Knox County, IL

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Population

51,374

0.73% decline

Median Age

42.2


Median Household Income

$41,972

3.37% growth

Poverty Rate

18.1%


Number of Employees

21,330

0.0609% decline

Median Property Value

$81,700

2% growth

About

In 2017, Knox County, IL had a population of 51.4k people with a median age of 42.2 and a median household income of $41,972. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Knox County, IL declined from 51,752 to 51,374, a -0.73% decrease and its median household income grew from $40,605 to $41,972, a 3.37% increase.

The population of Knox County, IL is 83.4% White Alone, 8.42% Black or African American Alone, and 5.53% Hispanic or Latino. 5.18% of the people in Knox County, IL speak a non-English language, and 98% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Knox County, IL are Carl Sandburg College (470 degrees awarded in 2016) and Knox College (360 degrees).

The median property value in Knox County, IL is $81,700, and the homeownership rate is 66.1%. Most people in Knox County, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Knox County, IL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Knox County, IL employs 21.3k people. The largest industries in Knox County, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,770 people), Retail Trade (2,862 people), and Educational Services (2,488 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($54,745), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($53,866), and Public Administration ($43,300).

Median household income in Knox County, IL is $41,972. Males in Knox County, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Knox County, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,972

2017 value

± $1,269

3.37%

1 Year Growth

± 4.45%

Households in Knox County, IL have a median annual income of $41,972, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,605 in 2016, which represents a 3.37% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Knox County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Knox County, IL made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Knox County, IL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Knox County, IL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Knox County, IL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Knox County, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 14

  2. Census Tract 2

  3. Census Tract 12

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Knox County, IL was Census Tract 14 with a value of $68,819, followed by Census Tract 2 and Census Tract 12, with respective values of $58,258 and $56,573.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Knox County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Knox County, IL (8.54k out of 47.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    6,234 ± 455

  2. Black

    1,842 ± 263

  3. Hispanic

    669 ± 180

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Knox County, IL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

21.3k

2017 Value

± 748

-0.0609%

1 Year decline

± 4.98%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Knox County, IL declined at a rate of -0.0609%, from 21.3k employees to 21.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Knox County, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,542 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,054 people), and Production Occupations (1,730 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Knox County, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Knox County, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,542 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,054 people), and Production Occupations (1,730 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Knox County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Transportation Occupations (1.75 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.74 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.72 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Knox County, IL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,250), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($59,107), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($54,444).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

21.3k

2017 Value

± 748

-0.0609%

1 Year decline

± 4.98%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Knox County, IL declined at a rate of -0.0609%, from 21.3k employees to 21.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Knox County, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,770 people), Retail Trade (2,862 people), and Educational Services (2,488 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Knox County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Knox County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Knox County, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,770 people), Retail Trade (2,862 people), and Educational Services (2,488 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Knox County, IL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.4 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.87 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Knox County, IL, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($54,745), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($53,866), and Public Administration ($43,300).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline with $75B and Pharmaceuticals and $66.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.8% of the population of Knox County, IL has health coverage, with 42.6% on employee plans, 21.9% on Medicaid, 14.9% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.11% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Knox County, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Knox County, IL see 1513 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.68% increase from the previous year (1488 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2830 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1061 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,513 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Knox County, IL see an average of 1,513 patients per year. This represents a 1.68% increase from the previous year (1,488 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Knox County, IL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.2%

Uninsured

42.6%

Employer Coverage

21.9%

Medicaid

14.9%

Medicare

12.3%

Non-Group

1.11%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Knox County, IL declined by 17.6% from 8.74% to 7.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Knox County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Knox County, IL is home to a population of 51.4k people, from which 98% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.93% of Knox County, IL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Knox County, IL is composed of 42.8k White Alone residents (83.4%), 4.33k Black or African American Alone residents (8.42%), 2.84k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.53%), 669 Two or More Races residents (1.3%), 538 Asian Alone residents (1.05%), 143 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.278%), 24 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0467%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Knox County, IL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,421 speakers), French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (264 speakers), and African Languages (195 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

31

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Knox County, IL was 42.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 31. But people in Knox County, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Knox County, IL residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.93%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.84%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.93% of Knox County, IL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Knox County, IL was 2.84%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Knox County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Knox County, IL was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Knox County, IL residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

98%

2017 Citizenship

98.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98% of Knox County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Knox County, IL was 98.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Knox County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    42.8k ± 63

  2. Black or African American Alone

    4.33k ± 135

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.84k ± 453

In 2017, there were 9.9 times more White Alone residents (42.8k people) in Knox County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.33k Black or African American Alone and 2.84k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Knox County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,421 speakers (2.87%)

  2. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    264 speakers (0.533%)

  3. African Languages

    195 speakers (0.394%)

5.18% of Knox County, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Knox County, IL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 2.87% of the overall population of Knox County, IL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.533% speak French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) and 0.394% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,461 ± 168

  2. Korea

    468 ± 83

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    364 ± 115

Knox County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.12 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Knox County, IL awarded 830 degrees. The student population of Knox County, IL is skewed towards women, with 1,307 male students and 1,979 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Knox County, IL are White (594 and 75%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (61 and 7.7%), Black or African American (54 and 6.82%), and Unknown (33 and 4.17%).

The largest universities in Knox County, IL by number of degrees awarded are Carl Sandburg College (470 and 56.6%) and Knox College (360 and 43.4%).

The most popular majors in Knox County, IL are General Studies (78 and 9.4%), Biological & Physical Sciences (77 and 9.28%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (60 and 7.23%).

The median tuition costs in Knox County, IL are $42,532 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 33 degrees awarded

  2. 27 degrees awarded

  3. 27 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Knox County, IL was Creative Writing with 33 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Knox County, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 470 degrees awarded

  2. 360 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$42,532

Median Private

In 2016, the Knox County, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Carl Sandburg College with 470 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

350

Degrees Awarded to Men

480

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 350 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Knox County, IL, which is 0.729 times less than the 480 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Knox County, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    594 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    61 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    54 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Knox County, IL were to White students. These 594 degrees mean that there were 9.74 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 61 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Knox County, IL was $81,700 in 2017, which is 0.375 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $80,100 to $81,700, a 2% increase. The homeownership rate in Knox County, IL is 66.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Knox County, IL have an average commute time of 17.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Knox County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,972

Median Household Income

± $1,269

21k

Number of Households

± 760

In 2017, the median household income of the 21k households in Knox County, IL grew to $41,972 from the previous year's value of $40,605.

The following chart displays the households in Knox County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$81,700

2017 Median

± $2,214

$80,100

2016 Median

± $1,760

In 2017, the median property value in Knox County, IL grew to to $81,700 from the previous year's value of $80,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Knox County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Knox County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Knox County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Knox County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.1%

2017 Homeownership

65.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.1% of the housing units in Knox County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Knox County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Knox County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Knox County, IL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

17.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Knox County, IL have a shorter commute time (17.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.05% of the workforce in Knox County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Knox County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83%

  2. Carpooled

    7.88%

  3. Walked

    4.67%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Knox County, IL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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