Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
133,694
26.7% 1-year decline
US Senator
Marsha Blackburn
Republican Party
US Senator
Bill Hagerty
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
31.6
5.67% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
24.9%
13.8% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$44,843
1.63% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$174,900
11.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
60,918
28.9% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN had a population of 134k people with a median age of 31.6 and a median household income of $44,843. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN declined from 182,403 to 133,694, a −26.7% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,123 to $44,843, a 1.63% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN are White (Non-Hispanic) (69.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (18.6%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.19%), Two+ (Hispanic) (2.28%), and Other (Hispanic) (1.69%).

7.03% of the households in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.1% of the residents in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN are The University of Tennessee-Knoxville (8,049 degrees awarded in 2022) and Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Knoxville (613 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN was $174,900, and the homeownership rate was 44.1%.

Most people in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21 minutes. The average car ownership in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN is home to a population of 134k people, from which 96.1% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.28% of Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN residents were born outside of the country (7.06k people).

In 2022, there were 3.74 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (92.7k people) in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 24.8k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 5.61k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN are Spanish (4,909 households), Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa (821 households), and Arabic (809 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
64,256
Women
50.6%
62,668
Men
49.4%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 126,924 inhabitants, with 49.4% men, and 50.6% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

96.1%
2022 Citizenship
96.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.1% of Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN was 96.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    92.7k ± 2.36k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    24.8k ± 1.26k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    5.61k ± 796
5.87%
Hispanic Population
7.85k people

In 2022, there were 3.74 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (92.7k people) in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 24.8k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 5.61k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.87% of the people in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN are hispanic (7.85k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    1,211 ± 850 people
  2. Guatemala
    847 ± 712 people
  3. Iraq
    452 ± 521 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN was Mexico, the natal country of 1,211 Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN residents, followed by Guatemala with 847 and Iraq with 452.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.28%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
7.06k people
5.82%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
10.6k people

As of 2022, 5.28% of Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN residents (7.06k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN was 5.82%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    4,909 households (3.86%)
  2. Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa
    821 households (0.645%)
  3. Arabic
    809 households (0.635%)

7.03% of the households in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN was Spanish. 3.86% of the households in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,033 ± 318
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,353 ± 287
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    930 ± 252

Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN employs 60.9k people. The largest industries in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN are Restaurants & Food Services (6,233 people), Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (4,835 people), and Construction (3,343 people), and the highest paying industries are Business, professional, political, & similar organizations ($186,704), Air transportation ($181,881), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($161,351).

Males in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,130. The income inequality in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.45, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
42,631
Women
49.8%
42,929
Men
50.2%

The workforce of Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN in 2020 was 85,560 people, with 49.8% woman, and 50.2% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN.

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Occupations

60.9k
2022 Value
−28.9%
1 Year decline
± −28.9%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN declined at a rate of −28.9%, from 85.6k employees to 60.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN, are Waiters & waitresses (2,058 people), Cashiers (1,654 people), and Retail salespersons (1,617 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

60.9k
2022 Value
−28.9%
1 Year decline
± −28.9%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN declined at a rate of −28.9%, from 85.6k employees to 60.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN, are Restaurants & Food Services (6,233 people), Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (4,835 people), and Construction (3,343 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN, though some of these residents may live in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$36,337
Median earning men ± $1,769
$29,226
Median earning women ± $1,189

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($56,131), Information ($52,917), and Manufacturing ($47,561).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($51,875), Wholesale Trade ($46,607), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($46,016).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Y-Axis
3.15%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.29M people employed in Tennessee. This represents a 3.15% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Tennessee.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Tennessee went to Donald J. Trump with 60.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (37.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.978%).

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing the state of Tennessee. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Tennessee

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Marsha Blackburn
Senator from Tennessee1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Bill Hagerty
Senator from Tennessee2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing Tennessee.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Tennessee over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Tennessee

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Tennessee have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN awarded 8,662 degrees. The student population of Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 16,012 male students and 18,950 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN are White (6,795 and 81%), followed by Black or African American (490 and 5.84%), Hispanic or Latino (416 and 4.96%), and Two or More Races (300 and 3.58%).

The largest universities in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN by number of degrees awarded are The University of Tennessee-Knoxville (8,049 and 92.9%) and Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Knoxville (613 and 7.08%).

The most popular majors in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN are Other Research & Experimental Psychology (403 and 4.65%), Logistics, Materials, & Supply Chain Management (396 and 4.57%), and Social Work (336 and 3.88%).

The median tuition cost in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN for a public four year colleges is $11,332 for in-state students and $29,522 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN, the percentage of applicants admitted was 68.4%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 27.6%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 34,962 (45.8% men and 54.2% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 34,962 students enrolled in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN, 45.8% men and 54.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 26,875 records, of which 55% were women and 45% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN was General Biological Sciences with 259 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 8,049 degrees awarded
  2. 613 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Tennessee-Knoxville with 8,049 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 3,933 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN, which is 0.832 times less than the 4,729 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 6,795 degrees mean that there were 13.9 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 490 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($11,332) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,912) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,598) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.624% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.576% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (29.2k), Some college (27.7k), and Bachelors Degree (18.8k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN was $174,900 in 2022, which is 0.62 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $157,000 to $174,900, a 11.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN is 44.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN have an average commute time of 21 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN is $44,843. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN was Williamson County--Brentwood & Franklin cities, Nolensville town (west) PUMA, TN with a value of $127,269, followed by Williamson County--Thompson Station town & Fairview city PUMA, TN and Shelby County (Southeast)--Collierville town & Germantown city PUMA, TN, with respective values of $123,165 and $116,819.

Property

$174,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,683
$25,118
Median Property Taxes
±$1,188

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

44.1%
Homeownership
2022
64.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 44.1% of the housing units in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 47.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN was Williamson County--Brentwood & Franklin cities, Nolensville town (west) PUMA, TN with a value of $127,269, followed by Williamson County--Thompson Station town & Fairview city PUMA, TN and Shelby County (Southeast)--Collierville town & Germantown city PUMA, TN, with respective values of $123,165 and $116,819.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$44,843
Median Household Income
± $1,863
57k
Number of Households
± 1,923

In 2022, the median household income of the 57k households in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN grew to $44,843 from the previous year's value of $44,123.

The following chart displays the households in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.45
2022 Wage GINI in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN
0.477
2021 Wage GINI in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN

In 2022, the income inequality in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN was 0.45 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 5.67% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (74.1%)
  2. Carpooled (9.09%)
  3. Worked At Home (9.07%)

In 2022, 74.1% of workers in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.09%) and those who worked at home (9.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

21 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN have a shorter commute time (21 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.28% of the workforce in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

24.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN (31.3k out of 126k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

88.9% of the population of Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN has health coverage, with 45.1% on employee plans, 20.5% on Medicaid, 10.2% on Medicare, 11.8% on non-group plans, and 1.29% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see 1401 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.358% increase from the previous year (1396 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1794 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 594 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
1,401 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Tennessee

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see an average of 1,401 patients per year. This represents a 0.358% increase from the previous year (1,396 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tennessee in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 20.1% under 18 years, 34.3% between 18 and 34 years, 32.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.9% were men and 52.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.1%
Uninsured
45.1%
Employer Coverage
20.5%
Medicaid
10.2%
Medicare
11.8%
Non-Group
1.29%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN grew by 7.08% from 10.4% to 11.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Knoxville city (Central) PUMA, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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