Ellis County, TX

County

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2019 Population
173,772
2.92% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
36.2
0.277% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
8.76%
5.7% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$76,871
6.45% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$191,400
10.7% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
85,372
4.16% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Ellis County, TX had a population of 174k people with a median age of 36.2 and a median household income of $76,871. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Ellis County, TX grew from 168,838 to 173,772, a 2.92% increase and its median household income grew from $72,213 to $76,871, a 6.45% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Ellis County, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (60.8%), White (Hispanic) (20.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (9.8%), Other (Hispanic) (3.06%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.13%). 0% of the households in Ellis County, TX speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 95.4% of the residents in Ellis County, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ellis County, TX are Southwestern Assemblies of God University (628 degrees awarded in 2019).

In 2019, the median property value in Ellis County, TX was $191,400, and the homeownership rate was 74.4%. Most people in Ellis County, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 28.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Ellis County, TX was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Start Year
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Texas. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Ellis County, TX is home to a population of 174k people, from which 95.4% are citizens. As of 2019, 27.5% of Ellis County, TX residents were born outside of the country (47.8k people).

In 2019, there were 2.94 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (106k people) in Ellis County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.9k White (Hispanic) and 17k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Ellis County, TX
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    106k ± 35
  2. White (Hispanic)
    35.9k ± 1.34k
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    17k ± 535
26.2%
Hispanic Population
45.6k people

In 2019, there were 2.94 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (106k people) in Ellis County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.9k White (Hispanic) and 17k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

26.2% of the people in Ellis County, TX are hispanic (45.6k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Ellis County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

27.5%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
47.8k people
8.55%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
14.4k people

As of 2019, 27.5% of Ellis County, TX residents (47.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ellis County, TX was 8.55%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ellis County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

35
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.2
43
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1

In 2019, the median age of all people in Ellis County, TX was 36.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Ellis County, TX are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Ellis County, TX residents was 36.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,517,866 ± 37,182 people
  2. India
    267,786 ± 12,644 people
  3. El Salvador
    216,011 ± 11,367 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,517,866 Texas residents, followed by India with 267,786 and El Salvador with 216,011.

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Citizenship

95.4%
2019 Citizenship
94.5%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 95.4% of Ellis County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Ellis County, TX was 94.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ellis County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,445 ± 305
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,502 ± 381
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,955 ± 318

Ellis County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.38 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Ellis County, TX is $76,871. In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Ellis County, TX was Census Tract 602.10 with a value of $122,102, followed by Census Tract 608.01 and Census Tract 602.11, with respective values of $121,143 and $109,958.

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,245. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Ellis County, TX employs 85.4k people. The largest industries in Ellis County, TX are Manufacturing (11,206 people), Retail Trade (10,145 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (9,410 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($75,179), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,664), and Public Administration ($62,302).

Wages

Median Household Income

$76,871
2019 value
± $1,630
6.45%
1 Year Growth
± 3.43%

Households in Ellis County, TX have a median annual income of $76,871, which is more than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $72,213 in 2018, which represents a 6.45% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Ellis County, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
$68,707
Average Male Salary in Texas
± $741
$49,245
Average Female Salary in Texas
± $549

In 2019, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Texas
  1. Asian
    $69,055 ± $2,236
  2. White
    $55,439 ± $530
  3. American Indian
    $49,081 ± $7,151

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Texas.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ellis County, TX is from Texas.
0.48
2019 Wage GINI in Texas
0.482
2018 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2019, the income inequality in Texas was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.281% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 602.10
  2. Census Tract 608.01
  3. Census Tract 602.11

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ellis County, TX was Census Tract 602.10 with a value of $122,102, followed by Census Tract 608.01 and Census Tract 602.11, with respective values of $121,143 and $109,958.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Ellis County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.76% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ellis County, TX (15k out of 171k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    10,271 ± 773
  2. Hispanic
    6,032 ± 621
  3. Black
    2,930 ± 436

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ellis County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

85.4k
2019 Value
± 2,158
4.16%
1 Year growth
± 3.4%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Ellis County, TX grew at a rate of 4.16%, from 82k employees to 85.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ellis County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,120 people), Sales & Related Occupations (9,240 people), and Management Occupations (8,802 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ellis County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ellis County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,120 people), Sales & Related Occupations (9,240 people), and Management Occupations (8,802 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ellis County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.74 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.32 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.27 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ellis County, TX, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($105,464), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,550), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($74,347).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

85.4k
2019 Value
± 2,158
4.16%
1 Year growth
± 3.4%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Ellis County, TX grew at a rate of 4.16%, from 82k employees to 85.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ellis County, TX, are Manufacturing (11,206 people), Retail Trade (10,145 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (9,410 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ellis County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Ellis County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ellis County, TX, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (11,206 people), Retail Trade (10,145 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (9,410 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ellis County, TX has an unusually high number of Utilities (1.79 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.48 times), and Construction (1.41 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ellis County, TX, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($75,179), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,664), and Public Administration ($62,302).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $358B
  2. $332B
  3. $284B

In 2018, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $358B, followed by Crude petroleum ($332B) and Gasoline ($284B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.8T
2018 Value in Texas
$5.07T
Projected 2045 Value in Texas
81.2% growth

In 2018, total outbound Texas trade was $2.8T. This is expected to increase 81.2% to $5.07T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $97.6B
  2. $67.7B
  3. $60.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.6B, followed by Michigan with $67.7B and California and $60.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Ellis County, TX went to Donald J. Trump with 70.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (25.5%), followed by Other (3.89%). The most partisan county was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Texas.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Ellis County, TX
70.6% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Texas
  1. 94.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 93.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 92% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Texas was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Texas colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Ellis County, TX awarded 628 degrees. The student population of Ellis County, TX is skewed towards women, with 953 male students and 1,097 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ellis County, TX are White (406 and 65.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (123 and 19.8%), Black or African American (49 and 7.9%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (20 and 3.23%).

The largest universities in Ellis County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Southwestern Assemblies of God University (628 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Ellis County, TX are Biblical Studies (142 and 22.6%), General Business Administration & Management (78 and 12.4%), and Other Pastoral Counseling & Specialized Ministries (73 and 11.6%).

The median tuition costs in Ellis County, TX are $20,496 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 23 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 73 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 35 degree-majorss awarded

In 2018, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ellis County, TX was General Business Administration & Management with 23 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ellis County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
628 degrees awarded
$N/A
Median In-State Public
$20,496
Median Private

In 2019, the Ellis County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southwestern Assemblies of God University with 628 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

270
Degrees Awarded to Men
358
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 270 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ellis County, TX, which is 0.754 times less than the 358 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Ellis County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    406 degrees awarded
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    123 degrees awarded
  3. Black or African American
    49 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Ellis County, TX was White students. These 406 degrees mean that there were 3.3 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 123 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ellis County, TX was $191,400 in 2019, which is 0.796 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $172,900 to $191,400, a 10.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Ellis County, TX is 74.4%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Ellis County, TX have an average commute time of 28.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Ellis County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$191,400
2019 Median
± $5,085
$172,900
2018 Median
± $2,584

In 2019, the median property value in Ellis County, TX grew to to $191,400 from the previous year's value of $172,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ellis County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ellis County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$76,871
Median Household Income
± $1,630
57.3k
Number of Households
± 1,724

In 2019, the median household income of the 57.3k households in Ellis County, TX grew to $76,871 from the previous year's value of $72,213.

The following chart displays the households in Ellis County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ellis County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ellis County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

74.4%
2019 Homeownership
73%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 74.4% of the housing units in Ellis County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 73%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ellis County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

28.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ellis County, TX have a longer commute time (28.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.12% of the workforce in Ellis County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ellis County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (81.7%)
  2. Carpooled (10.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.99%)

In 2019, 81.7% of workers in Ellis County, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.4%) and those who worked at home (5.99%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ellis County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ellis County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

84.9% of the population of Ellis County, TX has health coverage, with 52.4% on employee plans, 9.59% on Medicaid, 9.73% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 1.58% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Ellis County, TX see 2361 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.8% decrease from the previous year (2480 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2981 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1515 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (23.2%). Additionally, Burleson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,361 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Ellis County, TX

Primary care physicians in Ellis County, TX see an average of 2,361 patients per year. This represents a 4.8% decrease from the previous year (2,480 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ellis County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
$6,998
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Texas
$4,696
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,273
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,895
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.1%
Uninsured
52.4%
Employer Coverage
9.59%
Medicaid
9.73%
Medicare
11.7%
Non-Group
1.58%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ellis County, TX declined by 1.22% from 15.2% to 15.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ellis County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 23.2% prevalence
  2. 22.7% prevalence
  3. 22.5% prevalence

Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 23.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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