Ellis County, TX

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Population

164,092

2.41% growth

Median Age

36


Median Household Income

$67,371

4.64% growth

Poverty Rate

10.5%


Number of Employees

78,597

3.06% growth

Median Property Value

$158,200

5.26% growth

About

In 2017, Ellis County, TX had a population of 164k people with a median age of 36 and a median household income of $67,371. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ellis County, TX grew from 160,225 to 164,092, a 2.41% increase and its median household income grew from $64,382 to $67,371, a 4.64% increase.

The population of Ellis County, TX is 62.6% White Alone, 25.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 8.92% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Ellis County, TX speak a non-English language, and 94.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ellis County, TX are Southwestern Assemblies of God University (584 degrees awarded in 2016) and National Beauty College (440077) (16 degrees).

The median property value in Ellis County, TX is $158,200, and the homeownership rate is 73.1%. Most people in Ellis County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Ellis County, TX is 2 cars per household.

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Economy

The economy of Ellis County, TX employs 78.6k people. The largest industries in Ellis County, TX are Manufacturing (10,904 people), Retail Trade (8,901 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,498 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($72,153), Public Administration ($58,291), and Information ($56,028).

Median household income in Ellis County, TX is $67,371. Males in Ellis County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Ellis County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$67,371

2017 value

± $2,205

4.64%

1 Year Growth

± 3.97%

Households in Ellis County, TX have a median annual income of $67,371, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $64,382 in 2016, which represents a 4.64% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ellis County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ellis County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 602.09

  2. Census Tract 608.01

  3. Census Tract 602.14

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ellis County, TX was Census Tract 602.09 with a value of $108,304, followed by Census Tract 608.01 and Census Tract 602.14, with respective values of $105,956 and $98,569.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Ellis County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ellis County, TX (17k out of 162k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    11,900 ± 818

  2. Hispanic

    7,438 ± 629

  3. Black

    2,367 ± 394

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ellis County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

78.6k

2017 Value

± 2,029

3.06%

1 Year growth

± 3.56%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ellis County, TX grew at a rate of 3.06%, from 76.3k employees to 78.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ellis County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,999 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,246 people), and Management Occupations (8,158 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ellis County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ellis County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,999 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,246 people), and Management Occupations (8,158 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ellis County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.67 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.38 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.26 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ellis County, TX, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($74,161), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($70,759), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($68,150).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

78.6k

2017 Value

± 2,029

3.06%

1 Year growth

± 3.56%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ellis County, TX grew at a rate of 3.06%, from 76.3k employees to 78.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ellis County, TX, are Manufacturing (10,904 people), Retail Trade (8,901 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,498 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ellis County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Ellis County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ellis County, TX, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (10,904 people), Retail Trade (8,901 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,498 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ellis County, TX has an unusually high number of Utilities (1.71 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.7 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.39 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ellis County, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($72,153), Public Administration ($58,291), and Information ($56,028).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

83.9% of the population of Ellis County, TX has health coverage, with 50.1% on employee plans, 10.6% on Medicaid, 9.18% on Medicare, 12.2% on non-group plans, and 1.73% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Ellis County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Ellis County, TX see 2406 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.84% decrease from the previous year (2451 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3179 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1636 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,406 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ellis County, TX see an average of 2,406 patients per year. This represents a 1.84% decrease from the previous year (2,451 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ellis County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

16.1%

Uninsured

50.1%

Employer Coverage

10.6%

Medicaid

9.18%

Medicare

12.2%

Non-Group

1.73%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ellis County, TX declined by 3.09% from 16.6% to 16.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ellis County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ellis County, TX is home to a population of 164k people, from which 94.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.48% of Ellis County, TX residents were born outside of the country (13.9k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Ellis County, TX is composed of 103k White Alone residents (62.6%), 41.8k Hispanic or Latino residents (25.5%), 14.6k Black or African American Alone residents (8.92%), 3.22k Two or More Races residents (1.96%), 1.1k Asian Alone residents (0.673%), 419 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.255%), 156 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0951%), and 68 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0414%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ellis County, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ellis County, TX was 36. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Ellis County, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Ellis County, TX residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.48%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

13.9k people

8.47%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

13.6k people

As of 2017, 8.48% of Ellis County, TX residents (13.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ellis County, TX was 8.47%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ellis County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

94.6%

2017 Citizenship

94.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.6% of Ellis County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Ellis County, TX was 94.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ellis County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    103k ± 74

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    41.8k ± 2.01k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    14.6k ± 571

In 2017, there were 2.46 times more White Alone residents (103k people) in Ellis County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 41.8k Hispanic or Latino and 14.6k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ellis County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Ellis County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Ellis County, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Ellis County, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,779 ± 333

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,758 ± 273

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,719 ± 337

Ellis County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.15 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Ellis County, TX awarded 600 degrees. The student population of Ellis County, TX is skewed towards women, with 1,012 male students and 1,073 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ellis County, TX are White (431 and 72.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (90 and 15.1%), Black or African American (46 and 7.69%), and Two or More Races (10 and 1.67%).

The largest universities in Ellis County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Southwestern Assemblies of God University (584 and 97.3%) and National Beauty College (440077) (16 and 2.67%).

The most popular majors in Ellis County, TX are Biblical Studies (165 and 27.5%), Other Pastoral Counseling & Specialized Ministries (37 and 6.17%), and Counseling Psychology (37 and 6.17%).

The median tuition costs in Ellis County, TX are $18,900 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 37 degrees awarded

  2. 36 degrees awarded

  3. 23 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ellis County, TX was Other Pastoral Counseling & Specialized Ministries with 37 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ellis County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 584 degrees awarded

  2. 16 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$18,900

Median Private

In 2016, the Ellis County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southwestern Assemblies of God University with 584 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

270

Degrees Awarded to Men

330

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 270 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ellis County, TX, which is 0.818 times less than the 330 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Ellis County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    431 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    90 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    46 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ellis County, TX were to White students. These 431 degrees mean that there were 4.79 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 90 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ellis County, TX was $158,200 in 2017, which is 0.727 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $150,300 to $158,200, a 5.26% increase. The homeownership rate in Ellis County, TX is 73.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ellis County, TX have an average commute time of 27.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ellis County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$67,371

Median Household Income

± $2,205

54.7k

Number of Households

± 1,615

In 2017, the median household income of the 54.7k households in Ellis County, TX grew to $67,371 from the previous year's value of $64,382.

The following chart displays the households in Ellis County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$158,200

2017 Median

± $3,195

$150,300

2016 Median

± $3,042

In 2017, the median property value in Ellis County, TX grew to to $158,200 from the previous year's value of $150,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ellis County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ellis County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ellis County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ellis County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

73.1%

2017 Homeownership

72.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.1% of the housing units in Ellis County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ellis County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ellis County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ellis County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

27.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ellis County, TX have a longer commute time (27.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.27% of the workforce in Ellis County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ellis County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82%

  2. Carpooled

    11.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    5%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ellis County, TX was Drove Alone (82%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.1%) and those who Worked At Home (5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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