Lancaster, PA

Census Place

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2022 Population
57,970
0.11% 1-year decline
US Senator
Bob Casey Jr.
Democratic Party
US Senator
John Fetterman
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
31.8
1.55% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
18.7%
2.14% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$61,014
12.7% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$179,500
23.5% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
29,265
0.483% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Lancaster, PA had a population of 58k people with a median age of 31.8 and a median household income of $61,014. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Lancaster, PA declined from 58,034 to 57,970, a −0.11% decrease and its median household income grew from $54,145 to $61,014, a 12.7% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Lancaster, PA are White (Non-Hispanic) (38.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (14.1%), Other (Hispanic) (12.8%), White (Hispanic) (12.6%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (10.3%).

None of the households in Lancaster, PA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

93.9% of the residents in Lancaster, PA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lancaster, PA are Franklin and Marshall College (646 degrees awarded in 2022), Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology (434 degrees), and Pennsylvania College of Art and Design (44 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Lancaster, PA was $179,500, and the homeownership rate was 46.7%.

Most people in Lancaster, PA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23 minutes. The average car ownership in Lancaster, PA was 1 car per household.

Population & Diversity

Lancaster, PA is home to a population of 58k people, from which 93.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 12.4% of Lancaster, PA residents were born outside of the country (7.16k people).

In 2022, there were 2.76 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (22.6k people) in Lancaster, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.18k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 7.42k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

93.9%
2022 Citizenship
94%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 93.9% of Lancaster, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Lancaster, PA was 94%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lancaster, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Lancaster, PA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    22.6k ± 1.24k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    8.18k ± 783
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    7.42k ± 1.15k
39.4%
Hispanic Population
22.8k people

In 2022, there were 2.76 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (22.6k people) in Lancaster, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.18k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 7.42k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

39.4% of the people in Lancaster, PA are hispanic (22.8k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Lancaster, PA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    99,082 ± 7,698 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    90,229 ± 7,349 people
  3. China
    69,880 ± 6,473 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 99,082 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 90,229 and China with 69,880.

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Foreign-Born Population

12.4%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
7.16k people
12.7%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
7.39k people

As of 2022, 12.4% of Lancaster, PA residents (7.16k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lancaster, PA was 12.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lancaster, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    401 ± 138
  2. Vietnam
    401 ± 158
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    154 ± 79

Lancaster, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Lancaster, PA employs 29.3k people. The largest industries in Lancaster, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,887 people), Manufacturing (4,236 people), and Retail Trade (3,900 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($61,154), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,917), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($55,865).

Males in Pennsylvania have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,610. The income inequality in Pennsylvania (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

29.3k
2022 Value
± 1,482
−0.483%
1 Year decline
± 6.99%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Lancaster, PA declined at a rate of −0.483%, from 29.4k employees to 29.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lancaster, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,846 people), Production Occupations (2,771 people), and Material Moving Occupations (2,753 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lancaster, PA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Pennsylvania (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

29.3k
2022 Value
± 1,482
−0.483%
1 Year decline
± 6.99%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Lancaster, PA declined at a rate of −0.483%, from 29.4k employees to 29.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lancaster, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,887 people), Manufacturing (4,236 people), and Retail Trade (3,900 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lancaster, PA, though some of these residents may live in Lancaster, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$40,731
Median earning men ± $1,828
$33,011
Median earning women ± $2,613

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($68,781), Public Administration ($67,634), and Construction ($54,444).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($42,386), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($39,992), and Wholesale Trade ($38,306).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Y-Axis
2.78%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 6.03M people employed in Pennsylvania. This represents a 2.78% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 18.1%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Pennsylvania.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Pennsylvania went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 50% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (48.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.15%).

Bob Casey Jr. and John Fetterman are the senators currently representing the state of Pennsylvania. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Pennsylvania

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Bob Casey Jr.
Senator from Pennsylvania1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
John Fetterman
Senator from Pennsylvania3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Bob Casey Jr. and John Fetterman are the senators currently representing Pennsylvania.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Pennsylvania over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Pennsylvania have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Lancaster, PA awarded 1,157 degrees. The student population of Lancaster, PA in 2022 is skewed towards men, with 2,252 male students and 1,414 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lancaster, PA are White (735 and 72.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (111 and 10.9%), Black or African American (79 and 7.77%), and Two or More Races (39 and 3.83%).

The largest universities in Lancaster, PA by number of degrees awarded are Franklin and Marshall College (646 and 55.8%), Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology (434 and 37.5%), and Pennsylvania College of Art and Design (44 and 3.8%).

The most popular majors in Lancaster, PA are Other Multidisciplinary Studies (82 and 7.09%), General Business Administration & Management (60 and 5.19%), and General Political Science & Government (55 and 4.75%).

The median tuition cost in Lancaster, PA for private four year colleges is $46,701.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Lancaster, PA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 42.7%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 25.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 3,666 (61.4% men and 38.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 3,666 students enrolled in Lancaster, PA, 61.4% men and 38.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 2,241 records, of which 37.1% were women and 62.9% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Lancaster, PA was Other Multidisciplinary Studies with 82 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Lancaster, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 646 degrees awarded
  2. 434 degrees awarded
  3. 44 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Franklin and Marshall College with 646 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 692 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lancaster, PA, which is 1.49 times more than the 465 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 735 degrees mean that there were 6.62 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 111 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($46,701) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($946) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($2,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Measure

In 2022, 0.733% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.743% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (3.5M), Bachelors Degree (1.98M), and Some college (1.83M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lancaster, PA was $179,500 in 2022, which is 0.637 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $145,300 to $179,500, a 23.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Lancaster, PA is 46.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Lancaster, PA have an average commute time of 23 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Lancaster, PA is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Median household income in Lancaster, PA is $61,014. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Lancaster, PA was Census Tract 135.03 with a value of $148,056, followed by Census Tract 118.02 and Census Tract 133.01, with respective values of $94,592 and $83,906.

Property

$179,500
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,152
$9,913
Median Property Taxes
±$815

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lancaster, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Lancaster, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

46.7%
Homeownership
2022
69.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 46.7% of the housing units in Lancaster, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 46.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Lancaster, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 135.03
  2. Census Tract 118.02
  3. Census Tract 133.01

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lancaster, PA was Census Tract 135.03 with a value of $148,056, followed by Census Tract 118.02 and Census Tract 133.01, with respective values of $94,592 and $83,906.

The following map shows all of the places in Lancaster, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$61,014
Median Household Income
± $3,788
21.2k
Number of Households
± 1,253

In 2022, the median household income of the 21.2k households in Lancaster, PA grew to $61,014 from the previous year's value of $54,145.

The following chart displays the households in Lancaster, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lancaster, PA is from Pennsylvania.
0.466
2022 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania
0.467
2021 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania

In 2022, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.123% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (62.1%)
  2. Carpooled (11.6%)
  3. Walked (11.1%)

In 2022, 62.1% of workers in Lancaster, PA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.6%) and those who walked to work (11.1%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lancaster, PA have a shorter commute time (23 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.79% of the workforce in Lancaster, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lancaster, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lancaster, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lancaster, PA have 1 car.

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Poverty & Diversity

18.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lancaster, PA (10.2k out of 54.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lancaster, PA is Hispanic, followed by Other and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

93.6% of the population of Lancaster, PA has health coverage, with 42.4% on employee plans, 31.8% on Medicaid, 6.96% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 0.602% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Lancaster County, PA see 1375 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.865% decrease from the previous year (1387 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1734 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 602 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Lancaster County, PA.
1,375 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Lancaster County, PA

Primary care physicians in Lancaster County, PA see an average of 1,375 patients per year. This represents a 0.865% decrease from the previous year (1,387 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Lancaster County, PA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.6% under 18 years, 30.3% between 18 and 34 years, 34.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 9.26% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.2% were men and 52.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.39%
Uninsured
42.4%
Employer Coverage
31.8%
Medicaid
6.96%
Medicare
11.9%
Non-Group
0.602%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lancaster, PA declined by 7.57% from 6.91% to 6.39%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lancaster, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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