Jefferson County, MT

County

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2020 Population
12,069
1.28% 1-year growth
US Senator
Jon Tester
Democratic Party
US Senator
Steve Daines
Republican Party
US Representative
Matt Rosendale
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
47.5
0.21% 1-year decrease
2020 Poverty Rate
6.48%
17% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$71,779
3.06% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$290,700
2.83% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
5,607
3.37% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Jefferson County, MT had a population of 12.1k people with a median age of 47.5 and a median household income of $71,779. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Jefferson County, MT grew from 11,917 to 12,069, a 1.28% increase and its median household income grew from $69,646 to $71,779, a 3.06% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, MT are White (Non-Hispanic) (92.4%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.12%), White (Hispanic) (1.42%), Other (Hispanic) (1.2%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (1.01%).

None of the households in Jefferson County, MT reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.3% of the residents in Jefferson County, MT are U.S. citizens.

In 2020, the median property value in Jefferson County, MT was $290,700, and the homeownership rate was 84.2%. Most people in Jefferson County, MT drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, MT was 3 cars per household.

Diversity

Jefferson County, MT is home to a population of 12.1k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2020, 1.52% of Jefferson County, MT residents were born outside of the country (183 people).

In 2020, there were 29.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (11.2k people) in Jefferson County, MT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 377 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 171 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, MT
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    11.2k ± 33
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    377 ± 67.6
  3. White (Hispanic)
    171 ± 93
2.67%
Hispanic Population
322 people

In 2020, there were 29.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (11.2k people) in Jefferson County, MT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 377 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 171 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.67% of the people in Jefferson County, MT are hispanic (322 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson County, MT as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.52%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
183 people
1.06%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
126 people

As of 2020, 1.52% of Jefferson County, MT residents (183 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, MT was 1.06%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

47
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.4
59
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 12.2

In 2020, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, MT was 47.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 47, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 59. But people in Jefferson County, MT are getting getting younger. In 2019, the average age of all Jefferson County, MT residents was 48.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Montana.
Most Common Origin
  1. Canada
    3,678 ± 1,486 people
  2. Mexico
    2,437 ± 1,211 people
  3. Philippines
    2,115 ± 1,128 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Montana was Canada, the natal country of 3,678 Montana residents, followed by Mexico with 2,437 and Philippines with 2,115.

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Citizenship

99.3%
2020 Citizenship
99.6%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 99.3% of Jefferson County, MT residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, MT was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    444 ± 96
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    214 ± 81
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    190 ± 88

Jefferson County, MT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.07 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Montana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Montana, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Montana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Montana. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Montana.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Montana across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Jefferson County, MT is $71,779. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jefferson County, MT was Census Tract 9622.01 with a value of $104,261, followed by Census Tract 9622.02 and Census Tract 9623, with respective values of $57,898 and $54,250.

Males in Montana have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,421. The income inequality in Montana (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Jefferson County, MT employs 5.61k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, MT are Health Care & Social Assistance (792 people), Retail Trade (650 people), and Construction (623 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($138,958), Utilities ($74,167), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($60,938).

Wages

Median Household Income

$71,779
2020 value
± $7,789
3.06%
1 Year Growth
± 12.1%

Households in Jefferson County, MT have a median annual income of $71,779, which is more than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $69,646 in 2019, which represents a 3.06% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, MT compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Montana.
$60,593
Average Male Salary in Montana
± $3,209
$44,421
Average Female Salary in Montana
± $2,443

In 2020, full-time male employees in Montana made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Montana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Montana.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Montana
  1. White
    $46,331 ± $1,920
  2. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races
    $46,244 ± $49,542
  3. Other
    $43,238 ± $20,986

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Montana workers was White. These workers were paid 1 times more than American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Montana.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Montana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, MT is from Montana.
0.459
2020 Wage GINI in Montana
0.46
2019 Wage GINI in Montana

In 2020, the income inequality in Montana was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.113% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Montana was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Montana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Montana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9622.01
  2. Census Tract 9622.02
  3. Census Tract 9623

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, MT was Census Tract 9622.01 with a value of $104,261, followed by Census Tract 9622.02 and Census Tract 9623, with respective values of $57,898 and $54,250.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, MT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 55 - 64
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

6.48% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, MT (771 out of 11.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    753 ± 197
  2. Hispanic
    27 ± 93
  3. Two Or More
    18 ± 90

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, MT is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

5.61k
2020 Value
± 402
3.37%
1 Year growth
± 9.49%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Jefferson County, MT grew at a rate of 3.37%, from 5.42k employees to 5.61k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, MT, are Management Occupations (911 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (531 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (497 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, MT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, MT, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (911 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (531 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (497 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, MT has an unusually high number of residents working as Management Occupations (1.55 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.49 times), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1.45 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, MT, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($82,500), Legal Occupations ($73,750), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,679).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

5.61k
2020 Value
± 402
3.37%
1 Year growth
± 9.49%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Jefferson County, MT grew at a rate of 3.37%, from 5.42k employees to 5.61k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, MT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (792 people), Retail Trade (650 people), and Construction (623 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, MT, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, MT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, MT, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (792 people), Retail Trade (650 people), and Construction (623 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, MT has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.91 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.15 times), and Public Administration (2.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, MT, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($138,958), Utilities ($74,167), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($60,938).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $5.84B
  2. $5.26B
  3. $3.8B

In 2020, the top outbound Montana product (by dollars) was Crude petroleum with $5.84B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($5.26B) and Gasoline ($3.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Montana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Montana.
$45.7B
2020 Value in Montana
$81.1B
Projected 2050 Value in Montana
77.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Montana trade was $45.7B. This is expected to increase 77.7% to $81.1B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Montana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $2.74B
  2. $2.34B
  3. $2.32B

In 2020, the top outbound Montana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Idaho with $2.74B, followed by North Dakota with $2.34B and Washington and $2.32B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Montana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Jefferson County, MT went to Donald J. Trump with 65.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (32.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (2.22%). The most partisan county was Garfield County, MT with 94% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Jon Tester and Steve Daines are the senators currently representing the state of Montana. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Jefferson County, MT is currently represented by Matt Rosendale in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Montana.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Jefferson County, MT
65.6% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Montana
  1. 94% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 89.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 87.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Montana was Garfield County, MT with 94% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Montana colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Montana

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.
Jon Tester
Senator from Montana1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Steve Daines
Senator from Montana2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Jon Tester and Steve Daines are the senators currently representing Montana.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Montana over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Jefferson County, MT

Matt Rosendale
Montana at-large Representative
Republican Party

Jefferson County, MT is currently represented by Matt Rosendale (Republican Party).

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the member for Jefferson County, MT have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, MT was $290,700 in 2020, which is 1.27 times larger than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $282,700 to $290,700, a 2.83% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, MT is 84.2%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Jefferson County, MT have an average commute time of 22.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jefferson County, MT is higher than the national average, with an average of 3 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$290,700
2020 Median
± $8,922
$282,700
2019 Median
± $9,225

In 2020, the median property value in Jefferson County, MT grew to to $290,700 from the previous year's value of $282,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, MT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, MT the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$71,779
Median Household Income
± $7,789
4.45k
Number of Households
± 343

In 2020, the median household income of the 4.45k households in Jefferson County, MT grew to $71,779 from the previous year's value of $69,646.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, MT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, MT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, MT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

84.2%
2020 Homeownership
84.3%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 84.2% of the housing units in Jefferson County, MT were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 84.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, MT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, MT have a shorter commute time (22.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.08% of the workforce in Jefferson County, MT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (73.5%)
  2. Carpooled (13.2%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.15%)

In 2020, 73.5% of workers in Jefferson County, MT drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (13.2%) and those who worked at home (8.15%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

3 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, MT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, MT have 3 cars, followed by false.

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Health

94% of the population of Jefferson County, MT has health coverage, with 44.9% on employee plans, 10.9% on Medicaid, 14.9% on Medicare, 20.2% on non-group plans, and 3.13% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Montana was $8,221 in 2014. This is a 2.84% increase from the previous year ($7,994).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, MT see 1210 patients per year on average, which represents a 8.4% decrease from the previous year (1321 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2037 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1222 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Roosevelt County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.9%). Additionally, Hill County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,210 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jefferson County, MT

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, MT see an average of 1,210 patients per year. This represents a 8.4% decrease from the previous year (1,321 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, MT in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.
$8,221
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Montana
$3,882
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,378
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,238
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Montana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.84%, from $7,994 to $8,221.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.96%
Uninsured
44.9%
Employer Coverage
10.9%
Medicaid
14.9%
Medicare
20.2%
Non-Group
3.13%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, MT declined by 1.83% from 6.07% to 5.96%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, MT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 18.9% prevalence
  2. 17.3% prevalence
  3. 15.8% prevalence

Roosevelt County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Montana, at 18.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Montana by county over multiple years.

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