Knoxville, TN

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Population

184,465

0.293% growth

Median Age

32.6


Median Household Income

$36,331

5.14% growth

Poverty Rate

26.5%


Number of Employees

90,275

1.33% growth

Median Property Value

$124,500

3.49% growth

About

In 2017, Knoxville, TN had a population of 184k people with a median age of 32.6 and a median household income of $36,331. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Knoxville, TN grew from 183,927 to 184,465, a 0.293% increase and its median household income grew from $34,556 to $36,331, a 5.14% increase.

The population of Knoxville, TN is 71.5% White Alone, 17.3% Black or African American Alone, and 5.58% Hispanic or Latino. 7.73% of the people in Knoxville, TN speak a non-English language, and 95.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Knoxville, TN are The University of Tennessee-Knoxville (6,873 degrees awarded in 2016), Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Knoxville (618 degrees), and South College (476 degrees).

The median property value in Knoxville, TN is $124,500, and the homeownership rate is 45.3%. Most people in Knoxville, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Knoxville, TN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: World's Fair Park Bridge, Knoxville, TN

Economy

The economy of Knoxville, TN employs 90.3k people. The largest industries in Knoxville, TN are Retail Trade (13,023 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (12,770 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (11,195 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($94,519), Utilities ($67,375), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($41,553).

Median household income in Knoxville, TN is $36,331. Males in Knoxville, TN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,201. The income inequality in Knoxville, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$36,331

2017 value

± $939

5.14%

1 Year Growth

± 3.42%

Households in Knoxville, TN have a median annual income of $36,331, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $34,556 in 2016, which represents a 5.14% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Knoxville, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Tennessee.

$57,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$42,201

Average Female Salary

± $943

In 2017, full-time male employees in Knoxville, TN made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Knoxville, TN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $53,011 ± $6,619

  2. White

    $46,471 ± $904

  3. American Indian

    $40,237 ± $11,516

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Knoxville, TN workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Knoxville, TN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Knoxville, TN is from Tennessee.

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.465

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.325% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 57.10

  2. Census Tract 57.07

  3. Census Tract 57.08

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Knoxville, TN was Census Tract 57.10 with a value of $129,500, followed by Census Tract 57.07 and Census Tract 57.08, with respective values of $103,000 and $102,292.

The following map shows all of the places in Knoxville, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

26.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Knoxville, TN (46.7k out of 176k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    29,341 ± 1,326

  2. Black

    12,991 ± 788

  3. Hispanic

    3,455 ± 449

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Knoxville, TN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

90.3k

2017 Value

± 2,129

1.33%

1 Year growth

± 3.29%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Knoxville, TN grew at a rate of 1.33%, from 89.1k employees to 90.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Knoxville, TN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,412 people), Sales & Related Occupations (11,175 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (8,683 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Knoxville, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Knoxville, TN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,412 people), Sales & Related Occupations (11,175 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (8,683 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Knoxville, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.64 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.34 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.22 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Knoxville, TN, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($84,688), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,312), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($51,041).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

90.3k

2017 Value

± 2,129

1.33%

1 Year growth

± 3.29%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Knoxville, TN grew at a rate of 1.33%, from 89.1k employees to 90.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Knoxville, TN, are Retail Trade (13,023 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (12,770 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (11,195 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Knoxville, TN, though some of these residents may live in Knoxville, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Knoxville, TN, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (13,023 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (12,770 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (11,195 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Knoxville, TN has an unusually high number of Accommodation & Food Services (1.63 times higher than expected), Information (1.4 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Knoxville, TN, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($94,519), Utilities ($67,375), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($41,553).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $33.7B

  2. $31.1B

  3. $26.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $33.7B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $31.1B and Mixed freight and $26.9B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$333B

2015 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

57.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Tennessee trade was $333B. This is expected to increase 57.7% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.6B

  2. $17.3B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $27.6B, followed by Texas with $17.3B and Georgia and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.3% of the population of Knoxville, TN has health coverage, with 43.8% on employee plans, 20.4% on Medicaid, 10.2% on Medicare, 12.5% on non-group plans, and 1.45% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Knoxville, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Knoxville, TN see 1382 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1380 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1893 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 742 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

1382 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see an average of 1382 patients per year. This represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1380 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tennessee in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.7%

Uninsured

43.8%

Employer Coverage

20.4%

Medicaid

10.2%

Medicare

12.5%

Non-Group

1.45%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Knoxville, TN declined by 6.26% from 12.4% to 11.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Knoxville, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Knoxville, TN is home to a population of 184k people, from which 95.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.21% of Knoxville, TN residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Knoxville, TN is composed of 132k White Alone residents (71.5%), 31.9k Black or African American Alone residents (17.3%), 10.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.58%), 5.09k Two or More Races residents (2.76%), 3.82k Asian Alone residents (2.07%), 651 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.353%), 605 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.328%), and 192 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.104%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Knoxville, TN are Spanish or Spanish Creole (6,893 speakers), Arabic (952 speakers), and Vietnamese (839 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

32

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Knoxville, TN was 32.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 32. But people in Knoxville, TN are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Knoxville, TN residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.21%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

5.88%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 6.21% of Knoxville, TN residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Knoxville, TN was 5.88%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Knoxville, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    92,263 ± 7,405 people

  2. India

    21,162 ± 3,566 people

  3. Guatemala

    12,669 ± 2,761 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Knoxville, TN was Mexico, the natal country of 92,263 Knoxville, TN residents, followed by India with 21,162 and Guatemala with 12,669.

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Citizenship

95.8%

2017 Citizenship

96.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.8% of Knoxville, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Knoxville, TN was 96.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Knoxville, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    132k ± 1.28k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    31.9k ± 979

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    10.3k ± 1.14k

In 2017, there were 4.14 times more White Alone residents (132k people) in Knoxville, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 31.9k Black or African American Alone and 10.3k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Knoxville, TN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    6,893 speakers (4%)

  2. Arabic

    952 speakers (0.553%)

  3. Vietnamese

    839 speakers (0.487%)

7.73% of Knoxville, TN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Knoxville, TN was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 4% of the overall population of Knoxville, TN are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.553% speak Arabic and 0.487% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,423 ± 331

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,516 ± 248

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,507 ± 265

Knoxville, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.26 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Knoxville, TN awarded 8,554 degrees. The student population of Knoxville, TN is skewed towards women, with 15,166 male students and 16,716 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Knoxville, TN are White (6,730 and 81.2%), followed by Black or African American (664 and 8.01%), Hispanic or Latino (248 and 2.99%), and Asian (242 and 2.92%).

The largest universities in Knoxville, TN by number of degrees awarded are The University of Tennessee-Knoxville (6,873 and 80.3%), Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Knoxville (618 and 7.22%), and South College (476 and 5.56%).

The most popular majors in Knoxville, TN are General Psychology (347 and 4.06%), Logistics, Materials, & Supply Chain Management (328 and 3.83%), and General Business Administration & Management (325 and 3.8%).

The median tuition costs in Knoxville, TN are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $10,858 and $29,048 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 328 degrees awarded

  2. 325 degrees awarded

  3. 237 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Knoxville, TN was Logistics, Materials, & Supply Chain Management with 328 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Knoxville, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,873 degrees awarded

  2. 618 degrees awarded

  3. 476 degrees awarded

$10,858

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Knoxville, TN institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Tennessee-Knoxville with 6,873 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,803

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,751

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,803 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Knoxville, TN, which is 0.8 times less than the 4,751 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Knoxville, TN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    6,730 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    664 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    248 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Knoxville, TN were to White students. These 6,730 degrees mean that there were 10.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 664 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Knoxville, TN was $124,500 in 2017, which is 0.572 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $120,300 to $124,500, a 3.49% increase. The homeownership rate in Knoxville, TN is 45.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Knoxville, TN have an average commute time of 18.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Knoxville, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$36,331

Median Household Income

± $939

79.5k

Number of Households

± 1,900

In 2017, the median household income of the 79.5k households in Knoxville, TN grew to $36,331 from the previous year's value of $34,556.

The following chart displays the households in Knoxville, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$124,500

2017 Median

± $2,513

$120,300

2016 Median

± $2,269

In 2017, the median property value in Knoxville, TN grew to to $124,500 from the previous year's value of $120,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Knoxville, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Knoxville, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Knoxville, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Knoxville, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

45.3%

2017 Homeownership

45.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 45.3% of the housing units in Knoxville, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 45.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Knoxville, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Knoxville, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Knoxville, TN have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Knoxville, TN have a shorter commute time (18.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.18% of the workforce in Knoxville, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Knoxville, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.9%

  2. Carpooled

    9.45%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.86%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Knoxville, TN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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