of the 12.7k households in Hill County, TX grew to $45,970 from the previous year's value of $43,441.

The following chart displays the households in Hill County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$93,700

2017 Median

± $5,947

$89,100

2016 Median

± $4,308

In 2017, the median property value in Hill County, TX grew to to $93,700 from the previous year's value of $89,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hill County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hill County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hill County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hill County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.8%

2017 Homeownership

73%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.8% of the housing units in Hill County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 73%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hill County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hill County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hill County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

27.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hill County, TX have a longer commute time (27.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 5.03% of the workforce in Hill County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hill County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.9%

  2. Carpooled

    12.3%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.64%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hill County, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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