Jay County, IN

County

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2019 Population
20,840
0.729% 1-year decline
US Senator
Todd Young
Republican Party
US Senator
Mike Braun
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
39.7
0.75% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
14.1%
16.4% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$47,658
6.45% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$91,400
7.03% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
9,616
1.32% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Jay County, IN had a population of 20.8k people with a median age of 39.7 and a median household income of $47,658. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Jay County, IN declined from 20,993 to 20,840, a −0.729% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,772 to $47,658, a 6.45% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jay County, IN are White (Non-Hispanic) (94.9%), White (Hispanic) (2.11%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (0.888%), Other (Hispanic) (0.773%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.753%). 0% of the households in Jay County, IN speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

99.4% of the residents in Jay County, IN are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Jay County, IN was $91,400, and the homeownership rate was 73%. Most people in Jay County, IN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Jay County, IN was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Jay County, IN is home to a population of 20.8k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2019, 1.44% of Jay County, IN residents were born outside of the country (300 people).

In 2019, there were 45 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (19.8k people) in Jay County, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 439 White (Hispanic) and 185 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jay County, IN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    19.8k ± 22
  2. White (Hispanic)
    439 ± 176
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    185 ± 100
3.1%
Hispanic Population
647 people

In 2019, there were 45 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (19.8k people) in Jay County, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 439 White (Hispanic) and 185 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.1% of the people in Jay County, IN are hispanic (647 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jay County, IN as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.44%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
300 people
1.01%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
213 people

As of 2019, 1.44% of Jay County, IN residents (300 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jay County, IN was 1.01%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jay County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 1
43
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 6.2

In 2019, the median age of all people in Jay County, IN was 39.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Jay County, IN are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Jay County, IN residents was 40.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    102,691 ± 7,807 people
  2. India
    31,681 ± 4,360 people
  3. China
    22,944 ± 3,712 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 102,691 Indiana residents, followed by India with 31,681 and China with 22,944.

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Citizenship

99.4%
2019 Citizenship
99.4%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 99.4% of Jay County, IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Jay County, IN was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jay County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    485 ± 110
  2. Korea
    104 ± 42
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    87 ± 50

Jay County, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.66 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Indiana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Indiana, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Indiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Indiana. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Indiana.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Indiana across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Jay County, IN is $47,658. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Jay County, IN was Census Tract 9629 with a value of $63,125, followed by Census Tract 9628 and Census Tract 9627, with respective values of $53,929 and $52,417.

Males in Indiana have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,355. The income inequality in Indiana (measured using the Gini index) is 0.455, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Jay County, IN employs 9.62k people. The largest industries in Jay County, IN are Manufacturing (3,141 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,229 people), and Retail Trade (895 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($70,958), Utilities ($63,750), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,100).

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,658
2019 value
± $2,867
6.45%
1 Year Growth
± 8.47%

Households in Jay County, IN have a median annual income of $47,658, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,772 in 2018, which represents a 6.45% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Jay County, IN compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.
$63,420
Average Male Salary in Indiana
± $1,273
$45,355
Average Female Salary in Indiana
± $969

In 2019, full-time male employees in Indiana made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Indiana
  1. Asian
    $62,156 ± $7,381
  2. White
    $48,583 ± $799
  3. American Indian
    $40,367 ± $11,530

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Indiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Indiana.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jay County, IN is from Indiana.
0.455
2019 Wage GINI in Indiana
0.454
2018 Wage GINI in Indiana

In 2019, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.455 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0403% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9629
  2. Census Tract 9628
  3. Census Tract 9627

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jay County, IN was Census Tract 9629 with a value of $63,125, followed by Census Tract 9628 and Census Tract 9627, with respective values of $53,929 and $52,417.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jay County, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 45 - 54
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jay County, IN (2.89k out of 20.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,695 ± 283
  2. Hispanic
    183 ± 179
  3. Other
    113 ± 160

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jay County, IN is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.62k
2019 Value
± 522
1.32%
1 Year growth
± 7.47%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Jay County, IN grew at a rate of 1.32%, from 9.49k employees to 9.62k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jay County, IN, are Production Occupations (1,835 people), Management Occupations (892 people), and Material Moving Occupations (772 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jay County, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jay County, IN, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (1,835 people), Management Occupations (892 people), and Material Moving Occupations (772 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jay County, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.71 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (3.37 times), and Material Moving Occupations (2.16 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jay County, IN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,481), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($50,192), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($49,464).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.62k
2019 Value
± 522
1.32%
1 Year growth
± 7.47%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Jay County, IN grew at a rate of 1.32%, from 9.49k employees to 9.62k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jay County, IN, are Manufacturing (3,141 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,229 people), and Retail Trade (895 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jay County, IN, though some of these residents may live in Jay County, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jay County, IN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (3,141 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,229 people), and Retail Trade (895 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jay County, IN has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.03 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (3.27 times), and Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.35 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jay County, IN, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($70,958), Utilities ($63,750), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,100).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $85.2B
  2. $40.4B
  3. $38.8B

In 2018, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $85.2B, followed by Mixed freight ($40.4B) and Base metals ($38.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana.
$478B
2018 Value in Indiana
$865B
Projected 2045 Value in Indiana
81% growth

In 2018, total outbound Indiana trade was $478B. This is expected to increase 81% to $865B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $41.6B
  2. $39B
  3. $35.7B

In 2018, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $41.6B, followed by Illinois with $39B and Ohio and $35.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Jay County, IN went to Donald J. Trump with 71.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (23.7%), followed by Other (5.01%). The most partisan county was Daviess County, IN with 79.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Todd Young and Mike Braun are the senators currently representing the state of Indiana. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Indiana is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Indiana.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Jay County, IN
71.3% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Indiana
  1. 79.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 78.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 76.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Indiana was Daviess County, IN with 79.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Indiana colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Indiana

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.
Todd Young
Senator from Indiana3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017
Mike Braun
Senator from Indiana1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019

Todd Young and Mike Braun are the senators currently representing Indiana.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Indiana over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Indiana

Indiana is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Indiana have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jay County, IN was $91,400 in 2019, which is 0.38 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $85,400 to $91,400, a 7.03% increase. The homeownership rate in Jay County, IN is 73%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Jay County, IN have an average commute time of 19.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jay County, IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$91,400
2019 Median
± $6,258
$85,400
2018 Median
± $3,563

In 2019, the median property value in Jay County, IN grew to to $91,400 from the previous year's value of $85,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jay County, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jay County, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$47,658
Median Household Income
± $2,867
8.17k
Number of Households
± 475

In 2019, the median household income of the 8.17k households in Jay County, IN grew to $47,658 from the previous year's value of $44,772.

The following chart displays the households in Jay County, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jay County, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jay County, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73%
2019 Homeownership
73%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 73% of the housing units in Jay County, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jay County, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jay County, IN have a shorter commute time (19.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.39% of the workforce in Jay County, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jay County, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (76.4%)
  2. Carpooled (13.2%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.21%)

In 2019, 76.4% of workers in Jay County, IN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (13.2%) and those who worked at home (5.21%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jay County, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jay County, IN have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

91.1% of the population of Jay County, IN has health coverage, with 44.7% on employee plans, 20% on Medicaid, 13.4% on Medicare, 12.1% on non-group plans, and 0.979% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Indiana was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in Jay County, IN see 2596 patients per year on average, which represents a 11.6% increase from the previous year (2327 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4087 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1076 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Switzerland County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.3%). Additionally, Martin County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,596 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jay County, IN

Primary care physicians in Jay County, IN see an average of 2,596 patients per year. This represents a 11.6% increase from the previous year (2,327 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jay County, IN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.
$8,300
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Indiana
$4,078
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,285
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,714
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.85%
Uninsured
44.7%
Employer Coverage
20%
Medicaid
13.4%
Medicare
12.1%
Non-Group
0.979%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jay County, IN declined by 18.1% from 10.8% to 8.85%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jay County, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 21.3% prevalence
  2. 19.3% prevalence
  3. 18.8% prevalence

Switzerland County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 21.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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