Jay County, IN

County

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Population
20,993
0.54% 1-year decline
US Senator
Todd Young
Republican Party
US Senator
Mike Braun
Republican Party
Median Age
40

Poverty Rate
16.9%

Median Household Income
$44,772
4.42% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$85,400
0.471% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
9,491
1.89% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Jay County, IN had a population of 21k people with a median age of 40 and a median household income of $44,772. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Jay County, IN declined from 21,107 to 20,993, a -0.54% decrease and its median household income grew from $42,878 to $44,772, a 4.42% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jay County, IN are White (Non-Hispanic) (95%), White (Hispanic) (2.25%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.24%), Other (Hispanic) (0.61%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.429%). NaNk% of the people in Jay County, IN speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Jay County, IN is $85,400, and the homeownership rate is 73%. Most people in Jay County, IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Jay County, IN is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Indiana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Indiana, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Indiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Indiana across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Jay County, IN went to Donald J. Trump with 71.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (23.7%), followed by Other (5.01%). The most partisan county was Daviess County, IN with 79.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Todd Young and Mike Braun are the senators currently representing the state of Indiana. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Indiana is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Indiana.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Jay County, IN
71.3% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Indiana
  1. 79.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 78.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 76.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Indiana was Daviess County, IN with 79.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Indiana colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Indiana

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.
Todd Young
Senator from Indiana3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017
Mike Braun
Senator from Indiana1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019

Todd Young and Mike Braun are the senators currently representing Indiana.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Indiana over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Indiana

Indiana is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Indiana have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Jay County, IN is home to a population of 21k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2018, 1.01% of Jay County, IN residents were born outside of the country (213 people).

In 2018, there were 42.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (19.9k people) in Jay County, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 473 White (Hispanic) and 260 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jay County, IN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    19.9k ± 21
  2. White (Hispanic)
    473 ± 155
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    260 ± 66.4
3.05%
Hispanic Population
640 people

In 2018, there were 42.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (19.9k people) in Jay County, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 473 White (Hispanic) and 260 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.05% of the people in Jay County, IN are hispanic (640 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jay County, IN as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.01%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
213 people
1.69%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
356 people

As of 2018, 1.01% of Jay County, IN residents (213 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jay County, IN was 1.69%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jay County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

40
Median Native-Born Age
± 1.4
43
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 9.3

In 2018, the median age of all people in Jay County, IN was 40. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Jay County, IN are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Jay County, IN residents was 40.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    106,451 ± 7,946 people
  2. India
    28,953 ± 4,168 people
  3. China
    22,599 ± 3,684 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 106,451 Indiana residents, followed by India with 28,953 and China with 22,599.

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Citizenship

99.4%
2018 Citizenship
99.1%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 99.4% of Jay County, IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Jay County, IN was 99.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jay County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    470 ± 94
  2. Korea
    128 ± 43
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    90 ± 47

Jay County, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.67 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Jay County, IN is $44,772. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jay County, IN was Census Tract 9629 with a value of $59,176, followed by Census Tract 9627 and Census Tract 9628, with respective values of $55,366 and $54,477.

Males in Indiana have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,677. The income inequality in Indiana (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Jay County, IN employs 9.49k people. The largest industries in Jay County, IN are Manufacturing (3,114 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,257 people), and Retail Trade (842 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($68,456), Utilities ($64,265), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,875).

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,772
2018 value
± $3,006
4.42%
1 Year Growth
± 8.27%

Households in Jay County, IN have a median annual income of $44,772, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,878 in 2017, which represents a 4.42% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Jay County, IN compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.
$59,508
Average Male Salary in Indiana
± $1,197
$42,677
Average Female Salary in Indiana
± $917

In 2017, full-time male employees in Indiana made 1.39 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Indiana
  1. Asian
    $60,595 ± $7,828
  2. White
    $45,279 ± $744
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $41,920 ± $17,388

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Indiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.34 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Indiana.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jay County, IN is from Indiana.
0.456
2017 Wage GINI in Indiana
0.457
2016 Wage GINI in Indiana

In 2017, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0682% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9629
  2. Census Tract 9627
  3. Census Tract 9628

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jay County, IN was Census Tract 9629 with a value of $59,176, followed by Census Tract 9627 and Census Tract 9628, with respective values of $55,366 and $54,477.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jay County, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jay County, IN (3.48k out of 20.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    3,315 ± 323
  2. Hispanic
    194 ± 135
  3. Other
    100 ± 130

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jay County, IN is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.49k
2018 Value
± 500
1.89%
1 Year growth
± 7.3%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jay County, IN grew at a rate of 1.89%, from 9.32k employees to 9.49k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jay County, IN, are Production Occupations (1,829 people), Management Occupations (810 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (785 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jay County, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jay County, IN, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (1,829 people), Management Occupations (810 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (785 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jay County, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.52 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (3.36 times), and Material Moving Occupations (2.02 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jay County, IN, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($47,500), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($45,000), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($43,365).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.49k
2018 Value
± 500
1.89%
1 Year growth
± 7.3%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jay County, IN grew at a rate of 1.89%, from 9.32k employees to 9.49k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jay County, IN, are Manufacturing (3,114 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,257 people), and Retail Trade (842 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jay County, IN, though some of these residents may live in Jay County, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jay County, IN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (3,114 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,257 people), and Retail Trade (842 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jay County, IN has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.13 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (3.26 times), and Construction (1.08 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jay County, IN, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($68,456), Utilities ($64,265), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,875).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $69.1B
  2. $42.9B
  3. $39.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $69.1B, followed by Base metals ($42.9B) and Mixed freight ($39.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana.
$446B
2015 Value in Indiana
$698B
Projected 2045 Value in Indiana
56.6% growth

In 2015, total outbound Indiana trade was $446B. This is expected to increase 56.6% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $39.9B
  2. $32.7B
  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $39.9B, followed by Michigan with $32.7B and Illinois and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jay County, IN was $85,400 in 2018, which is 0.372 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $85,000 to $85,400, a 0.471% increase. The homeownership rate in Jay County, IN is 73%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jay County, IN have an average commute time of 19.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jay County, IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$85,400
2018 Median
± $3,563
$85,000
2017 Median
± $2,906

In 2018, the median property value in Jay County, IN grew to to $85,400 from the previous year's value of $85,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jay County, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jay County, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$44,772
Median Household Income
± $3,006
8.15k
Number of Households
± 443

In 2018, the median household income of the 8.15k households in Jay County, IN grew to $44,772 from the previous year's value of $42,878.

The following chart displays the households in Jay County, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jay County, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jay County, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73%
2018 Homeownership
74.1%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 73% of the housing units in Jay County, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 74.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jay County, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jay County, IN have a shorter commute time (19.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 2.6% of the workforce in Jay County, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jay County, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    78.8%
  2. Carpooled
    11.4%
  3. Worked At Home
    4.82%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Jay County, IN was Drove Alone (78.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.4%) and those who Worked At Home (4.82%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jay County, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jay County, IN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

89.2% of the population of Jay County, IN has health coverage, with 44.7% on employee plans, 18.8% on Medicaid, 13% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 0.76% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Indiana was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in Jay County, IN see 3520 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.283% decrease from the previous year (3530 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3508 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1052 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,520 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jay County, IN

Primary care physicians in Jay County, IN see an average of 3,520 patients per year. This represents a 0.283% decrease from the previous year (3,530 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jay County, IN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.
$8,300
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Indiana
$4,078
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,285
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,714
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.8%
Uninsured
44.7%
Employer Coverage
18.8%
Medicaid
13%
Medicare
11.9%
Non-Group
0.76%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jay County, IN declined by 5.96% from 11.5% to 10.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jay County, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 15.4% prevalence
  2. 15.1% prevalence
  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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