Jefferson County, MS

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Population

7,463

0.863% decline

Median Age

34.9


Median Household Income

$21,779

8.39% decline

Poverty Rate

47%


Number of Employees

1,833

10.1% decline

Median Property Value

$57,100

4.67% decline

About

In 2017, Jefferson County, MS had a population of 7.46k people with a median age of 34.9 and a median household income of $21,779. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jefferson County, MS declined from 7,528 to 7,463, a -0.863% decrease and its median household income declined from $23,773 to $21,779, a -8.39% decrease.

The population of Jefferson County, MS is 86.4% Black or African American Alone, 13.1% White Alone, and 0.429% Asian Alone. 0.267% of the people in Jefferson County, MS speak a non-English language, and 99.9% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Jefferson County, MS is $57,100, and the homeownership rate is 65.3%. Most people in Jefferson County, MS commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, MS is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, MS employs 1.83k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, MS are Educational Services (398 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (295 people), and Public Administration (179 people), and the highest paying industries are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($68,024), Transportation & Warehousing ($62,872), and Wholesale Trade ($43,750).

Median household income in Jefferson County, MS is $21,779. Males in Jefferson County, MS have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $36,636. The income inequality in Jefferson County, MS (measured using the Gini index) is 0.442, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$21,779

2017 value

± $6,779

-8.39%

1 Year Growth

± 50%

Households in Jefferson County, MS have a median annual income of $21,779, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $23,773 in 2016, which represents a -8.39% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jefferson County, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

$52,323

Average Male Salary

± $1,698

$36,636

Average Female Salary

± $1,074

In 2017, full-time male employees in Jefferson County, MS made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Jefferson County, MS by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $45,496 ± $1,341

  2. Asian

    $44,270 ± $11,739

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,514 ± $48,157

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Jefferson County, MS workers was White. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Jefferson County, MS by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, MS is from Mississippi.

0.442

2017 Wage GINI

0.446

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Mississippi was 0.442 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.919% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Mississippi was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Mississippi in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Mississippi across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9502

  2. Census Tract 9501

  3. N/A

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, MS was Census Tract 9502 with a value of $21,616, followed by Census Tract 9501 and N/A, with respective values of $20,392 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, MS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

47% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, MS (3.3k out of 7.02k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 25 - 34, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    3,301 ± 456

  2. White

    0 ± 92

  3. Native American

    0 ± 92

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, MS is Black, followed by White and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.83k

2017 Value

± 407

-101%

1 Year decline

± 33.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, MS declined at a rate of -101%, from 2.04k employees to 1.83k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, MS, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (216 people), Production Occupations (198 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (163 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, MS.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, MS, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (216 people), Production Occupations (198 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (163 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, MS has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (3.31 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (2.99 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.18 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, MS, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($90,375), Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($90,333), and Construction & Extraction Occupations ($67,939).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.83k

2017 Value

± 407

-101%

1 Year decline

± 33.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, MS declined at a rate of -101%, from 2.04k employees to 1.83k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, MS, are Educational Services (398 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (295 people), and Public Administration (179 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, MS, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, MS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, MS, by number of employees, are Educational Services (398 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (295 people), and Public Administration (179 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, MS has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (8.28 times higher than expected), Utilities (7.02 times), and Wholesale Trade (2.76 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, MS, by median earnings, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($68,024), Transportation & Warehousing ($62,872), and Wholesale Trade ($43,750).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $39.9B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $39.9B, followed by Textiles/leather with $25.1B and Mixed freight and $13.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Mississippi products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Mississippi state.

$187B

2015 Value

$277B

Projected 2045 Value

48.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Mississippi trade was $187B. This is expected to increase 48.7% to $277B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Mississippi trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.4B

  2. $16.3B

  3. $15.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Alabama with $34.4B, followed by Tennessee with $16.3B and Louisiana and $15.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Mississippi shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.3% of the population of Jefferson County, MS has health coverage, with 29.6% on employee plans, 32.7% on Medicaid, 10.2% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 1.68% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson County, MS was $7,646 in 2014. This is a 3.86% increase from the previous year ($7,362).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, MS see 3754 patients per year on average, which represents a 48.2% increase from the previous year (2533 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 0 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 7297 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.1%). Additionally, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,754 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, MS see an average of 3,754 patients per year. This represents a 48.2% increase from the previous year (2,533 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, MS in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

$7,646

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,045

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,690

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,021

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Mississippi (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.86%, from $7,362 to $7,646.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.7%

Uninsured

29.6%

Employer Coverage

32.7%

Medicaid

10.2%

Medicare

14.1%

Non-Group

1.68%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, MS grew by 4.76% from 11.2% to 11.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, MS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.1% prevalence

  2. 17.8% prevalence

  3. 17.7% prevalence

Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi, at 18.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, MS is home to a population of 7.46k people, from which 99.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.549% of Jefferson County, MS residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Jefferson County, MS is composed of 6.45k Black or African American Alone residents (86.4%), 974 White Alone residents (13.1%), 32 Asian Alone residents (0.429%), 9 Hispanic or Latino residents (0.121%), 0 Two or More Races residents (0%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), 0 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jefferson County, MS are Spanish or Spanish Creole (19 speakers), French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (0 speakers), and French Creole (0 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 2.7

52

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 22

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, MS was 34.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 52. But people in Jefferson County, MS are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Jefferson County, MS residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.549%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

0.624%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 0.549% of Jefferson County, MS residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, MS was 0.624%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    22,332 ± 3,655 people

  2. Vietnam

    4,461 ± 1,639 people

  3. India

    4,072 ± 1,566 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Jefferson County, MS was Mexico, the natal country of 22,332 Jefferson County, MS residents, followed by Vietnam with 4,461 and India with 4,072.

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Citizenship

99.9%

2017 Citizenship

99.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.9% of Jefferson County, MS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, MS was 99.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    6.45k ± 52

  2. White Alone

    974 ± 18

  3. Asian Alone

    32 ± 48

In 2017, there were 6.62 times more Black or African American Alone residents (6.45k people) in Jefferson County, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 974 White Alone and 32 Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jefferson County, MS as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    19 speakers (0.267%)

  2. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    0 speakers (0%)

  3. French Creole

    0 speakers (0%)

0.267% of Jefferson County, MS citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Jefferson County, MS was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 0.267% of the overall population of Jefferson County, MS are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0% speak French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) and 0% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (1990s)

    52 ± 49

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    33 ± 35

  3. Vietnam

    26 ± 52

Jefferson County, MS has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (1990s), 1.58 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, MS was $57,100 in 2017, which is 0.262 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $59,900 to $57,100, a 4.67% decrease. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, MS is 65.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, MS have an average commute time of 23 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson County, MS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$21,779

Median Household Income

± $6,779

2.45k

Number of Households

± 380

In 2017, the median household income of the 2.45k households in Jefferson County, MS declined from $21,779 from the previous year's value of $23,773.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, MS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$57,100

2017 Median

± $7,829

$59,900

2016 Median

± $6,537

In 2017, the median property value in Jefferson County, MS declined from to $57,100 from the previous year's value of $59,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, MS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, MS the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, MS distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, MS the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.3%

2017 Homeownership

58.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65.3% of the housing units in Jefferson County, MS were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 58.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, MS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, MS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, MS have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

23 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, MS have a shorter commute time (23 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.99% of the workforce in Jefferson County, MS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    89.3%

  2. Carpooled

    4.67%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.68%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, MS was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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