Kelso, WA

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Population

11,864

0.059% decline

Median Age

36.3


Median Household Income

$35,680

3.25% growth

Poverty Rate

28.7%


Number of Employees

4,363

7.3% growth

Median Property Value

$123,100

1.99% growth

About

In 2017, Kelso, WA had a population of 11.9k people with a median age of 36.3 and a median household income of $35,680. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Kelso, WA declined from 11,871 to 11,864, a -0.059% decrease and its median household income grew from $34,556 to $35,680, a 3.25% increase.

The population of Kelso, WA is 76.3% White Alone, 14.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.44% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Kelso, WA speak a non-English language, and 94.8% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Kelso, WA is $123,100, and the homeownership rate is 46.1%. Most people in Kelso, WA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Kelso, WA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Kelso, WA employs 4.36k people. The largest industries in Kelso, WA are Retail Trade (688 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (666 people), and Manufacturing (661 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($56,250), Public Administration ($51,429), and Wholesale Trade ($43,125).

Median household income in Kelso, WA is $35,680. Males in Kelso, WA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,882. The income inequality in Kelso, WA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,680

2017 value

± $2,239

3.25%

1 Year Growth

± 10.6%

Households in Kelso, WA have a median annual income of $35,680, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $34,556 in 2016, which represents a 3.25% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Kelso, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Washington.

$73,040

Average Male Salary

± $1,385

$53,882

Average Female Salary

± $1,130

In 2017, full-time male employees in Washington made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Washington.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,555 ± $3,156

  2. White

    $57,225 ± $943

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,049 ± $3,328

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Washington workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Kelso, WA is from Washington.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.467

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Washington was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.104% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Washington was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Washington in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Washington across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 17

  2. Census Tract 8

  3. Census Tract 12

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kelso, WA was Census Tract 17 with a value of $78,947, followed by Census Tract 8 and Census Tract 12, with respective values of $68,500 and $63,000.

The following map shows all of the places in Kelso, WA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

28.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kelso, WA (3.38k out of 11.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,049 ± 469

  2. Hispanic

    862 ± 272

  3. Native American

    199 ± 128

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kelso, WA is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.36k

2017 Value

± 495

7.3%

1 Year growth

± 14.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Kelso, WA grew at a rate of 7.3%, from 4.07k employees to 4.36k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kelso, WA, are Sales & Related Occupations (509 people), Production Occupations (443 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (379 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kelso, WA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kelso, WA, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (509 people), Production Occupations (443 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (379 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Kelso, WA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (4.01 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (2.74 times), and Material Moving Occupations (2.71 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kelso, WA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($118,226), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($86,477), and Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($74,375).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.36k

2017 Value

± 495

7.3%

1 Year growth

± 14.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Kelso, WA grew at a rate of 7.3%, from 4.07k employees to 4.36k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kelso, WA, are Retail Trade (688 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (666 people), and Manufacturing (661 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kelso, WA, though some of these residents may live in Kelso, WA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kelso, WA, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (688 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (666 people), and Manufacturing (661 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Kelso, WA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.72 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.7 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.59 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kelso, WA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($56,250), Public Administration ($51,429), and Wholesale Trade ($43,125).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $45.6B

  2. $39.9B

  3. $29B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington product (by dollars) was Transport equip. with $45.6B, followed by Mixed freight ($39.9B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($29B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Washington products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Washington state.

$323B

2020 Value

$444B

Projected 2045 Value

37.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound Washington trade was $323B. This is expected to increase 37.4% to $444B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Washington trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $29.1B

  2. $15.8B

  3. $10.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Oregon with $29.1B, followed by California with $15.8B and Tennessee and $10.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Washington shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.4% of the population of Kelso, WA has health coverage, with 29.6% on employee plans, 39.2% on Medicaid, 8.72% on Medicare, 10.5% on non-group plans, and 2.42% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Kelso, WA was $7,913 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,609).

Primary care physicians in Kelso, WA see 1478 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.02% decrease from the previous year (1524 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1782 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 374 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14%). Additionally, Adams County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (36.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Cowlitz County, WA.

1,478 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cowlitz County, WA see an average of 1,478 patients per year. This represents a 3.02% decrease from the previous year (1,524 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cowlitz County, WA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

$7,913

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,328

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,851

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,997

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Washington (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,609 to $7,913.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.55%

Uninsured

29.6%

Employer Coverage

39.2%

Medicaid

8.72%

Medicare

10.5%

Non-Group

2.42%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kelso, WA declined by 13.3% from 11% to 9.55%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kelso, WA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14% prevalence

  2. 13.6% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Washington, at 14%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Washington by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Kelso, WA is home to a population of 11.9k people, from which 94.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.79% of Kelso, WA residents were born outside of the country (805 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Kelso, WA is composed of 9.05k White Alone residents (76.3%), 1.67k Hispanic or Latino residents (14.1%), 408 Two or More Races residents (3.44%), 275 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (2.32%), 211 Asian Alone residents (1.78%), 196 Black or African American Alone residents (1.65%), 51 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.43%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 4.1

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Kelso, WA was 36.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Kelso, WA are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Kelso, WA residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.79%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

805 people

6.45%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

766 people

As of 2017, 6.79% of Kelso, WA residents (805 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kelso, WA was 6.45%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kelso, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Washington.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,445 ± 11,764 people

  2. Philippines

    67,799 ± 6,362 people

  3. India

    67,429 ± 6,345 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Washington was Mexico, the natal country of 237,445 Washington residents, followed by Philippines with 67,799 and India with 67,429.

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Citizenship

94.8%

2017 Citizenship

95%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.8% of Kelso, WA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Kelso, WA was 95%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kelso, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    9.05k ± 483

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.67k ± 487

  3. Two or More Races

    408 ± 262

In 2017, there were 5.42 times more White Alone residents (9.05k people) in Kelso, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.67k Hispanic or Latino and 408 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Kelso, WA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    304 ± 117

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    251 ± 118

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    107 ± 77

Kelso, WA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kelso, WA was $123,100 in 2017, which is 0.536 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $120,700 to $123,100, a 1.99% increase. The homeownership rate in Kelso, WA is 46.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Kelso, WA have an average commute time of 20.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Kelso, WA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$123,100

2017 Median

± $12,186

$120,700

2016 Median

± $10,251

In 2017, the median property value in Kelso, WA grew to to $123,100 from the previous year's value of $120,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kelso, WA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kelso, WA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$35,680

Median Household Income

± $2,239

4.52k

Number of Households

± 473

In 2017, the median household income of the 4.52k households in Kelso, WA grew to $35,680 from the previous year's value of $34,556.

The following chart displays the households in Kelso, WA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kelso, WA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kelso, WA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

46.1%

2017 Homeownership

44.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 46.1% of the housing units in Kelso, WA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 44.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kelso, WA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kelso, WA have a shorter commute time (20.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.97% of the workforce in Kelso, WA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kelso, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    69.5%

  2. Carpooled

    20.8%

  3. Walked

    6.78%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Kelso, WA was Drove Alone (69.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (20.8%) and those who Walked (6.78%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kelso, WA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kelso, WA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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