Knox County, TN

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Population

461,860

1.26% growth

Median Age

37.5


Median Household Income

$55,266

6.07% growth

Poverty Rate

15.8%


Number of Employees

235,771

2.97% growth

Median Property Value

$180,200

3.5% growth

About

In 2017, Knox County, TN had a population of 462k people with a median age of 37.5 and a median household income of $55,266. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Knox County, TN grew from 456,132 to 461,860, a 1.26% increase and its median household income grew from $52,102 to $55,266, a 6.07% increase.

The population of Knox County, TN is 82.2% White Alone, 8.89% Black or African American Alone, and 4.28% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Knox County, TN speak a non-English language, and 96.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Knox County, TN are The University of Tennessee-Knoxville (6,873 degrees awarded in 2016), Pellissippi State Community College (2,497 degrees), and Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Knoxville (618 degrees).

The median property value in Knox County, TN is $180,200, and the homeownership rate is 63.8%. Most people in Knox County, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21 minutes. The average car ownership in Knox County, TN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: World's Fair Park, Knoxville, TN

Economy

The economy of Knox County, TN employs 236k people. The largest industries in Knox County, TN are Health Care & Social Assistance (34,062 people), Retail Trade (29,460 people), and Educational Services (27,121 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($80,801), Utilities ($65,664), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($64,608).

Median household income in Knox County, TN is $55,266. Males in Knox County, TN have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,600. The income inequality in Knox County, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,266

2017 value

± $1,750

6.07%

1 Year Growth

± 4.51%

Households in Knox County, TN have a median annual income of $55,266, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,102 in 2016, which represents a 6.07% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Knox County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

$59,123

Average Male Salary

± $1,402

$43,600

Average Female Salary

± $960

In 2017, full-time male employees in Knox County, TN made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Knox County, TN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian

    $57,449 ± $19,869

  2. Asian

    $56,772 ± $6,752

  3. White

    $47,804 ± $932

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Knox County, TN workers was American Indian. These workers were paid 1.01 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Knox County, TN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Knox County, TN is from Tennessee.

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.464

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.365% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 58.10

  2. Census Tract 57.10

  3. Census Tract 58.12

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Knox County, TN was Census Tract 58.10 with a value of $139,750, followed by Census Tract 57.10 and Census Tract 58.12, with respective values of $129,500 and $124,280.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Knox County, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Knox County, TN (69.4k out of 441k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    49,887 ± 1,654

  2. Black

    13,806 ± 813

  3. Hispanic

    5,110 ± 540

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Knox County, TN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

236k

2017 Value

± 8,079

2.97%

1 Year growth

± 4.74%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Knox County, TN grew at a rate of 2.97%, from 229k employees to 236k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Knox County, TN, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (13,584 people), Retail Sales Workers Except Cashiers (7,527 people), and Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (6,881 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Knox County, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Knox County, TN, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (13,584 people), Retail Sales Workers Except Cashiers (7,527 people), and Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (6,881 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Knox County, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Nurses, All Other (2.61 times higher than expected), First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping & Janitorial Workers (2.26 times), and Postsecondary Teachers (2.23 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Knox County, TN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($80,747), Management Occupations ($67,836), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($67,530).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

236k

2017 Value

± 8,079

2.97%

1 Year growth

± 4.74%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Knox County, TN grew at a rate of 2.97%, from 229k employees to 236k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Knox County, TN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (34,062 people), Retail Trade (29,460 people), and Educational Services (27,121 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Knox County, TN, though some of these residents may live in Knox County, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Knox County, TN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (34,062 people), Retail Trade (29,460 people), and Educational Services (27,121 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Knox County, TN has an unusually high number of Utilities (1.47 times higher than expected), Information (1.29 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.29 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Knox County, TN, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($80,801), Utilities ($65,664), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($64,608).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $33.7B

  2. $31.1B

  3. $26.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $33.7B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $31.1B and Mixed freight and $26.9B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$333B

2015 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

57.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Tennessee trade was $333B. This is expected to increase 57.7% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.6B

  2. $17.3B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $27.6B, followed by Texas with $17.3B and Georgia and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.3% of the population of Knox County, TN has health coverage, with 53% on employee plans, 13.4% on Medicaid, 11.5% on Medicare, 12.9% on non-group plans, and 1.55% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Knox County, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Knox County, TN see 881 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.452% decrease from the previous year (885 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1715 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 294 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

881 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Knox County, TN see an average of 881 patients per year. This represents a 0.452% decrease from the previous year (885 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Knox County, TN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.67%

Uninsured

53%

Employer Coverage

13.4%

Medicaid

11.5%

Medicare

12.9%

Non-Group

1.55%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Knox County, TN grew by 3.14% from 7.43% to 7.67%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Knox County, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Knox County, TN is home to a population of 462k people, from which 96.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.87% of Knox County, TN residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Knox County, TN is composed of 380k White Alone residents (82.2%), 41k Black or African American Alone residents (8.89%), 19.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.28%), 11.5k Asian Alone residents (2.5%), 7.53k Two or More Races residents (1.63%), 1.4k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.303%), 951 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.206%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Knox County, TN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Knox County, TN was 37.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Knox County, TN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Knox County, TN residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.87%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.84%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 4.87% of Knox County, TN residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Knox County, TN was 4.84%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Knox County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    88,278 ± 7,246 people

  2. India

    28,843 ± 4,161 people

  3. China

    15,957 ± 3,098 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Knox County, TN was Mexico, the natal country of 88,278 Knox County, TN residents, followed by India with 28,843 and China with 15,957.

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Citizenship

96.6%

2017 Citizenship

97.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.6% of Knox County, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Knox County, TN was 97.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Knox County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    380k ± 588

  2. Black or African American Alone

    41k ± 1.71k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    19.7k ± 3.12k

In 2017, there were 9.25 times more White Alone residents (380k people) in Knox County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 41k Black or African American Alone and 19.7k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Knox County, TN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Knox County, TN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Knox County, TN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Knox County, TN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    9,334 ± 1,240

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,863 ± 1,464

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,986 ± 880

Knox County, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.92 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Knox County, TN awarded 11,625 degrees. The student population of Knox County, TN is skewed towards women, with 20,718 male students and 22,756 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Knox County, TN are White (9,373 and 82.7%), followed by Black or African American (807 and 7.12%), Hispanic or Latino (355 and 3.13%), and Asian (293 and 2.59%).

The largest universities in Knox County, TN by number of degrees awarded are The University of Tennessee-Knoxville (6,873 and 59.1%), Pellissippi State Community College (2,497 and 21.5%), and Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Knoxville (618 and 5.32%).

The most popular majors in Knox County, TN are Liberal Arts & Sciences (976 and 8.4%), General Business Administration & Management (394 and 3.39%), and Registered Nursing (354 and 3.05%).

The median tuition costs in Knox County, TN are $13,000 for private four year colleges, and $10,858 and $29,048 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 328 degrees awarded

  2. 325 degrees awarded

  3. 237 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Knox County, TN was Logistics, Materials, & Supply Chain Management with 328 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Knox County, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,873 degrees awarded

  2. 2,497 degrees awarded

  3. 618 degrees awarded

$10,858

Median In-State Public

$13,000

Median Private

In 2016, the Knox County, TN institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Tennessee-Knoxville with 6,873 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,224

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,401

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,224 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Knox County, TN, which is 0.816 times less than the 6,401 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Knox County, TN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    9,373 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    807 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    355 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Knox County, TN were to White students. These 9,373 degrees mean that there were 11.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 807 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Knox County, TN was $180,200 in 2017, which is 0.828 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $174,100 to $180,200, a 3.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Knox County, TN is 63.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Knox County, TN have an average commute time of 21 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Knox County, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,266

Median Household Income

± $1,750

187k

Number of Households

± 6,531

In 2017, the median household income of the 187k households in Knox County, TN grew to $55,266 from the previous year's value of $52,102.

The following chart displays the households in Knox County, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$180,200

2017 Median

± $4,956

$174,100

2016 Median

± $3,482

In 2017, the median property value in Knox County, TN grew to to $180,200 from the previous year's value of $174,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Knox County, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Knox County, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Knox County, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Knox County, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.8%

2017 Homeownership

63.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.8% of the housing units in Knox County, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Knox County, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Knox County, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Knox County, TN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Knox County, TN have a shorter commute time (21 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.29% of the workforce in Knox County, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Knox County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.8%

  2. Carpooled

    6.84%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.32%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Knox County, TN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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