Union County, TN

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Population

19,176

0.498% growth

Median Age

42


Median Household Income

$40,132

4.13% growth

Poverty Rate

21.6%


Number of Employees

7,240

6.11% growth

Median Property Value

$114,200

1.51% growth

About

In 2017, Union County, TN had a population of 19.2k people with a median age of 42 and a median household income of $40,132. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union County, TN grew from 19,081 to 19,176, a 0.498% increase and its median household income grew from $38,540 to $40,132, a 4.13% increase.

The population of Union County, TN is 96.6% White Alone, 1.51% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.16% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Union County, TN speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Union County, TN is $114,200, and the homeownership rate is 75.6%. Most people in Union County, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, TN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: World's Fair Park Bridge, Knoxville, TN

Economy

The economy of Union County, TN employs 7.24k people. The largest industries in Union County, TN are Manufacturing (1,238 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,134 people), and Retail Trade (976 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($62,330), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,623), and Transportation & Warehousing ($53,656).

Median household income in Union County, TN is $40,132. Males in Union County, TN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,201. The income inequality in Union County, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,132

2017 value

± $3,726

4.13%

1 Year Growth

± 10.6%

Households in Union County, TN have a median annual income of $40,132, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,540 in 2016, which represents a 4.13% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

$57,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$42,201

Average Female Salary

± $943

In 2017, full-time male employees in Tennessee made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $53,011 ± $6,619

  2. White

    $46,471 ± $904

  3. American Indian

    $40,237 ± $11,516

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tennessee workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, TN is from Tennessee.

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.465

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.325% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 403

  2. Census Tract 402.02

  3. Census Tract 402.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, TN was Census Tract 403 with a value of $44,483, followed by Census Tract 402.02 and Census Tract 402.01, with respective values of $42,591 and $39,083.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, TN (4.08k out of 18.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 25 - 34, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,975 ± 382

  2. Hispanic

    117 ± 104

  3. Black

    42 ± 89

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, TN is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.24k

2017 Value

± 563

6.11%

1 Year growth

± 10.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, TN grew at a rate of 6.11%, from 6.82k employees to 7.24k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, TN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,062 people), Production Occupations (928 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (835 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, TN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,062 people), Production Occupations (928 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (835 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (2.32 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.21 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.18 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, TN, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($73,042), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($52,321), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($47,396).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.24k

2017 Value

± 563

6.11%

1 Year growth

± 10.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, TN grew at a rate of 6.11%, from 6.82k employees to 7.24k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, TN, are Manufacturing (1,238 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,134 people), and Retail Trade (976 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, TN, though some of these residents may live in Union County, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, TN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,238 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,134 people), and Retail Trade (976 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, TN has an unusually high number of Construction (1.92 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.69 times), and Utilities (1.68 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, TN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($62,330), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,623), and Transportation & Warehousing ($53,656).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $33.7B

  2. $31.1B

  3. $26.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $33.7B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($31.1B) and Mixed freight ($26.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$333B

2015 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

57.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Tennessee trade was $333B. This is expected to increase 57.7% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.6B

  2. $17.3B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $27.6B, followed by Texas with $17.3B and Georgia and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.1% of the population of Union County, TN has health coverage, with 35.3% on employee plans, 24.3% on Medicaid, 14.1% on Medicare, 12.5% on non-group plans, and 1.88% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Union County, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Union County, TN see 9560 patients per year on average, which represents a 50.1% increase from the previous year (6371 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4785 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1472 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

9,560 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Union County, TN see an average of 9,560 patients per year. This represents a 50.1% increase from the previous year (6,371 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, TN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.9%

Uninsured

35.3%

Employer Coverage

24.3%

Medicaid

14.1%

Medicare

12.5%

Non-Group

1.88%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, TN declined by 2.06% from 12.1% to 11.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Union County, TN is home to a population of 19.2k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.61% of Union County, TN residents were born outside of the country (117 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Union County, TN is composed of 18.5k White Alone residents (96.6%), 290 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.51%), 223 Two or More Races residents (1.16%), 84 Black or African American Alone residents (0.438%), 29 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.151%), 26 Asian Alone residents (0.136%), 6 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0313%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union County, TN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.3

56

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 21.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union County, TN was 42. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 56. But people in Union County, TN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Union County, TN residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.61%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

117 people

0.728%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

139 people

As of 2017, 0.61% of Union County, TN residents (117 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, TN was 0.728%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    92,263 ± 7,405 people

  2. India

    21,162 ± 3,566 people

  3. Guatemala

    12,669 ± 2,761 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 92,263 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 21,162 and Guatemala with 12,669.

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Citizenship

99.5%

2017 Citizenship

99.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.5% of Union County, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, TN was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    18.5k ± 19

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    290 ± 95

  3. Two or More Races

    223 ± 59.1

In 2017, there were 63.9 times more White Alone residents (18.5k people) in Union County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 290 Hispanic or Latino and 223 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union County, TN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Union County, TN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Union County, TN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Union County, TN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    611 ± 132

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    174 ± 82

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    143 ± 74

Union County, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.51 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, TN was $114,200 in 2017, which is 0.525 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $112,500 to $114,200, a 1.51% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, TN is 75.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, TN have an average commute time of 31.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,132

Median Household Income

± $3,726

7.27k

Number of Households

± 558

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.27k households in Union County, TN grew to $40,132 from the previous year's value of $38,540.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $50k - $60k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$114,200

2017 Median

± $10,808

$112,500

2016 Median

± $10,946

In 2017, the median property value in Union County, TN grew to to $114,200 from the previous year's value of $112,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

75.6%

2017 Homeownership

75.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 75.6% of the housing units in Union County, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, TN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

31.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, TN have a longer commute time (31.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.42% of the workforce in Union County, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.4%

  2. Carpooled

    8.62%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.2%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union County, TN was Drove Alone (85.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.62%) and those who Worked At Home (5.2%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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